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I blank Book Manulaclurers. 

The G. a. Gaskell Co., Publishers. 


VOL, vni.-No. 6. 


S. PACKARD, Buin,„;ss (^uUtgo, New York City, 
II. STOWEI.L, Buiincu College. Providence, R. i 
. W. BROWN, jRCluonville, III: 

(1'1<..M Photogrm-hs uy Saronv, Conant, Pacii, \Ari., AN,, , 

'.. RICHARD NELSON, Cincinnati. O 

7. H. A. SPENCER, Business CollcBe, New York City. 

S. I.. F. GARDINER. Scc-yHnBtmaniollene. I'onirhkcenMC N V 

<}. R. C. SPENCER, Business College, Milvvaokcc.Wis. ' ' " 

.0. W. H. SADLER, Business College, Bullimore. M,l, 


The Business Educators* Association. 

TlieGA/ETTE wasnoliiiisakenintlie opin. 
ion expressed latit monlh that the businessed- 

grel the resolution that brought Ihem to New 
York this J ear lo hold their eighth annual 
session. In the history of the association a 
more harmonious, p1ea^ant or useful session 
ha& not been held. 

Wednesdav, July 7, was the opening day. 
All the nnorning the elevator man at the big 
iron building No. S05 Broadway was kept busy 
hauling delegates up to the rooms of Packard's 
Business College. 'Ihey had brought their 
grip-sacks for a week's stay, and some of them 
were even in suflicienlly amiable mood lo per- 
mit their wives to accompany them. 

The hands of the big clock in the assembly 
room had passed the noon mark tomewhat, 
when Mr. Packard, chairman of the execu- 
tive committee, climbidupon the litile ros- 
Irum to start the ball in motion. The Assem- 
bly had not yet put on its severe garment of 
dignitv, and delegates were exchanging felici- 
tations wiih old friends and new ones in the 
most unconventional fashion. Maryland was 
hobnobbing with Minnesota; Hamilton, On- 
tario, was initiating Atlanta, Ga., in the 
mysteriesof the Dominion grip; Omaha had 
just coraled the Wisconsin Colossus, cow-boy 
fashion, and was wondering if he had not 
. caught a Tartar; Santiago bowled a prcdigious 
Chilian smile, which was anything but chilly, 
in the direction of San Francisco; it struck the 
Golden Horn at an angle, t.ped on to Wood- 
stock, Canada, ricochetted, and lost itself in 
the billows of the Atlantic at Portland, Me.; 
lllincis,— Bless you!— Jacksonville, 111,, was 
bobbing up and down among the American 
Commonwealths in anecstacy of delight, chat- 
ting like an eight-day clock, and accentuating 
his remarks with bodily contortions that 
would have made a whirling dervish lose all 
respect for himself. It was such an assemblv 
that Mr. Packard looked upon. 

Ordtr came with the tap of the gavel. The 
speaker hadn't much to say. It was the perfunc- 
tory official statement of the leasons why the 
Educators were there, and what they were ex- 
pected to do. They received it in a kindly 
spirit and even applauded when it was over 
— possibly because it was over. 

The trouble had begun. 

A man of medium build, with an intelligent 
face, redditsh moustache and complexion to 
match, arose from his big arm chair immedi- 
ately back of the desk on the platform, and 
leached for the official mallet lo do a litile 
pounding on his own account. The man was 
Mr. A. J. Rider, President of the Association, 
and he was preparing to deliver his inaugural. 
He apologized to the convention for Nature's 
oversight in failing lo make him an orator, 
unrolled a manuscript, and in clear tones pro- 
ceeded lo air his views. This is part of what 
he said: 

^'' Ladits and (ieiitlemta of l/if Bii»i 
uca/ors' Associaliou of Amrriui: 

1 lo-day for our dshth unnual 


« location undsiirround- 

whtre all cUss» and condi'ions do »- Iioin 
itia quite poiaiblr, In fact probable, llwi w 
nlly receive llmt rccogntlion to which on r v 

what we cltttn to do, tticn W(>do not deacrii 

lughland action in nil ihiil 1 

in .isr. that wc nilRlit |i 

ed 10 Tor these discovires, !>n 
nrrcct errors and mflJify tncorr 

commercial activhy hns developed in Icochers a class 
tliey do not become kuders of thouf^ht and nutliorJly 

These and kindred sentiments wereapplaud- 
ed by the Educators in a manner expressive 
of entire satisfaction with their executive as a 
speaker, notwithstanding nature's delinquency 

Secretary and Treasurer A. S. Osborn of 
Rochester next entertained the convention by 
exhibiiing the cfficial bulletin of its finances. 
This done, 'he convention took steps to pre- 
serve its deliberations by employing a steno- 
graphic reporter, and were able to listen to a 
rather stout young man with a loud neck-lie 
and a much louder voice, whose manner and 
expression betokened the man with a mis- 
sion. He \\z& Morris Wise, the genial (.hief 
of the Packard Alumni. His business was to 
present the Association with a handsome gavel 
and to invite the members to an all day excur- 
sion up the Hudson, on behalf of the Alumni, 
and to work in a little felicitation to the Ed- 

President Rider told Mr. Wise how happy 
the Educators would be to accept the proffered 
hospitalities, and gave way to Mr. Packard 
who said that the Twilight Club desired to 
dine them at Brighton Beach the following ev- 
ening. An invitation to the Twilight dinner 
differed so much from ordinary invitations to 
dine, that it needed a little elucidation,— not 
the dinner to be sure (for hash was barred out 
under the rules), but the conditions under 
which it must be eaten. Each diner, Twi- 
lighlers, visitors, even the imported speakers, 
were required lo respond to an assessment of 
one dollar. 

The lean rustic delegate in the corner, whose 
face had been wreathed in smiles at the first 
sounding of the dinner alarm, grew pale and 
made a lunge for his trousers pocket, as the true 
inwardness of the thing began to dawn on 
him. He looked as though he were calculating 
the amount cf corned beef and cabbage in the 
rough that a dollar would buy, and wondering 
how any one would be fool enough to submit 
to the extortion of the bloated Twilighters. 
He said nothing, though, and even essayed a 
smile when Mr. Wingate, the Pooh-bah of 
the Twilighters, lold what a queer set of 
people his constituents were. Of course the 
invitation was accepted. Then the conven 
tion adjourned to meet at Chickering hall in 
the evening and hear addresses of wel- 
come Irom represenla'ive New Yorkers. 
What wasdoneat that meeting is noted else- 

Thursday's session opened with a discussion 
of the science of accounting. Mr. Bryant of 
Buffalo read a paper. Other remarks were 
niatlc by Messrs. Nelson of Cincinnati, Spen- 
cers of Cleveland and Washington, Brown of 
Jacksonville, and others. One of the best 
points made in this discussion is embodied in 
the extract given below. Candor compels 
the statement that the reporter's notes at this 
stage are in such shape as lo create a doubt in 
his mind whether the paternity of the sub- 
joined sentiments belongs to Mr. Brown or Mr. 
Bryant— probably the latter; any way, these are 
the words: 

Penmanship was the next subject undtr con- 
sideration. A thin young man, with a mild 
manner and weak voice, threaded his way to 
the rostrum and regaled the auditors with what 
he knew about teaching Ihe young chirographic 
idea lo shoot. When Mr. Smith of Jackf on- 
viUe— for he was the speaker— finished talk- 
ing, his fellow members probably had a better 
opinion of him than when he began. He 
knew a great deal more than his appearance 
would indicate to the casual observer. 

The subject was continued by Mr. Becker, 
who thought that nearly all teachers of pen- 
manship were on the wrong track. His own 
peculiar ideas of the straight and narrow way 
may be gleaned from the following: 

1 \ii the tinsel 

; the let 

That I be 

He further argued that in order to acquire the 
veted movement it is perhaps necessary lo 
I to extremes, /. ^,, learn the finger move- 
ent, then the muscular movement, and com- 
bine the two. Continuing, he said : 

;inship lies ii 

Mr, Spencer of Washington desired to know 
if he had understood Mr. Smith correctly as 
saving that business men did not desire accu- 
rate penmanship from their employes. 

Mr. Smith thought that was about the size 
of it. Business men did not demand per- 
fection in penmanship because it was not 

Mr. Spencer upheld the beauties of a per- 
fect standard. A business man would never 
turn away an applicant on the ground that his 
penmanship was loo ptrfect. 

Mr. Brown was of ihe opinion that speed 
and legibility were the requisites of good pen- 
manship. A rational business man would 
not be satisfied with less, nor would he demand 

Further remaiks were made by Messrs. 
Becker, Ames and others. 

Mr. Roelh of San Francisco desired to en- 
ter a protest against the part the business col- 
leges took in cultivating that branch of pen- 
manship known as flourishing. It had no 
practical value. 

Mr. Robbins of Sedalia, Mo., was not aware 
that flourishing was taught in the colleges. 
He thought it was more or less an accom- 
plishment that pupils picked up outside of the 

Mr. Becker would like to know how many 
business college graduates of Mr, Robbins' ac- 
quaintance were not addicted to this peculiar 
style of amusement. 

Mr. Rathbun of Omaha thoughtthe trouble 
due to too inany methods of teaching move- 
ment. "It is the province of the teacher," 
he explained, "to let the pupils know that 
drilling on movement is one thing and apply, 
ing (he movement to a standard of business 
writing is another thing," 

The alternoon session was occupied in talk- 
ing about school management as applied lo 
the business colleges, Mr. Packard opening 
with an admirable paper. A running dis- 
cussion ensued in which Messrs. Spencer of 
Washington, Sadler of Baltimore, Lansley of 

Elizabeth, Brown, NeUon, Packard and otherti, 
participated. , 

Friday was excursion day. Tlie Educators 
steamed up the Hudson to Ionia Uland and 
spent the day very pleasantly under the pa- 
tronage of the Packard Alumni. 

The business of Saturday began with the 
penmen's section al the Spenterian college. 
What was said there most worthy of pre- 
serving is embodied inthe following excerpts; 

The question of publishing the reports pro- 
duced an interminable discussion at the reg- 
ular morning session at Packard's. It was 
finally resolved to print 1,000 copies in pamph- 
let form, provided 500 were subscribed tor at 
50 cents each. 

Mr. Sadler of Baltimore, entertained the 
convention with an illustralion of his method 
of leaching arilhmeiic, and Mr. Stowell of 
Providence demonstrated various ways of cal- 
culating interest. His own pet plan was novel 
and created the usual amount of side talk, in 
which the president and Messrs. Nelson, Gray 
of Portland, Rathbun of Omaha, Horlon ot 
New York and others figured. 

" How Far and in What Direction Shall I 
Go in Applying the Science of Bookkeeping 
to Business Specialties" was the elaborate title 
of a carefully.prepared essay by Mr. Williams 
of Rochester, which opened the afternoon ex- 
ercises. The length of the school session, 
labor-saving devi es and kindred topics af- 
forded a dozen or more Educators an excellent 
opportunity for little spreads of eloquence, af- 
ter which the convention listened to the re- 
port of the executive committee and closed the 
week's business. An excursion to Manhattan 
Beach in the evening and a dinner by the 
Spencer Brothers tapered off" the day's toil 
very handsomely. 

Nine o'clock Monday morning found the 
Penmanship contingent of the Educators as- 
sembled at the Spencerian College. The pro- 
ceedings were especially noteworthy. Much of 
what occurred there is given under a separate 
heading below. 

The feature of the regular session was a 
humorous speech by Mr. Spencer, of Milwau- 
kee, called out by a vote of thanks to Mis. 
Sarah Spencer for an excellent paper on 'Wo- 
men in Business.'" Mr. Nelson told what he 
knew about "Business Practice,'' and the con- 
vention drifted into a go-as-you-pleaee debate, 
which was only ended by the call of lime for 

In the afternoon. Prof. Felix Adler, the 
eminent political economist, talked to the Edu- 
cators on the subject of ethics in business, and 
Mr. Brown rattled oft" his notions about "Book- 
keeping as Applied to Retail Businesf." 

Mr. Rathbun furnished considerable diver- 
sion by a musical lecture on the teaching of 
penmanship. With a very poor fiddle, the 
brother from the Wild West, a very poor fid- 
dler, ground out a series of lugubrious strains 
in alleged three-four time, while an assistant 
produced on the blackboard the representation 
of a Nebraska lariat, coiled ready for use on 
any luckless buffalo that might happen to stray 
into Packard's rooms. The idea intended to 
be demonstrated was for the learner to keep 
time" with the music in his practice, and shade 
on the accentuated stroke. The Educators 
stood this sort of thing for a time and were 
conspiiing together to see how they might 
slay their tormentor, when the red-bearded 
member from the Pacific ^lope, Mr. Roelh, 
arose and volunteered to relieve the strain by 
changing the tune. This he literally accom- 
plished by rendering a composition unhamp- 
ered by any suggestion either of tune or bar- 

The meeting held together long enough to 
listen to a paper by young Mr. Warrlner of 
Woodstock, Canada, on the "Moral Tone of 
Business Colleges." Then it discussed some 
miscellaneous matters and adjourned to reas- 
semble in the evening for a sort of love feast. 

This was one of the events of the session. 
The Educators were Invited to lay aside all re- 
serve and talk about anything that might hap- 


pen to come into their heads. Naturallj- 
enough most of them chose that which was 
uppermost and discoursed about themselves. 
Some of the remarks are printed below. 

At Tuesda;''fi session Mr. Hinman of Wor- 
cester gave his views upon "Class Instruction 
in Penmanship." Mr. Lansley wanted to 
know what repl^' a teacher should make to ihe 
questions, "Don't you think writing is a gift? 
Do you think vou can make a good writer of 
anybody? Do you think you can teach me to 

well a 

J do.'' 

Mr. Hinman hardly thought that every one 
could learn to write elegantly; but there were 
very few in his opinion who could not learn to 
write with accuracy and speed sufficient to an- 
swer all purposes of business. That all caught 
the artistic idea, or that the different influences 
aic born equally in all persons, he did not be- 

Mr, Goldsmith of Atlanta was of the opinion 
that intellectuality played an important part in 
learning to write, and unless a person has that 
modicum he cannot learn to write. He once had 
a pupil Mho worked hard for six months, had a 
good deal of attention paid to him, and could 
write no better at the end of that time than at 
thestait. That result, however, might have 
been the fault of the teacher. 

A paper by Mr. Spencer of Milwaukee on 
the ethics of business was well received by the 
convention. Mr. Brown improved the oppor- 
tunity to brew another discussion, and Mr. 
Ames delivered an illustrated lecture on dis- 
puted handwriting. 

Mr, McAdam, a "Looker on in Venice," in- 
dulged in a talk to the Educators about the 
methods of putting befor 

McCord and others in similar strain, the s 
-ion adjourned. 

business life some principles of 
nomy. After hearing from Mr. 

Wednesday, the 14th, was the day forgath- 
ering up the fag ends and packing the grip- 
sacks for the home journey. The meeting 
was held at the Spencerian College. The pen- 
man'K section hastily dispatched their business, 
and the Association resolved itself into an ex- 
perience meeting. Members were asked to 
point out the features of their schools to which 
'they attached most importance, also the great- 
est difficulties they had to encounter. The 
narratives were limited to five minute rounds. 
The Educators who stuck to the text are re- 
ported in brief further down. 

Nothing remained but to name officers for 
„the ensuing year. Mr. Milwaukee Spencer 
- humorously announced that he had prepared 
a "slate," and it went through with a whiz. 
These were the favored ones: 
President— Mr. Sadler of Baltimore. Vice- 
Presidents— Messrs.' Gallagher of Hamilton, 
Ontario, and Gardiner, of Poughkeepsie, Mrs. 
Packard of New York. Secretary and Treas- 
urer—Mr. Osborn of Rochester. Executive 
Committee—Messrs. Spencer of Milwaukee, 
Chairmen, Brown of Jacksonville, and Wil- 
liams of Rochester. 

The Educators accepted the invitation of Mr. 
R. C. Spencer to hold its next session at Mil- 
waukee, at the call of the Executive Commit- 
tee, kept their seats long enough to enjoy a 
capital little talk by President Sadler, and ad- 
journed sine die. They had done more work 
probably than at any former session, and had 
more fun while they were doing it. 


1 believe we can have good, 
, hanJwriling,— can teach each 
o draw out his individuality. I 
ice with writing that leaches set 

forms only. 
//. C. .S/f I, 

-, VVashiiigtoH, D. C —In teach- 
rect form should be aimed at. 
There should be something definite about 
what ;ou teach, and I btlieve that this can be 
observed and at the same time great skill and 
freedom be inculcated in writing. I recollect 
my father used to have a stage which he 
called the corrective stage. First, there would 
be the movement stage for drill, then the prin- 
ciples would come in applied to the correct 
form, and finally the application of the correct 
for-ns made according to principle. These 
stages he managed to introduce into almost 
every writing lesson. 

Collins, Kiioxville, h'y.—l drill my students 
in Ihe movement exercises without a pen — 
lateral, oval, etc., then with the pen. After 
that I let them make the small letters, 1, k, w 
and so on. I have no separate wrist move- 
ment. I do not teach ornamental writing to 
my business students, though I do tench it 


thing I 


Clark, Erie, J'n.—l always begin with the 
whole arm movement; no finger movement. 
I keep the pupil working diligently on the 
whole arm movement until he comes and says, 
"I wish I didn't have to get up so much whole 
arm movement." I say, "Very well, sir." 
That is the first step I take. I get him tired 
and sickened of the whole arm movement and 
then say to him, "If you can carry that move- 
ment by allowing your arm to rest on the 
table, do so." Allowing the arm to fall, he 
drops Into the other movement with surprising 

Rathbuii, Omaha, A^t*.— The \ 
have to contend with is the finger movement. 
I tliink it very objectionable, and this is what 
I have to fay. In leaching writing, I find it is 
just as natural for a schoolboy or girl to take 
to the finger movement as for ducks to take to 
water. It is the first thing they learn, and the 
trouble is when we teach any movement that 
is foreign to them, we have to fight the very 
thing ihey have learned. 

HinmaH, Worcesttr, Mass. — I have gone be- 
yond the simple movement of the wrist, the 
forearm, backarm, even to the feet. I believe 
muscular effort in good penmanship is re- 
quired all over the body. * * * Even in 
your finger movement, if you will put your 
hand upon the shoulder, you will feel a certain 
amount of action of the upper arm. So if you 
use the vvholearm movement you will find the 
muscles of the chest to be in operation. Purely 
forearm movement I do not believe In. We 
think we act simply with the forearm, but we 
are really employing part of the shoulder and 
breast muscles. One of the best teachers I 
ever knew — and know to-day — used to go 
through apiactice of muscular action before 
writing his copies. Much of his skill as a pen- 
man, as well as a teacher, was the result of his 
firm belief in developing free muscular action 
before attempting to write well. 

//. A. Spencer, Neiv rork.—U is between 
the lessons you give that the student of pen- 
manship can make your instruction permanent 
in his mind- When he comes to practice again, 
if he has been thinking of the matter, he has 
been making more improvement when away 
than when he was with you. It is through 
mental digestion that the laws of action be- 
come indelibly impressed upon the student. I[ 
was an old^remaik of my father's that some 
men had only to master their own signatures 
to become good penmen. Said he, "When 
I find a young man with an excellent copy of 
his signature in his pocket, step around tbe 
corner, take it out and examine it frequently, 
I say that young man will excel as a businese 
writer.'' I think there is no issue about writ- 
ing movements. Men e.K press themselves 
difTerently on the subject, but they all wriu 
with the same movement. Give it what name 
you will, any movement of the body is muscu- 
lar, and blending the action of the arn., hand 
and fingers is a requisite in good writing 
which all strive to attain. Obedience to the 
laws of position, motion and form will enable 
practical chirographers to write well at a 
speed of from thirty to forty words a minute. 
Hunlsingcr, New Tori-. — Our students must 
write rapidly and legibly. How shall we 
obtain this result? To do so, I find thai I 
have to go to extremes. I think that it is im- 
possible to reach the mean without going to 
extremes. I give the curve lines; then comes 
the question of angular turns at top and bot- 
tom. People say, "Your pupil's writing is 
too angular; the lower part of the « is too 
sharp." Teach them the sharp curves. When 
they go into business that little turn will take 
care of itself. 

Jones, Batavin^ N. ?'.— As a teacher of 
penmanship in the public schools, I have de- 
sired with all my heart to see good results, but 

I think, is due to the fact that the time given 
I writing in each grade is only fifteen min- 
;es; and when one undertakes to teach pen- 
lanship thoroughly in a room where there 
e from 70 to 100 pupils, and is able to devote 
\\y fifteen minutes to each lesson, I think he 
ust, if he gets good results, have had a very 
uch more extended experience than I have 
id. And these lessons are given only three 

Flotsam and Jetsniii. 

Miller, Nciwtrk, N, 7.— The first requisite 
seems to me of a good school is a good 
teacher; and I have aimed to secuie 
teachers of character, teachers who possess 
gieat possibilities of result, and therein 
I lay my success. I have always kept before 
me one idea, that no matter where I have 
diverged, I shall be a teacher through life. 
* * * In connection with iny work in 
school I am also engaged in Sunday school 
work, being superintendent of a Sunday-school 
having 30 teachers. * * * Four of my 
teachers are abstainants from all practices 
which may be called immoral. I don't know 
as smoking can be called immoral, though it 
may be termed so, as it has an influence on 
the mind of the young, to imitate the teacher. 
Gray, Portland, Mc.—l find there is so much 
immorality in our schools that although I 
have aimed not to employ any one who will 
drink, smoke, chew, or keep late hours, and I 
feel I have succeeded pretty well; yet I think 
I shall put in an addition, and in order that we 
may be up to the standard of other schools of 
the kind, I shall introduce a short sermon 
Sunday morning, and a Sabbath-school in the 
afternoon— and in this manner put in all the 
time there for the benefit of the student. 

Lanslcy, Elizabtlh, N. 7.— I have been 
broken of my rest and kept awake nights on 
account of the preparation of these elaborate 
and purely exlemfore remarks. There is no 
doubt that the members of the convention 
have been filled with the highest anticipations 
10 see me and hear me speak my piece. For 
integrity, sobriety and personal dignity, these 
remarks are to be the crowning eflbrt of my 
life. I am perfect in but one respect, and that 
is an extraordinary diffidence. 

There is one thing that I have al 
prided myself upon. Whenever I address my 
colleagues, I rise superior to the occasion, I 
have chosen for my text the word "Gump- 
tion." This momentous woid, borrowed from 
the classics, may be divided into two heads: 
First, gnmp; second, shun. If you are a 
gump, people will shun you; and if you have 
not gumption, you will be a gump — see? 
When a delegate to this convention starts 
from his home, brushes the hay seed from his 
hair, puts on his Sunday overshoes and um- 
brella, wends hvs way to 805 Broadway, with 
the mercury in a Fahrenheit thermometer 
at 95° in the shade, with ^50 pounds of wife on 
one arm, and 130 pounds of gingerbread tied 
with a sharp string on the other, he starts sky- 
ward with his double edged sweetness. On 
reaching the top of the third flight of stairs, 
the aforesaid delegate reads over the door, 
"■Take /he Elevator" and a cheery little lady 
taking in the situation, remarks, "Why didn't 
you take the elevator?" Shades of C;esar! 
That I should have been born without gump- 
tion! Ladies and gentlemen, the lirst time and 
the last time I came, I walked. 

liobbtns, Sedalia, Mo. — I established my 
school three years ago at Sedalia, Mo., the 
home of the James brothers, where whisky 
almost runs through the streets. I am a firm 

others, that I am improved each year by con- 
tact with fellow teachers; that I get inspiration 
for better work. The man who comes to these 
meetings and does not get inspiration, is not the 
right kind of a man to be a member of the 
Business Educators' Association of America. 

Schoolroom Expcrieuce- 

/iurlholonietv, A'fif Tork. — The peculiar fea. 
ture of my school is that I teach the steno- 
graph and it only. The chief difficulty that I 
have to contend with is getting students. 
There is another difficulty, however, that I 
suppose all who have anything to do with 
teaching, have to contend with. That is, hav- 
ing applicants appreciate Ihe fact that genera 
information and education in other matters, 
other than the mere use of or abilily to write 
shorthand, is very necessary. The greatest 
drawback with me is that students donotseem 
to pay enough attention to what they read and 
hear. Now I think that nearly- all the mis- 
takes that are made by amanuenses and short- 
hand writers grow out of the fact that they 
leally do not understand the things they are 
writing. They do not get the meaning fully, 
and I think it is well for us to try to impress 
upon the minds of our students at the start 
that they must understand the meaning of 
what they are called upon to write; else they 
cannot possibly do accurate work. 

Packard, New rork.—l think the difficul- 
ties I have had wiih my students have been 
more in the way of their discovering them- 
selves, of their finding that they have a mind, 
and of knowing how to use that mind. Stu- 
dents naturally feel that they are dull, very 
dull, and they come to us with the record of 
dullness. The first thing we do to a boy, and 
the thing we attach most 
wind him up and set h 
feel that he can really do 
have an exercise in the 1 

press purpose. It a 
than any other boy, I 
want him to know th: 

good di: 
discipline is that 
demonstration, and 
run without discipli 
hie failure. • * 
pupil shall 



The very best 

school that is 

II be a misera- 

Our rules arc 

saloon. We have 
ns of saloon-keepers, and they thank us 
for this rule. We claim that nothing can be 
taught successfully that cannot be taught by 
example; therefore, I employ no teacher who 
smokes, drinks, uses profane language, or is in 
any way immoral. Every year I expect to 
teach a better school than the year before. 

Osborn, Hochcsicr, N- T. — It is my expe- 
ience, and I am sure il is the experience of 

portance to, is to 

tnething. Now I 
rning for that ex- 
ran whistle better 
bim to whistle. I 
jme one thing he 
is better than any other boy. If he is dull in 
one direction, and he finds that he can really 
do something good; it gives him encourage- 
ment, and we start out fiom that. I find also, 
that young men have this trouble of express- 
ing themselves. The first thing a boy says is, 
"I know what it is, but I do not know how to 
express it." Now, that is true ; he knows 
something, but does not know how to express 
it. He often has an idea of something that has 
never formulated itself in language. I want a 
boy to know; I want a boy to say just exactly 
what is in his tnind, and he will be so sorry 
that he cannot say the thing that he wShts to 
say, that he will struggle until he gets the 
expression. It is not merely teaching him gab, 
but it is shdwing him the nece&sU^, when he' 
has got ibe-use of his tongue, of having some- 
thing behind it, of having something to say; 
and at once he sees the importance of reading 
"Pi ot getting something into his mind that is 
worth expressing. I have started more boys to 
reading by showing them their ignorance when 
they stand upon their feet, making them so 
ashamed of themselves that they never will be 
caught in that way again. I have done more 
work in that direction than I have in all 

Spencer, Washington, D. C— This feature 
of students getting knowledge from the libra- 
ries at home, from their observations on the 
streets, from conversations with their friends, 
and going into the schoolroom and rising 
before their fellow students and expressing it, 
is one of the most important exercises con- 
nected with education. 

(iaim-s, Poughkeepsie, N. T .—\ do not know 
that we have any features of our school which 
may be considered peculiar features, except 
three. One is the short term, and I attach 
great consequence to that ; another is our 
system, of public and private entertainments, 
and I attach a still greater importance to that; 
and the third is the moral influence thrown 
around the young men, noi alone by whole- 
some restrictions, but also by a students' prayer 
meeting, which during ten months of the year 
meets once a week, and which always carries 
an attendance of about fifty, and on special 
occasions has from 150 to 200 students. 

Hiuman, Worcester, Mass.—\ can think of 



but one thing that ma_v be called the leading 
feature In our school, and that is the making 
of men out ofhoys. And I mean men in the 
fullest sense— gentlemen— men who will be 
prized hereafter, and who can make their way 
in Ihe world by showing good ability in busi- 
ness ways, and good address, all based upon 
principle. The chief trouble that I have in my 
school is in watching myself lo see (hat I 
keep a close eye on the enthusiasm of the 
pupils as wdll as teachers. I see that all do 
their best, if possible, and that even the small 
est and most bashful pupils receive proper 
attention. They are trained to come up to 
one ground of complete manhood and sett'- 
respect; to be courteous in action, that they 
may pass into the world well qualified lo be 
received and to succeed as capable, principled 
business men. 

Spevcer, Louisxilh ICy.—U I had to single 
out one featuic of our school as being the 
most important, 1 should say arithmetic, sim- 
ple addition, making out invoices and instruc- 
tions, and so on. This is somewhat neglected, 
especially in schools of our class in the South 
and West. If we have anything that is 
especially peculiar to our school, I should say 
it is the presentation, practically, of books. I 
get just as large a variety of these books as I 
possibly can from the outside world. I have 
had a great deal of experience in accounting 
work, and I give the student everything that I 
find peculiar. 

Sfozvell, Provii/aicc, R. I. — My first diffi- 
culty with students is that as they come to me 
I find that they have been in the habit of being 
governed wholly by circumstances. They go 
with the leader like a flock of sheep, and my 
lirst eflfort with them, and my effort to the end 
of the time that I have them, is lo teach them 
to be men, with all Ihat that means; that while 
they are in a system and controlled by that 
system, each one individually represents the 
system in himself, and that from the center, 
himself, must emanate all the power and force 
which controls that system. And whether I 
am teaching arithmetic, commercial law or 
bookkeeping, it is lo drive home to the student 
this thought, that he, himself, must make up 
within his own mind a base to operate upon, 
and that every movement and every thought 
and every word must be in consonance with 
that central idea; it is his, and his alone. 

Ti-Vm', Portland^ Me. — I aim to comprehend 
as nearly as I can what seems to be most im- 
portant for business education, and give those 
studies which are in my judgment relatively 
important, and then I try to instruct accord- 
ingly and make my course as nearly as possi- 
ble a unit as a whole. I try the best I can to 
make my students thorough, and to do con- 
scientious work, to make a thorough prepara- 
tion ftr their life work; and then when they 
go out with a firm, thorough purpose, they will 
do their work honestly and well. My course 
is, I think, rather long. The difficulty is that 
the students' purses are not long enough to 
enable them to take it. Another difficulty I 
have to contend with is that all over the Stale 
of Maine there are schools which advertise 
short courses. They do not simply advertise a 
short course, but proclaim themselves to be the 
most thorough, the best and the most practical 
in the world. They say that a student can get 
through in three and a half months, and they 
do turn them out in about that time. But when 
the student has got through the course, and is 
able to stay longer, what does he take.^ Why, 
the very same things are put before him again, 
and where is the bright young man that is go- 
ing to stay and take the same course right over 

Gallaghev, Hamilton, Out. — We give a great 
deal of attention to thoroughness in the Eng- 
lish branches, although we have no special 
English department, and I think that is de- 
manded. I find a business man wants a boy 
in his office, who is not ignorant of the Eno- 
lish branches, one who is able to spell cor- 
rectly, write plainly, and figure rapidly and ac- 
curately. I do not want you to think that we 
neglect bookkeeping, but we do not give it that 
attention wc did five years ago, 

Randall Xew York. — I found it necessary 
early in n-.y career as a teacher of practical 
branches, to know my students from the start, 
and I have been much pleased with what has 
been said by Mr. Ralhbun and Mr. Sadler in 
regard lo knowing students. One thought he 

would find out what a student knew, the other 
what be did not know. I think if you find out 
what he knows, and what he wants to know, 
you will be likely to learn what to give him 
with most benefit. I have adopted Ihe plan of 
learning my students the first day as far as 

Osborn, Rochester, N. 2"— The difficulties 
that I experience in my work are general, not 
specific. They are difficulties Ihat perhaps we 
all have to contend with so long as we are in 
Ihe business of teaching. Chief among these 
is the wrong conception which students have 
of education. Many are apt lo take the view 
that education is an accumulation of facts, — 
considering the brain a storehouse rather than 
a laboratory. This is Ihe case with every one, 
probably, at some period of his being. At the 
same time, we all come at last to the inevitable 
conclusion that what others can do for us in 
developing the mind that is in us, is insignifi- 
cant compared with wiiat we can do for our- 
selves. In our work, especially, students come 
to us with the impression that we can pour our 
information into their heads. Most all of our 
students when they enter school have not 
passed this stage. I take occasion to tell them 
that I can do comparatively little for them ; that 
they must not look to teachers as the grand 
illuminating sun, but as lighthouses in the sea 
of knowledge, which can help those alone who 
will help themselves. 

Spencer, N. 3"— We business college men 
stand upon the line between the common 
schools, the literary schools ot the counlry, 
and its business masses and industrial 
We must shake hands with oui 
both sides of the line. 

Winans, Rackjord, III —When we first came 
to the place at which our school is located, 
business men said to us, "We are afraid of you 
fellows; every business college man that has 
been here has bit us,'' — something I had not 
been used to. We made it a point to gain the 
respect of the community by doing business on 
business principles. 

Collins, Ktioxvillc, Tenn. — 1 cannot say Ihat we 
have a particular hobby, unless it be lo make 
our students thorough and enable them to en- 
ter at once upon the aclive duties of a business 
career. When a student places himself under 
our instruction, we find usually that his ideal 
seems to be to do a cerlain amount of work, — 
to go through the course, and our idea is to 
discourage him on this point. We try to teach 
him that thoroughness is the most important 

President Rider, Trenton, N. J.—l can only 
say "Amen" to what has been said by others as 
to the advantages of helping students to tnink. 
and oi teaching them what is going on about 

Instantaneous Yiews. 

If you were to ask any member of the B. 
E. A. whom he took lo be the central figure of 
Ihe association, I think the reply would be, 
"S. S.Packard," — providing always, Mr. Pack- 
ard were not the member interrogated. Tf any 
one member can be called the mainspring of 
the organization, surely it is he. At the ses- 
sion just held he contributed a good deal of 
lime and worry and money to the enlerlain- 
ment of Ihe educators,— more, perha s, than 
even they realized. He started oul to give 
ttiem a good lime, and he did it. That is 
characteristic of the man. Mr. Packard is a 
man of spare build, pale, thin face with clear- 
cut nose, strong chin and a pair of wonderful 
blue eyes. His dark, white mixed hair, is 
carefully parted on the side, giving full play to 
the prominent forehead. He wears no beard. 
Every feature betokens the man of intense in- 
dividuality. Those marvelous deep set eyes 
beam with good nature, twinkle with humor 
glow and flash willi eloquence or peer with in- 
tense earnestness, according to the mood of the 
man. They are at best when their owner is 
discussing one of his pet hobbies. At such 
times they have a way of gathering themselves 
back under knit brows and sending oul beams 
that in spite of the obstructions of Shirt front 
and breast and all that, seem to lay bare your 
very spine. Mr. Packard is an indifferent 
speaker, but a capital talker. I have never 

known a man of more pronounced personality. 
Talk to him five minutes, and you will be al- 
most certain to take away with you something 

A MAN of massive frame, kindly counte- 
nance, set ofl" by dark, pointed beard and mous- 
tache, hair (what there is of it) ot the same 
shade, small black eyes that couldn't be bribed 
to look serious. There you have R. C. Spencer 
of Milwaukee, the eldest of the Spencer broth- 
ers. As I see him now, he is leaning over his 
desk watching with an amused expression 
Brother Brown, who is having one of his per- 
iodical spells. The liltle tuft of hair on either 
side of his head struggles up to a point like the 
ears of a great horned owl. The eyes begin to 
sparkle and ' dance, — you know something 
funny is coming, as surely as if you were going 
to say it yourself. It comes. The eyes near- 
ly close, the lips part suddenly, and a dozen 
tittle fissures go skimming from the base of the 
nose in a dozen different directions. 

Here COMES a man tiptoeing through the 
room, careful to disturb no one, but looking for 
all the world as though he were conscious that 
half the eyes in reach were centered on him. 
He is rather tall and slight, the small head is 
squarely set upon the shoulders, the brown 
whiskers and moustache carefully trimmed, a 
little shiny spot on the crown of the head, 
where the hair has become a trifle careless as 
to its duly. The blue eyes have something of 
a serious expression, but they light up with a 
kindly glow as the gentleman nods lo a friend. 
The party described is one of the wheelhorses 
of the business college world, S. S. Williams, 
of Rochester, 

"Who is that.* " I ask of the gentleman 
on my right, indicating a fashionably attired 
gentleman, who is threading his way with great 
deliberation down the aisle, his hands clasped 
behind his back, and his body swaying slightly 
at every step. His pointed face, swarthy as a 
Spaniard's, is set off by a luxuriant growth of 
whiskers, English cut, which, with his hair, 
are lustrously black. A pair of black eyes 
look patronizingly out through glasses that 
rest with easy dignity on the bridge of the nose, 
and the bearing of the man is one of perfect 
salisfaclion with himself. "I don't know him," 
comes the quick reply; "probably the owner 
of the premises; certainly not below the rank 
of a stock broker." At first sight it is perhaps 
natural for one to take away such impressions 
of H. C. Clark, Erie, Pa. 

Just in front of me, wilh his eyes riveted 
on Mr. Nelson, who is elucidating something 
about business practice, sits a large man, with 
broad shoulders, large chest, and a generally 
plump anatomy. Hs hair and the long mous- 
tache that disports ilself on his lip are about 
four parts black and one of white. That he is 
a man who knows his own mind, and know- 
ing it, will put all the machinery of an extra- 
ordinary energy into motion to carry his point, 
are facts that the merest glance is sufficient to 
establish. If you should happen to look into 
those sharp black eyes when they were lighted 
with passion — as I happened to do on an oc- 
caiiion, — you miyht take away the notion that 
their proprietor was a dangerous man lo take 
liberties with. Hut then when you get to 
know him— W. H. Sadler, of Baltimore— you 
soon recognize his genial qualities and feel 
jouiself warming up to the great big heart 
that flutters under his capacious vest. 

The member who has just taken the floor 
is a good looking young man of medium build, 
brown hair, and eyes and face that betoken 
refinement and intelligence. His voice is cl«ar 
and there is a seductive sweetness about the 
intonations that makes people listen whether 
they care to or not. He is graceful in manner 
and has the air of one who has been well 
treated by the world, and thinks none the less 
of it on that account. Clement C. Gaines is 
his name, and he hails from Poughkeepsie. 

Two men; you meet one and take a menial 
inventory of a symmetrical corpulence, pleasant 
face, with liberal accompaniments of brown 
moustache and whiskers that come to a poinl 
about five inches below the chin, hair a trifle 
darker, eyes to match, nose that struggled to 

be a pug, changed its mi. id when it had at- 
tained about half its growth, and branched out 
into a little knob. Subsequently you iheet the 
other, and by a trick of your'imtrained sight 
he becomes the one. They are H, C. and II, 
A. Spencer of Washington and New York, 
respectively. As you get to know them better, 
points of difterence begin to reveal themselves. 
The New Yorker is more stately and digni- 
fied, laughs le-s than his twin brother, and is 
not so fluent of speech, I think if I wanted 
to borrow a dollar, the Washingtonian would 
handle the first proposal. 

You CAN form no idea as to how old the 
world was when the gentleman who Is arising 
to speak concluded to grace it with his pres- 
ence, but you are positive on the point that a 
good deal of history has been made since th'at 
event. The remnant of his hair is white. It 
reaches down by his ears, and as if encouraged 
to continue the innovation, lightly fringes the 
cheeks to the chin, where it spreads out 
into a little tuft, thicker and longer than the 
rest. The blue eyes have a benign expression 
and th? sound of the low voice is kindness 
itself The Educators pay close attention to 
what is being said, as they always do when 
Mr. Nelson of Cincinnati has the floor. 

Something has been said about the per- 
gonal appearance of A J. Rider of Trenton, 
President of the Convention. As the official 
wielder of the gavel, he was unvar_\ ingly fair, 
yet firmness personified when occasion de- 
manded, and used his power for what it was 
worth. He impressed me as being one of Ihe 
best school teachers in the assembly. 

Dressed in a brown tweed suit that bears 
unmistakable evidence of valiant service, the 
member on the left is resting his elbow on the 
desk before him and supporting his chin wilh 
his hand. He is lislening to all that is going 
on ar>d wondering when he will have a chance 
to enrich the proceedings with a suggestion on 
his own account. He comes from the land of 
the cow-boy— G. R. Rathbun, whose name 
for a dozen years has been as familiar as Ihat 
of George Washington, to every youngster 
in the country addicted to penmanship. In 
point of historical fact I believe Mr, Rathbun 
is on the other side of forty; but surely old 
Falher Time missed him when he was making 
out the list, for you could more easily take 
him to be thirty. He hasa thin, sinuous frame, . 
hair and moustache as black as a raven's wing, 
eyes to suit, and a complexion that would dis- 
count a Sicilian's. He seems to imagine that 
he is coraling cattle on his native plains every 
time he speaks, his voice being something of 
a compromise between a whine and a howl. 
In addition to which Mr. Rathbun is one of 
the best fellows in the world, and very popular 
in the profession. 

Mr, Stowell, ot Providence, is standing at 
the blackboard working sums in interest after 
a new fangled plan all his own, and calmly 
answering questions that fly up from every 
part of the room. He is (all and muscular, 
without impressing you as being very large. 
When nature first reached Mr. Stowell in the 
distribution of hair, she gave him his full share 
in a lump It is of dark brown variety. The 
little segment Ihat nestles on the upper lip and 
the shred which helps lo sharpen the chin 
are mere apologies. Mr. Stowell has a loud 
voice, and gives himeslf no trouble to subdue 
it. What he says is far from ornate, but rings 
with a hard pan sense. He is full of zeal and 
earnestness, a hard worker, and I dare say an 
eminently successful teacher. 

If Brother Brown, of Jacksonville, is not 
the brightest member of the association, who 
is? There he pops up for the hundred and 
fifty-fifth time, and the curious part of it is 
that most always he really has something lo- 
say. He reminds you of one of those "spii 
devils" the boys indulge in on holidays, that 
spread themselves over the whole neighbor- 
hood in Ihe most livrly and erratic fashion, to 
the delight of every fellow who doesn't happen 
to get struck. But woe to the luckless indi- 
vidual who permits himself to get near enough 
to smell the powder. Brother Brown's eyes, 
hair, moustache and close cut beard suit his 
name. His nose is sharp and prominent, his 


forehead receding, face small and thin, and his 
front hair turns upward like the dash board of 
a Brewster sleigh. He wears glasses and has 
a way of twisting his head to one side when 
Ulking, like a little cock sparrow. 

L. A. Gray of Portland, Me., is one of the 
striking figures of the Association. As I see 
him now. I ttle foliage is visible on his intel- 
lectual dome, except little patches which 
struggle over the eaves in close proximity to 
the rather prominent ears. He has a long 
gray mixed beaid and moustache, and a coun- 
tenance indicative of great decision of 
character. The lines of the moulh especially 
denote firmness, if not indeed obstinacy. Mr. 
Gray impresses me as one who came to the 
convention more to profii by the wisdom of 
others than to impress his brethren with his 
own importance and erudition. 


been less kind as to personal appearance than 
J. A. Lansley.of Elizabeth, N. J. He is a 
hopeless cripple, and the lines ol his thin face 
tell too plainly the tale of physical torture 
which must have been his portion. Bht, 
though thin and pinched, an air of noble resig- 
nation sits enthroned on those features, which 
at limes are luminous from the reflection of a 
genial, whole-souled disposition. Mr. Lans- 
ley is one of the best talkers in t!ie association. 
He made by far the best speech at the exper- 

that are brown in spite of a brave effort to be 
red, and a benevolent smile that has done duty 
uninterruptedly for the past quarter of a cen- 
tury—there you have the outfit. 

A PROSPEROUS looking man is R, E. Gall- 
agher of Hamilton, Ont; tall and angular, 
with dull black hair and whiskers, trimmed 
English fashion, prominent nose and gener- 
ally agreeable features, Mr. Gallagher would 
pass in almost any crowd. 

Conspicuous among the'younger members 
of the Association, both in personal appearance 
and force of character, is A. S, Osborn of 
Rochester. He has a large frame, square 
shoulders, broad face, blue eyes, black hair, 
and incipient moustache and side whiskers 
of the same shade. His voice— which he only 
uses when there is something behind it is a 
rich bass and seems to come up from his 
boots. Yet it is an honest voice, and has no 
squeak of sole leather about it. 

who looks as though he 
might travel on his good looks is C. E. Cady 
of Newark. He is a solid looking citizen 
with something of a tlisiiuffur air, receding 
forehead, dtep set blue eyes that give him at 
times a fierce expression, and an enormous 
moustache that he would not exchange for the 
best business college in America. 

But the finest looking man in the asso- 
ciation by odds, and one of the most geni 

a living embodiment of that sort of thing in 
the Spencers', H. A. and H. C, that would 
put to shame one of the much abused copy- 
book headlines. Possibly the old gentleman 
got his inspihation from contemplating the ex- 
actly corresponding proportions of his two 
sons only; I believe the old gentleman 
hadn't progressed sufficiently in his day to ad- 
mire rigid exactness in penmanship, and was 
in no «ay responsible for its adoption in the 
copy-books that bear his name. 

—The public meeting at Chickering Hall to 
welcome the Educators to New York, passed 
oft' as well as could be expected under the cir- 
cumstances. People who passed the hall 
when the meeting was in session and heard 
the sound of voices within, wondered at the 
endurance of the men and women who could 
sit and listen to the perfunctory speeches, with 
the thermometor scaling the nineties. But 
sit and listen they did. In a stolid, good na- 
tured way, though the eflfort cost a heavy trib- 
ute to King Perspiration, and Bro. Miller is 
reported to have held an open air 'thanks- 
giving prayer meeting on his way to his hotel, 
when the show was over. 

—Burnett, of Providence, didn't seem to 
take much slock in the convention, though he 
was in tlvj city throughout the session. He 
took n oie pleasure in studying the latest in ladies' dress goods, and the newest 
curves i.i ban^js. It was something to see him 
strike an al.i'.ude on Broadway and watch the 
inity flow by. Attired 

reporting stenographer can have an idea of 
the amoimt of drudgery and endurance in- 
volved in this transaction. And then such 
talkers! I would almost as soon attempt to 
"take" the whirr of a carrier pigeon's wings, 
as to keep apace with one of Bro. Brown's 
pyrotechnic flights. Then to transcribe that 
mass of notes — hundreds of type- written 
pages — and have the yth practically finished, 
when Father Sadler pronounced benediction — 
is a feat that fills ire with admiration. The 
reporter was James N. Kimball, a sketch and 
portrait of whom were given in the January 
Gazette. He was assisted in minor details, 
such as the copying of written essays, by 
Misses Knight and Crocker, all from Pack- 
ard's staff. 1 heard Mr. Munson, the cele- 
braled shorthander, remark that it was an 
extraordinary accomplishment." 

If any one should discover errors in the 
foregoing elaboration of incident and impres- 
sion, whether they be errors of typography, of 
judgment, or of fact, he will oblige the writer 
by charging them to the printer. The fact 
that the writer will not get a chance to see the 
proofs, atlbrds an admirable excuse for thus 
shifting the responsibility on other shoulders; 
and the printer is always such an accommo- 
dating creature, and has had so much of this 
sort' of thing to bear, that he has become cal- 
lous, and don't care a fig any way. 

Mot What He Said. 

Henry Farnham, who was for years city 

pied the convention'* 

without giving 


ifor i 

(A. H. HiNMAN of Worcester, Mass., one 
of the great Chirographic Luminaries, looks 
every inch the gentleman that he is. He is 
one of those men who are not over size and 
yet do not appear small; in fact, there is 
nothing small about him. He has an abun- 
dance of brown hair, moustache and closely 
cro|)|n:d beard, regular features and eyes ex- 
pre^^-ive of quiet dignity and unreserved cor- 
diality. Mis manner is Impnftsive without bc- 
, ing obtrusive. When lie speaks, you have to 
listen attentively to catch his first words, but 
as he warms up to the subject, his voice be- 
comes bolder, and every syllable is lich with 


The Gazeite readers are as familiar with 

(the lineaments of J. A. Frasher of Wheeling, 
W. Va., as people can ordinarily be through 
Hv medium of sprinted portrait. Yet the 
:,tiiient of this gentleman which appeared 
■ Gazette is misleading, at least in 
nnportant respect. The great flowing 
bend is likely to carry with it an impression 
I of gigantic stature, whereas the original more 
I nearlv fulfills the opposite condition. Mr. 
Frasher would consider himself fat if he 
lipped the beam at 125 poi.nds. 

! NcvER COULD look at C. T.Miller of New- 

,irk, N. J. without involuntarily wondering if 

I iL- I lad not missed his calling. Not that he is 

licruiciit as a teacher of practical branches, but 

I ii c-vci a man wa> cut and trimmed for a mis- 

L sionary, or at least an evangelist, that man is C. 

I T. Miller. Tall and spare, with small face, dark 

r hair and eyes, moustache and side whiskers 

.. II. SchiitU, formerly a pupil of Prof. A. J. Sciirb 
men in or out of it, is William Allen Miller of 
New York, a giant in stature, straight as an 
arrow, with no suspicion oi stiflhess, a step as 
elastic as a boy's, large head covered with dark 
hair, gray mixed beard that reaches to the 
waist, eloquent blue eyes and features mould- 
ed after the pattern of an old Roman Senator. 
William Allen Miller is one of the finest types 
of physical manhood that I have ever seen. 

The above are some of the prominent 
features of the Business Educators' Association 
of America. Others there are, no doubt, 
quite as worthy of notice, and the only reason 
they are not presented to the readers of the 
Gazette is that they didn't happen to cross 
the reporter's line of vision when he was on 
the outlook for materi al ^___ 

RAudom Strokes. 

—The autograph fiend was abroad in the land 
during the convention, and did what he could 
to make life miserable for the educators. But 
considering the fact that he was usually one 
of them, the oflense can be readily condoned. 

— ^The brother with the red nose, who 
usually occupied a seat near the door, hud a 
cute way of dropping oft" into a sweet slumber 
whenever Bro, Brown would keep still long 
enough to give him a chance. Awaking sud- 
denly trom one of these periodical naps, the 
dismal strains from Bro. Roelh's violin Ml 
harshly on his ears, and the first thing that 
met his clouded vision was Bro. Rathbun's 
nest of hoop.snakes on the blackboard. "Gra- 
cious heavens! Have I got 'em again?" He 
didn't say the words, but he looked them every 

— Talk about geometrical accuracy and 
drawing letters to the same scale, but we have 


in a nobby light suit, polka-dot vest, tall white 
hat cocked at an angle ot 45 degrees, and 
a huge smile that seriously threatened the 
anatomy of his mouth, with one arm akimbo, 
and the hand ot the other twirling a silver- 
knobbed cane, you would have thought he was 
posing (or an animated statue ol Apollo Bel- 
It was like fooling around a buzz-saw to get 
into Bro. Brown's way when liegot wound up. 
Every one knew it was loaded and felt more 
comfortable when it was pointed toward the 
other fellow. But the sharpest of men "put 
their foot into it" at times. So did Bro. Brown. 
Collection was being taken up for the publica- 
tion of the reports. In the midst of it the im- 
perturbable member from Jacksonville, got one 
of his spells, and as usual wllti him on such 
occasions, arose to speak. "It occurs to me — " 
'The gentleman is out of order,'' remarked 
President Rider, quietly; "he will please take 
his seat." "I merely desire to say — " "You 
will have to postpone saying it till the business 
in hand is through with," interrupted the presi- 
dent. "If the convention wilt hear me for a 

mo " "The gentleman will be seated at 

once." came from the chair sharply. The 
gentleman did so, but almost instantly up 
he bobbed again. "I have a right — " Down 
came the gavel like a clap of thunder. ".SV/ 
down!'' He sat. 

— One of the cleverest pieces of stenographic 
work that has ever come under this depart- 
ment's notice, was the reporting of the conven- 
tion's proceedings. Day in and day out, for 
over a week, two sessions daily and occasional 
night sessions to fill up, all sorts of speeches 
on all sorts of subjects, by all sort of speakers, 
the busy pencil of the reporter flying over 
paper for hours on a stretch, nO one but a 

marshal of Bangor, kept a store in Winthrop 
a long time ago. One day a disreputable fel- 
low came into Farnham's store and said: 

"Mr. Farnham, a man just told me that you 
told him you would not trust me as far as you 
could sling a bull by the tail." 

"I didn't say that," said farnham, gravely. 

"I thought you didn't," continued the fellow, 
"and I told the man so." 

"No," added Farnham, "that is not what I 
said, 1 told him I would not trust you as far as 
I could sling a bull up hill by the tail."— Z-nc/s- 
lon {<!/('.) fonruah 

Still They Coiue. 
Sydney, New South Wales. 
G. A. Gaskell Co 

Gentlemen: I have very much pleasure in 
informing you that I received three copies of 
Penman's Gazette, one Compendium, and 
the Guide four diiys ago To say that they quite 
exceede-l my most sanguine expectation* 
would not at all represent the manner in which 
I was surprised. I can honestly say that it is 
one of the best investments I ever made. 
Such writing has never been seen in this quar- 
ter of the globe; the letters, scrolls, and beauti- 
ful arrangements are so very artistic and 
handsome that I feel my inability to say any- 
thing in their praise which would do them jus. 
tice; I can only say that I think they are un- 

eome of the most practical and original ideas 
of the age. Yours truly, 

I. B. Wk 


Isaac Cuvellier, T/ir. EnUghtfH9r: "Mr. 
Bi idge is a Graham writer of some thirtv years 
standing, and no doubt the Stenography de 
partment of the Gazette under his 
will sparkle with good things." 


•nidati of PemnaHship in the PhIiUc 
Schools oj Syracuse, N. 7'. 

Whik* the suggestion^ contained in the 
present lesson are intended more especially 
for teachers, they will be found helpful to the 
Gazettk writing class in many ways, and il 
is recommended that Ihe members should read 
(hi-m carefully. 

Any true process of learning to write, like 
Ihc .-icquiring of other branches, should com- 
prehend both the theory and practice, and the 
mi)re firmly a pujiil becomes grounded in the 
underlying principles, the more certain will be 
the results which should follow. 

Instruction in penmnnshiphmay be broadly 
classed under two heads; one' which aims to 
leach scholars to draw, and the other which 
seeks to develop the forms ol letters through 
the medium of natural movements. 

The first makes use mainly of the move- 
ments wliich may be produced by the fingers 
thumb and wrists, while the second ricognizes n 
medium of execution which brings, into play 
the entire arm and shoulder muscles. 

These iwoprjcesses are based^upon princi- 
ples so radically different, that a clear undei',- 
standing of the nature and tendencies of each, 
is quite essential to any intelligent plan of 

It would be comparatively easy to suggest 
Iheorelically, a method lor instructing classes 
in our publi; schools, which if carried out 
according to program would insure excellent 
results, but in practice we might find il an 
entirely different thing; the conditions are 
usually so resliictive, and the requirements 
regarding other branches to be taught so 
numerous that the question really becomes, not 
so much what ought a teacher to do, as what 
can he do, under the circt)mslances? 

One of tlie first requirements, especially in 
our graded schools, is that a child froTn the 
moment he enters, shall begin to learn to 
make the script letters, and to form thi m mio 
words and sentences, as an essential medium 
for developing the faculty of language In 
doing this if he is able to draw out tlie foi ms 
legibly upon the slate or tablet, the impoitant 
question of how it is done is-rarely considered, 
and even the more important question as to 
what future use the child may make of this 
writing, receives hut little attention. 

It isa fact well known to teachers that in 
lirarring to form the letters, young children 
almost invariably acquire a habit of grasping 
the pencil in a manner which cramps the fin- 
gers, forces the liand over to the right, bends 
the wrist in toward the body, and places the 
pen in a position which is so awkward and un. 
natural as to prevent absolutely anything like 
freedom in execution ; but it is a question 
if the additional fact that this habit of twisting 
and distorting the position of the hand, 
which in time must become as much a part Of 
the act of writing as the form of Ihe letter 
itself, is not entirely lost sight of. 

The force of habit will be certain to assert 
its power, and this strained, unnatural posi- 
tion must eventually identity itself with Ihe 
forming process in every letter— the act of 
writing becomes a torture instead of a pleas- 
ure, wiiile the hopeless struggle between 
teacher and pupil, when the slate Is exchanged 
for the copy book, and the attempt is made to 
correct thehabit, is too much a matter of every- 
day experience to need extended commenl. 

Nor does the ditbculty end when by careful 
teaching and patient effort, the scholar has 
obtained some control of the pen, and is able 
to imitate the forms of letters. The carefully 
drawn page in the copy book will often excite 
admiration, while the composition or other 
written exercise presents a style of penman- 
ship which fails to suggest any connection be- 
tween them, the character oi the handwriting 
in the two instances being as totally unlike as 
if written by difTerent persons. 

This tendency lo write two entirely differ- 
ent hands is not at all uncommon among 
school children, and demonstrates quite clearly 
that penmanship acquired by Imitation, and 

with the hand and pen in a false position, lacks 
the essential quality of practical application. 

Under these conditions the teacher is quile 
apt lo become discouraged, and may conclude 
that such results are inevitable! but when 
properly understood, the real cause of failure 
may be traced to the natural difference which 
exists belween drawing two words per minute 
in the writing lesson, and the attempt lo draw 
fifteen or twenty in the same time in the com- 
jjosilion, where it becomes evident that the 
process of correct drawing must be restricted 
as to speed. 

It is perhaps practically impossible to do 
away with slate work in leaching writing lo 
primary scholars notwithstanding its liability 
lo promote bad habits in penholditig, but it is 
evident that the transilion from the unyielding 

work of ihe primary grades in many of our 
schools, is so much better than the pen-work 
cf scholars in the higher classes; the forma- 
tion in writing is so simple ihat the elements 
are readily acquired, but in t';e attempt to use 
pen and ink, without having been thorouiihly 
drilled in movement, the correct form quickly 

Want of confidence, generally arising from 
a belief that one must needs be a fine penman 
to teach this branch successfully, prevents 
many able teachers from attempting anything 
oulof the ordinary routine. 

A knowledge of the nature and value of 
movement, the ability to make upon the 
blackboard a few simple elements of form, a 
liltle iaith gained from personal experience 
and a dispo-irion to work, will enable any 


(Sec cngr., 

slate surface and the short pencil where main 
strength often becomes an active element, to 
the sharp, pliant pen and soft texture of the 
paper, is altogether too abrupt. Some kind of 
preparation is needful, and if an intermediate 
drill in which long lead jiencils might be used 
on calendered manila paper, was introduced, 
it would render Ihe change more gradual and 
be productive of belter results. 

So long as instruction in penmanship con- 
sivts of teaching by imitation the forms of 
letters with such occasional directions for posi- 
tion and pen-holding, as a teacher who cannot 
himself hold a pen correctly may venture to 
g've. the theory of an intimate relation be- 
tween writing and drawing will be accepted; 
the faculty of dKiwlng will possibly be some- 
what developed, but as regards any practical 
application commercially or otherwise, the 
process results In failure,-Ihe scholar continues, 
lo draw term after term, but unfortunately' 
never learns to write. 

This may partially explain why the slate 

ic page.) 

teacher to obtain as good resuUs in this as in 
any other branch, and quite frequently much 

If penmanship as now taught in our public 
schools is a comparative failure, the fault 
is largely with the teacher; he does not 
need to be an expert penman to teach it accep- 
tably. It is belter to know something of the 
form and analysis of letters, but the require- 
ments in this respect are not beyond what the 
majority possess. 

He should, of course, understand from the 
start that he is to teach writing, not drawing, 
and the scholar should be made to realize that 
he is expected to learn to form the letters with 
the whole arm instead of the fingers. 

Whole arm, as here used, should not be cnn- 
ioundcd with off-hand or free-arm movement, 
for although the entire arm is used, the fore- 
arm rest on the desk is maintained, and the 
sleeve is kept from sliding. 

Next, and in this connection most Important 
of all, teacher and scholar should each know 

that the best way lo improve his 
is to stop writing entirely, so far as imitation 
of letters is> concerned, and to give all >attention 
to the cultivation or developi;ient of movement 
through practice on properly arranged exer- 

It is evident that if a scholar has already 
acquired a false position of the hand in learn- 
ing to form letters on the slate or otherwise, 
that this form and position are to a degree in- 
separable, and that continued practice on the 
letters with pen and ink will serve merely to 
confirm bad habits, and to a great extent pre- 
vent the establishment of correct ones. 

New forms of exercises must necessarily be 
associated with the new movements, and that 
Ihe motive for practice may not be uncerlain, 
the hand and arm under Ihe impulse of an 
augmented power must be drilled to do some- 
thing definite, but that having always for its 
object the application of the movements ac- 
quired, lo the construction of lelters; hence all 
exercises for muscular drill should be based 
upon the s.andard forms of ovals, separalely, 
and as associated with straight lines. 

There is so much variety in the shape and 
size of school desks that definite instruction for 
the position of the boOy, and the placing of 
Ihe right arm so as to secure the best results 
in all cases, cannot be given, but it will gener. 
ally be found that if a scholar is given a start 
in arm movement, and is made to understand 
clearly what is expected of him, he will usually 
adjust himself to existing condilions and work 
out both problems in a satibfactory manner. 

The muscular movement as used in current 
writing may be produced by placing the arm 
perfectly flat on the desk, balancing on the 
bunch of muscles in the forearm, and resting 
the hand on the nails of the third and fourth 
fingers bent inward. Theoretically the arm 
rest on the muscles is stationary, while the 
hand rest on the finger nails is always mova- 

Now using the shoulder muscles, work the 
forearm back and forth in its own direction, 
pushing it out and drawing il in, but without 
sliding the sleeve, which must remain as if 
glued lo the desk while the wrist works out 
and in, impelled entirely by the action of the 
shoulder muscles. 

The simple direct movement thus produced 
on a line with the forearm is the key to all 
muscular movement, and at the beginning 
should be practiced daily in and out of school, 
until the action of all the muscleo brought into 
play when writing, becomes easy and natural 

The advance from this direct movement to 
one which forms the ovals is simple, and the 
scholar very soon realizes that one way of 
learning to write well is simply lo put Ihe mus- 
cles of the right arm into training, and to dis- 
cipline them until the movement produced 
comes under full control. 

Then taking the pen in hand, and being 
careful to keep the arm perfectly flat, go over 
the same drills many times, but without allow- 
ing the point to touch. 

Now take ink, adjust the hand and pen lo 
position, and after the movement is well 
started, and the pen paint as it moves above 
the paper appears to be forming an oval, let 
the point drop and trace upon the paper a 

f the c 

I fori 

In this way the movement is made to pro- 
duce a form, and a lest established by which 
to judge accurately of the quality of the arm 
action secured. 

If the record is imperfect it shows a faulty 
movement, and recourse should be had to the 
preliminary drill, r^'peatiug this until Ihe 
natural controlled movement will record a per- 
fect form. 

It is tlie constant, persistent repetition of a 
single movement which tells in forming an 
exercise, and this part of a beginner's work 
cannot well be overdone. 

Drill a scholar in this manner for a few 
months and you will have given him a degree 
of facility with the pen which he can no more 
forget than the knack of skating or swim-, 
ming, and in addition enable him lo lay the 
only true foundation for future successful 
practice In penmanship. 

In telegraphy the character, or the sound 
representing it, is not proiuced by the opera- 
tor tlirough any mental recognition of the 
number or arrangement of the dots and dashe.-* 
employed, but by an unconscious action of the 
fingers, which through long practice has come 
to personate that special character. And the 


business penman, although furming characters 
with perfect uniformity, gives no thought to 
Ilie matter of right, left, or double curves; a 
definite movement has been established tor 
each letter, and the hand trained by practice 
does the work without mental effort. 

That which in practice is true of telegraphy 
or rapid business writing is equally true in ap- 
plying acquired movements in learning to 
write. The letters arc so constructed that by 
learning the stroke which forms the principal 
types— five in number— the letters themselves 
may be formed without especial effort, and if 
the stroke fails to produce a correct type, the 
error will be found to result from an imperfect 
movement rather than from any lack of knowl- 
edge in formation, and want of character in 
any letter may be directly traced to lack of 
firmness and precision in the arm action. 

Very much of this fine theorizing about the 
necessity for developing the artistic, and culti- 
vating the beautiful in conception of form, as 
applied to teaching school children to write is 

hind a special teacher in a well regulated pub 
lie school is a powerful lever, and which right- 
ly applied may be made a means for producing 
results not easily attainable in any other way. 
In addition to this, the fact that children may 
be kept under a systematic course of training 
for several years, and the hibits of correct posi- 
tion, movement and formalion so firmly estab- 
llshed as to assure continued improvement 
after leaving school, renders the public school 
insti ution in many respects more valuable than 
tuition under other conditions. 

A series of lessons having in view the appli- 
cation of this method of instruction in public 
or private schools will be commenced in the 
September Gazette, and which we hope to 
make helpful to those who may be desirous of 
affording their scholars better advantages in 

In the meantime, those who have not given 
the matter special attention will find the lesson 
in the December Gazette, useful in working 
out the suggesti )ns offered in this number. 

— F. H. Criger, Whitewater, Wis., writer a 
very handsome card for a boy of eighteen. 

— Mysterious, isn't il, the way M. B. Moore 
scores the sleek back feathered songsters from 
the point of his enchanted pen? 

— Henry Behrensmeyer, of Quincy, IN,, i& 
one of the boys who has taught the stubborn 
pen to obey his command pretty well. 

For delicacy of touch and artistic combina- 
tion of curve, C. H. Kinning of Philadelphia, 
Pa., is in the front ranks of the great chiro- 
graphic army, 

— N. S. Beardsley, of St. Paul, is cutting ex- 
tensive flourishes with the splashing oar dur- 
ing his vacation. Says he finds time to read 
the Gazette, however. 

; the calm 

—What is more beautiful than to see a "mus- 
cular" penman write? The skillful and vigor- 
ous touch of A. N. Palmer causes the humid 
drop to appear in one's visionary orbs. Pardon 
our French, Austin. 

— The Ga/ettb is in receipt of some very 
clever work from the pen of G. Bixler, Princi- 
pal of the Pen Art Hall at Wooster, O. Bixler 
is gaining rapidly in his work, and no doubt is 
doing a good work at Wooster. 

— A very new subscriber asks if it ie abso- 
lutely necessary for pupils writing with the 
finger movement to follow the hand with a 
circular wag of the tongue. Some one please 
step to the front and inform the gentleman 
what is best to check the useless wag. 

— R. S. Collins, of Knoxville, Tenn . was at 
the convention, absorbing all the good points. 
Hifi menial pores are never open to this highly 
clo'hed, deep-loned theoretical "bosh." Col- 
lins is earnestly showing the young people of 

nonsense, and may easily become a hin- 
i rather than a help to practical work. 
i a well understood fact that no two per- 
xactly alike; 
in learning, each one will be certain to develop 
certain characteristics peculiar to himself, and 
there is little use or reason in attempting to 
force all hands into any specific mould. 

Make a careful study of the right arm; ascer- 
tain by practice which muscles and joints come 
most prominently into use by the act ol writ- 
ing and then introduce such calisthenic exer- 
cises ae will discipline these into subjection to 
the will; now, basing your pen drills upon 
properly arranged exercises, put scholars in the 
way of securing this facility or knack ol move- 
;nent as applied to the different classes of let- 
ters, and the mere matter of form, although of 
equal importance, will require but little special 

Many teachers get the idea that as good 
work cannot be done in public schools as in 
those organized for special instruction in com- 
mercial branches, but eighteen years in busi- 
ness college work, followed by seven years' 
experience in teaching penmanship in graded 
public schools, has convinced me that beyond 
all question the better work in almost every 
ri'spect can and should be done In the latter. 

The organization and force ol discipline be- 

Kelly's Revolii/ioiiizcr, Fostoria, Ohio, c 
good points. 

The Prnrtkal Edtifator, Trenton, N, J. 
before us, full of select reading 

The School Stipplcinetit of Buffalo is the finest 
toned literary and school journal that enters 
our exchange list. 

The Hoosier Naturalist, Valparaiso, Ind., is 
a nice journal, treating of birds and bugs, We 
always devour it,s contents with relish. 

The IVcstern Penman, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 
drops in to see us every month, with its col- 
umns bulging with clear cul information. 

The O^ce, 205 Broadway, New York, is a 
fine journal of its class. Business managers, 
accountants and office men would find such a 
journal of great value in their work. 

T/ie Grin City College youinal is among the 
most readable college journals on our desk. 
No wonder, Musselman has one of the finest 
penmanship departments on record, and other 
departments in proportion. 

The Loue Stay Prriman, Dallas, Tex., was 
hurled into our chirographic relreat a few 
mornings since with a force which threatened 
havoc to our placid features. Keep on with 
^our funeral draping, brother Spring. 

— F. U. Spring any more of those Dallas 
jokes on us we will employ Isaacs to bind you 
in endless curves, and place you in one of 
Toland's laSyrinthine stems, 

—Big Rapids, Mich,, is one of the wide- 
awake places of that State, and W. N. Ferris 
is earnestly working to keep practical educa- 
tion abreast with other enterprises, 

—We clutched a hand not long since whose 
temperature and grasp suggested a large, fer- 
vent, palpitating apparatus directing — that 
hand was the property of B. F, Kelly. 

—Fred O. Young, one of the C G. of H 
penmen, is doing a good business in San Fian- 
Cisco. The manner in which he manipulates 
that^eft hand is a wonder to the profession. 

W. E. Dennis, who has been teaching at the 
Bridgeport (Conn.) Business College will begin 
teaching penmanship at Peirce's College of 
Business in Philadelphia 1st of September. 

— W. P.Canfield, of Cedar Rapids. Iowa,isa 
very earnest and successful teacher of 
cial branches. Any college desiring thi 
vices of a good man would do well to 
, him. 


(•entletncn: I am a school teacher at this 
ace, and having used your Compendium 
and pens I like them so well that I want to in- 
troduce them in my school. 

' Yours truly, 

D. a, Richardson. 
Correct; by placing the Compendium in the 
hands of your pupils, you raise the standa'rd 
of their penmanship and add to the thousands 
of living testimonies which proclaim the ex- 
cellent merits of Gaskell's Compe 

We believe that few persons would be with- ' 
out a "Fountain Pen" if they could be assured 
that it was possible to get one that was reliable 
and sure to work at all times and under all cir- 
cumstances. The Paul E. Wirt Fountain Pen 
manufactured at Bloomsburg, Pa., was pat- 
ented February 3. iSS-;, and at once became 
popular. It is simple In construction, practical, 
durable, reliable and cheap. Notwithstanding 
the existing prejudice against fountain pens, 
over 30,000 were sold the.first year, and dealers 
everywhere express themFefvcs more than 
satisfied with their sales. Those who use the 
pen cannot say enough in its favor, and, as a 
consequence of its merit, sales now average 
quantities every month that are exceedingly 
gratifying. Any good thing, however, must 



AM) ItlSlNi:' 


The (".. A. Gaskell Co., PRorRiETORS. 

JOHN FAIRBANKS. General Msnager. 

column), or Srlbct Re^i 

jbscription. wh< 


Herealter our friends will please send all 
business meant for us-both the Order De- 
partment and the Gazette— to the address 
given below. Exchanges will please see 
that our address on their books is corrected 
at once. Such of them as have been send- 
ing duplicates to our department editors, 
Profs. Bridge and Wells, will please con- 
tinue to do so. 

79 & 8i Wabash Ave., CHICAGO, ILL. 

Mr. Vaughan, who has served the Gazette 
as managing editor since the organization of 
the G. A. Gaskell Co., retires with this issue 
to engagein other journalistic work. His con- 
nection with the Gazette has been unilormlv 
])leasant, and he leaves with the best of feeling 
toward it and its big family. 

The incoming editor, Mr. A. J. Scarborough, 
needs no introduction to a penmanship public, 
lie will show his hand fully in the next issue. 

The Ga/ette does not think it necessary to 
make an excu=e for devoting so much space in 
this issue to the Business Educators of Amer- 
ica. Even though other depanments may be 
temporarily- embarrassed by the squeeze, there 
is no occasion for an apology. These men are 
working on precisely the same line \vith the 
Gazette. They are the representatives of 
commercial training in this counh-y, and what 
ihey have to say is entitled to the highest con- 

The story of their recent meeting in New 
York,— who Ihey were, what they said, and they did,— is first told in these columns. 
That is the sort of an institution the Gazette 
is. It never gets lelt. 

There may be a current of sympathy linking 
penmanship \vith music, but when a scribe 
gets up before an audience and attempts to 

bind the si^te 

: with half a do; 


bars from "The Arkansaw Traveler" jerked 
from a two dollar violin, there hovers a death- 
like calm and pallor over the audience which 
is painful to behold. When Mr, Rathburn 
gave such a matinee at the contention the ani- 
mation instead of giving cadence and action 
to the hands settled in the feel, ar.d it was 
pleasing to behold the pedal extremities of 

such mature gentlemen as Packard, Nelson 
and Robt. Spencer. Mr. Rathburn made some 
good points, and brought back memories of 
the good old days. 


Where at the seaside or fashionable water- 
ing-places you hear sports and trades the sub- 
ject of conversation, nl Chautauqua vou hear 
discussed at the table, on the boat, the veranda 
or any place where persons come together, 
themes «hich appeal to man's higher nature, 
Ancient, media;val, and modern thought are 
brou^ihl before the mind in panoramic beauty. 
Whatever tlie individu-il's taste may be it can 
find qualification here. If you would have the 
dim past brought before you by historical lec- 
tures and illustrations, if you would delve into 
tlie mysteries of science, if you would soar in 
the realms of melody, art or elocution, come to 

Force in Movement. 

Hundreds of amateurs utterly fail to pul that 
decision of stroke in their work, which gives 
writing a clear and forcible appearance. Some- 
thing like the following practiced with a purely 
muscular movement for a half hour each day 
will help to overcome a feeble and undecided 

at the depressing condition of things. There 
was, of course, a small audience — possibly two 
hundred people in a hall that would seat 
twelve hundred. Then Mayor Grace, who 
was down on the bill to preside, nent his 
deputy, the president of the Board of Alder- 
men, who magnified his opportunity in a ten 
minutes' speech on the functions of the city 
government, with its highest product — the 
New York Alderman. Following the mayor 
came the president of the association, Mr. 
Rider, who made a neat speech. Then came 
ex-Governor Chamberlain, who spoke in a 
swallowtail coat and white necktie, with great 
acceptance. Rev. Dr. Buckley, of the CMs- 
lian Advocate^ was to follow Chamberlain, hut 
Packard thought to play a winning card by 
holding Buckley for the last. Accordingly he 
introduced Prol. Hunt, asking him to speak 
just five minutes. He spoke, according to Ur. 
Buckley's watch, thirty-five minutes and seven 
seconds, during which liine the audience per- 
spired and Dr. Buckley got mad; so much so 
that when called upon to speak, he absolutely 
refused. It was then that Packard showed his 
manipulating skill, for no sooner had the Rev- 
erend Doctor made his apologies and was 
about to retire than Packard sjirang to the 
front of the platform and appealed to the audi- 
ence. Said he, " I am not responsible for the 
weather, nor for the lack of discretion dis- 
played bv the speakers, but I am responsible 

Write all the copies without lifting the 
from the desk, oi using the finger move 
in the least. 

A Few Tilings Abont the Conveution. 

I didn't pay my yearly dues as requested by 
the "whipper-in" of the recent Educators' Con- 
vention, and so WHS not allowed a seat on the 
sanctum side of the partition. Mr. Packard, 
however, had kindly removed the glass, which 
gave outsiders a (air chance to see and hear 
what was going on. 1 improved this opportu- 
nity. It was, on the whole, a bully conven. 
tion, although some oi the bright and shining 
lights were conspicuous by their absence. 
Peirce of Keokuk was not there, and neither 
was Isaacs of Valparaiso. Everybody missed 
Peirce, and Isaacs's paper on Correspondence 
was sent to that convenient receptacle, the 
" Published Proceedings." Rider presided 
with appropriate dignity, and Packard, who 
was chairman of the Executive Committee, 
seemed to run things. He was evidently an- 
noyed by the absence of persons who were 
down on the programme, but nobody else 
seemed lo miss them, and as there was no lack 
of gab, the general feeling was that the ex- 
temporized programme was belter than the 
"cut and dried" one would have been, had it 
been carried out, Tne " Welcome Meeting," 
at Chickering hall, came near being a fizzle, 
hut mainly on account of the weather, which 
was simply atrocious. There is probably not 
a worse ventilated hall in Christendom than 
Chickering hall, and with the thermometer at 
90 degrees in the shade one can easily guess 

for Dr. Buckley, at whose instance 1 have 
hired this hall and invited this assemblage. 
He is the best speaker on the list, and has 
come prepared to speak on ' The Pulpit and 
the Press,' and he has no moral right lo de- 
cline. I call upon you to compel him to 
speak." The effect was electric, and the rev- 
erend orator saved the evening by one of the 
wittiest speeches of the session. The only 
thing lo be regretted was that the previous 
speaker had meanwhile retired, and sc will 
probably never know what a drubbing he got. 
The convention was full of surprises, and 
Ihe members were kept jumping from one 
thing lo another in such rapid succession that 
they had no time to grumble — scarcely lime 
to think. Even Bjb Spencer, who has usually 
the innings on wilty sayings, seemed lo be 
thrown off his balance at times by the rapidity 
of events. He got in a good lick, however, in 
his protest against a vote of thanks olTered to 
Mrs. Sara A. Spencer for her paper on " Wo- 

Bob, " that this association can safely thank 
any woman for such a paper. There are sen- 
timents in that paper to which no tlioughttul 
man can subscribe. For one, I am not pre- 
pared to acknowledge that all the blame of the 
world rests on the shoulders of men. It seems 
lo me that women have a full share in the 
work of creation. If men are shiftless and 
useless and do not come up to their opportu- 
nities, a full share of the fault, — I may say the 
moit of Ihe fault, rests upon women. The 


nt alw 

;r, tha 

if men amount to anything the 
the mother, whereas if they go to the devil the 
fault is their own. Ol course. I never can ex- 
cuse Adam for the disgraceful part he played 
in the apple story. It wasn't strange that he 

should partake of the fruit when offered by 
Eve, but it was very mean of him to go and 
tell of it. Packard wouldn't have dope that; 
nor, as I believe, would any member of this 
convention. Aside Irom that little episode in 
the early history of the race, however, I think 
that men have been fully as noble, as unsel- 
fish, as long suffering and as useful as 
women." Nevertheless, the resolution passed. 

The main charm of the convention, as seen 
by a mouse in the wall, was in the rare skill 
with which work and recreation were inter- 
mingled. The second day of the session was 
given over wholly to a delightful excursion up 
the I-Iudson, embracing such Hmttless fun that 
the veriest ascetic was forced to wear a merry 
face. The excursion was given by the Pack- 
ard Alumni Association, and embraced a ban- 
quet on a beautiful island forty miles up the 
Hudson, wilh music, speeches, songs, dances, 
trials oi skill of various sorts, and all those de- 
lightful things which make up a New York 
outing, and which seemed to take the country 
brethren by surprise. The next thing of mo- 
ment was the meeting of the Twilight Club at 
Brighton Beach, where an assemblage of over 
three hundred men and women partook of a 
dinner and listened to the bright and dull 
speeches which such occasions always pro- 
duce. But Ihe chief excursion, and the one 
which will probably live freshest in the mem- 
ory of the delegates, was the triumphal march 
to the tomb of Grant, which occurred on 
Tuesday afternoon; the procession of carriages 
going from Mr. Packard's residence, on Sev-- 
enty-third street, through the Park, up the 
Riverside Drive, stopping at the tomb for the 
party to pay their proper respects, and return- 
ing by the Morning-side Drive, taking in thus 
within two hours as much of tlie beauty of the 
rtis in urhis as could be got in that time. 

As to the real work of the convention, I am 
not prepared to estimate it. From my position 
in the wall it should not be expected of me. 
Besides, It will be known when the printed 
proceedings appear. It was noticed that Bro. 
Hinman was somewhat reserved, he having 
missed the usual stimulus of the chairmanship 
of the " Penman's Section." However, he 
maiiceuvered around the edges and came in 
with ringing words in his proper place on the 
programme. Ames gave his usual discourse 
on expertism in handwriting, and Bro. Nelson 
of Cincinnati brought forward his pel hobby 
ol " Business Practice." Among the special- 
ists from outside were Feli-v Adier and Graham 
McAdam, both of whom produced a profound 
impression upon the body. Adler spoke on 
the Ethics of Business, and McAdam gave 
some hints on Methods of Teaching Social 
Science in Business Colleges. As seen from 
the wall, the convention was kaleidoscopic. 
All told, it numbered perhaps eighty members, 
about forty of whom were usually in attend- 
ance on the discussions, the remaining forty 
being collected in gi-oups in the adjoining 
rooms, easily perceptible through the glass 
partitions, each discussing his own little hobby 
and waiting for his turn at the bat. Madarasz 
wilh his magic quill was usually surrounded 
by a lot of pen maniacs, and the agents of type 
writers and reporting machines and penman's 
papers roamed about at their own sweet will, 
each gathering for himself whatever oi suste- 
nance the occasion allbrdcd. The agents prob- 
ably went home disgusted. There was an un- 
usual number of ladies, a few of whom were 
present at all the sessions. And generally, it 
must be said, it was an interesting time, which 
brings me to conclude that, although the con- 
vention of 1S86 did not seem to create much 
of a sensation in the great m,;lro polls- many 
of the papers entirely ignoring the existence 
of su.h a body— yet, on the whole it \vill be 
written down in the archivesof the association 
as one of the chief meetings of that reputable 

"Iowa Commercial College and Ladies' 
School of Business" is the title of a popular 
and flourishing college at Davenport, Iowa. 
The school, in the past two years, sprung 
up like a young giant, and is attended largely 
by young ladies from all parts of the country, 
who are preparing for different positions in 
businet.5 circles. It is generally conceded that 
ladies make the best office assistants, and they 
are now toise found filling lucrative positions 
iu all parts of the commercial wurld. Wood 
tV VanPallon are the proprietors, and doing a 
noble work. 




[Preseni Style] 
a whoic shadow overtops the&c lines i^ 
isposilion that the Gazettk's eRbrts tc 
K-l--: of liis career, have been only par- 

^ .1 I ! Wiley [s entitled to th« 


Thus far we have given 
study of lines because a knowlege of ihe uses 
of lines is indispensable in the stud^- of drawing. 
But alter all, lines are bul guides to be lost as 
I the picture is completed, and discerned only in 
the influence of iheir character on the result. 
Outlines are but symbols of the object to be 
lepresented, for there are no lines in nature. 
All things seen are seen by the nid of light, 
nnd by the various ways which objects reflect 
the light we determine their character. Light 
ilself is Invisible and distinguished only by re. 
flection from objects. The eye of the student 
should be trained as carefully to distinguish the 
subtle variations of li^ht as it is to judge form 
and relative proportions, for carefully and cor- 
rectly drawn outline may be entirely spoiled by 
an incorrect treatment of light, and shade. 
The highest light we can obtain for a 
picture is the white surface of our 
pa])er, which of course is many de- 
grees darker than the luminous light 
of nature. 
Although nature presents to the eye an al- 
finite number of delicate lights and 
shades, there would really be but two degrees 
white and black— if it were not for reflection, 
for shade is really the absence of light. There 
is a distinction between shade and shadow, 
shade being used to express the dark appear, 
ance of that part of an object which is turned 
away from the h'ght, and shadow the dark re- 

bespeaks for him ii Itiiiiinous future. The Compettiliiim 
I Gttard of Honor welcomes him. Wriling about Iht 
Compendiuin he says: "Any jouo^ person possessing 
a small amount of snap, with the Compendium for a 
basis, itnd the Gaibttb for a monthly stimulus, can 
sojn acquire n goaJhnndwnting. Inclosed Rod speci- 

enlirdy to ll 

About 200,000 GAZiiTTES have been printed 
t and circulated since the enlargement last De- 
cember. If any other journal of the class can 
beat this record in a whole year, the facts have 
been carefully withheld. 

We respectfully submit that twelve numbers 
of Ihe Gazette — to say nothing of the pre- 
mium — are worth a dollar of any one's mon- 
ty— What do you think about it? 

Stick a Pill Uerc. 

One of the most complete and valuable pen- 
man's works ever published is 'Gaskell's 
Penman's Hand Book," advertised on page 12. 
It treats comprehensively of all branches of 
Uie i>eiunan's arl, and its pages are enriched 
uiili liundreds of beautiful plates, comprising 
i^\My style of lettering and ornamental pen- 
work For the young writer, the "Hand 
Book" is an exhaustless storehouse ol instruc- 
t tion from the best masters, such as cannot be 
' obtained elsewhere at any price. It has re- 
ceived the warmest praise from our most noied 
professionals, and is offered to the writing 
public as the mobl complete and useful work 
of iK kind that has ever come from a press. 

I The price of the "Hand Book" is $5, and It is 
a marvel of cheapness at that figure. We are 
now making this extraordinary concession: 
L'ootI only during July and August, 

V'v person sending us a club of six sub- 
' I ^ at^one dollar each, for the Gazette 
i.uide,"or Gazeite and "How to Wrile 
K- Press," will receive n copy of this 
h work i-BEE. 

IV reader of the Gazette should go to 

1. itoncetoget upachibof six, whichwill 

Loa little time or trouble, and bring a prize 

I that will be of the greatest service and pleasure 

I to him and his friends. 

flection cai^t by one object upon another surface. 
Certain surfaces reflect a greater number of 
rays of light than others, and the greater the 
light reflected the lighter the surface appears. 
The surface we call white, reflects the greatest 
light while an absolutely black surface absorbs 
all the light; other surfaces reflect light in va- 
rious degrees, and thus they have their locul 
color,— the local color or sh ide being a part of 
their character and belonging to an object as 
much as its form. All Ihe distinctions which 
give form and character to an object, and which 
separate one thing from another, are caused by 
graduations, variations and contrasts of light 
and shade. The idea of solidity cannot be con- 
veyed in a picture without the introduction of 
light and >.hade. Asa guide to the learner, 
the following general rules may be observed: 
Every solid opaque body has one part on 
which the light is brightest and one part 
where the shades are strongest, the other parts 
being of an in termed iati: lint gcnerallv known 

upon which the light falls directly, and the 
shaded side will be that which is opposile the 
light. This will be understood by reference to 
the diagram. 

Let a, b, c, d and e, represent equal spaces 
or plains on an object. The light being 
situated al s, you will observe that more rays 
will fall on B C than on A B, and therefore A 
B will be less light than IJ C; C D wilt re- 
ceive still fewer rays, and therefoie be darker 
than the others, while B E receiving no rays 
at all, will be black. If the light be lifted to a 
higher point, A B will be lightest. The 
shadow cast by an object will indicate iwc 
things. First, the character of the object cast- 
ing the shadow. Second, the character of the 
surface receiving the shadow, [f the surface 
upon which the shadow is cast be flat, it will 
present a silhouette of the form of the object. 
A perpendicular will cast the shadow of a 
straight line; the shadow of a rectilineal figure 
is rectilinear, that of a sphere circular. 

The shadow also indicates the character of 
the surface upon which it fails. If the surface 
be irregular, the shadow will partake of the 
nature of the irregularilies. 

The source of light in our world is the sun, 
which is of such magnitude, and so far from 
the earth that the rays which fall from it on 
the earth are considered parallel, and so 
treated in daylight scenes, Therefore the 
shadows of all objects visible to the eye, will 
fall in the same direction when viewed by 

An artificial light, however, would have a 
difterent result, as a light placed in any posi- 
tion would throw shadows from the diflferent 
objects around according to their position in 
relation to the light, so a circle of objects, sur- 


Therefore in the coniposilioii of a picture 
we consider the light as coming from above as 
illustrated by the accompanying sketches. In 
the sketch of the head, you will observe that 
the shadows are cast downward as the 
shadows are distinguished beneath the project- 
ing features. We see the forehead shaded by 
the hair, the lip shaded by the nose. The 
upper lip a darker shade than the under one, 
because it does not catch the light from above, 
while the under lip presents more surface to 
the light. This is the natural position of light. 
A light from beneath would have an odd 
effect and change the features of a person so 
that they would be hardly recognizable. 

Let it be remembered, then, that natural 
light from the sun or moon will cast parallel 


as the middle tinl. and this can be divided 
again inlo half light and half dark; the half 
light being a shade lighter than the middle 
tint, and the half dark a shade darker. 
The brightest part of an object will be that 

rounding a light, 

The natural light by which 

is always above the earth, and even in repre- 
senting an indoor scene the light usually come-; 
from somewhere above the horizontal line. So 
in all but exceptional cases; the lightest pari 
of an object is that part facing upward, 
shadows, while artificial will project diverging 
rays equally all around. 

Shadows are subject to laws of perspective 
»nd the p.Tspective of shadows will be treated 
n another paper. 


.pUndidly I 



\ in this 

lily full pagt 

Cbapter III.— OfT-Hand Flour i^h ing ; MaleriaU for 
FlourishijiK : Movements ; Exercises : German Text and 
Old English, 29 illuilrationt, meitfy /nil /agt platt*. 

Musf Write Good Biwincss Letters; Rules for Business 
Letter Writing ; Titles . Model Busmess Letters. One fuU- 
pagc plate. 

Chapter V.— How to Prepare Specimens for Photo- 
Tngrkvmg: Orawiog Paper; The Best Inic ; Sizes ol 
prawmgs. White Lines; Things to be Remembered. 33 

r for Engrossing ; 

I M^ 

Ints of all ktni 

< Ink : In. 

delibic Stenol Plate Ink; Exchequer Ink; Asiatic Ink; 
Brown Ink; Another Indelible Ink ; Bbck Copymgink: 
Red Ink ; Green Ink ; Violet Ink ; Gold Ink ; Silver Ink ; 
Black Ink, No. 4; Black Ink. No. 5 ; Aniline BUck Ink : 
Asiatic Bbck Ink ; Rui je's Black WriUng Fluid ; Arnold's 
Writing Fluid ; Arnold's Writing Fluid. No. > ; India Ink ; 
Carbon Ink ; Drawing Ink ; Japan Ink ; Parchment Ink ; 
Self-Copying Ink. Black ; French Copymg Ink {very valu- 

World ; Vellow Ink : Yellow Ink. No. 3 ; Yellow Ink. No. 
3 ; While Ink ; While Ink. No. a ; Gold Ink. No. a ; Finest 
Goldluk; Silver Ink, No. a ; Pewter Ink ; Indelible Ink 
for Marking Linen ; Indelible Ink for Marking Linen, No. 
>: InkforMarkinc^ 3II Texule Fabrics : Ink for Markine 

Sympathetic Ink. No. 3 ; Black 

by He; 
Relief on Zinc ; Mucilage ; To Write on Silver 

Sympathetic Inks. Blue Syi 
Inks Developed by Heat; 
Ink; Ink for Zinc Lab< 
teliefonZinc; Mudta_ 
Black that wUl never go off; To Pi 

Cbapter VIII.— Selections Appropriate for Auto- 

The foltowbg extracts from letters received wOl in- 

'M^'havercMivedthe "Guidt. and find it to be an excel- 
lent book in every respecL"— John L. HouMBDiKU, Qeep 

surpasses my cxpecliitions o( it. The spedmens of writing, 

Bn drawing and off-hand flourishing are superb."— Ira R. 
ARRIS, AUtoH. Mass, 
" The Guidt IS received. 1 think It will meet a dedded 

formation contained in it, and the case with which learners 
can acquire it.'*— J. C. Kanb. 94 North Fulton Street, Bal- 
dmore. Md. 

•• I would not he without the Guidt for twice the amount 
paid for it. It is the best book of the kind I ever jaw."— 
&RANK Putnam. Point Chmiiauqua. N. Y. 
Brown, RutSVi. ' expresses i 

"Am well pleased with the Guidt in every respect. 

for ■bo\^y-\\ ¥.''^^^nw?Ca\^L:>^-^ b!^^ ^oL<^e. 
Newark, N.J. 

■■ 1 think the Gutd* will be appreciated by every young 
person. Am much pleased with wine."— MoNTGOMBRY 
W. Wright. Wyoming. Minn. 

News Co.. Albany, N. 

"I must say thai I . 

Guidt. It is far beyond my expectalloiu. Hadn't llic 
remotest idea that you could furnish such an elaborate 

given by any paper, and ought to yivc the GaMtUt the 
fargcst circulation of any periodical m existence."— C has. 


cago office, as follows : 




This department is edited by Prof. William 
I>, Bridge, A. M , Principal of the School of 
rhnnogrnphy in Chautauqua UNiVttRsnv. 

nr books for nol 

Dots and Dashes. 

— The Stenograph is introduced tliis ^-ear to 
the Southern Summer Asseinblj' at Mont- 
eagle, Tenn. 

— Arend's System of Stenography is puh- 
lislicd in German, Spanish, French, Himga- 
rj;m and Swedish. 

—Curtis Haven, of Philadelphia, invades 
New York, and takes poesession of E. N. 
Miner's Short-hand school. 

— Bv the "survival of the fittest" in phono- 

llie felt want." Winch is il.> 

—Will our editorial brethren find out that 
'■II. M. Pernin," of Detroit, is Mrs. and not 
M». Mrs. Burnz has a sister in Mrs. Pernin. 

— With September, young people should be 
looking about for a good teacher in short 
h.ind. Correspondence schools claim high 

—Frank Yeigh, Esq., of Toronto, Ont., has 
sailed for England, to enjoy a period of relaxa- 
tion from his abundant work. Would that all 
busy reporters could lake a "foreign trip " 

—Isaac Pitman difT-rs widely from the ed- 
itor cf the Reporter's Jonrnal as to the cor- 
rectness of his criticisms on the poslal-card 
prize competition, referred lo in our last num- 

-Not a single "P.ionographer's Song" was 
I to the editor in response to hii ofler of 
cx) fo- the best "I'honographcr's Song" sent 
I by July lo. Have we no poets in our 

—The Brochure ol Prof. W. D. Bridge on 
Shorthand Numbers is in the printer's hands, 
and will soon appear. It contains mailer ad- 
ditional to what has appealed in the Penman's 

—We know a "Simon-pure" Grahaniite who 
has done the shorthand writing in a very dif- 
ferent system lor an author of shorthand 
books, etc., in this country; That was kind 
ness, indeed. 

— Every one sendln&$i.oo to the editor of 
this department as a subscrip'ion for the Pen- 
man's Gazeti e will recei>e the special pre- 
mium of a copy of Prof. Bridge's Arrw/zw^c on 
"Short-hand Nmnbers." 

^Isaac Pitman's indorsement and adoption 
of "lengthened ttraighi-lines" for such words 
as educator, conductor, instructor, etc, etc., is 
on its face a recognition of a "good thing,'* 
which Graham published over t«enty years 

—One of the neatest phrases that w^- have 
recently seen in a phonographic note-book 
was Graham's style phonography of the fol- 
lowing: "He is sorry that this must be his 
answer." Let beginners try their liand on 

— Mis.s Naiua Henry, stenographer and 
type-writer to Rev. Frank Russell, of Oswego, 
New York, lias gone to Europe for the season. 
Her painstaking fidelity, as we happen to 
know, has won for her this deserved foreign 

—"Leaves from the Note- Book of Thomas 
Allen Reed," two volumes, published by Isaac 
Pitman, contain very rendable memorabilia of 
his phonographic experiences. The I. Pitman 
phonography has a printed key at the bottom 
of each page, and this key would be entertain- 
ing and protitable reading for Grahamiles, 
Munsoniles, Eclectics, etc. 

—One of the puzzling congeries of phono- 
graphic words is that class having the letters 
r-t-n-d, as in retained, right-hand, rotund, ora- 
lund.ridenl, hardened, ardent, rodent, tot lened 
re ddcneJ, irritant, etc. Jt will he a good study 
lur those who would make clear dislinctions 
in these and similar words, lo write Ihem and 
iliLii compare results with their standards. 

— A very great desideratum is a cheap and 
practical method of making shorthand char- 
acters on type-metal bodies to be printed in 
books in line with the ordinary type. Isaac 
Pitman's phonography as printed, does not 
have a facile look. 

— Will the shorthand readers of this paper 
send to the editor a list of ten works, not very 
extensive, which they would like to see in 
shorthand, the corresponding style and the 
reporting style. There may be a way lo have 
more short hand literature in the United 

-Rev. C G. Hudson, of Anderson, Idn., 
tl-e ofHcial reporter of the famous "Chautau- 
qua" meetings for the Daily Assembly Herald, 
has received th; honorary degree of "Doctor 
Divinitalis" from the DePauw University, 
Gieencastle, Ind. What phonographer will 
be struck next.' 

— It is a great thing to get a "start" in any 
undertaking. The editor of this departinent 
at sixteen years of age had just three hours' 
instruction from a teacher of shorthand— all 
he ever had from any teacher; but it was the 
"start" that gave him the ambiiion to make a 
shorthand writer, and he has reached that 

— For Amateurs. — Master the word-signs; 
study phrasing; imitate neatest styles of short- 
hand; aim at legibility; write ont specimen of 
advanced-reader "copy," at least ten times, 
gaining suppleness and facility ; for dexterity 
in manipulation, write such phrases repeatedly. 
There— are — some — reasons; what — are- -the 
—conditions; I— have— neither— thought-nor 
said — so; possibly — it — may — not — be; it--may 
not — often— happen. 

— We have received seven nuinbers of the 
Short hand Bible^ written in niarveiously beau- 
tiful Isaac Pitman Phonography, by J. Her- 
bert Ford, editor of the /ieporttr's yanmal, 
and published by Fred Pitman, 20 Paternoster 
Row, London, E. C, England, and also by R. 
McCaskie & Co., 10 High Street, Marylebone, 
W. London, Eng. This volume is destined, if 
finished as begun, to be the handsomest short- 
hand Bible yet published. Yearly subscrip- 
tions six English shillings for twelve inonthly 

— Isaac Pitman has been wise in providing 
his constituents with a constant and variant 
supply of short. hand reading. Among these, 
printed in small, neat and attractive volumes, 
are: "Gulliver's Voyage lo Lilltput," "The 
P.-alms" "SeirCult'ure." by John Stuart 



''4 — 


« /ff g Jinq CiLhcUl 

-^ ^ \.:)'-V.- \ . ( , ., i:^A -V ,^ ^- . ;^-.^ 

Another of the "puzzler" class is the con- 
geries of wurds with the letters s-t-r, as in 
Austria, asturia, satyr, sea- water, satire, astray, 
austere, history, astir, estuary. Isaac Pitman's 
Reporters Assistant, A. J. Graham in the 
Standard Phonogiaphic Dictionary, and other 
authors, give specified outlines; but beginners 
without help would f dl into a deep pit" liere- 

— Untimely, ungenerous, unappreciative of 
good work done, is the slashing and embittered 
editorial in D. L, Scott-Browne's July Phono- 
graphic Mugatinr, concerning the celebration 
of lsa.ic Pitman's Semi-Cenlennial as Short- 
hand Author. It is .utterly unworthv a man 
who claims wisdom in phonographic lines. 
Respect for Isaac Pitman and his work is not 

— A student of shorthand for four months 
under a professional teacher in one of the large 
schools was set to writing phonography, till he 
could write, as he says, one hundred words a 
minute, but he never was caused to do reading 
of much phonography, and now says that his 
time was almost literally thrown away, as he 
cannot read his notes, and he deeply regrets 
that a portion of his time has not been spent in 
rvading good phonography, as well as his own 

Blackie; "W.ishtnglon Irving's Tales and 
Sketches," " Pilgrim's Progress." " Hart's 
Orthography." ".•li:sop's Fables," "The Le- 
gend of Sleepy Hollow,'' and several volumes 
of "Selections and Extracts." Much good 
reading is important for the short-hand stu- 


It is easy to wronglully read shorthand 
notes if one be careless, heedless, or a little 

Correct version : "Sometimes he had. and 
sometimes he hadn't." Incorrect: "Symp- 

1 he had. and svmptoms he hadn't." 

rickety knees." 

"Tamarack k 

"The mo'her'spr.iyer." 

"Lease or agreement. 

' The n 



little fellow." "He ' 
Parrot guns 


"They captured two Parrot guns." ' The 
captured two pirat 

"The woman was baking bread." ' 
woman was begging bread." 

"Arthur Waite. the ciialk-talk evange 
"Arthur W.iite, the Choctaw evangelist." 
ilh m^ brothers, Horace and H 

ry." "J can 

"The furnaces of this . 
niansof this country." 
"Clerks and bnr-Iendei' 

th my brother's horse and 
untry." "The Fc- 
' "Clocks and bar- 


■.lr„.„onby Pro}. K'. D. J 

1. You gave me "L" and "R" hooks on 
eight straight strokes. Do we have"!," and 
"R" hooks on curved strokes." Yes. Notice 
the following instruction, (A.) "F," "V," "Th" 
(Hghtj and "Th" (heavy) lake a small hook at 
the beginning of the stroke, inside the curve for 
"L," making Fl, VL Thl (light) and Th 
(heavy). (B) "Sh" and "Zh" take a small 
hook at the bottom inside the curve, and this 
coml)ination is always struck up. (C.) "S" 
and "Z" lake no "L" hooks at the beginning 
as the combination of the two would be "si" 
and "zl" and we have a better way to write 
"si" and "zl," as expressed by the small circle 
with the stroke "L" struck up or down. (D.) 
"L" takes no "L" hook for we have already 
taught that a small hook at the beginning of 
"L" stands for "w" as in well, weal, will, wall, 
etc. (E.) "W" lakes no "L" hook as the com- 
binatim "wl" is better expressed by the small 
hook on the beginning of "L" (F.) "H" takes 
no "L" hook as it is itself a stroke having a 
hook. (G.) As "R" (upward stroke), "M" 
and "N" hav,.- a small book at the beginning 
for "W," we write a large hook on these three 
strokes at the beginning, for "L" making "Rl," 
"N1,"*'M1." (Please carefully sludy Plate I, 
Section 1.) Flee, Hew, flies, floss, fleece, aw- 
ful, ofTal; evil, hovel, flatne, flier, flap, fledge, 
fling, flesh, devil, bevel, swivel; Ethel, Bethel, 
deathly; bu'hel, facial, official, rashly, initial, 
uncial;relic, relish, mural, spiral, coral, barrel; 
camel, animal, pomtnel, Melchisedek, unless, 
final, tunnel, cannel, unlatch, funnel, channel, 
penal, heavenly. 

2. As straight strokes took both "L" and 
"R" hooks, how about these curves.' Notice: 
As tlie straight strokes with the * L" hook 
were turned right over lo make the same 
straight strokes with the "R" hook, so "F," 
"V," "Th" (light) and "Th" (heavy) with the 
"L" hook are turned right over to make the 
same strokes with the "R" hook. (See Plate 
I, Section 3.) 

3. Does not your form for "Fr" look like 
the "R" stroke with an "R" hook; your form 
for "Vr" look like the " W" stroke with an "R" 
hook ; your form for "Thr" (light) look like 
"S" with an "R' hook; your form for "Thr" 
(heavy) look like "Z" with an "R'' hook? 
These points are explained very simply as fol- 
lows; "R" need never take the "R" hook for 
then it would be "rr", and this combination 
never appears in the English language. "W" 
need never take an ' R" hook for then it 
would be "wr," and we have already given 
"wr" as expressed by a small hook on upward 
"R." "S" need not take an "R" hook, for we 
have already taught two modes of expressing 
"sr," namely, "s" on downward "R" and "s" on 
upward "R.'' "Z" need not take an "R" hook 
as the combination "zr" rarely, if ever, occurs 
in our language, and if it did we could easily 
express it by the small circle on .-ilher one of 
the strokes for "R." And now, inasmuch as 
"pi' turned over expresses "pr," "bl" turned 
over expresses "br," *'tl" turned over expresses 
"Ir,' "dl" turned over expresses "dr," so these 
four curves, "fl." "vl," "thl" (light) and "thl" 
(heavy) turned over, properly represent "fr," 
"vr," "thr" (light), "Thr" (heavy.) (See 
Plate I, SecliDn 3.) Free, fry, freeze, froze, 
fraine, frost, fresh, froth, Friday, freak ; over. 


favor, knavery, shiver; author, authorize, 
hither, gather, bather, feathery, Jethro. Notice 
also that "Sh" and "Zh" having taken an "L" 
hook at the bottom, and being written up, take 
an "R" hook at the top, a :d are written down. 
(See Plate i, Section 4.) Asher, smasher, 
shriek, shrug, shrive, pusher, dasher, lasher, 
pleasure, leisure, erasure. Notice also that 
"M" and "N" having already taken a small 
hook for "W" and a large hook for "L," an 
"R" hook may be expressed by making a small 
hook and at the same time thickening the stroke, 
making "mr" and "nr" (see Plate i. Section 5), 
Hammer, Homer, hemorrhage, ratniner, calm- 
banner, minor, dinner, Abner, manner. 

4 Will you try me on the principles of this 
and the preceding lessons, and see if I have 
them right.^* Yes, read carefully Plate 2, Sec- 
lion I. If;ou wish to know whether you are 
coirecl, write Ihe phonographic words with 
your translation on alternate lines of a page 
and send them to Prof. Bridge, Plainlield. N. J., 
with ten two cent stamps inclosed, and he will 

1 thcs 



One Mnndred Vnlimble Suggestions to 
Sliorlhand Students. 

'I'liis i» a book of v^iliic, worthy of Die 
aiitlior and reador. It contains suggestions 
(or ihose who think oT sludging the art, as well 
as thoKC who are passing on into the "deep 
things" of short-liand. It covers a broad field ; 
is chatty and full of hints; does not weary by 
f rofitness; should prove helpful to many. 

We do not doubt that the author could as 
easily have cnlitled his book, "One Hundred 
and One Suggestions," or "Ninety-Nine Sug- 
gestions," and written up or down accordingly, 
but the "One Hundred" given hit the mark 
well, and all carping criticism is banished. 

There is sturdy, robust, common sense in 
many of llie suggestions given, to only one ol 
wlii;li will we refer. No. XXXM, "Uarn 
the Vowels Well." Some of the recent fledg- 
ling authors decry vocalization, strike at once 
for full reporting forms, are professedly believ- 
ers in rd/MowawA* only, etc., etc. Such talk is 
foolishness, and our author smites it. An ability 
to vocalize with exiremest rapidity is ofltimes 
of essential importance, as when the speaker 
volubly gives names of persons or places un- 
familiar lo the reporter, or when similar 
, Allison: Merrick, Myrick), 
iminated by pointed or posi- 
Inattention tQ-this familiarity 

should be discr 
tioneJ outlines, 
occasions great difficulty 
transcripts. Let all novil 

We heartily commend t 
readers and students. 

Legible Sliortlinnd. 

Edward Poctnell, Esq., Fellow of the 
Shorthand Society, London, England, is a 
right royal enthusiast in stenographic lines. 
He is a deep-sea investigalor, bringing up 
goodly pearls. Although personally a most 
skillful reporter, we believe, in Isaac Pitman 
phonography, he has seen a need of greater 
legibih'ty than that in even Isaac Pitman's 
wonderfully legible shorthand, and has de- 
vised an entirely new system on fundament- 
ally diverse principles. 

A goodly budget of his publications lies be- 
fore us, nine in number, "Legible Shorthand," 
abroc/iN-e of about seventy pages, being the 
most important, probably. This work claims 
marked originality; an unfolding of various 
systematic and simple methods whereby the 
vowels are clearly indicated (not written), by 
means of the very shape of the consonant out- 
line, on either side of which they are "under- 

Mr. Pocknell's claims for superiority of his 
system over phonography are summarized 
thus: "In expressing syllables; in expressing 
double, treble, and other blended consonants- 
in indicating initial, final and medial vowels 
without writing them; in indicating un- 
sounded vowels, ditto; in forming distinctive 
outlines by rule; ir. improved methods of 
abbreviation and forming word-signs, etc., etc. 
These are strong, brave positions to take as 
against Phonographv. 

Mr. Pocknell's system has three sizes for 
letters, and each consonant has ihree strokes to 
represent it. For instance, his "P" consonant 
sound may he written by either of the "Gra- 
ham" strokes. Pee, Ar or Ef. if the stroke, 
"Pee" is written, it stands for "p," with no 
vowel before or after. If "Ar" is written, 
some vowel is implied as located in the hollow 
of the "Ar" stioke; i. e, before his "p" sound. 
If "Ef" is written, some vowel is implied in 
the hollow of tlie "Ef, 
sound. Aud so with all 
S.y. k. ch, sh, w, g. J,: 

circle, large circle, small loop, large loop, 
small hook or large hook, by a peculiar ar- 
rangement which cannot be understood with- 
out engraved illustrations. We should say 
that "Yankee" ingenuity devised this unique 
arrangement. Our limits forbid further 

This system could not fail to be Ugible^ 
after being thoroughly mastered, but we ex- 
ceedingly doubt whether it could be facile. 
On these points only a future can decide. 

Shorthand Histories. 

Two veterans are about to publish Histories 
of Shorthand, AndrewJ. Graham, the author 
of Standard Phonography in this country, and 
John Westby-Gibson, LL.D., in England. We 
know that Mr. Graham has been collecting 
and collating his material for many years, and 
his work will be unique and specially rich. 
Dr. Weslby-Gibson proposes to make his work 
epochal, and a lasting memorial of the "Pho- 
nographic Jubilee and Tercenlenaiy of Mod- 
ern Short-hand." 

Dr. Gibson has been severely studious in 
studying the development of the Short-hand 
Idea, and as far back as iS8i presented before 
the Short-hand Society of London, a Manu- 
script Kry, which gave the titles, etc, of 2850 
distinct works on short-hand, besides 340 peri- 
odicals, 303 works printed in character, 205 
papeis and essays on the subject, and 395 
works on phonetics, ciphers, universal ' lan- 
guage, etc., making over four thousand dis- 

pproaching c 

(Jermnn Stenography. 

There lie before us the Instruction Books 
ol the Gabeisbergcr, the Stolze and the Ar- 
end's Systems of Stenography. They are each 
and all beautifully printed, both as regards 
the text and the shorthand characteni. Our 
studies have not as yet cflrried us into the 
mysteries ol these specific stenographies, but 
a few thoughts come to us: 

1. The German voice-utterance is mucli 
slower than the English, and the shorthand 
of the German is founded upon a cursiv-t- stj Ic, 
far more like ordinary vMiting than 
Pitman phonographv is like En^lisii \nj ititi^ . 
and unless either of the three s\ -ic-m-. vpcLilK-J 
were greatly modified, they \vould not equal 
the (demands as to swiftness of Anglo Sax(m 

2. German shorthanders acquire their art, 
apparently, not so much (or bread and butter 
considerations, as for jtsthetic, intellectual and 
social ends. With them their beloved Gabels- 
berger, Stolze or Arend's system is an art 
bringing them refinement, friendship and men- 
tal uplift- With us, our Pitman, Graham, or 
Munton phonography Is (too often) simply the 
special stepping-stone to n financially more 
lucrative position. This is, we are sorry to 
say, our sordid and worldly aim dominating. 
With the German, however, the thought 
seems to be good cheer, mental development. 
Consequently, there are hundreds on hundreds 

iations, societies, colerie«, etc.. every 



after the "p" 


with the forthcoming volume "Bibliography of 
Short-hand," by that remarkably enthusiastic 
scholar. Julius E. Rockwell, Esq.. of Washing, 
ton, D. C , and Dr. Westby-Gibson work, will 
serve to make every reader intelligently in- 
formed as to the past and present of short- 

Again and Again. 

One of the most difticult experiences in 
teaching the average shorthand pupil is that 
of securing a mastery of word-signs and con- 
tractions. We deem it wise to bring into enrlv 
and constant use all the s mple (unhooked) 
consonant and vowel word-signs, and no pupil 
should be allowed' to proceed far in learning 
the special speed-securing prinL-ip'es (hooks, 
shortening, lengthening, etc ,) till the common, 
est word-Bigns are become as "household 
words." To do this, he should take a column 
o( a paper, and glancing down the line«, place 
under each word which is represented by a 
consonant or vowel word-sign a dot, and then 
on ruled paper write out that stroke— thcrebv 
binding together in his memory the word and 
>utline. This should be done again and 
again. Constant repetition atone can secure 
adequate command of what is found to be the 
*H/Xofall short-hand writing. 

: songs, speeches, good 

wine and good cheer abound, 'all . 

about "Our" Stenographic Father. 

3. The Germans have a multitude of short- 
hand periodicals, stenographic song books, 
stenographic monogram letter-paper and en- 
velopes, breast-pins or cravat-pins, and other 
larger or smaller reminders of their beloved 
art Cm we learn somelhing from them r 

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'~H.H.,NewJ'ori Cily. Practice Compendi- 
um copies as numbered, but dwell more on 
No. I, than all the rest, until you secure a free 
muscular movement. If you should dwell on 
the different ovaU for a whole week, no time 
would be lost ; don't become discouraged, pluck 
is a verv ingredient in this work; 
combine much study with your practice. 

Miss L. II., Sati Dtego, Cal. You will per- 
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\V. N. II., A'lVrs Midi. Yes all good phonog- 
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more accurate forms by this method. 

C. A., Lal-cvillr, Mass. You have evident- 
ly not wholly succeeded in mastering a free 
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Bro. Jon. : Read this and it will inform you : 

The Blood is the Life! 


H;is been conferreil on s-uffiring li.imanitv il .i 
remedy has been iiracuretl whicli \s\\\ iiuiLkly and 


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-class teacher of Commercial Branches, 
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Cinc,\(,.., March 31, 1SS6, 
Prof. W. W. Bbnnktt: 

My Dear Sir: — I am in receipt of your 
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Louisville or Cincinnati, and see the Mammoth 
Cave, Nashville, Blount Springs, Birming- 
ham, Montgomery, Mobile, and the Guli 
coast for the came money that will take you 
through the dreary, uninhabited Mississippi 
swamps ; we are confident you cannot eelect a 
line to the South enjoying half the advantages 
that are possessed by the Monon Route and 
its Southern connections. 

No one should think of going South without 
visiting the Mammoth Cave, the great natural 
wonder of this continent. So much has been 
written of this world-famous wonder, that it is 
impossible to say anything 
— it cannot be described; 
explored, its darkness felt, 
be appreciated or realized. 
natural curiosity — Niagar; 

■egard t 

s beauli 

excepted — and 
ns are not satisfied by Us 
marvelous avejiues, domes and starry grottoes 
must either be a fool orademi god. From 
Mobile to New Oilcans (141 miles) the ride 
along the Gulf coast is alone worth the entire 
cost of the whole trip. In full sight of the 
Gidfa;! the way, past O-ean Springs, Missis- 
Mppi City, PahS Christian, Bay St. Louis and 
B-auvoir, the home of Jeff Davis. 

When vou decide to go South make up your 
r theline tliat passes through 

he whose e 

lind to travel c 

the best country and gives you the best pi 
This is emphatically ' "^ 
th the L< 

nphatically the Mo^ 


Coaches, double daily trains. The best 
cinnati, Louisville, 'New Orleans or Florida. 
For full Information, descriptive books, pamph- 
fels, etc., address E. O. McCormick, Gen'l 
Northern Passenger Agent, Monon Route, 
122 E. Randolph street, Chicago, or Wm. S. 
Baldwin, General Passenger Agent, 183 
Dearborn Btreet| Chicago, 


Leading Nos. : 14, 048, 130, 135, 333, 161. 

Tor Sale by all Stationers. 


« o,t.: Camden, N.J. 25 ,,^„ j,,, Ne» York. 


Are The Best 




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o//^ siiniple copy FREK to eadi ooc who writes for it, 
mtnUomng this paper. 

I TheCedarRapidsBusiness College 

' of II 

rof tl 



/■//<• Reprcseiildlivc Joiuiuil of tlw Profv^sioii 



ROWELL & HICKCOX, Publishers. 



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In addition to our premiums a list of which 
will be sent on application, we wish to call 
fspecml notice to our Cabinet Portraits of 
D'Oylcy Carte's English Company, 
Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York. No light 
opera ever been produced in the United 
States that lias equaled in popularity "The 
Mikado." The original company to prcduce 
it, in Lliis country was D'Oyley Carte's Eng- 
lish Company, selected there by Gilbert and 
Sullivan, and sent to this country. We have 
issued, for distribution to our patrons who will 
send us wrappers as below, a series of seven 
cabinet portraits of these artists, in character 
and costume, the finest photographic gelatine 
work ever produced. Tliey comprise: 

GerBldine trlmar. aa "Yum Yum." 

Misses Ulmar. Foster and St. Maur. as 

"Three Little Maids from School." 
Kate Foster, as - - "Pitti Sing." 
George Thome, as - . "Ko-Ko." 
Courtioe Pounds, aa - "Nanki-Poo-" 
Prederici, as - ■ "The Mikado." 
Fred Billiogton. as - "Pooh-Bah." 
Our price tor lluse port] aits is Iwenty-fiye 
cents each, but to any one who uses our soap, 
and sending us 1 5 wrappers of Dobbins' Elec- 
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send the whole series, postage paid, and frrr 
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I. r.. CRAGIN & CO,, 
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.J. S (HULVli: \ CO.. ruhlisher: 

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students from sixteen different States, giving a 
complete course of business training and obtain- 
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Pamphlet, circulars and blanks, giving detailed 
information, sent on application. Address, in- 
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R S H3LMES, A M, Reglstr 

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ncnt with accuracy o( form as A. J. SCABBOHOfGH, conse- 

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usinc s wi n pjgj^^jjjy SCHOFIELD. 

New York, June 2J. iSS6, 
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!>' packed, by i:.\|>ro^s, tor ONB DOLLAR. 
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T)OLITICAX ("i:CI.OP^UIA. Three Vols 

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complete withoui il. The only exhaustive reposilor-, 
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enou h'T rUet£rhi''hl''-'":^^d?se*SS£S<Iar^ 

It cannot fait to have great popiilarity." 



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OOLEY, Chief Justice Supreme Court I 
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Also mention w.l^-^her desired for 


JOS. DIXON CRUCIBLE CO., - - Jersey City, N. J. 

In addition to our promiums, a list of which 
will be sent on application, we wish to call 
especial notice to otir Cabinet Portraits of 
D'Oyley Carte's English Mikado Company, 
Fifth Avenue Theatre, New York. No light 
opera has ever been produced in the United 
States that has equaled in popularity "The 
Mikado." The original company to produce 
it in this country was D'Oyley Carte's Eng- 
lish Company, selected there by Gilbert and 
Sullivan, and sent to this country. We have 
issued, for distribution to our patrons who will 
send us wrappers as below 
cabinet portraits of these artists, in character 
the finest photographic gelatine 
work ever produced. They comprise: 
Qeraldine Ulmar, aa - "Tum Yum." 
Misaes Ulmar, Foster and St. Maur, as 

"Three Little Maids from School." 
Kate Foster, as - - "Pitti-Siog." 
George Thome. a3 - - "Ko-Ko." 
Courtice Pounds, as - "Nanki-Poo." 
Frederici, as - ■ "The Mikado." 
Fred Billington, as "Pooh-Bah." 

Our price lor theje portraits is twenty-five 
h, but to any one who uses our soap, 
and sending us r^ wrappers of Dobbins' Elec- 
tric Soaft" -aw' .*.:l'J ^'lostofflce addrCR*, mfc will 
send the whole series, postage paid, and free 
0/ charge. 

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Some of the Causes which have Led to its Universal Commendation and 
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write '100 pages. Sent by mail, with filler, el. 
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Paht L Book of Busioecs Letters, contnios euch m 
relate to Agricultural Implemenis, Vehicles, Fowls. 

Part IT Completes I>tterf on Railroading, Cotton 
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p Phono^aphy. It will 

The Western Penman '',;^SZ ?e^.?^K? 

,M > 

=11 «. by irb 





far h 



TheCedarRapidsBuslness College 

ir , .mple copy of Wostora Penmim, or fo 
c of Business Colleife. addnss 


Northwestern University, 

Studenls. The Uoiversily offers in its AcaOemic, Col 
ieeiate. Thenioelcal. M.aical. and Law DeparlmenU 
and bUo in Oratory, Art and Musie, the hiehesi educa- 
tional advanlanes under the most /avorable inlluenccs 

Rockford Seminary for Young Ladies. 


'LliT'"I'i'ees''lnd^^"'' °' ""'' '"""ll'''™ '' 
s°p"; Work'solidted'"'' ' "' '"' ''"'''""'"I 
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Eureka Recitations. Nos. 1 , 2, 3, 4, 5. 

Now ready. Each number conUina laS pages, and 
nearly lOo selections, by Mrs. Anna RandiHl-Dichl, 




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transcriptions, answers to puzzles, etc.; has 
specid departments for amanuenses, reporters, 
and all b:3nches of the profession ; gives all the 
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to last. Sample copies, loc. Prosper*,.us "ior 
Boston Short-h^.n'd Bureau, 
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TEACHF RS I ^' ^S.S^^-!,^'tS:ni 

mas, new year, prize, line nifl' cards, iihool repJris and 
Kc'^''pricc"!'ist'7ree^"\1t '*'^s*^"T'h''* ^"^'' '"'" ^"^ 
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AT HOM£. , 

Bryant i Strattos Bnffalo Susinesg College 

■■ for A.nnoaneement aail Teetln 

465 Main Street, Buffalo, N. Y 


Affords superior facilities for impiirting a SOUND 
BUSINESS TRAINING. Weekly lectures by 
the best Uleni Fkke. Also thorouRh training in Vocal 
Music Frbb. Short-Hand Department equal 

ture"and FineToc'^aiion.'' Terms' moderkte,*rnd e™cid 
boardat$*.ooaweck. Address 

McKEK & HENDERSON. Oberlin.O. 

OBERLIH COLLESE-DspirlaeDt of Feanassliip. 

e Course (11 weeks) lor 


Professional Course (ti 
1 eleKantDiploi 

■ \Nsmp " - 

ucd at $1, 


lens of Peoi 

..... „.,„ Teachers" Trainine^a'specfaYtj 
"Commercial Would." Address 


in, O. 

Gem City Business College 

Institute of Penmanship. 


This is the ffreat actual Uusincss ColleRe of ihe West, 
icven Hundred students the pnsl vear, Business, 
Penmanship and Type Writing Departments. Facultv 

Roanoke College, 

St moral and'^reirKiour^fluences!"'Expe'^es fo/^q 
months. $149, $176 or $10+ (incliidine fees, board, etc.. 

I O -KTV .A. 


Qem City BuaiQess CoUege, Quinoy. 1 

or Kentnoky UnlTenlty, LEIINGTOIt, Kt 


BisiiessEilncaltt , 

The Best C\ s\ , 


■i .. "' < ''.^!i°kC'.rH.°? 'fa" 

General llu.lneL KdueoU.n. 


The G. a. Gaskell Co., Publishers. 



Prof. Chas. R. Wells. 

.■\-. me of the pioneer business educators in 
I. uiLj; Dialing and developing the practical 
litrliiijils of education as exeinpliHed in the 
Hi&iness college of lo-day, Prof. Wells has had 
n extended and successful experience. 
H.iviiig received a good English education 
' one I. fihe leading seminaries of the State, 
H i.iU'icd the Commercial College of Geo! W. 
,ishn,.n at Rochester, N. Y., in 1857, and 

I'll i<--d [he course of instruction while in 

|l^ nineteenth jear. From 1858 to 1S64 he 
■>.i^ -ivsociated with H. G. Eastman at Oswego, 
>' l,.ii]is and I'oughkeepsie. During the lat- 
er >ear, in connecrion with Thomas H. 
Stevens, he organized a business college at 
•Jew Haven. Conn. A feature of this college 
a^yie peifecling and systematizing of what 
;rally known as the "Actual Busi- 
5 Practice" plan of teaching, 
Jiod which has added largely to the in- 
; of the business college train- 
^The significance of the improvements 
at this time by Stevens and Wells 
I the fact that a real money value 

r loss of the "representa- 

^ collpge currency was indicated by a gen- 

r gain 

inator of this plan (excepting the 
value) was Geo. W. Eastman, 
ivhom it was received in detail by Prof. 
.VelU in 1S57. 

Prof Wells' long experience in business col- 
ege work has made him familiar with, as well 
s an authority on nearly every department of 
nstruction in institutions of that kind, but as a 
oachcr of practical penmanship especially he 
las for many years been recognized as a 
■eader, and every college with which he has 
'een associated has felt the influence of his 
-blUty and zeal in this direction. 

About ten years ago, having relinquished 
ctive participation in college \'/ork, he turned 
tie Blteniion to the improvementof methods of 
caching penmanship in public schools, and 
incf: then has given the most of his lime and 
leveled his best eftorts to the working out of 

The marked success which has signalized 
lie work in the public schools of Syracuse, N. 
»'., where he has been engaged for the past 
even years, has attracted wide attention, and 
ton for him a most enviable reputation as a 
>ractical, successful teacher. With the excel- 
ent series of lessons given during" the past 
ear in the Gazette the thousands who have 
allowed them 

£ fa mil is 

and profit ; 


Prot Wells was unquestionably born to 
each, and his unflagging enthusiasm for the 
chosen profession has been 
1 factor in augmenting the measure 
•f his success. 

At Director of the Chautauqua School 
IK BusiNBSs he has fully demonstrated his fit- 
j'^y for the position assigned him in the work 
great university. In the complete suc- 
correspondence school, which now 
be amply assured, we can see the 
ling achievement of a busy, useful life in 
of special educational work. 

Tcacliing Writing. 

t writing is partially the result of cor- 
ement. Movement and form should 
;ether like a team of good horses, The 
Boston I was riding in a street 

car when one horse pushed ahead and did the 
pulling, while the other held back. That was 
like form in writing going ahead without 
movement. But Avhen both pulled logether 
we went along nicely. That was like form 
and movement going along together. Driving 
either movement or form to excess will inter- 
fere with progress. The teacher should be 
constantly on the walch to see that both get 
along evenly. Too much form will injure 
writing by destroying movement; too much 
movement will also injure writing by destroy- 
ing form. You cannot produce good results 
without uniformity of action. If a person 
steps quickly at one time and -.lowly at another, 
the steps will be of diffeient length! But when 
he moves with a regular steji — one, two, three, 
four — the steps will be equal in length. Uni. 
formity of outline, or form, is largely the result 
of uniformity of action. To secure rapid writ- 
ing (and I do not mean by that a rapid, jerky 
action) the movement should not be slow at 

cerian system of wiling. He got his pupils 
very enthusiastic in the matter of writing, and 
so worked them up to a love of the art that I 
have oflen seen tears shed in his classes by 
pupils who were discouraged. I saw him go 
to one young man whose tears had wet his 
paper, and who said, "I don't believe I will ever 
learn." Mr. Spencer sat down and wrote a 
poor copy, little better than the young man 
could write, and said, "There, see if you can- 
not beat the old man," In a little while Mr. 
Spencer came along, looked at the work and 
slapped the young man on the back, saying, 
"There, you are beating the old man, 1 will 
get another pen;" and he wrote a little better 
copy, "in this way leading llie pupil up to belter 
work. You will And it a good plan to some- 
times give a poor copy and tell your pupil to 
beat you. Take a little child. "Come," you 
say, "let's run a race." Away the little one 
goes, and how happy it is when it excels. But 
supposing you start oft and run away from the 

one time and rapid at others, but the pen 
should move as in walking, with regular sieps. 
If a person moves his pen regularly as rapidly 
as he can write well, produces a good form, 
and keeps it up through the page, he will get 
through that page much quicker than he who 
writes spaemad Really. It is uniformity of action 
that produces good writing and a swiftly 
written page, • • • 

Enthusiasm in the teacher is the chief key 
to success. The pupils will not be enthusias- 
tic in their work if they do not sec enthusiasm 
in the teacher. During the school hours the 
teacher should do the best work he can for his 
pupils, and if he feels himself lagging he should 
feel that he ought to quicken woik or get out 
of the profession. This enthusiasm can be 
created in various ways. * * • 

I teach pupils what not to do in order to 
teach them what to do. Sometimes I believe 
it is well to have students write with you. If 
a pupil is discouraged in his work, I prepare 
for him a copy a little better than his own 
writing, and he thinks he is coming nearer to 
what I can do. that after all there is not much 
difference. I say to him: "See if you cannot 
beat my copy, and If you can I will try to 
give you a better one." 1 saw this done many 
years ago by Mr. Spencer, author of the Spen- 

child, can you ever get him to run with you 
again .^ • • • 

I believe in firing the ambition of a pupil in 
teaching writing in a poetic way. Father 
Spencer, who was so excellent in his w ork, was 
full of the poetry of motion. He saw beauty 
in the waves of the sea, and the trees and the 
flowers and the clouds, in the bend of a blade 
ofgiass-everywhere, in fact. He would in 
his blackboard practice let the movement up 
and down resemble the waves qi the sea, 
training the pupil to graceful actictfi, for where 
you have graceful action you will have grace- 
ful form. 

The old gentleman, whom I shall always 
remember with reverence, Mr. Spencer, would 
go around and pat a boy on the back, saying, 
"You are doing well," and the boy would 
work with all his might and wonder when he 
Svas going to get more of that praise; and 
when the master came around again he would 
look for it, for he knew he had been doing hts 
best and deserved it, and that the old gentle- 
tnan would be sure to give it. Love of appro- 
bation is an incentive to action. It exists in 
all mankind, and is the cause of the largest 
amount of excellence. Skill in almost every 
direction is developed through the love of ap. 
probation. Approbation was Father Spencer's 

best key to success, and if you u 
ly among your pupils they 

A Mammoth Book. 

"Just outside of London Ihey are at work on 
the biggest book in the world." said a New 
York publisher yesterday, who has recently 
returned from a trip to England. "It will be 
more than four times as large as Webster's 
dictionary, .Ind will contain something like 
eight thousand pages. It is to be the ideal 
dictionary of the English language, and will 
supersede all pre-existing authorities. It has 
long been realized by scholars that the English 
language is deficient in this respect. The 
French have two dictionaries, that of M. Litre 
and of the Academy, that are far superior to our 
own. The Worterbuch of the German broth- 


i still 

tlioritative. Even the Portuguese dictionary, 
by Vieira, decidedly surpasses anything in 
English. But the British philological Society 
proj OSes to fill this yawning gap in our refer- 
ence books. They hold that a dictionary 
should be an inventory of the language, and 
that iis doors should be opened to all works — 
good, bad and indifferent. This new work 
will not be confined to definitions and cross ref- 
erences. The life history of each word will 
be fully given, with a quotation from some 
standard writer, showing i's shades of mean- 
ing and the variations in its usage from one 
generation to another. The work was origi- 
nally started in 1859, but the death of editors, 
linancial embarrassments, and changes in the 
plans have interrupted ltd progress. It is now 
hoped that the book may be published to its 
completion without unnecessary delay. The 
amount of research and reading yet to be ac- 
complished is very great, and there are on 
hand some 3,ooo,oco to 4,000,000 slips which re- 
quire patient classification. The next century 
will probably open before the dictionary can 
be placed in complete form upon the library 
shelves. But the advance sheets, devoted to 
the first letters of the alphabet, which have al- 
ready been i>sued, have met with the most 
favorable comment from scholars, and given 
promise that the English language is to have 
at last a lexicography worthy of its literature." 

A novel use of the stereoscope was recently 
made in the detection of a counterfeit bank 
note. A hundred-franc note was submitted to 
the experts of the Bank of France as issued 
by a band of forgers, but the execution was so 
perfect that no defect could be discovered by 

the c 


the suspected note was placed side by side 
with the genuine one in the objective of a 
stereoscope, the two images of which, as well 
known, overlie each other and form a single 
picture. The result of the e-\periment was 
that the loop in a letter of the forged note did 
not exactly cover that qf the genuine one. 
showing that they had not been printed from 
the same plate.— f.v. 

Elegnut Lead-Pencils. 

In point of finish, beauty, fineness of lead, 
the Gaskell pencils are leaders. Done up 
securely and sent by mail at 50 cents per dozen, 
or wholesale to regular agents at $3 per gross. 

The card specimens on page 7 were dashed 
off by their authors without any idea of their 
ever entering the engraver's retreat. The 
work is good, however, for unpremeditated 


tilimmering GUmiises of Chantaa<ina. 

comfort, plei 


t offers such a mixture of 
I rare intellectual treats as 
a "glittering gem" of 
tn elevated ridge whith di 
i the slope ol the St. La 

the Mississippi. Flowing In a 

easterly direction the waters from 

this lake mingle with that of the 

Oliio, Alleghany and Mississippi 

yet, go back in almost any direc 

tion and the flow is in nn opposite 

direction. The supply of 

to the lake is received mosth 

throiigli the source of numerou 

springs which bubble up from its 

s\ Ivan banks, and keep its waters 

al way s cool and crystal-like The 

lake is about twenty miles m 

length, with charming summer 

residences sprinkled all along Us 

wooded banks, and further back 

graded slopes wiih small farms 

of growing crops spread here and 

Hieri. At times, when the sun 

bursts from behind a cloud there 

are kaleidoscopic views about this 

lake which defy the inspired touch 

of a Raphael, or challenge the 

vocabulary of the most fastidious 

word painter to graphically repre 

sent. Across the lake perhaps 

you will see partly on land and 

partly on the placid wat 

en sheet of bright sunlight gildmg 

hillsides and water in 

picture, and if a small sail boat 

happens to pass across this sun 

lit spot, the scene is intensified 

by the white sails flapping in the 

breeze. Shadows of various 

clouds passing over the lake 

cause the water to variegate with 

the most delicate tints; here on 

its calm bosom an emerald spot 

appears, there in the distance is a 

shimmering spot of deep yellow, 

and further on perhaps, a purple 

belt drawn from shore to shore. And thus it 

is with this chameleon-like gem, every change 

of weather produces its corresponding change 

on its mirror-like surface. 

Chautauqua proper is the chief attraction of 

the lake, being the place where the Assembly 
meets from year to year, and where thousands 
of visitors from all parts of the countr 
to spend their summers. Cottages 
and tents are thickly sprinkled ail over 
the grounds, giving the place the air 
of some quaint old village of primitive 
times. There are no sidewalks, but 
rustic roads run here and there which 
are called avenues So many educa 
tional departments, buildings and de 
vices give it the appearance of a mod 
crn Athens. Here are the headquar 
ters of the Literary and Scientific 
Circle, Schools of Languages, the 
Teachers' Retreat, the School of Theo 
logy, the College of Music, School of 
Clay Modeling, School of Cookery 
Young Folks' Reading Union, Mis 
sionary Institute, Gymnasium, School 
of Shorthand, School of Business and 
other departments of education. It 
would be impossible to mention all the 
interesting features of this glorious 
place shorter than a volume. The 
amphitheater is located near the center 
of the grounds, and at times the peals 
from the great organ can be heard from 
ous collages. Here, 
) months, Is given a 

One hour you are entertained by the most 
soul-stirring music, another by a lecture by 
some celebrity of this or other countries. To- 
day the Schubert quartet are lifting us heaven- 
ward by their blending voices, to-morrow we 
are awe-stricken by Sam Jones' shower of sul- 
phurous theology. And so on ; every day 
brings new features. While there we heard 
Dr. Talmage lecture on The Absurdities of 
Evolution in that stagc-rainbling style peculiar 
to himself. When he opens his mouth wide 
enough for one of his home-constructed words 
to escape there is just enough room on the 

outside for his voice, which, by the way, is a 
very noticeable feature. Some one speaking 
of his voice has said : " Talmage's resonant 
tones, when in a rasping vein of sarcasm, cause 
the feathers on the ladies' hats to curl and the 
flowers to wither under the pungent blast." 
This statement sounds to us like an overgrown 
hyperbole We listened to Will Carleton in 

nto thin air 

physiognomy and proved to 
mortal, and would not vanisl- 
many supposed. 

Geo. W. Cable read some of his unpublished 
writings in an entertaining style. Upon his 
first appearance upon the stage he was some- 
what fatigued from travel, and at first spoke 
rather low. Some shouting minister from the 

of the amphithi 
tertained unless a man yelled until his epiglot- 
tis stuckto the roof of his mouth and turned red 
in the face, asked him to speak louder. Cable 
did so, but almost any one could see that he 

For a number of evening entcrtalnrr 
vere taken across the Atlantic by i 




:aning by his peculiar 
There is something in 
always announces the 
funny parts ere he reaches them — a twinkle 
of his eye, a half-curbed smile stealing around 
his mouth, or a mechanical gloom drawn 
across his brow all speak plainly of the coming 
of a button tester He certainly touches the 

was a little vexed at the remark coming so 
abruptly. After winding up a chapter with an 
enthusiastic climax he asked in a tone slightly 
tinged with sarcasm, " Did you hear that.' " 

Frank Beard was mysteriously blown in on 
the audience one afternoon, wearing a bland 
look on his Apollo like face and a bundle ol 
charcoal and red piint under his arm 

nearly all the vi 
every day for l 
programme of i 

Ingenious stereoplicon lectures and well delin 
eated illustrations. One moment the listeners 
lifted into imaginary spheres hy vivid descrip- 
tion and life-like views, were plowing 
way through the briny waters of the Atl 
aboard some grand old steamer ot the Cunard 
line, and the next were crowded into a quain 
and dusty looking English omnibus. In ai 
instant wc were crossing the English channel 
en route to Paris. After arriving we were U 
through art galleries, museums, and othi 
places of interest until the da 
zling sights of Parisian beauty 
brought the pearly drop to 
aching eyes. This is only a vague 
hint of what was brought so 
clearly before us. 

The illuminated fleets at Chau. 
tauqua are remarkably beautiful 
Hundreds of row boats, steam 
launches, large boats and other 
crafts constructed for the occ: 
all brilliantly illuminated with 
lanterns of every hue, furnish 
charming panorama. They march 
in straight lines and then form 
into fantastic circles and emblemi 
reminding one of what might be 

during a night at Venice, 
a Japanese night of feasting. 

The most novel musical fea 
we enjoyed while at Chautauqi 
was the "Rock Band;" a mo 
wonderful and unique arrang 
ment could not be imagined, 
Fancy a wooden frame aboui 
twelve feet long, like two wooden 
shelves. On the upper shelf, in. 
sulated by means of straw ropei 
are twenty-five slabs of rough 
chipped and hammered like 
the stone celts of our barrows 
hoes, from four feet to si; 
eight inches long and from 
andone-half to four inches broad, 

nged in threes and two 
the black notes of a piano, which 
they truly represent. On the 
lower shelf, insulated in the 
way, are the naturals — thirty-live in nui 
and gradually decreasing in size, from the long 
deep notes of the bass clef to the small high 
notes of the treble. This gigantic insCrumen 
is played by three performers with woodei 
mallets covered with leather. There an 
three interesting features about the instrument 
the no\elt> of its construction, the deftnes: 
of the performers, and the excellent 
melody produced. 

Among the most interesting feat- 
ure of the Chautauqua grounds are a 
number of devices calculated to assist 



hearts of the people, by moving with them and 
not by taking an eagle's flight Into the gauzy 
nothingness. Dr. Buckley, of New York, 
amused us one afternoon with his lecture on 
" Quackery." He pulled back the somber 
curtains of spiri'ualism, revealing the false 
hair, wax figures, unhung spirits of the de- 
parted, limberjacks of all sizes, and all wires 
connecting with Plutonian stations, etc. He 
also drew the cork from patent medicines, and 
showed the different species of bosh that were 
contained in the deadly concoctions. He also 
pulled the funeral drapery from the clerical 

of his keeper he was permitted to roam over 
the stage for the better part of the afternoon. 
After removing his cuft's and a few remarks, 
he was permitted to draw pictures. After 
drawing a very comical picture he has a way 
of looking grieved, as though all that was near 
and dear to him had been torn from his grasp. 
Counting all that isbarefiom his nose up. 
Beard naturally has a very long face. His 
charcoal and crayon sketches are wonderfully 
graphic. The Gazette readers will find 
novel and ingenious ideas in his drawing les- 
sons which appear each month. 

partments. These are the model 
Jerusalem, the great Pyramid, the 
Palestine Park, and the PathwE 
Roman History. They not only : 
then purpose in assisting studei; 
the reguhr courses, but they i 
continu'il object lesson, which is forced 
agiin and again upon the attention ol 
the most careless summer visitor. 

For a vivid realization of the 
naturil features of the Holy Land, 
Palestine Park has but one equal, and 
that ts Palestine itself. The Park lies 
along the lake which here makes a 
t,raceful curve like that of the Medi- 
terranean Sea along the Syrian ftast. 
The mountains of Bible history ap 
pear here in their proper proportions, 
as mounds of masonry covered with 
close green turf. The Valley of thc 
Jordan holds a tiny sheam vthich runs 
all summer long in its sunken channel 
to the Dead Sea, a pool which lies below the 
level of the lake. Little cities dot the minia- 
ture landscape here and there and evergreen 
trees do duty as the Cedars of Lebsnon 
During the Assembly session lectures art- 
given In the park by competent person: 

lid these suggestive surroundings 
the beauties of the Holy Land. 

The Pyramid stands on the Terrace i 
rear of the posloftice, and presents a sec 
view of the great Pyramid of Cheops ne; 
Egyptian Nile, which is supposed by 
learned men (o contain within lis m; 



stipii. v\ork the sum of human knowledge. 
Til M I tion is so arranged as to show the 
cli.iii:licrs and passages which have been dis- 
covered within its depths. Descriptive talks 
Upon the Pyramid are given by men ac- 
nu;ainlfd with its wonders. 

"Tlic model of Jerusalem is in the beautifu 
*rove near the bteambont landing. It is about 



feet in diametei 
ry from which one looks down upon 
■ city. Everything is represented in 
— the city quarters, the deep ravines 
;s, the Mosque and its courts, the 
lany places in the vicinity 
ines are connected with the history 
vs and their capital, 
iioman Pathway is a successful at. 
outline the events of the ancient his- 
ome in such manner that they may 
impressed upon the mind of the stu- 
t; of the avenues which extends along 
terrace from the great Amphitheater 
r.idemia — the grove which has been 
to the University, and which now 
e buildings of the department of An- 
figuages — was chosen for this palh- 
llie wayside tablets have been erected, 
ing the name and date of an impor- 
irrence in the history. There are 
V of these tablets placed at regular 
Dn a scale which allots two feet to 
In this manner the period from the 
lowth and greatness is marked out, 
elation to time is preserved and pre- 
Ihe eye. The centuries are desig- 
large pillars which bear upon their 
mmary of the events of the hundred 
mediately preceding, a list of the 
ames of the epoch, and a few words 
.' distinctive features of the century, 
le, as an age of conquest or of civil 
L' whole is a novel textbook, and like 
Chautauqua it Is both 

IS who have not visited this 

table dreamland get an idea that it is only 

'Orkshop for the ponderous brain, and that 

liitoi-« have thrust upon them mentis of theol- 

ience, and a general potpourri of brain 

Without investigation they see cadaver 

ous looking students lost in meditation or 

BBuntering in a dreamlike way toward the 

profoiinil throne of some professor of Latin- 

GrLM.k Mf I'ersian mythology. Not so; if one 

h f... Luiislructed he can indulge his laziness 

1 as in the festive hammock of the 

LBhore, while he can have all advantages pos- 

There is no act in the code of law s that 

,1 compel him to become lean and hungry 

ntific questions or hair-splitting theo- 

jnundrums. If he finds Talmage's 

irds too pungent for his mental appetite he 

from the board. II 

Buckley's words touch him in a tender spot or 

jar his nervous machinery in any way he may 

quietly seek solitude without interference. 

TliL-re is always something going ou here lo 

pleri>.e every one, no matter how his tastes may 

run, If you delight in pulling the sportive 

pickerel fioin his moist retreat, 

, Edcn-li 


ve the soul of an artist and delight 
our eyes on verdant shores and 
,, you may have your love grati- 

n lliy depths light, fict 

Points of DltTercDce. 

Prof. Wells is hewing to the line, and teach- 
B of experience will bear me out in saying 
Kat his conclusions in the main are undenla- 
le. He puts the matter very mildly when he 
Bays that "rapidity of movement in practicing 
Seems to be an open question, teachers differ- 


piicit Instruction in language that cannot be 
misunderstood: "Begin with a moderate uni- 
form movement," mark the language, "and 
then geadually Increase the speed as theacHon 
appears to come under control, and more en- 
encouraging results will generally be secured." 
Better language could not have been chosen 
to express in a clear and concise manner the 
best, the very best course of action. 

This course of treatment Is general with our 
very best teachers, and Mr. Wells does an in- 
justice to the profession by saying that teach- 
ers differ widely on this point. No one worthy 
the name of teacher, who is honest in his con- 
victions and bears the respect of a prosperous 
experience, will waver in theirsuppott of Prof, 
Wells; not that he uttered the statements first 
or 1,1st, but that they contain the truth which 
alone must define our position. 

Our acquaintance with the wrong is neces. 
sary in order that we may appreciate the right. 
Some persons affiliate with that which is wrong 
simply because their natures will receive noth- 
ing else. In such instances they are not ac- 
countable, and therefore should not be held 
responsible for statements and actions entirely 
out of keeping with good taste and reason. 
Therefore let it not be said that teachers differ 
wicfely upon the point of how speed should be 

There is but one reasonable explanation 
under high heaven that will reconcile the rest- 
ing of the hand upon the nails of the third and 
fourth fingers, i have no desire and no dis- 
position to add conflicting testimony merely 
for the sake of bewildering the jury; neither 
can I withhold an honest conviction for fear 
of conflict. 

Upon the hypothesis that you use a straight 
penholder and a fine pen it is obligatory to 
hold the pen as per the usual directions to se- 
cure the very best results. Upon the other 
hand, writing with a coarse pen and straight 
holder where no shade is required or expected, 
the hand is not held so far to the left, and of 
necessity does not rest on the nails of the third 
and fourth fingers, but on the first joint of lit- 
tle finger, I repeat it, if the hand assumed 
the proper position with the straight holder 
and fine pen, without requiring great effort, the 
"oblique" would never have been invented. 
"Necessity being the mother of invention," 
the "oblique" came forth because of necessity, 
and to-day meets the highest expectations of 
the very best metal in the field. 

The construction of the oblique Is upon the 
principle of the crooked scythe handle. In the 
former the hand is not required to be drawn so 
far to the left, neither in the latter is one re- 
quired to stoop so low as with the straight 
handle. Both are for relief, the one for the 
hand, the other for the body. To me these 
facts are self evident, to those coming upon 
the stage of action they may prove invaluable, 
and offer no other reason than that others may 
build upon the fossilized facts of to-day. I feel 
feel justified In their promulgation. "Endeavor 
to practice all the exercises in the lessons with 
a pure arm movement, avoiding as far as pos- 
sible any action of the thumb or finger joints." 
Does Mr. Wells mean to say, and have the 
readers of the Gazette understand, that the 
highest possible execution of any kind of writ- 
ing consists in a purely fore-arm movement, 
and that there should be no action whatever of 
the thumb and fingers.' If this is the gentle- 
man's stand I beg to differ, and appeal to the 
highest authority of our clan for a decision. 

The gentleman says avoid as far as poasiblr ; 
does he mean that the action must cease, if 
possible? And if not possible, to what degree 
is license given? "Observe the movement o^ 
the third and fourth fingers as they glide over 
the paper in writing, and be sure that this cor- 
responds exactly with every motion of the 

This is conclusive, and argues that there 
cannot be any action of the fingers, providing 
the motion of the pen Is simultaneous with 
that of the third and fourth fingers ; i. e., if by 
some process the fingers could write like the 
pen, an exact counterpart of the work done 
with the pen would be done with the nails of 
the third and fourth fingers. The technicali- 
ties of the law have won fame at the bar. If 
*he technicalities of our profession are over- 
looked, what must be our doom? I do not 
care to quibble, but in the light of acquired 
knowledge deem these points of difi'erence of 
vital importance to all who desire the acquisi- 
•tlonof the very best methods. 

:aii chill the hearts of s 
en I write the king's de 
le will writhe in agony. 

Loudly tell of bloody v 

Sweeps the bu<y land alon^. 
All the hearU of men are stirred 
As they read eith clowin^ word. 
To the lowly cottage walls, 

nd o'e 


Hamoroas Literature. 

Commenting upon the disposition of Ameri- 
cans to find something fit for levity in every 
subject, a European journal charges us with 
being a laughing race, and gently insinuates 
that our love for the comic, ridiculous and 
humorous in life is causing a degeneration in 
the moral tone of our character; that we are 
losing that grave solidity which by nature we 
should inherit from our Puritan ancestors. It 
is true thai humorous publications and humor- 
ous lecturers thrive better in America than in 
any other country in the world; it is also true 
that Americans are lovers of the ridiculous in 
life; we had ample evidence ot that fact wlicn 
we saw Oscar Wilde come and depart hence 

A contemporary says that humor is the most 
popular of all literature, and justly so. 

Nothing can be truer, and it will be found 
true, too, that the most sincere patrons of tlie 
thousands of jolly, comic and humorous publi- 
cations that are daily published throughout the 
United States are our most firmly established 
business men, the bankers and brokers, physi- 
cians and attorneys, who have but a brief hour 
in which to seek relief from the cares of their 
daily business, finding in such papers a spright- 
ly spirit which brings forgetfulness for a time 
of all the vexatious recollections of their cares 
in tlie contemplation of the ridiculous and 
comic delineations of the author's characters, 
becoming oblivious to their own foibles and 
follies. This should be the aim of the true 
humorist, he who should claim Puck for his 
cousin and find ancestral relation to Pantagmel 

Such are real benefactors to mankind. 

Very different are those vulgar scribblers 
who, without genius for humor or ability in 
the portraiture of the comic, are constrained to 
instill into their productions the vulgar argot 
which we call slang. Such authors can cause 
as much harm In the way of corrupting the lan- 
guage of those whose habits of speech and 
ideas of propriety are not yet fixed, as actual 
intercourse with the users of such language 

To this add the demoralizing effect upon lit- 
erature itself by the Incorporation of low 
idioms into a class of literature which is "justly 
esteemed the most popular of all literature." 
The humorist lives only for the present; but a 
day passes and the readers feel a loss of that 
freshness which yesterday characterized his 
article, but yet the works of the standard 
humorist do not die. Those who come after 
us will read of our customs, will be interested, 
perhaps, in the history of our domestic lives, 
and though the picture in the style of carica- 

1 ture which is often adopted is sometimes too 
roughly drawn, yet they will not find truer 

I chroniclers 01 those events than the humorist 

vho finds something mirth-provoking in then: 
low. W. BURRELL Morris, 

Golconda, III., April 17, 18S6. 

Select Readings. 

Beauty and accuracy of expression in read- 
ing and speaking may be justly regarded as a 
fine art, attainable in its perfection only by a 
knowledge and practice of the rules and prin- 
ciples of elocution, Tlie Gazette would call 
the attention of its readers to "Select Read- 
ings," published by TheG. A. Gaskell Co,, one 
of the finest works of the kind published. It 
contains 500 pages, printed from clear, new 
type, on fine tinted, heavy, crown plate paper 
and bound in cloth. English silk cloth, and 
half Russia, with gilt or plain edges, and side 
stamps in black and gold of beautiful design. 
For public or private entertainments the selec- 
tions are the choicest, there being among them 
those of the most pathetic, gay, humorous 
heroic, sublime and patriotic. Price in strong 
board, cloth back, $1.75 ; in English silk cloth, 
black and gold sides, plain edges, $2; in silk 
cloth, black and gold sides, gilt edges, $2.^0; 
in half Russia, gilt edges, $4, Agents can 
make money selling this work. The publish- 
ers will send a canvasser's prospectus with cir- 
culars and "How to sell" for fifty cents. 

BArnnin's Rlral. 

Mr. W, H. Lothrop kindly favors us with a 
specimen of an advertisement which appeared 

the New York papers about the year 1835. 

would seem from the size of the statement 

ntained in this advertisement that charlatani- 
cal penmen were permitted to exist even in 
the primitive days of 1835. The following is 
the substance of that chimerical effusion. 

ir^nd wonder whv it w,is 
not done before."— Bacon. 

"The Study of Years Reduced to a Few Hours." 

System of Anti-Angular Writing continues to be 

t.iught by the real inventor himself, Mr, Bristow, 01 

London, finishing writing master, member of the Royal 

graphic process for the relief of tremulous writers. 

This system ol writing has been honored with the 
patronage of the king and queen ol Great Britain and 
the other branches ol the royal family; also by several 

legislators ol America. Indeed, in New York, Phila- 
delphia, Baltimore and Boston it is almost universally 
adopted. In London it was sanctioned by then 


itish iKles and tlie Continent 

tiiught a 


Fancy the royal family grouped around a 
small white pine table diligently constructing 
kangaroo footprints, with ink bespattering 
their robes as their pens attempt to walk. 
Picture his majesty's tongue revolving at a 
fearful rate as he becomes lost ri the "aider- 
graphic process." 

Literary Notes. 

The September number of the Philadelphia 
Lulies's Home Journal contains a seasonable 
article on summer desserts and out-door enter- 
taining by Christine Terhune Herrick, an in- 
teresting article on common grammatical errors, 
and how to appear and talk well in companv. 

Mrs. Louisa Knapp, its editor, has met with 
a remarkable success in building up that paper 
to a circulation of over 270,000 paid subscribers 
in three years by her rare tact and 
genius in catering to the liome instincts of her 
sex, In the rich feast of good things set before 
her readers every month. The Journal is a 
perfect gem, handsomely printed and illus- 
trated, and employs only the best writers, such 
as Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, Louisa Alcott, 
Josiah Allen's Wife, Harriet Prescott Spofford, 
Marion Harland, Rose Terry Cooke, Mrs. 
Christine Terhune Herrick (Marion Harland's 
daughter), Mrs. J, H, Lambert, of Philadel- 
phia, and Mary Abbott Rand. 

All "Exchanges" should be 
Penman's Gazette, 79 Wabasha 



Lesson Iq WritlDg. 

We beg the readers of the Gazi 
month, as he is so engrossed in busin 

TE to accept a substitute for Prof. Wells" lesson this 
B that he can't possibly appear in this connection before. 

I shall t 

ong penn 

> make free 

chief poin 
vement, though there are 
act meaning of this mover 
icily what is meant by m 
what he knows, and believes to be reasonable and c< 
letters at the Gazette office from the "Family Circle, 
form, but a glance at them is sulficient to s* 
movement has been sadly neglected. Othei 

ri these brief allusions. By free move- 
ine hair-carving points o£ difference 
nt. Now 1 think almost every reader 
cular movement, but does he practice 
ect theory? We receive hundreds of 
Some ot these letters show excellent 
that all that has been said about training the 
show muscular movement which is untrained 
and balky. They perhaps have good ideas of form, but not having concentrated their practice 
upon syslematic exercise drill, they fail to make anything correct, except occasionally through 
blind luck. You may find it difficult to write long words and retain the proper slant and reg- 
ular forms. The following practiced with a regular movement, will help you to 
ousness of 

nly a few ground principles under- 
One of the best writers I have evei 
a time, i have seen pages of his 

Don't jump from one thing to another. There are 
lying penmanship, but they must be learned thoroughly, 
met often practiced the small r for two and three hours 
practice paper covered with the following: 

ult of such practice not only establishes correct form in the mind but 
ou never use a good movement until you become so familiar with an 
-t off with confidence enough to put force and freedom in your motion 

In making the three a's, allow the hand to slide freely across the page, but observe that it 
doe* not turn over to the right as you form the connecting stroke : 

The above practiced with a free and decided 
words with regularity and speed. You can't expe 
few careless strokes. Sirive to improve in every li 


11 help you in writing long 
jxercise of this character by 

alar slant to your work: 

When good ovals x 
make full oval capitals 
oval drills. 

1 letters, alternately help t 

istered, half the battle i 
you have thoroughly 

in capital. You > 

The constant 
rotation, but this 
I don't care how r 

olving of the hand and arm may bring back your days of grindstone 
iBtant repetition is the only way to train the arm in the primary elements. 
: care how much genius you may have scintillating about your being, you have, in order 
n penmanship, much plodding, even constant grinding before you. 

You may have fair control of movement in form and utterly fail in shading in the proper 
places. An exercise which calls for light and shade alternately will give you skill in shading 
where you wish, if practiced with that object in view. Trv the three C's, shading the first 
m Its loop, the second in the last down stroke of oval and so on. 

Nothing tends to give so much force tc 
some letter tliM will connect well and writ 
or flagging in movement whatever. You c 
your writing may be already, this will gi 
in the appearance of your capitals. 

i the practice of combinations. Take i 
as four or five without lifting the pen 
on this too much. No matter how good 
ore ease in your work and more decision 

This sweep and strength of movement is the very secret of some o( our most expert bu- 
ness writers' success. They have their motion trained to such a free and positive swing th 
they write well without the slightest fatigue. You see a good penman write with free mov 
ment, apparently without effort; you say, "That looks easy;" so it is, when you have once goi 
through this graduated system of training the hand, which gives results as surely as learning 
to spell prepares you for reading, 

One of the best ways to learn writing is, after you get on the right track, to v.'n(c. Voi 
might memorize a volume on the geometrical technicalities of writing and then without putting. 
vim and actual muscular push into your practice, you would scarcely rival the 'Mongoliai 
hieroghyphics of Horrace Greeley. If in teaching a child the art of walking parents shouk 
say: "Now little one, preserve an equilibrium by keeping your little body In a perpendiculai 
position, and perambulate by placing your right pedal in advance of your left and vice verm 
observing that you have compound action of mind and nerve," the child would surelv fall 
under such a mass of verbiage. But if the parent should say Jt^n/* the child would know v 
was meant. I have seen pupils grasp the idea of muscular movement from a simple illustra 
and hint. They would get ideas enough in a few lessons to practice on successfully for mon 

Combined signatures make an excellent practice for giving skill in varied turns. Tli 
kind of practice is so fascinating that it calls forth more variety of movement than you realiz 
One common fault among students of writing is in (ailing to practice an exercise long enouj 
to make it interesting to them. No matter how tedious an exercise seems at first, as yt 
become skillful in its execution, the drudgery wears ofl". 

The Critique lu FeDmen. 

In the study of any art where beauty and 
harmony are leading characteristics, the aes- 
thetic sense and discriminating powers naturally 
become mote acute. The mind, through the 
study and practice of writing, is rendered more 
searching in the elements of expression or 
form in other objects- The eye is trained to 
such an extent that common place objects are 
scrutinized more closely. The penman feels, 
or should feel that his accomplishments are an 
incentive to the higher development of the 
artistic faculty in other things. If musicians 
should follow tlie nobler impulses awakened 
by their productions they would represent uni- 
versally the grandeur of humanity, their 
minds would be ever stored with the most 
beautiful imagery, their natures would be the 
soul of sympathy itself. Train the mind to 
criticism in one art, and you train it for in- 
vestigation in others. Form the habit of in- 

vestigation, and you become critical as a r 
suit, but the art of mastering in detail mi: 
first be learned in one thing. Learn to di 
cover harmony and beauty in a landscape, ai 
you learn to discover beauty in the descripti< 
of landscapes. Become critical in form ai 
motion, and you cultivate a taste for fitlir 
words and graceful expressions. The reaso 
ing powers are strengthend by the study 
mathematics, and surelv the sensuous know 

edge is rendered more 
an art which has for 
harmony. The penm 
with his art alone will 
knowledge and skill ar 
other arts. As the ea 
the slightest harshness 

acute by the study ( 
its features beauty an 
an who is not cloistere 
not fail to feel that hi 
e preparing his taste ^c 
r becomes sensitive ti 
I or discord, so the e^ 

es quick to detect deformity or defect- 
kind in writing. 

I can— Of course you can. You show it in 
your looks, in your motion, in your speech, in 
everything. I can! A brave, hearty, sub- 
stantial, soulful, manly, cheering expression. 
There is character, force, vigor, dcterniinatisi, 
will in it. We like it. The words have a 
spirit and sparkle about them which takes one 
in the very right place. / can. There is a 
world of meaning expressed, nailed down and 
a mmed into these two words ; whole sermons 

of solid-ground virtues. How we more thai 
admire to heara person epeak it out braveh 
boldly, determinedly, as though it were an out 
reaching of his entire nature; a reflection oi 
his inner soul. It tells of something that \- 
earnest, sober, serious; of something that will 
battle the race, and tumble with the world in 
a way that will open and brighten and mellow 
man's eyes.— i?;*. 



^^^Z,^^.^,^ - ^ 

l—^^ ^^ — ^ ^::;W«*-^^4.A-a..i^'^ 


d 10 are from the flexible pen of the famoue Madaiasz. Nos. ^, f, ami .j aie n-o,,, the unqiiivering liond of A. W. Dakiii. Nos. ii, i; 13 and 14 are from tlie In- 
vincible BcnneCl. No. 7 Is from the left h«nd of the Pacific Fred O. Young. No. S, representing a small fowl, apparently eating its nest, was 
executed by Mr. Bartow, and the central figure, a larger bird, is the work of J. A. Wesco. 


UNMANS' (^^■Z-ETfj] 



[Enteredat the Post Office, mt ChlCBK», ■■ Sec- 

The G. a. Gaskell Co., Profrietors, 

lOHN FAIRBANKS. General Manager. 
79 & 81 Wabash Ave., CHICAOO. 

Under Ihe journalistic care of A, J. Scarborough. 

one?enVwmg*hB™"bscrip"on!^ we makrihe lolloVmZ Un- 
equalled offer : 
>or Pfu dollar we will give you :>s/rtt premium a copy 

column), or 'SsLSCT Rbadincs, heavy paper cover, or 
How To Write for the Press, cloih [no other style of 

For /lu^w/y-Zw cents extra we will send the Cit[nB in 
board binding, or Shlrct Readings, in cloth. W4 fay 


For four subscriptions, e 
splendid $5 Hand Book fi 


.''" °nfw*"i'uteirfblr^°^VSike'"'h '^*^"P''*'"** 
: ^^T'us $6 ^d we will send the^ollowi^gfpri 

Hereafter our friends will please send all 
business meant for us — both the Order De- 
partment and the Gazette — to the address 
^ven below. Exchanges will please see 
that our address on their books is corrected 
at once. Such of them as have been send- 
ing duplicates to our department editors. 
Profs. Bridge and Wells, will please con- 

79 at 81 Wabash Ave., CHICAGO, ILL. 

Publisher's AnQouncement. 

With this issue of the Penman's Gazette 
Prof. A. J. Scarborough assumes full chargeas 
managing editor. He needs no introduction 
to the Gazette readers, having been repre- 
sented frequently in its columns during the 
past. He has had a wide and varied exper- 
ience as a teacher of penmanship and other 
business college branches. He was associated 
with Prof. G. A. Gaskcll for about two years 
as penman and head teacher of his Jersey City 
Business College. He has taught In other 
leading commercial colleges wilh excellent 
success. With his wide experience as a prac- 
tical teacher, and a thorough love and talent 
tor pursuits of a literary character, we promise 
for the Gazette a prosperous and brilliant 
career. We shall spare no pains or expense to 
make it unquestionably the best paper of its 
class published. 

The G. a. Gaskell Co., 




get the Gazette 
regularly don't hesitate to write us, and we 
will look the matter up at once. We aim to 
deal fairly and squarely with all. Mistakes 
will sometimes occur in the best regulated 
offices, but the Gazette is doing all in its 
power to avoid them. 

The Gazette aims to keep posted in all 
that is going on in the field of penmanship, 
and in order to do this successfully it needs the 
co-operation of all teachers of the art. Let us 
know where ^ou are and what you are doing. 

Write as Yon Think. 

Every earnest and practical teacher has some 
original methods forced upon him by experi- 
ence, which if conveyed to others without de- 
stroying their characteristic tinge, would be 
palatable as well as practical. That which re- 
moves all identity from many of the ideas ex- 
pressed on paper is their unnatural drapery of 
words. Sometimes we see paraded through 
the columns of penmen's papers ideas whose 
age and frailty cause them to totter under their 
headgear of bombast. They are rendered in- 
active by their endless train of superlative ad- 
jectives. Thay seem to be suffocating in a 
tight-laced jacket of scientific bosh. They look 
inanimate and ghastly under the glare ot bor- 
rowed light. Occasionally we see an article 
on geometrical form in penmanship whose 
ideas remind us of a collection of mechanical 
dolls performing a calculated task dictated by 
the clicking hammer of a metronome, rather 
than rational beings acting upon convictions 
prompted by individual reasoning. If you 
have a good Idea which comes surging over 
the battlements of your m ind, threatening havoc 
to your mental pabulum, don't choke the life 
out of it and then shroud it in the cold gar- 
ments of some dead philosopher, because thev 
look high-toned, but rather clothe it in close- 
fitting words, and place its likeness in your 
manuscript. This is the true art which will 
make your ideas shine forth with life and 
originality from the page. The waste basket 
Is the only cemetery for dead ideas. Manu- 
script should never be paraded for the sole 
purpose of exhibiting its plagiarized garments. 
Give us your ideas on paper exactly as you use 
them in your class. Talk in your manuscript 
as you do in your schoolroom. Clothe your 
sul ject in thought and not in empty words 
alone. Write for the good you may do, and 
not for the sole purpose of sending your sten- 
torian notes ringing through the dizzy corri- 
dors of fame. Don't write simply that you 
may clamber up the pinnacle of chirographic 
renown to some cloistered nook where you 
may with safety lasso the groaning fraternity 
of the lower rea'ms with endless curves or 
toast them over the coals of ridicule with your 
remorseless, scathing pen. Write your convic- 
tions in a clear-cut style, and all will be inter- 
ested. Don't write a long communication 
simply that a certain man in the perspiring 
number may be thrilled with feather-edged 
sensations of ecstacy. No, don't poise a single 
individual on the point of your frail pen, you 
won't have time to keep him thus, and besides 
It excites envy among others of the quivering 
brotherhood as they gaze at his dizzy highness. 
Write to benefit all. There are hundreds 
whose intellectual appetites may be yearning 
for your simmering pot-pourri. Don't serve 
your readers with long columns of twelve- 
carrot ragout, simply because it savors of some 
other writer's dish. No matter how common 
place your writing may seem, If it is from the 
soul, some reader is sure to be benefited. If 
you feel that the flood gate of your poetical na- 
ture has been raised, don't dam it up with 
frigid theory because you are afraid some cynic 
will chill your blood with a grating snarl. No 
don't allow your writings to become fenced in 
by the opinions of others, simply because Ihey 
are opinions. Because your ideas don't pull 
in harness with those of some older member 
of tlie fraternity, don't shear and plane them 
down until there Is nothing left but an Intima- 
tion and an Ink drop, but wrench them forth 
with your facile pen without destroying their 
identity. In other words, write naturally and 
you will write practically. 

Pnt Up Thy Blade. 

Some casual reader glancing at this heading 
may think the penman have been showing 
their combative skill as well as that displayed 
In spiral coils and blending shades. Not so; as 
a rule they don't hanker after the carmine riv- 
ulet of their fantastic brotherhood. But occa- 
sionally some fossilized brother, from his moss 
covered nook Is aroused by the clarion notes 
from some practical method of the nineteenth 
century, and pricks up his dusty ears, looks 
over the records of 181a, and burnishes his 
rusty trowel preparatory to throwing mud. 
He hurls his malleable masonry in blinding 
sheets over the audacious mortal who dares 
to spit his common sense In the face of vener- 
able science, threatening havoc to his geomet- 

rical optics. Let's have peace; we can use 
large quantities of that article in our business. 
We will exchange a number of scathing pens 
and scalping knives for a few years of that 
" peace like a river." Many of the penmen 
who are now morose and even ticlturn would 
be chipper to a large extent, if instead of hav- 
ing mud and venom poured upon them they 
could bask in soothing floods of tranquility. 
Take Michaels, tor instance; he can't rest well 
at night; he occasionally awakens while he is 
asleep, fllls the air with a disfigured vocabu- 
lary, struggles under the illusive grasp of hid- 
eous nightmares, all because some horrid t 
spiteful penman has intimated that he was not 
utl srnnrnutii of the art chirographic. There's 
our greatest chirographic benefactor, G. A- 
Gaskell; every practical minded man knows 
that his Compendium has been the means of 
bringing out more good writers than anything 
of its nature published; now why should any 
penman turn a weak battery toward such a 
fort, while breastworks of living testimony 
are rising In every remote hamlet of the coun- 
try. It is too late to fight such an army. The 
recruits are too numerous and the utility too 
inevitable to be slain by jealous slings and 
arrows. Let us recognize every good thing, 
no matter from what source it comes. Let us 
be willing to throw up those old embalmed 
methods when we find something better. 
Even if we know it all, for the sake of liber- 
ality let's accept a three-cornered idea from 
some other penman, though his name be 
not etched on the top rail of renown; we can 
crowd it Into some remote corner of our bulg- 
ing dome of thought. Try it; (he mental 
dome is a wonderfully flexible structure, and 
if permitted will accommodate a few thoughts 
of others, Put your heads together, not with 
physical force, but in a common interest. A 
bundle of pates, so to speak, properly clustered 
in one grand cause, can often do more effect, 
ual work than a solitary intellect bobbing in a 
wayward manner for an inspiration. Of course 
if there Is a disposition on the part of some one 
to become entirely too "new," then it is well 
enough to persuade him Into the fact that there 
are a few unwritten things that have not yet 
dawned upon the firmament of his capacious 
mind. Inform him pacifically but firmly that 
there are portions of his intellectual sponge 
which yet remain unsoaked. Oftentimes this 
class of men, afler being convinced that Web- 
ster was a better speller than themselves, and 
that Wendell Phillips could outstrip them a 
few laps In fluency of speech, commence at 
the proper end of the thread and pull through 
tolerably well. If you see some progressive 
member about to snatch the laurel from its 
parent stem, don't Interfere by shaking his ped- 
estal with unripe criticism. If he has earned 
the laurel, and It is ripe, let him wear it. O, 
course this thing of being too rash in jerking 
"bright honor from the pallid moon,'' or clam- 
bering over the tree of fate to wrench an in- 
fant laurel from its branch, don't look well, 
and besides, the mercury of your ambition may 
rise too suddenly for the welfare of your sac- 
charine hence. 

Vigor in £xecntion. 

There I 

1 amount of freshness and 
life necessary In writing to make It fascinating. 
Penmanship may approach perfection ot form 
and yet if the letters are tediously drawn out 
with finger movement and bated breath, there 
will be a something about it which fatigues the 
eye and leaves in the mind only an impression 
of exhaustion and granulated eyelids on the 
part of the author. The swoop of the liawk as 
he gvacefully wings his way through space is 
refreshing to the eye, while the labored flap- 
ping of the partridge rising from the ground 
conveys only the Idea of hard work. This 
fresh and graceful look noticed in so much of 
the forearm writing of late years cannot be 
Imitated by other than a vigorous, 
movement. The eye naturally 
scapes whose scenery is alive, 
produces grace and beauty. No 
untrained the eye may be, it will not fail to 
see and appreciate this quality in writing. 
Through much of Ibis painfully tedious writ- 
ing we can sec the author, with furrows in his 
brow and an all-gonish expression in his 
strained eyes, curved into a suflfering attitude 
over his desk, In writing produced with free 
muscular movement, we fancy the writer using 
an easy, dexterous movement, accomplishing 
his work with a wholesome relish. 

well trained 
seeks land- 
where vigor 
matter how 

Tho Card Writer at Large, 

Take the average card writer, with his In- 
destructible cheek, from his native heath, and 
you have an object with which the most pro- 
found relic seeker may grapple. As a rule, 
his Job-like patience and restful nature out- 
weigh his "boodle." His conscience general- 
ly remains unseared, owing to its extreme re- 
moteness, tlis siren smiles and resonant 
tones hideth a multitude of sheollc commo- 
tions. He listeneth to criticism with a martyr's 
expression and a dagger in his heart. From 
the early dawn until the sable curtains of night 
are quietly pulled down he vigorously main- 
tains a chair in a motionless position, and be- 
comes lost in the consuming task of adjusting 
the pin-feathers of a kingfisher which he has 
built with remarkable fluency on the unused 
clearing of a second-hand envelope. He oc- 
casionally pauses from his arduous labors an 
instant to see the surging avalanche of hu- 
manily as they pour past his tremulous desk 
in solid phalanx. Ever and anon he drops his 
chin to halt'-mastand allows his skilled fingers 
to play hide and go seek in his unkempt 
tresses and soliloquize In sepulchral tones: 



thus lingering 
gaudy fame 

e borders of suspense, 
rom the grasp of cold falc." 

here come 

s a customer, an old lady 
voice and iron-gray specta- 


" Do you print keerds here ? '' 

A ray of hope beams in the face of the 
statue-like builder of cognomens, and he in- 
forms her that he cannot print cards, hut can 
write them in a style that will satiate her 
aesthetic appetite. After seeing the very sim- 
pie contortions of his wrist, she consents to 
diminish his stock to the amount of six plain 
cards at twenty cents per dozen. 

"What name do you wish on them, mad- 
am?" he asks. 

" Well, Jet— me— see. You may write on 
two of 'em, Mrs. Jonathan Beethoven Whip, 
pletree, and I want my oldest daughter's name 
on two more. Lem — me — see. She's got four 
front names. You couldn't well part them in 
the middle. I guess you can leave ofT one. 
Write hers Cleopatra Mignonette Diphtheria 
Whippletree. Now, if that don't fill out the 
keerd you can write t'other." 

Of course by use of a flattened alphabet he 
manages to squeeze Miss Whippletree's full 

lame on the cards. 
She likes the wor 
^ould look better i 


soverthecard wriier'e 
nfurl the next chaptei 

An ashy pallor spn 
face as she proceeds t 
of the family record. 

" Now," the lady remarks, " I want our 
minister's name on the other two. Are you 
prepared.'" He informs her by a nod and a 
moist sigh that he is ready to tackle the un- 
seen collection of Latin derivations. 

" Well, you may write Rev, Bulgnrius Cas- 
perwood Socdologer." He finishes the job 
and feels that life is, with him, a funeral 

Such are the experiences of the wandering 
scribe. He as well as other morlals must 
taste the bitter morsels of life. Yet there is 
much unadulterated balm in his career. When, 
for Instance, he wields his willowy pen in fan- 
tastic shapes and shades, and causes the per- 
spiring crowds to pause In their mad march 
and lean over his desk with eyes aglow and 
mouths ajar, if he be mortal he will not fail to 
feel the blissful sensations of feathery thrills 
o'f pride chasing each other over his frame. 
He not only iiolds their attention, but by the 
charm of his skill their breath as well. 

There is no reason why the card writer 
miglit not continue to exist if he could ex- 
change the praise and glory he constantly re- 
ceives for about seven dollars' worth of board 
and washing each week. We have seen the 
loitering scribe who would feel more comfort- 
able in the possession of flthree-dollar overcoat 
than a two-page testimonial inlaid with Ger- 
man text and gilt-edge superlatives. We have 
gazed on that street card writer whose inner 
man clamored through his cadaverous features 
for something more nutritious than metallic 
fame and gauzy glory. To the amateur just 
on the threshold of the dizzy realms of 
card marking we would whisper: Don't allow 


imaginary bank account to expand too 
Don't enumerate your poultry ere the 
lieard. Prepare yourself for Bome dis- 
ilment as well as success. Now and 
vou will meet a person who will not 
lize your work. Don't let this shatler 
hopes or unstring your nerves. You 
may wreathe garlands in your fancy which will 
ish like sea loam when you come to clutch 
n in your practical grasp. You will, per- 
haps., construct a future highway in your 
fertile imagination paved with glittering eagles 
twenty-dollar gold pieces and canopied by 
rich studies from the treasury department in 
s and twenties. This also, as you approach 
from a practical standpoint, will perhaps be 
merged into the ordinary tow-palh of e\ist- 


The C. G. ot H keeps increasing in mem- 

C. T. Smith of Jacksonville, III., has a dash 
to his writing which strikes us where we exist. 

W. W. Bennett, formerly of Cleveland, Is 

)w in Bryant's Business College, Chicago, 


"Of all the papeis received by me I consider 
the Gazette the bestr—y^. H. Way, Newell, 

A. L. Lange, speaking of the Gazette, 
ys: "After trying one month I find I cannot 

B. F. Richardson, the wide awake young 
mman of Kentucky, has removed from 

towling Green to Horse Cave, Ky. 

E. G. Mansfield ot Youngstown, O., takes 
imon sense view of practical writing 

IW. H. Lolhrop of South Boston, Mass., 
»s us a letter in which he shows rare skill 
1 easy, accurate and positive writer. 
We have received a letter, written in a very 
letty style, from J. M. Kelly, New York 
;ity. He answers to the roll of .the C. G. 
Ipf II. 
Chas. D. Fenstemaker of Philadelphia is a 
srm friend of the Gazette, and is coming to 
le front In his penmanship as a result of as- 

The Gazette has some very pretty designs 
om M. B. Moore, Morgan, Ky. Some ol 
lem are exceptionally artistic, and will appear 
; future numbers. 

F. S. Heath of Epsom, N. H., sends us some 
'ery well executed specimens of card work, 
leath's letters always look as trim and grace- 
is a Boston girl. 
C. 11. Clark, teacher of penmanship and 

jookkeeping in La Grange College, La 
ge, Mo., paid the Gazette a pleasant 
not long since. 

B arc constantly receiving the richest 
tind of card specimens of M. B, Moore, Mor- 
Ky. There is a marked degree of 
)riglnality in all his work. 

who wish something very neat in 
he way of badges or scarf-pins will do well to 
confer with Henry Hart, Allanla, Ga. His 
lent appears in this paper. 
M. Winfred of Petersburg, Va., has 
this to say of the Gazette in a well written 
Ktter: "I consider it /Af 4es/ of its kind pub- 
jshed. I do not wish to miss a single num- 

Judging from the enthusiastic and earnest 

lone of the Progressive Age, Kansas City, the 

Sazette has an idea that Prof. Coon Is doing 

grand work as a practical educator of that 


E. S. Click of Saranac, Mich., says of the 
Sazbtte: "You may count me a life sub- 
icriber. Each number is worth one dollar." 
His excellent penmanship verifies that senti- 

; are in receipt of 
Geo. W. West, East Greenwich, 
The Gaskell system gives toi 
riting which no other systei 

; first-class work 

Rnlsh to ^ 

ilurley of Detroit, Mich., can write 

n almost every conceivable style. He 

himself over his desk something after 

order of a Hindoo worshiper, and the 

|ards slip from under his pen with the regu 

rity and speed of machinery. 

B. W. Crandall of Nekoma, 111., is im. 
proving rapidly and has had several calls to 
teach the art. This shows what can be done 
by buying the Compendium and going to 
work in earnest. 

— C. H. Kimmlg, of Philadelphia, sends 
some fine strokes and a letter containing one 
dollar, in which he says: "Since brother Scar- 
borough is at the helm I cannot forbear send- 
ing in my dollar." 

The Gazette misses a scintillating star 
from its firmament of late, one whose rays 
have lighted the pathway of hundreds seeking 
the chirographic goal. That luminous body is 
no less than E. K. Isaacs. 

W. S. Bowers, a boy of eighteen summers, 
living at Suez, III., has a very severe attack of 
muscular movement which is resulting in a 
very free and forcible style of penmanship. 
He always has a good word for the Gazette. 

The Gazette has received nicely gotten up 
college catalogues from the following schools: 
Drake's Jersey City Business College; Bryant 
& Stratton Business College, Providence, R. 
I.; Gem City Business College; Waco Busi- 
ness College, Waco, Texas. 

H. J. Williamson, Richmond, Va., puts a 
force and dash into his writing which has a 
refreshing effect. We will ven'ure that he 
writes with the purely muscular movement. 
Brother Williamson, your Pen Art Hall 
ought to do well in Richmond. 

We have a flourished bird in our sanctum 
which was incubated by B. P. Pickens of 
Mooresville, Tenn. Some of the flourished 
strokes are good, but there is a melancholy 
look about the eye which is very tear-com- 
pelllng. We like to see a bird wideawake, 
always looking gay and buoyant, as though he 
was just preparing his larynx for a series of 

W. T. Mays, Deanburg, Tenn., a boy of 
fourteen, writes a long letter in a very free and 
bold style, saying: "I have learned to write 
with muscular movement from four copies of 
the Gazette, I do not expect to do without 
the Gazette so long as I liave a dollar about 
my person. I don't like finger movement, 
and don't think any boy who writes with it 
can ever succeed as a good business writer." 

J. C. Patterson, Altoona. Pa., writes a hand 
which any business man should be proud of. 
In a recent letter he has this to say In favor of 
the Compendium : "By diligent practice from 
the Compendium I succeeded in mastering a 
plain, neat business hand, and as a result have 
lisen from the plow to a responsible and lucra- 
tive position in the otficc of the general 
superintendent of the Pennsylvania R. R. Co. 
in this city. My success I attribute wholly to 
the Compendium, of which I cannot speak 
otherwise than in terms of the highest praise." 


Last December the Gazette was enlarged 
to a sixteen page journal, which was double 
its former size. Now the publishers are figur- 
ing on still another improvement, and that is of 
merging it Into magazine form of about 40 
pages, having it embrace other practical sub- 
jects aside from what it already contains. 

Money Orders. 

The money order system was established to 
promote the public convenience, and to secure 
safety In the transfer, through the mails, of 
small sums of money, and in this particular it 
is far more serviceable than bank drafts or 
checks, and much less expensive. 

The regulations of the money oi-der system 
are very stringent, and postmasters are never 
permitted to depart from Ihem. 

After a money order has once been paid, no 
matter by wliom presented, the Postoflice De- 
partment will not be liable to any further claim 

In sending a money order by mall, never 
inclose it in the same letter with the informa- 
tion regarding it. 

In making an application for a money order, 
be sure and slate the given name, as well as 
the surname, of the person in whose favor it is 
to be drawn. 

Whenever it is possible, the correct addre&s 
—such as street and number— of both Ihe per- 
son taking out the order and the person to 
whom it is to be paid, should be given. 

Money ordej 

■ payable on the day 

A money order can not be drawn for more 
than $ico, and when a larger amount is de- 
sired, additional orders must be made to make 
it up. 

No one person can secure more than three 
money orders on the same ofHce In one day, 
when made payable to the same payee. 

Whenever a money order has been incor- 
rectly drawn, or whenever the remitter desires 
to change the placeof payment, the postmaster 
is authorized to take back the first order and 
issue another, but another fee is exacted on 

If a new order becomes necessary on account 
of a mistake made by the postmaster, he Is 
compelled to issue a new one and charge him- 
self with the fee. — Exchange. 


The Penman^ s Art Journal for August is a 
very pretty number. 

Business College Journal, of Rockford, III., 
is a new visitor to our exchange hook. 

The Southwestern Journal of Education 
reaches our olfice every month with its col- 
umns full of interest. 

The Western Penman comes regularly each 
month to brighten our chaotic retreat and as- 
sure us that it is with us in movement. 

The American Penman, o( BuSalo and Erie, 
Is looking unusually expressive. Prof. Clark 
gives us a well arranged account of the con- 
vention in the August number. 

The first issue of the Pru and Ink Journal, 
edited by Prof. B. M. Worthington, Chicago, 
greets us with a smile, and its columns peopled 
with good ideas and food for entertainment as 

Literary Life, edited by Rose Elizabeth 
Cleveland, and published by The Elder Pub. 
Co., 364 Wabash avenue, Chicago, is one of 
the highest types of a purely literary magazine 
we have seen. Published monthly at $1.50 
per annum. 

We have just received a copy of The College 
Record, Jacksonville, III, in which brother 
Brown wonders what has become of the 
Gazette. We wonder what spell Mr. Brown 
has been dozing under, that the serene but in- 
evitable bobbing up of the Gazette has failed 

are before the country more directly than at any earlier 

economically depender 
radera from bioks of this class.' It ovei 

simply, and yel so systema't'ici^lyl'arranBcd, asTo give 
TJ^bstThan'mosTs^cC"^!'' ^''^"*^'^'' '*.""" "ftheal- 

TpE NEW mim. 


calendered 'Unted paper, spUndidly illmtrattd. Price, in 
board covers, Ja.oo ; strongly bound in heavy paper. $1.15, 

ChApter I— Porlraitsand Sketches of American Pen- 
Chapter II.— Business Writing; MalenaU ; Correct 
Positions ; MovemenU. / 7 illiuiratxoml, fnoMy/uU t«S* 

ha|»ter lU.- 

^stly full /..;/ platt 

Must Write Good Bu5 

Letter Writing : Tides ; Model Business Utter*. One fuU- 

page plate. 

Chapter V.— How to Prepare Specimens for Photo- 
TngravinB ; Drawing Paper; The Best Ink ; Sixes o( 
Drawings ; While Ltaes ; Things to be Remembered. S3 

Chapter VI.— Pen Lettering ; Paper for Engrossing : 
,rvihrnK;Alphal.els. a? 

deUble StencU Plate Ink ; Exchequer Ink; Asiatic Ink; 
Brown Ink; Another lodetibte Ink ; Black Copying Ink; 
Red Ink : Green Ink ; Violet Ink ; Gold Ink ; Silver Ink ; 
Black Ink, No. 4; Black Ink. No. 5 ^ Aniline Black Ink : 
AsiaUc Black Ink ; Runge's Bbck Writing Fluid ; Arnold's 
WritioE Fbiid ; Arnold's Writing Fluid, No. a ; India Ink ; 
Carbon Ink; Drawing Ink; J.ipanli " ' 
Self-Copying Ink. Black ; French Cot 


Copying Ini 

No'r'a; v/ 
Ink, No. a; Gold Ink, 

World ; VelTow Ink ; Yellow Ink, No. a ; Yellow Ink. No. 
3 ; White Ink ; White Ink, No. a ; Gold Ink, No. a ; Finest 
Gold Ink; Silver Ink, No- 3; Pewter Ink; Indelible Ink 
for Marking Linen ; Indelible Ink for Marking Linen. No, 
a; InkforMarkmg all Textile Fabrics ; Ink for Marking 
Packages : Ink for Marking Packages. No. a ; Purple Mark- 
ing Ink ; Sympathetic Ink ; SympaUieUc Ink, No. a ; Black 
Sympathetic Inks ; Blue Sympaihelic Inks; Sympathetic 

i Developed by He: 

cll Ink ; fnk for Zinc Laoeis ; rerm 

n ReUef on Zinc ; Mucilage ; To V 


ih AlbUB 

:t"— John L. Hommbdibi;, Deep 

can acquire it."— J. C. Kanb. 94 North Fulton 

K-d for it. It Is the best book of the kind 1 e 
ANK Putnam, Pomt Chautauqua, N. Y. 
" Gmd* received. SpUndid expresses it 1 
Brown, Rutland. Vt. 

Either paper or premium is well worth the amo 
for both.''— F. P. SwsrrzBH. Coleman's Busin 
Newark, N.I. 

" I think the Guide will be appreciated by e 

^"wiiGH^ Wy"ominK'Mtnn.*' '^*' 

■■ 1 have had peat pleasure in readmg and exaj 
last book, the Guide. It more than meets w 
tions. The sketches and 
American penmen are of 

NcwsCo..Alfcu>y. N. Y. 

GuidtTTt ^''far b'eyond'n^°e'ipe''ctauSI^'H"dI.^ the 
remotest idea that you could furnish such an elaborate 

Even by any paper. anU ought to give the Gawtif the 
rgest circulation of any periodical in existence."— CkaS. 
W. Hanson, Westfield, tf J. 

"l-he Gui 

It will 

peat benefit to all who get it."— H, R. ( 
Broadway, New York City. 

SPCCIAI^ OKF-EIt.— To all old subs 

who. when renewing their subscriptions send us an 
doUar, we will mail this book free of charge, a 

% dollar b 


// it 0nly hf printing immtm 





This department is edited by Prof. William 

D. Bridge, A. M , Primipal of the School of 

Phonography in Chautauqua Univ 

[Addnss Lock 


Lkc phonoi 

)cr dipping in our shnrthnnd lines, v Le^ral en. 
mcnts in your State concerning phonography. 4. 
-sooals relating to shorthand writers or work. $. 
pe writer or machine reporter intelligence. 6. Local 
irthand association news. 7. Shorthand pcrioditiils 

Dots and Dashes. 

— E, N. Miner, Esa, of New York d^y, 
has sold out his establishment and now de- 
votes himself to his magazine. 

— Massacliusetts court reporters recently ap- 
pointed get too small a salary— onl)- $7.00 per 
day and 7 cents per folio for each copy of tran- 

— The American Shorthand Writer takes a 
vacation during August and September, Siib- 
scribers will, however, receive their full tale of 

— The Remington was the machine used in 
the Chautauqua School of Type-wriling this 
summer. At least three other machines have 
applied for positions in that school for next 

—Any of our readers seeking " goodly 
pearls'' among rare or unique shorthand works 
would do well to send to R. McCaskie, 10 
High street, Marylebone, London, England, 
for his catalogue. 

—We have received a most beautiful steel- 
line engraving of Gabelsberger, the father of 
the prominent stenography of Germany. The 
Germans all honor their leaders in this field as 
we do not ours. 

—T^xQ Shorthand Writer., Chicago, for July, 
gives a remarkably valuable vocabulary of 
legal and phrase signs in tachygraphic charac- 
ters, which could be easily rewritten into other 
shorthand systems profitably. 

— Rowell A; Hickcox, American agents for 
Isaac Pitman's books, decidedly decline to ac- 
cept many forms which Mr. Pitman authorizes, 
and in the only pageot phonography given in 
their magazine exhibit their independence. 

— The changes which Isaac Pitman has re- 
cently admitted in his system are greatly dis- 
turbing the peace of his followers. The heavy 
dedoid lick for "he" is found to be as worthless 
now as when abandoned twenty or more years 

—Our readers will receive from Prof, W. 
D. Bridge, A.M., Plainfield, N. J., by sending a 
stamp, one of the neatest and most attractive 
circulars of shorthand that is published. It 
answers a multitude of questions likely to be 
asked concerning this prominent art. 

--The printers and engravers have done 
beautiful work in giving to the shorthand pub- 
lic the little Brochure on Shorthand Numbers 
by Prof. W. D. Bridge, Plainfield, N. ;., and 
all shorthanders would do well to examine it 
and master it, Fifteen cents cannot be better 

—We are glad to hear that Prof. F. G. Mor- 
ris, of Easthampton, Mass., commencps Oct. 
1 the publication of The Mentor, a. 16 p. mag- 
azine, entirely in Graham's Standard Phonog- 
raphy. We welcome our former associate 
professor into the editorial fraternity, and be- 
speak great success to his new venture. 

— We are happy to learn that our former 
pupil in shorthand, James P. Bacon, Esq., of 
Boston, Mass., has just taken into partnership 
Mr.Geo. Burpee and Mr.George Mrans, both of 
Boston. This stenographic firm will not rank 
in any respect lower than the highest, and we 
wish them the greatest desirable patronage. 

—Many of Isaac Pitman's changes are in the 
direction of the standard Graham system, 
though not accepting the governing principles 
in all cases. The lengthening of straight 
strokes to add "ter," "tor," etc., is in case. Mr. 
Pitman is lengthening his curves with the 
"ter," "der," etc.. after any final hook (as way- 
Ihern for wonder) loses the benefit of an added 
"n" hook for "than," etc. 

—Massachusetts lias now a full staff of offi- 
cial court reporters, according to recent legis- 
lation, viz.: Isaac D. Taylor, Albany, N. Y,; 
A. C. Edson, Esq., Holyoke, Mass.; H. M. 
Wilson, Esq., Worcester; I. Irving Doane, 

West Newton; Charles D. Gay, Chelsea; MIbs 
Minnie E. Conlan, Boston; Frank H. Burt, 
Newton; and Miss Annie M. White, New 

—An "old-stager" in writing machineB, who 
was looking at the Hammond type-writer at 
the Chautauqua exhibition of such machines, 

I — On arriving at Chautauqua this summer 
the secretary of the grounds asked us to fur- 
nish him a stenographer and typewriter at 
once. We knew of none coming at once, but 
telegraphed for a young man who had taken 
twenty-six lessons of us by mail, never having 
had personal face to face instruction. On ar- 

— s^ 








said: "It seems to me tliat your works are so 
light that the machine must go to pieces. I'd 
like to see the iusides of it." The genial oper- 
ator at once took the machine to pieces before 
the eyes of all present, gave free swing to ex- 
amination and inquiry, and the "old-stager" 
said: "I give up, for I don't see but that your 
machine is very durable just where I thought 
it must be very weak." 

riving we found he had never written a line of 
matter from dictation, but he had been so 
thorough in his study that he began at once, 
and without special difficulty took fifteen letters 
and over one hundred and fifty in all within a 

— Prof. M. M, Bartholomew, the inventor of 
the stenograph, was at Chautauqua for some 
days in August, the "observed ol all observ- 

ers" as he sat at the reporter's table in the i 
mense amphitheater, easily 'reporting the 
speeches of many of the prominent men 
v^omen. Drs. B. T. Vincent, W. R. Harper 
and others made use of Mr. Bartholomew's 
services, and were enthusiastic in praise of the 
little reporting machine. 
— Persons considering the advisability of stud- 
ying shorthand with instruction through the 
mail, would do well to send to Prof. W.D. Bridge, 
Plainfield, N. J., asking for a large four-page 
illustrated circular of the Chaufanqun Unit 
siiy School of Phonography. This school has 
had correspondence pupils in eleven State: 
past year, and its prospects are uncommonly 
brilliant. A two cent stamp should accompany 

— One of the greatest novelties in the type- 
writing machine line is the new and decidedly 
unique one soon to be placed on the market, I 
invented by Mr. — Cash, of Hartford. The 
paper lies on a moving carnage, which can be 
moved backward and forward, to the right and 
the left. The type-bar is pivoted, and falls on 
the page instead of rising to strike it. Several 
ingenious characteristics make it worthy of at- 

— Simplified Phonography is the title given 
to the latest phase of shorthand published by 
ChaHes C. Beale in Stenography. I. Pitman's 
inversion of the vowel scale many years ago 
was nothing compared with this inverted, re- 
verted, perverted scale, like to nothing before 1 
known in heaven, earth or hades. Vowels and 
diphthongs are miscellaneously confused in 
representation. We see in the present devel- 
opment no item of improvement on former 

— The editor of this department desires to 
congratulate the editor of the department of 
Business and Penmanship in the Gazette on 
his inauguration of a "Business College" in 
the city of Syracuse, N. Y. Prof. Wells is 
known by all Chautauquans as a most capable, 
honest and active worker in his chosen field, 
and he cannot fail to gather to his new "Busi- 
ness College" large local interests, and also 
large accessions from all portions of the coun- 
try of young men and women who desire the 
most competent instruction in business meth- 
ods, penmanship, and all cognate branches. 

Phonograph J. 

1. I am delighted with the "L" and "R" 
hook system, as explained in the last lessson. 
Is there any more to be said concerning these 
hooks.'' Yes. In the "Graham" system of 
shorthand, if you enlarge a small "R" hook, 
you add an "L" sound, and if you enlarge a 
small "L" liook you add an "R" sound, thus: 
play, player, blow, blower, idle, idler, higgle, 
higgler, couple, coupler, bottle, bottler, feeble, 
feebler, travel, traveller, flow, floor, tray, trail, 
draw, drawl, prow, prowl, dry, drill, fray, frail, 
brow, broil. (See Plate I. Section I.) 

2. This principle as you have shown it is 
most beautiful. I can hai'dly conceive of any- 
thing more legible or sensible. Have you ex- 
hausted all instruction on the "L" and "R" 
hooks.* Now quite. It is very desirable, at 
times, to use an "L" or "R" hook on a stroke 
when there does come a clear and distinct 
vowel sound between the consonants repre- 
sented by the stroke and the hook, as in such 
words as course, portray, bark, quality, etc. 
Our instruction here is very simple: 1. If the 
vowel to be expressed between the consonants 
represented by the stroke and the beginning 
honk be a dot long vowel, (E, A, AH,) change 
the dot into a small circle, and place that circle 
before the group-sign in its proper position, 
first, second, or third; 2. If it be a dot short 
vowel, change that vowel into a small circle 
and place it (I. E, A,) after the groupsign, in 
its proper position, first, second, or third; 3. 
If the vowel sound is that of a dash-vowel, 
(AW, O, 00 ; O, U, GO.) strike the dash 
through the group-sign in its proper position, 
beginning middle, or end. (See Plate i., Sec- 
tion 2.) Feel, fill, fall, fell, germ, firm, term, 
appear, dark, charm, diaries, shirk, foal, fall. 
fooI, from, mortgage, dormouse, corpuscle, col- 
lect, correct, curb, recourse, church, journey, 
occurs, curfew, person. 3. Diphthongs, and 

the \ 

vnh, I 




in accordance with the preceding rules for the 
Bimple vowels, thus; (See Plate i. Section 3,) 
qualify, quality, endure, procure, abjure, re- 

If any reader of the Gazette wishes to 
know if he is correct in his studie* of this Irs- 
son, and of the rttiding extfci.%e following the 
instruction, write the phonographic words with 
your translation on alternate lines, and send to 
Prof. W. D. Bridge, Plain6eld, N. J., with two 
ten cent stamps, and a correct reply will be 

Mow BoglD in Earnest. 

Many young and middle-aged people have 
been purposing when llie "Convenient Season' 
should come, lo lake up shorthand and go at 
it with a will. Begin now. Cooler days and 
nights invite to renewed diligence in study, 
and probably no one single branch of study 
will pay so richly in all lines os the mastery 
of Phonography. You can learn shorthand at 
home jusf as well as at a school for that pur- 
pose. We speak the sober sense when we say 
this Instruction by Correspondence by a com- 
petent teacher will produce as excellent result 
as face lo lace instruction. We have taught 
both ways for twenty-five years and do not 
speak unadvisediv in this matter. Begin now. 

Sc, from the Takigraphic Shorthand Institute, 
Gloucester, England. This magazine has 
three illustrations; has excellently engraved 
shorthand in the student's style, the learner's 
style, etc., the whole being printed on good 
paper, and inclosed with a neat illuminated 
border, Welcome, Brother Harris, to a large 
field. Do all the good you can with a con- 
rifcfed-vojvel syslem in England. 

Tile AmanneuBls. 


Phonogrnphic Nomcnclatnre. 


)rd , 

be a 

mdicate a system of 
for example Ihe che 
Chloride of Sodiun^ 

rs, but it is used to 
al names or terms; 
■ill write Nael for 
ling Common Salt, 
and Ihe Graham phonographer will write 
Prlf for the word fei/ect. 

Now it can be clearly seen that any system 
of word naming, or syllable naming, or phrase 
naming, ought to be founded on simple and 
suggestive principles. We have examined the 
nomenclatures of several publishers of short- 
hand books, and many of Ihcm are utterly in 
congruous. Mi. Graham thirty years ago 
most scrupulously devised a hari 
natural system by which e^fery 
form written in shorthand can be clearly, 
legibly expressed in type words, and as readily 
understood by the skilled student as would be 
Ihe oullined character itself. 

In our own teaching we are accustomed to 
enforce the use of nomenclature, or shorthand 
terminology— what has been termed byphono- 
graphers, our "Sacred Sanskirt." We once 
rode with a pupil for a large portion of an 
aflernoon, and our entire and rapid conversa- 
tion for Ihe whole time was carried on by 
means of Graham's nomenclature. We talked 
about the carriage and pony, the dusty road 
and the scenery, the campground by which we 
passed, the family and domestic topics, short- 
hand and scientific subjects, and not once did 
we put the pen or pencil to paper, but used the 
clear and picturesque principles by which the 
shorthand forms which we created in our 
minds were expressed in spoken letters and 
punctuation marks, such as the compositor 
might use. We adi ' 


to try this 
form of 

Taklgraphy in England. 

Our old correspondent, D. P. Lindstey, Esq 
of Philadelphia, makes a most ungracious at. 
lack on us in the Cosmofolitan Sfwrtfiafider, 
charging us with wriling what we never wrote, 
and with having feelings towards hi 
takigraphy which wi 
show one single lin 
any bitter spirit cone 
of shorthand, made < 
the article itself, we 
satisfactory a 

■ beld. If he will 

the surtace of 
will make what will be 
) Mr. Lindsley. Will he 
please bring proofs of his charges.* 

AH this is preliminary to what we would say 
concerning a beautiful little sheet which pio- 
neers the way for "takigraphy" in England. 
Some time since a phonographer became im- 
pressed with the desirability of introducing a 
Ud-vawel system of shorthand in Eng- 
and became a diligent student, pi-acti- 
lioner, and now publisher of this to him new 

There lies before us the first number (Sep- 
tember) of the Student's Shorthand Journal, to 
be issued bi-monlhly, by George Harris, V. S 


stenographer, should be possessed of a great 
variety of qualifications. 

He should be ''honest as the hills," so trust- 
worthy that his employer should never doubt 
his integrity. 

He should be Tt'////;;,^ and oi/i;^M^, that his 
perfect readiness to go beyond the mere line of 
routine, or obligation, should be recognized. 
Many a time an unaccustomed pressure of 
care, through accumulation of correspondence 
or otherwise, should evoke a genial readiness 
in the stenographer to step beyond the "letter 
of the contract." 

He should be patient. Sometimes the mat- 
ters concerning which dictations are given are 
of such an exciting Or exasperating character 
as to make the chief's blood boil, brain to burn 
tongue to fly, nerves to jump, and then the 
utmost coolness should be shown by the secre- 
tary. If he burns, there's a great fire indeed. 
Calmness is demanded to do shorthand note- 
taking, which shall be absolutely legible under 
such exciting conditions. 

He should be systematic. Ofttimes when a 
great mass of letters, contracts, memoranda, 
editorials, quotations, appointments etc. etc. 
are crowded on the amanuensis, he is' compelled 
to exercise a most wise discretion concerning 
the definite order in which some ol these dicta- 
tions shall be written out, and shall consider 
when taking his notes whether they should be 
immediately reproduced. In such a case 
the shorthand for "at once" should be written 
in the margin. 

He should be accurate. When the letter 
says, "Please find inclosed ," the amanuen- 
sis should be sure to prepare the needed en- 
velope al very first opportunity, and then and 
there iiir/ose the specified letter, slip, document 
check, bill, or what not. It is aggravating to 
receive a "please find inclosed" with no inclos- 
ure, getting it somewhat later or not getting it 
Accuracy should of course fully charac- 
:-taking. If thedictatorsays I.^^-W 
you so and so, the note should not be so care- 
lessly written as to lead the n 
"I sent," and so fail to ask the 
thing to be sent. 

He should be a hef^er of secrets. No em- 
ployer but dictates letters which he would 
not willingly make public, even to a very 
limited audience, His stenographer and the 
party addressed should alone carry the secrets, 
whether expressly so characterized or not! 
Family matters, business prospects, plans in 
embryo, opportunities looked for, these are 
often of a semi-confidential nature, and should 
be treated as such. 

He should be a gentleman In the best sense 
of that word. His employer will often confide 
to his care delicate duties and privileges which 
he should be able to perform with suave man- 
ners, and the culture of genial, gentle, refined 

The most important feature of this conven- 
tion (which was not in esse, only in posse, and 
there was not enough present for a f>osse comi- 
tatus,) was the signiticant absence of the offi- 
cers. This gave a paintul suspicion that this 
death was "foreknown" If not "predestinated." 
If we are not mistaken sixty-three ■ paid-up 
members were on the rolls when the Interna- 
tional "gave up the ghost." This association 
has been doing a good work and deserved to 
live. Jealousy of amanuenses and phono- 
graphic teachers on the part of the regular 
stenographers was a cause, if not the cause, of 
this sad taking off. 

terize the not 

e taker to read 
nployer for the 

taste and purpose, 
hold the position 
gentleman. There 
bearing are of the 

No clown 
.f priv 

■ boor is fit 

And It Died. 

Our readers have been informed from time 
to time of the existence and work of the Inter- 
national Stenographers' Association, and of its 
proposed annual meeting at Lake George, N. 

., in August last. So it was to be, but alas. 

At the close of the New York State Steno- 
graphers' Association at Lake George, which 
was at least of its usual brilliancy, there was to 
have been a further meeting of the distin- 
guished representatives of the craft from the 
East, West, North and South, but only a hand- 
ful 01 ihirteen put in an appearance, and as a 
quorum for business purposes requires twenty, 
we believe, the International failed to "come to 
order.'* The noble thirteen present sat In 
solemn silence, except when discussing how 
most respectfully to bury the corpse. 


The following sparkling words were taken 
from a lecture delivered by Edgar A. Poe. 
They are as full of delicate beauty as a new- 

"The poet recognizes the ambrosia which 
nourishes his soul in the bright orbs that 
shine in heaven, in the volutes of the flower, 
in the clustering of low shrubberies, in the 
waving of green fields, In the slanting of lall 
eastern trees, in the blue distance of moun- 
tains, in the grouping of clouds, in the twink- 
ling of half hidden brooks, in the gleaming of 
silver rivers, in the repose of sequestered lakes, 
in the star-mirronng depths of lonely wells 
He perceives it in tht songs of birds, in .the 
harp of -Eolus, in the sighing of the night 
wind, in the repining of the forest, in the 
surf that complains to the shore, in the fresh 
breath of the woods, in the scent of the violet 
in the voluptuous perfume of the hyacinth, in 
the suggestive odor that comes to him at 
eventide, from far-distant, undiscovered 
islands, over dim oceans, illimitable and un- 
explored. He owns it in all noble thoughts, 
in all unworldly motives, in all holy impulses, 
in all chivalrous, generous and sdf sacrificing 
deeds. He feels it in the beauty of woman— 
n the grace of her step, in the luster of her 
;ye, in the melody of her voice, in her soft 
laughter, in her sigh, in the harmony of the 
rustling of her robes. He deeply leels it in 
her winning endearments, in her burning en 
thusiasms, in her gentle charities, in her meek 
and devotional endurances; but above all, ah, 
far above all, he kneels to it, he worships it in 
the faith, in the purity, in the strength, in the 
altogether divine majesty of her love." 


The following beautiful lines were written 
by George D. Prentice, whose pen seemed 
ever armed with animated truth: 

"There Is a time when the pulse lies low in 
the bosom and beats low in the veins- when 
the spirit sleeps the sleep which apparently 
knows no waking; sleeps in its home of clay, 
and the windows are shut; the doors hung 
with the invisible crape of melancholy; when 
we wish the golden sunshine pitchy darkness, 
and wish to fancy clouds where no clouds ap- 
pear. This is a case of sickness when physic 
may be thrown to the dogs, for we want none 
of it, What shall raise the spirit? What 
shall make the heart beat music again, and 
Ihe pulses throb through all the myriad-throng- 
ed halls in the house of life? What shall 
make the sun kiss the eastern hills again for 
us with his old awakening glances, and the 
night overflow with moonlight, love and flow- 
ers? Love itself is the greatest stimulant— 
the most intoxicatingof all, and performs all 
of these, and is a miracle still, and is not at the 
g store, whatever they say. The counter- 
is in the market, but the winged god is not 
oney-changer we assure you. 
Men have had many things, but still they 
ask stimulant. 
' Men try to b 
n souls in the 
We see their faci 
ication of drink i 
and the pul 


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tb the privi 
lege of returning it unbroken any time with 
in thirty days C.' O. D. for full price paid, 1 
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Finest linen papers and Type-writer supplic- 
of all kinds now in stock. Handsome illu- 
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Dnqnestionably the most perfect WritiD^ 
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The only Tjpe-writer awarded a (JOI I) 
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186 Monroe St., Chicago. 111. 

thoughts galloping, but the do. 

17 the floating dead of their 
vine cup, but the corpse rises, 
i in the bubbles. The intox. 
:t8 the world whirling again, 
plaj'Ing music, and the 

al stiir 

elry ■ 

filled with the wildest 
silent, more sad, more deserted. 

" There is only one stimulant that never 
tosicates-Juiv. nuty puts a clear sky o' 
every man into which the sky.lark happin 
always goes singing." 

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. the 

in $TENO(ii^/\p)^. 

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_ Me*. tlO, with Ciao * Uannil. 617 . ■ 

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for aCe ki^b:, of afvo^fvcwti 

priwcipci.{ So-m-mctciaf eotfccjM 
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tht. <^Uiuh Statej. 3n tk^ 
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Ui vuot^fv. Scwi stcM4ip for. ci»- 
<Mfa^ M 25 cts. fc^ ?llnwia^. 


420 NORTH Third St.. St. Louis, MO' 



WjtkolT'i Phonoiripbie loililiile, 


Beminglon Type-Wrllin i Supplit 



Director of the Chautauqua Scluol of Bu 

[Copyrighted by Chns 

Ad rights n 

' In atlempting lo give a series of lessons in bookkeeping for beginners, in a publication of 
this Itind, the scope as well as the arrangement of topics was necessarily limited. How to 
prcbcnt Ihe subject so as to maintain an interest, and at tlie same time give rudimental instruc- 
tion wliicli could be understood and applied, appeared to be a rather difficult problem. It was 
thought best, however, to take up one lopilfSt a time, and by devoting the space allowed to a 
series of simple lessons which would exemplify the principles of double entry, endeavor to 
make the student familiar with those fundamental principles of debit and credit which underlie 
the science of accounting. 

But in the present number we shall interrupt this order, and give some attention to the 
subject of forms or vouchers as commonly used in business transactions. 

In their relation to commercial operations these vouchers become important factors, enter- 
ing into nearly every transaclion, and usually furnishing the data from which the bookkeeper 
is expected to make up his records. It is well, therefore, that the beginner should know some- 
thing of their nature, origin, and use, that he may determine more readily their eilect upon the 
various accounts in his ledger. 

Boston, July i, i8S6. 

I 250 % bbN. 

, No. I Mackerel 

II 3037 I SO 

The invoice is a memorandum giving date of purchase, number, kind, and cost of items, 
and usually the terms of sale. When no time for payment is specified, it is supposed to be "on 
account," that is, giving the customary lime of credit. If receipted, it becomes a voucher for 
the amount paid, 

Gs, Swan & Co., 

does not give Ihe items, but the amount of purchases at different dates, 
ive been made, the dale and amount of each may be indicated. 
Ducher it receipted. 

If pay 

Syracuse. Aug. 15, 1S86. 
Messrs. P. Kingsley & Son, Philadelphia, may deliver to William Smith one 
hundred doz. No. 3 Bartlett pears, and charge the same to my account. 

An order may be for mdse. or cash, and is held as a voucher by the party on whom It Is 
drawn. If for mdse. the party filling it would usually take a receipt from the person present- 
ing it, and send a bill for the goods to the one who gave it. 

$ioio. Utica, N. Y., Aug. 16, 1886. 

r'lRST National Bank, 

Pay to A. Beginner, or order. 

Ten Hundred and Twenty Dollars. 

No. 640. Geo. K. Lapham. 

the bank, and may be made payable to " order," as above, or to 
the person presenting it must indorse, or write his name on the 
back, and it becomes a voucher or receipt to the person giving It, and is also a voucher to the 

Checks are considered as cash items, and when received should be entered to the Dr. side 
of that account. 

If a ledger account is kept with the bank, the person giving the check should credit the 
bank, but if the money in bank i-s counted as cash on hand, the casli account should be given 


Ten days after date I promise ti 
'I'hree thousand eight liundred and t 

In Ihe al)OV( 

; A. B. is the 

inker," and S. & M. the firm in whose " favor " it Is 

. B. 

/ould charge it lo S. & M , and credit bills payable account, 
celvin'g it would charge bills receivable account, and credit A. B. 

Before collecting it at the Merchants Bank, S. & M. would have t 
is payable to Iheir order, and it would become a voucher for the payn 
A. B. The bank would also hold it as a voucher against A. B., the sai 

indorse the note, as it 
cnt of that amount by 
ic as if he had given a 

Thirty days afler date we pro 
thouF>and dollars^, value received, ; 
Due 7, 28, '86. 

, N. Y., July j6. 

; the Bank of Geneva. 

It is not always necessary to make a note p.nyable at tl 
although that is Ihe usual form in giving commercial papei 
a note is called the first indorser, and should another person put hli 

the order ol A. Bi 

iDsoN & Crane. 
bank, or other specified place 
The party named in the body of 

1 the back as ad 

ditional security, as may be the case in having It discounted at the bank, he would be called 
the second indorser. 

In case a note is not paid by the makers at matuiity, the bank or other holder Is required 
by law to go through the legal form of protest, and to notify each party of this fact, in order 
to fix the liability of the indorsers. 

Upon receiving the above note, A. B. would credit H. & C. and charge bills receivable 
account. H. & C. on giving the note would charge A. B. and credit bills payable account. 

$1500. Bt;FFALo, N. Y., Aug. 20, 18S6. 

Two months alter date, for value received, we, or either of us, promise to 
pay to the order of George Andrews, Fifteen hundred dollars, with interest. 
Samuel Martin, 

Due 10, 23, '86. James P. Knox. 

A note does not draw interest unless so specified, until after maturity, when it bears legal 
interest until paid. 

As a note is a simple contract, the words value received express the consideration for 
which it is given. 

The three notes given above are negotiable, that is, they may be transferred by indorse- 
ment and collected by a third person. This would also be true of a note made payable to some 
person "or bearer," in which case it would be negotiable without indorsement. 

Elmira, N. Y„ Aug. 2j, 1886. 
day after date I promise to pay George Allen Five hundred dollars, 
received, with interest at five per cent. H. L. Wilson. 

As this note does not contain the conditions which would render it transferable to a third 
party, it must remain the property of George Allen until paid. It will draw interest from the 
24tli of August, but only at the rate specified. 

$4500. New York, July 12, 1S86. 

At fifteen days' sight pay to the order of ourselves. Four thousand five hun- 
dred dollars, value received, and charge the same to our account. 

To A. Beginner, Gordon & Williams. 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

In the above draft Gordon & Williams are the drawers, and A. Beginner the drawee. G. 
& W. are also the payees. 

Gordon & Williams would indorse the draft and place it in their bank for collection. The 
bank would forward it to another bank in Syracuse, by whom it would be presented to A. B. 
for acceptance. In doing this A. B. would write across the face in red ink, "Accepted July 14, 
1886, payable at Merchants' Bank, A. Beginner." By this acceptance he agrees to pay the 
amount named, according to the terms expressed in th« body of the draft. 

Allowing for the three days of grace the draft becomes due Aug, i, dating from the ac- 
ceptance, at which time it is presented to the Merchants' Bank for payment. 

When A. B. accepts the draft he charges Gordon & Williams and credits bills payable, 
and when notified that the Merchants' Bank has paid it, he charges bills payable and credits 
the bank. Accepting (agreeing to pay) a time draft is the same in effect as giving a note. 

Thirty days after date pay to the order of S, 
sand nine hundred sixteen, and j'^'o dollars, valu 

IE, N. Y., Aug. 16, 1886. 
ON & Miller, Three thou- 
reived, and charge to my ac- 

A. Beginner. 

A. B. is the drawer, O. & J. the drawees, and S. & M. the payees. 

Suppose A. B. wishes to send the draft to S. & M. as a payment on account, his entries 
would be (according to the plan we have been following) as follows; Charge Bills Rec. and 
credit O. & J., then charge S. & M. and credit bills receivable. 

We term it bills receivable, although it does not become so to O. & J. until they have ac- 
cepted it. The draft would be considered "in favor" of S. & M., because it is made payable 
to their order. On receiving the draft S. & M. would credit A. B. and charge bills receivable. 
When O. & J. came to accept it, tbey would charge A. B. and credit bills payable. 

As this drafts drawn thirty days after date, it would become due and payable Sept. iS, 
without reference to the date of acceptance by O. & J, 

At sight pay to the order of Henry Munson, i 
value received, and charge to our account. 
To A. Beginner, 

Syracuse, N. Y, 

In this transaction P. K. & S. make the draft to the order of the cashit 
they do business, and deposit it as a cash item. It would be transmitted t 
racuse, and by it presented to A. B. for payment. If he wishes to honor 

r of the bank where 
3 some bank in Sy- 
the draft, he writes 

across the face, "Accepted, payable at Merchants' Bank," He would charge P. K. & S. and 
credit the Merchants Bank. 

On making the draft P. K. & S. would credit A. B, and charge the bank for it as a deposit 

Re-Edncatlnff the Brain. 

Forgetfulness is a blessing. Without it 
every occurrence of a person's past life would 
be present with him day by day. One reason 
why sleep is a mental restorative is that it 
steeps the senses in forgetfulness. 

But as blessings may become curses through 
excess, so a total loss of memory would leave 
us in tlie mental condition of infants. Oblivion 
of the past means the erasure of education and 
of the mental habits and possessions which it 
has brought. An educated man who loses his 
memory requires to be reeducated. 

A lady of twenty-four years of age entirely 
lost her memory through an illness which put 
her into a state of torpor. She could not rec- 
ollect even her husband, or the common words 
of daily speech. She could neither read, nor 

She began learning these things, as if she 
were a child, but, unconsciously to lierself, 
her previous knowledge seemed to make their 

covered her lost knowledge with accuracy. 

A student at one of our colleges was attacked 
by a fever, which so affected his brain that he 
lost wholly his knowledge of the studies in 
which he had been trained for years. He was 
ignorant of Latin, knowing nothing of the 
grammar, and being unable to read the simplest 
Latin sentence. 

As soon as he regained his physical health, 
he faced the fact that he must re-educate his 
brain by beginning at the rudimenls. He took 
up a Latin grammar , everytliing In it was new 
to him, and he experienced a mental difficulty 
in fixing his attention so as to recall the lesson 
of the hour. 

One day, while learning to construe, he was 
making a strong etTort to recall something in 
the lesson, when suddenly all the old knowl. 
edge of Latin reappeared to his mind. He 
took up a Latin classic, and found that he 
could read it, as he used to do before his sick- 
ness.— .ff. v. 



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, HHnl's Carntri, N. Y. For a boy of 
rt copy slip No. i more. The Gazette wan 

A. S., Irving, Kan. The best thing you c 
follow Prof. Bridge's lessons closely lor six 

tion to advantage. No doubt Mr. Hulton is a 
instructor. Glad you are so highly pleased 

. M., 

boy who does that work is yet an infant in penmanship, 
having been in our employ only a short time. The work 
on the wrapper, however, looks as though he had writ- 
ten it while under the tremulous grasp of a congestive 

V>.l^V.,Sfoka„e Falls, W. T. Your movement lacks 

movement becomes strong and positive. Take, for io- 

C. E., Skull Bonf, Ttnn. You say y 

ou arc suffering 

from numbness of the right arm and ha 

nd, brought on 

by writing with the linger movcraen 

Yes, we will 

prescribe for you. As an agent to reslo 

re the shattered 

and worn out nerves to their normal c 

ndilion use St. 

Jacob'sOil, and as a preventive lake la 

numbers of the 

Gazette, repeating the dose each yea 

r until vou are 

called to sleep " 'neaih the willow." 

W. W. E.. Springfield, 0. It is pos. 

ible to correct 

your errors, even if they are eslablis 

led. First, you 

gr.p your pen so much that your hand 1 

after writing a short while. Study the 

lessons in the 

back numbers of the Gazette. Get an 

easy position at 

"P"'- l^"»onclhios» 

Ba„S„,P.. Th. mi^ra 

ory wrilin 

a you speak is certainly pos 

sessed of 

has been trying Van Winkl 

e's style oi 

erlainly, you must wfite 

with the 

nt; purely finger niovfeme 

t has pas 

rds. Your writing shows a 

lack of fr 

Drill diligcnUy oo some si 

nple word 

e It with case and speed 

You can 

holder to advantage 

Remarkable Natural Cnrlosftiea. 

Phccnix, the graphic correspondent of the Cin- 
cinnati Commercial Giaeite, thus refers to the 
petrified forests which are situated near the 
headwaters of the Little Colorado in Arizon* 
and extend over an area of several miles in ex- 
tent: The trees are bilicified conifera of gigan- 
tic size. One has been discovered that meas- 
ured more than twenty feet at the base, and at 
a break loo feet from the base it was ten feel 
in diameter. Limbs and branches petrified lo 
solid rock are scattered in every direction ; the 
texture and form of the dead trees are plainly 
discernable, resembling much the immense 
redwoods of California. Many fossils of ani 
mals of species now extinct are found scaltered 
about amongst these rocky trunks, solidified 
to pure inagnesian limestone. The heart of 
some of these fallen monarchs of the forest is a 
mass of sparkling crystals, while others show 
sections of the purest quartz. A highly pol- 
ished section of one of these trees formed the 
top ol a handsomely mounted table, which was 
a conspicuous object In Arizona's exhibit at 
the New Orleans Exposition. The table 
brought a high price from a New York banker. 
The petrified forest belongs lo the carbonifer- 
ous period, and is evidently a portion of the 
vast extent of wooded land which once existed 
in this treeless waste, and which now forms the 
great coal measures which underlie its surface. 
The plateau of Central Arizona conlains 

another remarkable curiosity of this remarka- 
ble country, the natural bridge of the Tonto 
basin. The crown of the bridge at its south- 
ern spring Is i68 feet, the span So feet ; its lotal 
width is about 150 yards. Eight feet from its 
soul hern edge, exactly in the center of the arch 
is a natural hole cut into the interior, through 
which one looks down a perpendicular depth 
of 16S feet into the bed of Pine creek. But to 
obtain a true idea of the grandeur of this a'rcli, 
it should be viewed from beneath. The gigan- 
tic limestone walls spring in perfect curves to 
the perfect arch above, and the fiuted columns, 
meeting in the semi-obscurity far aloft, remind 
the beholder of some vast cathedral. Tl- 
stream that winds amongst the huge bouldei 
which strew the creek, lies here and there i 
dark fathomless pools. The sides of the bridge 
are pierced by grottoes whose windings lead 
one into the bowels of the mountain. Many 
of these have been explored, many more 
never been trodden by the white tnan's 
though from arrow heads, pottery, and s( 
of fibrous matting, mingled with bones and bits 
ofchaned wood, we fancy the Apache knows 
of these retreats. 

Errors in Cyclopedias. 

Cyclopedias (and by this term we intend to 
embrace the whole range of biographical 
and cyclopedic literature), like dictionaries, 
are supposed to be correct. They are usually 
regarded as authorities. They are necessities 
in the editorial room, the college, and the 
workshop. They are produced in courts 
ol law, and cited with as much force 
as the dates in an almanac, but a few specimens 
will show that they fail in accuracy very fre- 

In Ihe account of Juan Alvarez, the cele- 
brated Mexican general who deprived Santa 
Anna of power in ibS^, the cyclopedias gener- 
ally agree that he was born in 1790; but when 
they come to his death, which was a compara. 
tively recent event, the People's Cyclopedia 
says it occurred in 1863; Lippincott puts it 
very distinctly Sept. 28, 1864; the American 
says he died in 1867; Drake fixes the date in 
870. The disparities spread over seven years. 
The American Book Exchange of New 
York publishes a reprint of Chambers' Cycio- 
1, and speaking of the eminent Frenchman, 
in Bernard, who fought with the First 
Napoieon, had a leg shattered at Leipslc, came 
to America with Lafayette, planned our own 
Fortress Monroe, the Delaware Breakwater, 
the Chesapeake and Ohio c.mal, etc., under 
mission from the Uniled States govern- 
it, gives the taint of cowardice to the hero 
by saying: "After the French revolution of 
830 he returned to France." It should be: 
" upon the breaking out of the revolution of tSjo 
hfe returned to France." This is the fact, and 
ndered a learned soldier's service to the 
king, for which he was rewarded by being 
made Minister of War. Drake says he died in 
S36. Lippincott, Johnson, the American and 
Chambers' Reprint says 1839. 

Drake says that Sir William Berkeley was 
appointed colonial governor of Virginia in 
641, and was the ruler of the commonwealth 
vhen the Cromwellian fleet appeared, in 1751 
to enforce his obedience to the new parliament. 
There is an error here of just one hiuidrcd years. 
it ought to be 1651. 

The Dictionary of National Biography says 
John Bernard, the celebrated actor, died in 
828; Drake says 1829; Lippincott eays 1S30 
The Dictionary of National Biography says 
^Vm. B. Bernard, the author of "Rip Van 
Winkle" and scores of other [opular plays, was 
in 1807; the American puts the date iSoS. 
is lo be supposed that works designed to 
be authoritative would demand exactness in 
ng with either dead men or living, but we 
; permission to cite a strange error con- 
ng a living man. Drake says that the 
Wm. R. Algerwas born Dec. 30, 1822; 
Johnson with similar exactness says Dec. 
823; Lippincott merely puts down the y 

were represented, and all were without the 
least restraint free to express their views on 
the various topics discussed. 

Our limited space will not allow us to do 
more than give a few of the matters coming 
under consideration: Phonographers' Associ- 
otion in cities and towns; average speed re- 
quired of amanuenses; best method of famil- 
iarizing word signs; easiest method of enlarg- 
ing one's vocabulary — technical forms, etc.; 
price of miscellaneous reporting work in 
various parts of the land; machine reporting, 
past and prospective; personal experiences of 
several active reporters and many amanuenses 
in the East and West; desirability of imitating 
the English and Germans in their making 
shorthand an art-social as well as an art-finan- 
cial; mutual helpfulness and mutual sympathy 
among differing system-writers, etc. 

A general desire w 
these Phonographer's 
qua, hereafter a more 
the annual gatherings. 

as expressed to make 

Reunions at Chautau- 

pronounced feature of 

W. D. Bridc 

Too Much. 

Our editor stutters badly and cannot endure 
bores. The other day an elderly gentleman, 
whose visits were not at all infrequent, came 
in with a sigh. He put down his hat and, 
without "invite," drew close up to the editorial 
chair wilh an open map. Said he, as he pointed 
to a lot ol spider marks on the paper, "Oh, 
that was a famous battle; the reminiscences 
thrill me. How plainly I see in memory the 
green- fields and dusty, serpentine roads. Here 
where my finger rests is where the enemy 
charged, but we drove them back again. Right 
here our colonel fell, pierced by, I might say, 
a million bullets; and here under this tree I 
received a ball that made me lose all sensation 
for several hours." 

"G-G-General," said the editor, his face as 
impassive as a wall, "w-w-won.'l you show the 
b-b-boys, please, where your b b-brains were 
blown out?" 

We grieve to say the g-g-general has stopped 
his paper, but that is his loss, not ours. — Ex. 

Is There Water on the Moon? 

In a recent communication, Mr. Helmuth 
Dueberg presents a new theory of the moon, 
and argues the possibility of its being inhabited 
on the farther side. It is well known that the 
moon always presents the same face to the 
earth. Because this side of the moon is an 
airless and waterless desert, weare not justified 
Mr. Dueberg thinks, in assuming that the 
other side is like it. Since the moon does not 
revolve so as to change the side presented to 
the earth, and since the attraction of the earth 
for the moon is very great, the heavier side, if 
there is any, must be turned this way. Sup- 
posing the moon to possess air and water, these 
lighter and more fluent elements of her com- 
position would of necessity lie at the farther side 
In the absence of any centrifugal force due to 
rotation on her own axis, the only centrifugal 
force acting upon the moon must be that result- 
ng from the moon's motion round the earth. 
This would tend still more to throw the moon's 
lir and water to the "out''-side wilh respect t 
the earth. For a practical illustration of th; 
Mr. Dueberg suggests a ball swingin 
■cle by means of a cord. The ball, like 

from a height of 600 meters. A third gives 
view of a quarter of the town of Bclleme(Orr 
from a height of 900 meters; and others gi 
views of the little town of St. Remy (.San! 
and its environs. The height in some of t 
latter cases was 1,200 meters. The time 
exposure for the gelatino-bromide plales w 
1-250 second. The photographs have bt- 
enlarged by M. Nadar wilh a new kind 
Eastman paper, and the fineness of Ihe del 
shown is remarkable. — Scieulific Anieriaui. 

Magnetic Clock. 

A curious application of the magnet is dt 
scribed in a French journal, the subject of i 
being a clock recently patented in France. In 
appearance the clock consists of a tambourint 
on the parchment head of which is painted 
circle of flowers, corresponding to the liou 
signs of ordinary dials. On examination, tw 
bees, one large and the other small, are dis 
covered crawling among the flowers. Th 
small bee runs rapidly from one to the other, 
completing the circle in an hour; while the 
large one takes twelve hours to finish the > 
cuit. The parchment membrane is unbroken, 
and the bees are simply laid upon *it; but t 
magnets, connected with the clockwork inside 
the tambourine, move just under Ihe r 
brane, and the insects, which are of iror 
low them.— £x. 

Stick a Fin Here. 

One of the most complete and valuable 
man's works ever published is "Gaskell's Pen. 
man's Hand Book," advertised < 
treats comprehensively of all branches of the 
penman's art, and its pages are enriched ^ 
hundreds of beautiful plates, comprising every 
style of lettering and ornamental pen work. 
For the young writer, the "Hand Book'' 
exhauslless storehouse of instruction from Ihe 
best masters, such as cannot be obtained else- 
where at any price. It has received the 
warmest praise from our most noted profes- 
ionals, and is offered to the writing public as 
Ihe most complete and useful work of ils kind 
that has ever come from a press. The price 
of the "Hand Book" is $5 
of cheapness at that figure. We are now mak- 

traordinary concession, good ■ 
during July and August: 

Any person sending us a club of six 
:ribers at one dollar each, for the Gaze 
nd "Guide," or Gazette and "How to V 
)r the Press," will receive a copy of this 
iperb work free. 

Every reader of the Gazette should go t 
ork at once to get up a club of six, which wi 
or trouble, and bring a pri? 
„ test- ""-- ' ■ 
1 and his friends. 

will always turn the t 
m; and if it 
liquid, the liquid will be rapidly a 
the opposite or outer side. Her 
sfbility of water, air, and life on 
round the shores of a central luna 
ide always turned away from us.-- 

be : 

Phonograi>bic Union. 

At Chautauqua the past summer there were 
gathered many phonographers from all parts 
of the country. Social and conversational 
ings were held on four Saturday after- 
6, which were of a most interesting and 
practical character. Several shorthand systems 

Balloon rhotog^rapliy. 

M. M. Tissandier and M. Nadar, the well- 
known Parisian photographer, made a balloon 
it from Auteuil on July 2, 1S86, al i :3o w 
nd subsequently descended at Segrie 
(Sarthe) about 7 ;io f. m., after a journey of iSo 
kilometers. The altitude reached was not over 
1,700 meters, and during the voyage M, Nadar 
took not less than thirty photographs of the 
instantaneous kind. Of ihese ihere were about 
a dozen, which are said to be by far the finest 
specimens ever obtained from a balloon. They 
comprise two views of Versailles, showing in 
plan the palace and one part of the gardens 
from a height of 800 meters. Another is a 
view of Sevres above ihe porcelain lactory . 

Are Tou Goln^ to New Orleans or Flor- 
ida i 

If so, you can go via the Moxo: 
Louisville or Cincinnati, and see the Mammoth 
Cave, Nashville, Blount Springs, Birming- 
ham, Montgomery, Mobile, and the 
coast for the same money that will take you 
lUgh the dreary, uninhabited Mississippi 
swamps; we are confident you cannot select I 
line to the South enjoying half the advantage! 
that are possessed by the Monon Roi;te and 
its Southern connections. 

No one should think of going South without 
visiting the Mammoth Cave, the great natu 
wonder of this continent So much has been 
written of thia world-famous wonder, that it is 
impossible to say anything new In regard to it 
—it cannot be described; its caverns must be 
explored, its darkness felt, its beauties seen, to 
be appreciated or realized. It is the greatest 
natural curiosity — Niagara not excepted — and 
he whose expectations are not satisfied by its 
marvelous avenues, domes and starry grottoes 
must either be a fool or a demigod, From 
Mobile to New Orleans (141 miles) the ride 
along the Gulf coast is alone worth the entire 
cost of the whole trip. In full sight of the 
Gulf aW the way, past O-ean Springs, Missis, 
sippt City, Pass Christian, Bay St. Louis and 
Beiiuvoir, the home of Jeff Davis. 

When you decide to go South make up your 
mind to travel overtheline that passes through 
the best country and gives you the best places 
to stop over. This isemphatical! v the MoxoN 
RouTa in connection with the Louisville and 
Nashville, and the Cincinnati Southern Rail- 
ways, Pullman Palace Sleepers, Palace 

Northern Passenger Agent, Monon Route, 
"22 E. Randolph street, Chicago, or Wm. S. 

Ialdwin, General Passenger Agent, 183 

)earborn street, Chicago. 




Familij i^tla^ of the World 

rhe Latest. Largest, Best and Host Reliable. 

fstronomical. Geographical, Chronological , 
I Hiatorical, Political, Statistical, Financial, 
I Commercial, Educational, Agricul- 
' tural, and Descriptiue. 

3ver Two HQndred lostructive Maps, Charts 

and DiagracoB. from the Latest Official 

SourceB, brought down to June, 1886. 

Every Office, Library, or Family should have 



il Gcoeraphy^ 






Liiions, icleprnph, ex 
cs, carefully indexed, n 
leteFatnily Atiaspub 








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byytnrsof reaearch ihtongh iho pooderoua 

and graphic 
KinEdon.s. P 

Expenditures, latesl Public Budget, Taxes, Loans, 

lentcd in nn atlrttcUve form, and richly illustraled 
aver two hundred fine enpTavings representing 
les m the several countries described. 
'-■ i-repared an elaborate and carefullycom- 





78 and 81 Wabaah Ave , CHICAQO. 

|l|e |a^lell |iai pencil 

I offering to the public 
is made with 
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These Pencils are especially adapted to 
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the lead being firm and hard, they liold their 
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Price par Doz.. 50c. Per Gross, $4.50 . 

AGENTS WANTED in every city and town, 
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The G. A. Gaskell Company, 

79 and 8i Wabash Ave., 


h $io to you. Sold by 


.. HuLETT, S|iring-field, \ 


ufttlon and Capitiillzatlon. by Hulini;, is a con 
wrilten pamphlet ol 24 pages, i.od can be compre- 

Sout/iern Cultivator and Dixit Farmer. P.of. W. N. 
"y<>"'wi'l find they are riahtiv named. Thc^Indus.' 

fnt'ires'ledlir^c" a^'" ^-•' "'='''•.'""* ^^"^ addresses of five 
lucntert above amount" io $5.70. By sendio/u^an 
express order for S3.70, with t>.c heading, we will send 

prep;iii!. Address KhItor HOOSIER^^ATLMtAL. 


iul order fromev.r 

iver executed with 
ts, or for JS «n s. 

Pen Work ar 



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k:eo:k:x7:k:, io"wa.. 

The Peircerian System of Pen- 
inanshipy and Peirce'M Philo- 
sophical Treatise of 

3d. The total expense is about one-half that of aim- 

6lh. 'send three letter stamps for Journal, circular 
7th. Peirccrian System of Penmanship, with Method 

Sth. Mv Philosophical Ircalise ol Penmanship has 

1." My Pens.'- (li 







The Wise Broadbrims. 

A Great M\ in \0sM, 

Hast thou heard the nt 

Bro. Isaac: Is II of late and dire import- 

Bro, Jon.: 1 1 is. Aunt Mary has decided 
to go forth among the people and do good to 
suffering humanity with her "Catarrh Cure" 
and "Blood Syrup." 

Bro, Isaac: Indeed,' I pray for her suc- 
cess. I have used her "Catarrh Cure" myself, 
and can testify to its merit. Her "Blood 
Syrup" I have heard much about, but have 
never seen. Prithee, tell me what it is. 

Bro. Jon. : Read this and it will inform you : 

The Blood is the Life! 



At the earnest request of her many catarrh patients 
Aunt Mary has at last decided lo put her 


Aunt Mary's Blood Syrup 

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!°T^;'£;;;^\i,. ,.,::.:'■. ;■ : 

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X Self-Teaching Penmanship, 


Not Hundreds. But Thousands 1 

THOUSAMDB ol younj; men and women are 

'V'Xi'll'"vtih^the'%<.-n, 'acquired solely by'self- 
A8KELI-'S OOMPENDrffM. Nothiop like it 

ry one who scnils $1.00 for COUPElfDIUU to ' 

THE G. A. GASKELL CO., 79 Wabash Ava., CHICAGO. ILL 


It contains nearly 300 royal quarto pa^e. lUgnntly bound. In short, it b the mi 
iblishcd m the world. The price Is SS.OO, for whicK it wQI be mailed pi 

j tW^ Special to every subscriber of the Gazette. 

I For a club of Teti Subscriptions to the "Oazette and Educator" and $ia, we give this ele 
gint book free. To every Si li-^CRinER lo the Ga/eti r, we will mail a copy postpaid, on re- 
al pt of %l 75. SPECIAL OFFEBI Address all Orders to 

THE G. A. GASKELL CO., 79 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 




79 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 




I ■■ men combine so much freedom ormoveircDt with accuracy of form iis A. J. Scahbohouch, coDse- 
!>. irk Is rorcible, and at the same time graccftil. The speed with which he writes naturally gives a 
!> stroke. His style is a happy blrndine of the buaioess with the oroamenliU, therefore well suited to 


cd "best penman in Am" riM/'* '*■"''"*' ** ""^ '"Ei.*'&"VELLEY." 

tely.:,sA.J, ScAKbt 


1 of the following promptly executed, and sent prepaid upon receipt of price: 

SCHOLARS' COMPANtONS. ^r-^m^gtmmmk 

No. 3 consists of a very highly finished bo.x, J^ ^ " -*»^" '■'*^- 
made of walnut and cherry wood, upper idgc ML 

Mailed postpaid on receipt of price. Addrcsi 


79 Wabash Avenue. CHICAGO. 

School of Business. 

CHARLES R. WELLS, Director. 

ing ample facilities for obtaining a useful 
Business Education ai home. The plan has 
been fully tested in practice, antJ the school is 
now in very successful operation, registering 
students from sixteen different States, giving a 
complete course of business training and obtain- 
ing the most satisfactory results. 

Pamphlet, circulars and blanks, giving detailed 
information, sent on application. Address, in- 
closing stamp, 

PROF. R. S. HOLMES, Plainfield, N. J. 


WU. S. BBIDQE, Principal, Flainfield, 17. J. 

Department of I*lioiioit;raptiy. 

iruclion ^from'tKdimenu'I'"h '" ^^'"^ 'borough in- 
ng slyk!_^^Cou^r,« of instruction' Tho'roughlJ^ matured! 

Department of tlie Stenosrrapb. 

By .tn ineenioiiK system ofinstruction, fully indorsed by 
'rof. M. M. Uanholomcw, inventor of the Stcnosraph. the 
nastery of this macvellou.sly simple thort hand wriUng ma- 

^For'circu!.,''^. or payment o( fees, address 

R S HOLMES. A M, Registrar, 



the; obliq-cte] iioni-^Eie, 


79 WabaBb Ave.. CHICAQO, ll.lj. 


79 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 



Emerson-" Prescott 

The Ereedv ot monopoly is broken. The short-sighted noliey of seeking .f 1.0O profit from eiieli of 7,000 i-e«rfera 
gives ptaS to thfrnirelibenil plan of asking «/-««'ce««»»/-o/lV from each of a m.llion remleis, (1100 nmltipl.ed by 
f OW equi $1,000. but 2 cent« multiplied by 1,000,000 equals »20,000) Surt'ly the n.ost ';"'''■;■! ,P™J";i^.?/,,f''«^^^^ 
eenius are wonted by the millions, the explraHm otcMjmrtphl enables me ,,„„ to PuW"--'' Beautiful edit ons of some 

I offer s 

; few, we ouKht to 
Liable books should, 
of everyoae. printed In excellent 

. „ \^A u,. *!.,.;Ana Tho ffttiffttintt. itt romii'ttlM enables me now to puuiisli ueautiiui eaitions oi some 

Sni"/StK n nl Jrufn^^ PREicoPrJ<i HA WTHORNE. \ here describe two volumes which 

' - ■ r iiuthore, and as specimens of new styles in book-making recently introduced by ">»' 

book is still the highest delight. He I Life boi n« Verjf Short ind the quiet hours of It few- 
Is iirovided with a resource agahist waste none ot them in reading valut 
i>iit<>rt«iiiment. sympathy, and provo- in a civilized country, be within the 
;!ifst feat of art. -Emerson. I form, for a just price. —John RustiN. 

TTi-r\TmTO'W is the name I have adopted for the new form and style in which I issue these 
JliU± X Xv-li^ and many other cejebrated works. It is almost universally proDounced unique 
and beautiful. Jia neat and graceful as it is convenient, easy for the eye, perfect in form for hand-holdmg 
and equally well adapted for the library shelf. Description is inadequate. To be seen is to be appreciated. 
Books that can t>e held in the band and carried to the fireside, 
ire the btst, after all.— SAWtrEL Johnson, 


If a book is worth reading, 

worth aiiytbinEwhi' ' ' ~"^ ' 

worth bu>ing. No book is I 
worth much. We caU ourselves a rich nation, | 
1 enough to thumb each other's books out of | 

Nature l 

l»ound in fine cloth, beveled bo 


clntli, beveled buards, fiil 


funiislied me, 
n library, with volumes that 
my dukedom."— Shakespkahk. 

the volume I have chosen to rep- 

and OTHER ADDRESSES „sent Emerson 

which most greatly contributed to his fame. It treats ot; i.NATtJRE; 8, Commodity; .V, Beauty 

.Lanooaoe; 5.' Discipline; B, Idealism; 7, Spihit ; S, Prospects; .9, The Method of ka- 
JRE ; 10, Literary Ethics. It is printed from Long Primer type, on fine heavy paper, and 
bound in line cloth, beveled boards, gilt top, for the price of 40 cents ; or. in halt Morocco, marbled edges, 6S cents. 

"K/nCS/^TPT T K IVrTTTC! best represent this author, in the estimation of 
lVL10»-<llli-l JJ.fl.XN X.CiO „,any readers, and I therefore offer, in one vol- 
ume, his biographical and critical essays on : J, Charles Brockden Brown ; 2, Cer- 
vantes ; 3. Sir Walter Scott ; ,«, Mouere ; a, Italian Narrative Poetry. Intypo- 
graphy and binding this volume is uniform with the "Nature. Etc.," ofEmerBon. Fine 
beveled boards, gilt top, price 40 cent's : halt Morocco, marbled edges, tlS cents. 

OTPT^TT'R As the most effective me^ns of advertising these and numerous other standai-d and 

yjl" J! Jll.C\i. popular works which I publish. I offer, for a short time only, sample volumes of 

books described, as follows : For p K Cents a copy of Emerson's "Nature, Etc.," in 

f^*J For j£r\ Cents a copy of Prescott's "Miscel- 

^^^ be sent post-paid. This gives you the op- 


described, will ne sent post-paid, 
in half Morocco binding, as described, will 

sent as speeifietl, only, at the reduced price — if wanted otherwise, tuU price wilTbe charged. 

ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE, 133 pages, 4 cents; Condensed Catalogue, free. The best literature ot the 
world at the lowest prices ever known. Address JOHNB. ALDEN, Publisher, 393 Pearl Street, New York. 

The Alden Book Co, : Clark and Adams Streela, Chicago ; <» Yonue strut, Toronto, Canada. IVtalio,, this paper. 


The Cross Fountain and Gold Pens 

3 the following facts and features of tUe A. T. Cross St^lographic 

, that have placed then 

t the head oi 

We desire lo call atteni 
all St^lographic Pens, and given them thi 

ist. They are the onlv really two-part pen. 2d. They are made exclusively of gold, rubber, and platinum, — substances entirely unaf- 
fected by the action of acid inks. 3d. The use of the oscillating needle enables the writer to hold the pen at any natural angle, while other 
pens, as is well knovi-n, require to be held nearly or quite perpendicularly, to facilitate the flow of ink. 4th. The pen can be filled or cleaned 
by unscrewing one joint only, and there is no liability of soiling the fingers in removing springs and needles from the section in order to clean 
the pen, as by the Cross patents the extension air tube spring and needle are connected, and preclude the possibility of losingjvaluable parts by 
accidentally dropping same out of the section, sth. These pens are fully guaranteed, and the indorsement by tin 
States and Canada proves the superiority of the A. T. Cross over all others. 

We would especially call attention to our new A. T. Cross Stylographic Pen, octagon paltt.1 [. 

trade of the United 

;sful result of seve 
style ever made, and has the very desirable feature < 
No. 451. Octagon, Short, Plain, Elegantly chased Barrel. Price, $2.00. 

s $2.50, and wc will mail the above pen, and send the Penman's Gazette for one year, together 

THE G. A. GASKELL CO., 79 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 

C. L. S. C. BOOKS 

For tlie Year '86 and '87. 


iLKS AND Talks in the Geological Field, 

By AlexanderWinchell, LL. D 

creations in Astronomy, by Henry W, Warren, D. D 

etches from English History, by Prof. A. M. Wheeler 

Nolrcqufredof elusof '87. 

GLI5H Literature, by Prof. H. A. Beers 

ENCH Literature, byDr. W.C. Wilkinson 

\RREN Hastings, by Lord Macaulay — special C. L. S. C. edition. 
Short History of the Early Church, by Dr. Hurst 

Any of above sent postpaid on receipt of price. Address 

THE G. A, GASKELL CO, - 79 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 



4 PartB, 39 Chapter!, 936 Pag«i, 200 tlluBtrations, and 


UDBKIV UILL PUB. CO., 129 (N.) Eut >8lb St., New York. 






O'tt^CktwJ :^ 



















"""^ lo 







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The Great Rock Island Route 
The Famous Albert Lea Route 





Leading Nos, : 14, 048, 130, 135, 333, 10,. 

For Sale by all Stationers. 


Work, : Camden, N. J. 26 John St., New York. 


Ace The. Besb 







y. BA UER d- CO., Clik 

Gentlemen,— Tlie N 

the 1st of September, prove) 

" ' " ,rd It, speilks with unstir 

ful that I decided to pur 

A. Sheridan Jones, Supt. of Public Inst. 

JULIUS BAUER & CO., 186-158 Wabash Ave, Chicago. 

The G. a. Gaskell Co., Publishers. 


VOL. VlII.-No. 9. 


A-T I3:ol^<I:E: — 

A plational douii^B of Leggon? 

Muscular Movement Wins!! 



nship, whos( 

; pen 

nal i 

neither can they 
terestsby drifting 
ter; and for this 
; of lessons has 

afford to sacrifice their 
wholly unaided in K\ 
class especially this 
been organized. 

It is ihe outgrowth of an overwhelming 
demand for instruction that will produce a 
graceful style of wiiling, it being a fact thai 
undue attention is being paid by nearly all 
teachers of penmanship lo that necessary 
element, MOVEMENT. 

The course embraces an exhaustive treat- 
underlying principle of all good writing. 

In arranging this series of lessons I have 
exercised great care in adapting it especially 
to Ihe wants of amateur penmen and those 
starting out in penmanship, and to them will 
this course be of more than ordinary value, 

theories will be advanced, no whole arm work 
will be permitted; if you wi-,h to use Iht.' 
whole arm do not ask me for help, but if you 
want an easy, graceful style of willing, I can 


Mas it that stiff and unfinished appearance.' 
Does it show an easy movement.' Can vou 
sit down and write a letter with the utmost 
ease, at the same time display your skill.' 

These are important questions; you had 
better look into this matter without delay. 

The Full Course for $oM0. 

The course consists of 12 separate lessons, 
one lesson a week, requiring three months lo 
complete it. Furllitr particulars can be found 
if necessary in my new Circular which will be 
malted free. 

what muscular movement has done for me 
and what it can do for you, }ou had better send 

specimen of my work, which will be 

iled for 26c. 

r vou d^s 


ipecimens stale which of the 

be fully dUpliiycd in the s|>eciiiicns I am sciiOi 

*'Iam lo receipt o> your Inst lesson: yaur 
""inplctc. Tlie marvelous skill dlsnliiyed in cvi 

wonderful ci 

C. U. Simps 
lessons are hy fur more Ihnn [ 

Tuos. O'Ni 

n diiihy appeamnce 
niply c1iiinne4 with tlie last Icsspp. 
"One of Uic dacsl 

' "Ccdfti 


D. B. WILLIAMS, Penman, 

Box 603, .... CHICAGO. 

irculnrs of ten Work and 


N.E. CURD CO., New York, N.Y. 



Tho.oiiKlilv taught, personally or liy mnil. A more 


le'j CsrgiU'a Euiineii I'olloge. new hai 




4,000 Problems. 400 Pages. 

^^■■■This VTork was Published SEPTEMBER 1, 1886, 
and in less than THI RTY DAYS was adopted in Nearly 
FIFTY of the Leading Business Colleges and Schools. 
Principal Hibbard , of the Bryant Si. Stratton Commercial 
School, sent in an Introductory Order for 500 Copies. ■ 

ry Teaohe 

of Bli 


No Mo 

imatic will be Delighted 
IS Just What He Needs 
and No Less. 

Biief and clear in its definitions and explanations, simple and labor-saving 
in its methods of solution, and strictly utilitarian in its large collection of prob- 
lems, it will be found a reliable exponent of the best Business College methods 
of instruction. 

It is unusually complete in every essential of business arithmetic, containing 
an ample supply of just the class of problems which commercial students will be 
required to solve, and of the simple business methods of solution which they 
will find it convenient to practice wlien they become business men or women. 

Ky its exclusion of impractical problems, its many simplifications of the 
older methods of solution, and its system of grouping many specific rules untler 
a few general principles — easily understood and retained — it is possible for an 
average student to acquire a " thorough " knowledge of business aritlimetic in 
the brief time usually allotted to a commercial college course. 

A SPECIAL EDITION is published for Business Colleges, entitled THE 
COMMEIiCIAL ARITHMETIC, the names of the authors being omittetl 
from the title page. In binding, special Side Title Stamps are used in embos- 
sing, similar to Sadler's CountingHouse Arithmetic. Schools ordering in lots 
of twenty-four or mure at a time may have their own titles embossed on the 
cover luilhoiit extra charge. 

\ Si'EciMEN Copy will be mailed, post-paid, to any teacher for examina- 
tion, on receipt of 75 cents. 

The mechanical execution of this work is of the highest ortler; in fact, it is 
the best and cheapest Commercial Arithmetic now published. Retail, $1.50 
per copy. Special wholesale price to Business Colleges, $1.00 per copy. Cor- 
respondence and orders solicited. 


Nos. 6 and 8-IO and I2 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 


AT HOia£. 

Bryant ft Stratton Buffalo Business College 

p IVES .1 thorough .inil course of Bnal. 
^' iieHN »ltudy^inil Practice at tbe student's 

K(c|>in!.'. [iLi^int.'-s Forms, Acliinl nusincss Practice, 
pLniii:in^hii,, Arill.aittic, Commerdul Law, I^tlcr 

lory in Ihe Union 'and nearly al 1 he British -American 

r Annonncoment and Tes 






Monogram Rubber Stamp 



FREE TO ALL S,s'Vn 'J^km-s^'S 

25:. POLYGRAPH 25c. 








Leading Nos. : 14, 048, 130, 135, 333, 161. 

For Sale by all Stationers, 


Work.r Cmden. N. J. 26 Ui, St., Ne» York. 


ItAUntnOlror contl„cdnB J«y school, in 
.,00,1. „„M o^rde,. ^ A_^.M coDlains ^30 j'»'Bf/«|;; 

lalf set, ti5 cards, eoc. Soo 


N. E. CARD CO.. New York. 


And Oraamintal Pen Work ol every descripUon U 
irdcr. Low prices and firstclass work, r S<a. f,m 
cards ao cents.^ Circulars free. Orders lor Engrossinf 

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Eureka Recitation*. Nos. 1 , 2, 3, 4, 5 

each, by J. S. OGILVIe'' A CO.',*^ Publishlrs?".!; 

S35.00 MADE 

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Scott- Brown 6*8 


ate lo'Agricullurnl Implements, Vehicles, Fowls, 
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brokerage, Colkctions, Credit and Insurance. 

These Books are bound in cloth, and seU at 7Bo. eaci 

It would be of ii 

s u' o^sn^ 

cing Phono^aphy. It will 

.f"'jt'»?i!l'.. °t-!'°n...ldon? I 



tins ■nd TclccraphV. " 





The Western Penman '?J'S»:;,?™K? 

men^of penmanship is represented e;ich month by beau ■ 
liful ilhistmiions and lL-s<oa9,as well as by articles 
from ninny leading penmen.^ ^ ^^^^^^ .^ ^^ 

'^TheWeBtempl^Mth^s far has been built upon 


The Latest Edition i 
settcer of th 
^mphicAl D 

1 Worhl, 

F 91CK) 


which i> ll.c nmi-iiil oFKaii uf the Statfl Depart- 
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Oteel pens 

Ave. Tine Besb 




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rspediil notice lo our Cabinet Portraits of 
D'Oyley Carte's Englisli Milcado Company, 
Fiftii Avenue Theatre, New York. No liglil 
opera lias ever been produced in the United 
States that has equaled in popularity ''The 
Mikado."' The original company to product- 
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Sullivan, and sent to this country. We have 
issued, for distribution to our patrons who will 
send us wrappers as below, a series of seven 
cabinet portraits of these artists, in character 
and coslume, the finest photographic gelatine 
work ever produced. They comprise: 

Qeraldine Ulmar, as "Yum Yum." 

Miaaes Ulmar, Foster and St. Maur, m 

"Ttiree Little Maids from Bchool." 

Kate Foater, na - - "Pitti-Sine." 

Oeorge Thome, as - "Ko-Ko." 

Courtice Pounds, aa . "Nanki-Poo." 

Frederic!, aa - "The Mikado." 

Fred BUlington, as "Pooh-Bah." 

Our price for these portraits is twenty-five 

cents each, but to any one who uses our soap 

and sending us 15 wrappers of Dobbins' Elec 

trie Soap, and full postoftice address, we wil 

send the whole series, postage paid, and /re, 

0/ charge. 

I. I.. CRAGIN & CO., 
No. I ly So. Fourth St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

TheCedarRapids Business College 

Is one of the most practical and thorough schools of the 

** AlTift'cCTY in'for.u'tio'i. ffivcn '■l^«^P"^cj.^ion_.^^ 
iB'.'JoesTCoUeEe.liddr™ s *'°""'"' 

By Sblbv 



A monthly Short-hand Journal of all systems, 
$1.00 per year; gives choice of many valuable 
premiums, worth nearly the price of the maga- 
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engraved short-hand in diSerent systems ; 
Want and Exchange column FREE to sub- 
scribers; oft'ers prizes to subscribers for best 
transcriptions, answers to puzzles, etc.; has 
special departments for amanuenses, reporters, 
and all branches of the profession; gives all the 
short-hand news, and is interesting from first 
lo last. Sample copies, loc. Prospectus for 
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I So and 1S6 Washington St, Boston, Mass. 


.vigorous Monthly Journal, advocating and ill 
ioe the only system of fonetic, connective vov 
lerican Short-hand, 


Annual subscripUon, $^.00. Single number, aoc. 

.A.i_iXjE3sr <sc CO., 

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UoFotei] Id I'hiiiiograph)' (MunsDa 3 8]atem in Partirular), 
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The followinn are the main fe.Hurcs: 

Beautiful, engraved Munson Phonography. 

Type« riling prmled in imitalion of the wotk ol th 

pcncVls^thc ''hist' penned for" Stenographic ''"nrgeneral 
use. The reeular puce of these pencils is 75 its. per 
doaen. Address G. S. WALWORTH. StcoograDhic 


^vhich looks so allraeUve on visiting cards. 

1 doz. Qold Bevel. 40 Cts. 

I " Bevel Cards 30 " 

I " Plain " as " 

Address. VICTORIA llOVEE, 

inn PINE PRINTED ENVELOPES, ^^I'.vi^r.'.rith 

lUU 'cti:^^:^^^^;t;-^b^ 


How to Become Expert at Figures 






single Numbers, 10 Cents; Yearly, 51.00. 
Published Monthly. San.pic Copy Free. 
Addrss f. ti. MINEfl. Publisher. 


.... sleoographers: 
t ske\cherof kadinu 
y t,°S: "sinB^eop. 
■ler York Co. Courts, 


The Refrcscnialhc Jm,y,ml of llic Pr,,J,is!o„ 



ROWELL & HICKCOX, Publishers. 



Fac -simile notes of Leading Stenographers 
in all systems. 

Original Articles on Short-hand matters. 

Typewriting, Phonographic Press. 

The Cream skimmed from all Short-hand 

Communicated; Notes and News; Editorials. 

Weekly Circulation 18,000. 




The only Weekh s]..,ri I, ,,„l l\r,n,lKnl in Ihe w.rld. 






A Grand Ihiug tor Peumen. 

Pkof. H. RUSSELL. 

A e£NT8 WAWTEB.-Wrile for eirenUr of 

BANKS & PaLUEK PubllBhlng Co., 133 and 135 Wabash 
avc, Chicago. 


f'JY^i/usmss ,^^il. 

The G. a. Gaskell Co,, Publishers. 


VOL. VIII,~NO. 9. 

Warren H. Sadler. 

The GAZBTTEfeels adegreeof self-gratulation 
upon being permilted to present the accom- 
panj'ing imprint to its readers. Mr. Sadler has 
not only made hts imprint on copper and zinc 
photo cuts, but by his arduous work as a busi- 
ness educator in the broadest sense, has be- 
come deeply graven on the he.irls of the com- 
mercial world. He is now in his forty -fifth au- 
tumn, but the boyish twinkle still lights up his 
brown eyes. He is genial in manner and pos- 
sesses a something about his expression and 
demeanor which always inspires confidence 
and friendship. At the recent session of the 
Business Educator's convention, held in New 
York, he was elected president for the coming 
session at Milwaukee, where weall hope to see 
"Bob" in his native glory with the same petri- 
fied smiles receding from the base of that self- 
same nasal organ. 

When Mr. Sadler was conducted to the chair 
he made a few fitting remarks in which he 
referred to Mr, Packard's hospitality in the 
following fourth-of-july style: "How fondly 
you will cherish the remembrance of Ihe visit 
to the tomb of General Grant under the guid- 
ance of Bro. Packard [Packard flinches] you 
will picture him as he rode up and down the 
line with majestic grace on his mettled sleed, 
pointing out the places of interest with that 
expressive index finger and making his guesis 
thrill with happiness. [Packard turns ghastly 
pale and looks for a trap-door] If ever we had 
an opportunity to make a general of a business 
educator it was yesterday." At tliis point 
Packard seemed desperate and gave him a with- 
ering took which brought him from his pinnacle 
of eloquence with an obtuse thud. He saw his 
way through however, and continued, "They 
will tell of our efllbrls last night to makeagen- 
eral of this great and good man, and how he, 
with tears welling up in his eyes which mir. 
rored the surroundings, declined the honor, 
saying : 'Don't call me General, call me Silas.'" 
Asaneaucator Mr Sadler's greatest achieve- 
ments have been in commercial calculations 
He has invented more short cuts in business 
computations than almost any man living. 
His textbooks on commercial arithmetic have 
met with real success, having been introduced 
throughout the country in all schools where 
common sense methods were appreciated. 

The patronage of Mr.Sadler's school is largely 
from the city of Baltimore,but he also draws ex. 
tensively from all the Southern, as well as from 
the Northern and Western States. His school 
is always well filled, having an average daily 
attendance of over three hundred pupils. His 

city. The great Academy of Music, in which 
they arc held, is always filled to overflowing 
with the best cilizens of Baltimore, to whom 
he has commended himself and his enterprise 
in a peculiar way. For the past ten years the 
best lecture courses given in Baltimore have 
been given by Mr. Sadler, under the auspices 
of hi> college. There are no lecturers so high- 
priced or so high-minded as to escape his toils, 
and he rarely fails of making a hil. To all oi 
these entertainments the students of his college 

He is as simple hearted as a child, not a bit 
cvnical, free from petty jealousies, and as true 
as steel. He holds no rancorous stings in his 
breast; and while he is nccessarilv an earnest 
competitor— arduously reaping what he be- 
lIcvH to be his own — he never allows business 
contests to enter the social rc.ilms, nor derange 
the e^acred relations of Iricndship to his leltow- 
man. Give the world more »uch men and you 
bless the race. 

Here are a few of his mottoes of life: 
"A good name will shine forever." 
"He that speaks sows, he that hears reaps." 
"Civility costs nothing and buys everything ' 
"Better be alone than in bad company." 
"He is rich whose income is more than his 

"Say little; think much; do more." 

"He who commands confidence commands 

"Promise little and do much." 

Po THE Editor of the Penman's Gazette. 
Sir: — It is a matter of gratification to the 
nembers of the Business Educators' Associa- 
ion of America that the two le.iding organs 
n this country of practical education, the 

and co-operation than in the recent conven- 

It is true, as it should not be, that a very 
large number of important workers in our 
specialty were absent; and it is also true that 
their presence and labor would have added 
very much to the interest and substantial 
benefits of the occasion. I felt at the Ume, and 
still feel that this absence was unfortunate and 
should not have been, but I also feel that there 
was no special obligation laid upon an^ teacher 
in this country to neglect his own business or 
to go contrary to his own judgment in helping 
to make a success of the New York meeting. 
There has never been a lime in the history of 
the business colleges, and there never will be, 
when the majority of those engaged in the 
business will feel it incumbent upon them to 
join their fellows in a convention. It is not 
necessary to inquire why this is so, nor to 
bewail its being so. The convention is in the 
highest degree a business aftair, and those who 

^.^-^ ^ 

Gazette and the Ar/ yournal, have seen 
proper to devote so much space to the deli- 
berations of that body in its recent conven- 
tion in New York; and not only that space 
has been surrendered, but that so fair and can- 
did — although spicy and in some instances 
sharp— a review was given of the proceedings. 
Some of tnc Business College exponents- 
only two of which, however, have coine to my 
notice — have spoken somewhat in disparage 
ment of the results of the convention, and 
have drawn some inferences which seem to 
me unfair. And in so saying L do not fear 
that any one will charge me with undue sensi- 
n facl,so far as my own interest in the 


remarks concerning my part in it, I ha' 
feeling whatever, and do not find it at all 
necessary to speak, either in self-defense or 
otherwise. And again, it is possible that my 
own position and responsibility in the matter 
somewhat disqualifies me from an impartial esti- 
mate of the results; so that when I say candid- 
ly, as I feel candidly, that in no previous meet- 
ing of any of the bodies of business educators 
which have flourished more or less during the 
past twenty years, was there more good honest 
work, or a better prevailing spirit of liarmony 

attend it, necessarily look at it in a business 

There is no investment of time and money 
which should not be made without an ade- 
quate return, cither in the acquisition of knowl- 
edge, in the cultivation of friendly relations, 
or in restful recreation. In my view of it, the 
convention should conserve all these three 
things, and so far as I am concerned it always 
does. We are all such hard worked men 
and women in our ten months ot severe 
application to exacting duties that we have 
little or no lime to cultivate friendly relations 
with each other, or to find out what is being 
done outside of our own household. 

We naturally get into ruts of which we are 
not aware until we are brought face to face 
with difi'erent practices and diflerent ideas, and 
I think I give voice to the average sentiment 
when I say that the great work that has been 
accomplished so far in all our comings to- 
gether has been in the direction of broadening 
our ideas, giving us a better sense of our 
responsibilities, and putting us in greater 
harmony with our work. For, say what we 
will, or think as we may concerning the difter- 
ences in merit between schools of our kind, we 
cannot avoid the responsibility or belittle the 

fact so far as the general public is concerned; 
we stand together as representing a distinct 
idea of education; and it is a very limited view 
of our duty to the community that we should 
be careful only as to the claims and practices 
of our individual schools Any man in our 
business who will acknowledge even to him- 
self, that he doesn't care for the better conduct 
of the so-called business colleges of the coun- 
try, has in my opinion a very narrow view of 
the great work in which he is engaged, and of 
which he can be at the best only a part. 

The time is past in the history of these 
schools when individual success in one direc- 
tion is to be measured by individual failure in 
another. It can with great certainty be said 
that the higher the level reached by the united 
efforts of the business schools of the country 
as a whole, the better is it for the success, 
financial and otherwise, of every honest individ- 
ual effort. "No man liveth to himself alone;" 
and of no human efibrt can this be more sure- 
ly said than of the effort in which the practical 
educators of this country are at present en- 
gaged. The New York convention was the 
eighth in the regular order of the conventions 
of the organization started as a Penman's 
Association and culminating in the "Business 
Educators' Association of America." This 
organization had its birth in this city, and the 
impulse given at that first meeting, which was 
in itself a protest against a convention of 
schools, one of -working teachers, has been in 
one direction, that of broadening and ennobling 
our work, and of fostering the sentiment of 
mutual feeling and co-operation among all 
grades<md classes of workers. The meetings 
have been held during the vacation months, 
because at that time the teachers were sup- 
posed to be generally at liberty. The conven- 
tions during these eight years have covered a 
large area of territory within the limits of New 
York on the east and Jacksonville, III., on the 
west, and it was felt that a return of the asso- 
ciation to the place of its birth, under the 
present conditions of growth would be an 
appropriate and timely event. The special 
advantages in New York for such a meeting 
were alluded to in the invitation, and reiterated 
in the various circulars sent out to the mem- 
bers. It was presumed, as undoubtedly was 
the case, that the most of those who found it 
possible to be present would desire to cover 
in their visit to the metropolis as many points 
of interest, instruction and edification as possi- 
ble, and the Executive Committee who had 
the matter in charge felt it incumbent upon 
them to see that these natural wishes were 
met. While there was no lack of exacting 
work in the programme of the convention 
there was intermingled a just proportion of 
social recreation to oil the machinery and meet 
the reasonable expectations of the members. 
The committee knew, of course, that each 
individual had the privilege of selecting for 
himself his own means of entertainment and 
that this could be done outside of the time 
devoted to the convention work, but they felt 
also that an added pleasure might be given by 
uniting, as tar as could be done gracefully, our 
forces in recreation as in work. 

So one day was set apart for a trip up the 
Hudson, including a banquet and the ordinary 
accessories proper to such an excursion. A 
visit to two of the popular resorts at the sea- 
side, including a dinner under the auspices of 
one of the city clubs; a carriage excursion to 
the tomb of Grant, and some other minor 
divertisements not necessary to mention, were 
had. It has been hinted, in one at least of our 
college journals, that the great mistake of the 
convention was "in trying to serve the inter- 


estB of the individual members rather than the 
welfare of the organization " Until that senti- 
inent was promulgated the committee inno- 
cently supposed that the best way to promote 
the we fare of the organization was to look 
after the best interest of tlie members, simply 
supposing that it was the meinhers that made 
the organization. So far as tlie cominiltee are 
concerned they are perfectly willing to stand 
upon the record, and when the proceedings of 
the convention shall be made public, as they 
will be within a few days, all interested persons 
will have the privilege of deciding for them- 
selves as to the comparative outcome of the 
convention. It has been my privilege to pre- 
pare these proceedings for ihe press, and I 
have been profoundly impressed, not only 
with the good spirit manifested by speakers, 
but with the good sense and practical value of 
their several contributions. 

There was the utmost freedom of discus- 
sion both permitted and encouraged, and 

there were not a suflicient number in attend- 
ance al any one lime to give the subject 
anything like a fair presentment, and it was 
therefore not called up. I am the more 
astonished at this, because during the past 
year there has been more progress made in 
different schools in shorthand and typewrit- 
ing than in any other studies, and there seems 
to be no good reason why the whole question 
of amanuensis work which includes pracli- 
cn! grammar and a better use of English 
should not have received marked attention. 
On the whole, however. I feel prepared to say 
as the result of a candid estimate of the work 
of the convention that it was wholly satisfac- 
tory, and do not fear but it will be so rated by 
all candid persons. 

Sincerely yours, 

S. S. Packakd. 

fields but cultiv; 

wise and laconic reply : "That e.lucation that 
is used the mo^t." Never was a greater truth 
uttered, and it is a fact that is so plain that he 
that runs may read; hut it is also a lact that 
has never penetrated the understanding of tar 
too many professional educators of this coun- 
try. It is true, however, that every successful 
Business College has somehow imbibed this 
truth and made it their watchword. Business 
education is what the people need and must 
have everywhere, and what they will always 
use the most. The multiplicailon of these 
worthy and useful institutions has so utterly 
confounded and mystified their most inveter- 
ate enemies, that we seldom now hear a word 
of complaint against them. 

The common sense of the American people 
which can be relied upon in every emergency, 
came to the rescue of thes.e schools, and gave 
them such a magnificent patronage as was 


They li.n 

with this body will furge a powerful link in his 
cliain of true succes', and he wi I gain a fund 
of advice and instruction which will be sure to 
redound to his future benefit. 

Drawing Apparalns. 

This apparatus consists of a frame provided 
with a stationary drawing board, of a movable 
counler-haianctd T square, and of rollers on 
which an endless sheet of drawing paper is 
mounted. Each of the bearings of the upper 
roller is adjustable in a slot, formed in the up- 
per part of each standard, by means of a set 
screw, so that the drawing paper can always 
be held in stretched position on the hoard which 
connects the standards. The shafls of the 
rollers are provided wiih pulleys, over which 
pass endless coids, by pulling which the paper 
may be moved up or down. On the outer 
side of each standaid is a guide rod, on which 

nlthough it was true. a> it lia^ always been, 
and will ever be, that the older members, 
rather than see the time go to waste, spent a 
good share of it in promulgating their views 
and in trying to bring out the younger mem- 
bers, still I am sure that the ground covered 
and the sentiments evolved will strike any fair 
mind as being in the direct path of progress 
for the work in which we are all interested. 
The subjects receiving the best attention were 
naturally the subjects most taught in our 
schools, namely, penmanship, bookkeeping 
and arithmetic; but beyond these, the matured 
views upon political economy, commercial 
ethics and the management of schools have 
not been excelled in any previous meeting of 
our body. It was a source of great regret, if 
not of humiliation, that one important subject 
■which we had hoped would be brought out 
more prominently than in any previous meet- 
ing, namely, that of shorthand, was entirely 

The Executive Committee made a strenuous 
effurt to secure a fair attendance of shorthand 
teachers and writers, but for tome reason, 

The well-known aphorism "That nothing 
succeeds like success," was never morevividly 
d progress of busi- 

rified than in ihe 


1 this 


It was begun under many discouraging cir- 
cumstances, and only for men of indomitable 
courage who were the advance guard of the 
pioneers, could we begin to hope for the grand 
results that liave been so gloriously achieved. 
To such men in all worthy undertakings the 
world is and always will be the great debtor. 

Men who have the courage of their convic- 
tions and faith that they are right, then death 
or victory, are the kind of men that move the 
world. History is replete with doings of such 
men. America has many such names to en- 
roll on her scroll of honor. One of the 
greatest scholars and orators that this 
country ever produced who was once asked : 
"What education will pay the best," gave this 

world a grand system of Business Education 
that they can point to with pride and gladness 
in nearly three hundred institutions well 
equipped for the good work. The secret of 
their great success is in ///a/ e<iucalioit for the 
people must be founded upon common saise, and 
upon what they need to prepare them to do 

It has also been the aim of these institutions 
who have been the most successful, to adapt 
themselves to the wants of their patrons. 

In all their efforts they have been most 
heartily sustained and encouraged by that 
great-hearted, whole souled educator, who has 
proven himself the right man in the right 
place, Gen. John Eaton, the Commissioner of 
Education at Washington, D. C. 

The Business Educators' Association of 
America have also done a power of good, and 
has proven one of the best organizations tliat 
has ever existed in this country; composed as 
it is of some of the oldest scholars, experienced 
teachers, finest debalors, it has been and 
alwavs will be one of Ihe foundation elements 
of progress. And he who connects himself 


is led over guide roller^ to a counter weight. 
The T square slides in t«o horizontal straight 
edges. Willi the aid of the straight edges 
horizontal lines may be drawn; and wiih the 
swinging straight edge, which can be moved 
laterally on the straight edges, vertical or di- 
agonal lines may be drawn. With this api)a- 
ratus, Ihe operator can make drawings on pa- 
per of considerable length williout moving 
from the board. 

This invention has been patented by Mr. 
Arthur C. Keron, whose address is of 
Pottier & Stymus, corner 41st street and Lex 
ington avenue, New York City — Hfkntijk 

While the Union troops were marcliint; 
through a Maryland town during Lee's in- 
vasion, some of Ihe stragglers broke into a 
bakery, and as one of them issued forth, bear- 
ing a loaf of bread on a bayonet, an Irish sol- 
dier cried out: "Liftinant! Liftinant! be jab- 
bers, there goes a man wid dc staff of life on 
the point of death." — South Framingham Gtn. 


Prirale Loiter from '\»ally." 

Mr. Editor:— You may think me a trifle 
numerous this month, but I have thought my 
mini full again, and must pour my fidgety 
ideas into your auditory hoppers for air. I 
fancy I can see you plunged in a brown study 
And an alapitca coat as you clip the casement 
of these burning thoughts, and unfurl the 
eight yards of gingham string in wliich they 
are rolled. By still further Bight of fancy, I 
see you whispering sometliing througli your 
clenciied teetli which sounds like a list uf Cali- 
fornia towns, as my gory pages light up your 
place of concealment with their brilliant ideas 
lieavily traced in red ink. 

Do you know. Mr. E Ittor, I som-times think 
if I were deprived the privilege of airing my 
seelhinj; thoughts, my mentil dome would 
expand to such an abnormal size that I would 
be compelled to draw my bannet on with a 
r^hoe horn. Ever since the convention in New 
York I have been counting the months that 
must jiass before we can all meet again. I 
long for the day when we shall all meet in 
concord and sweet song around the hearth- 
stone of Milwaukee Spencer. I yearn lor 
the eventful hour when we shall gaze with 
one simultaneous gaze upon "Bob" as he 
stands wrapt in smiles and perspiration with 
open arms to clasp us with one great univer- 
sal clasp. Ah, I think even now as I pen 
these lines I can catch the tremulous melody 
of that voice as he stands there in all his love- 
liness, with hair parted in the middle, greeting 
tlie dusty and travel- worn members and 
friends. Hello ! Packard. Ames, Burnett, 
Rider, Kelly, Palmer, Elliott and as many 
others as will go. 

Well, Mr. Editor, I wish with all my 
powers of anxiety that every commercial 
teacher of every clime cqpld be there. Mil- 
waukee is a nice quiet town, and many would 
find it balm to their careworn minds to while 
away a few days (here on "Bob's" native 
heath. I would like to see Elliott of Burling- 
ton there, and I can't see why Schofield 
shouldn't go. Hundreds of the young penmen 
would like to grasp his hand, and taste the 
spice of his jovial nature. I would like to see 
more from the tropical clime. Why don't 
Soule of New Orleans cool hiS' brow with 
Wisconsin zephyrs.' Why can't Reynolds 
leave his bananas and oranges long enough to 
inhale some ot the sweitzer laden ether of Mil- 
waukee? Couldn't Blackman leave his pet 
alligators long enough lo caress the placid brow 
of "Bob?" I would like to see Frank Good- 
man there in pea-jacket and knee-pants. I 
would like to see him meet face to face with 
Mother Isaacs in a late copy of Mary Walker 
pants. We all want to see Flickinger, Soule 
and Pearce of Philadelphia there, and why 
can't Peirce of Keokuk be whirled there by 
the "philosophy of motion."' Can't Rathburn 
lure Coon, Lillibridge, Ritner, Jennings.Chap- 
man. Palmer and Goodyear there through the 
drawing powers of his seductive bow? 

I believe D. B. Williams will go.and by the 


sof ' 


' Ben- 

tt, Worthinglon, Taylor, Root, Reynolds, 
Brown, WiIso;i. Cawfield, Souder, Powers and 
Johnson with'him. I want to see them all 
there joslling together and plunging in a tide 
of good fellowship until all their morbidity ie 
washed away. I want to see them eddying 
\mder the warm sunshine ot "Bob's" hospital- 
ity until their souls become warmed up to a 
friendly heat. I want to see such a sympa- 
thetic current as will yank all frivolous appre- 
hensions into the irredeemable past. 

I want to see them all come with hearts ajar 
willing to receive as well as to give ideas. 
Goldsmith will be there expecting to see Joe 
Foeller, Mngee, Lolhrop, Dennis, Madarasz, 
Watson and others, and if they are not there 
he will flood his cheeks with the bitterest 
quality of tears. I believe there are hundreds 
who would go if they could realize what a 
good lime we will have. Even Michaels 
would be templed to turn in his grave if he 
could see us all aboard a Milwaukee barge 
floaling in one joyous bunk of humanity on 
the moist bosom of Lake Michigan. 

McKee and Henderson would turn their 
heels toward Oberlin for a season if thev knew 
G. W. Brown would be there to fill the room 
with energy and business writing. Burnett 
and J. B. Jones would go if they were sure 
"Bob" would have the late remains of Peck's 
bad boy on exhibition. There's Wells of 

Svntcuse, one of the brightest stars in the 
galaxy of penmanship, I believe will conde- 
scend to drop from his zenith into the open 
arms of the aforesaid and before mentioned 
"Bob." If he is there, finger movement must 
"writhe beneath liis conquering heel." If I find 
one vacant chair and empty peg on the hat 
rack I shall feel sad. I know there are scores 
of superior teachers who never say anything 
except to their classes. Well, now, is this not 
a little selfish.^' 

Let every teacher leave the janitor in charge 
of his college and perspire away the sul- 
try hours of July in " Milwaukee, please.'' 

Trusting you may garner in this harvest of 
red, ripe thoughts, I remain 

Peacefully yours, 

My Scrap Book. 

The book itself is not large or elegant; but 
it is not of the book that we wish to write, 
rather it is of the fine specimens of pen work 
which have found a place between its covers. 
There many of our most famous caligraphers 
are represented by handsome work. We pore 
over its pages with delight, From their silent, 
yet powerful example, we receive new inspira- 
tions in our work. Will the readers of the 
Gazette glance with me at a few of its most 
beautiful pages and note some of the peculiar 
characteristics of each '! 

The first that particularly attracts our atten- 
tion is a finely flourished bird surrotmded by a 
mass of harmonious curves. The work is 
from the nimble pen of W. F. Roth, a physi- 
cian of Manheim, Pa. His skill with the pen 
equals that of our best professionals. 

We have placed opposite lt> this flourish a 
specimen of plain writing of great excellence. 
It is a letter from Worcester's great ink- 
slinger, A. H. Hinman. You will be at once 
strurk with its plainness. There is not an un- 
necessary line upon the whole page. In this 
respect it might serve as a model for our 
young friends who think writing is not grace- 
ful unless inclosed in a meaningless ma^ie of 
tangled underbrush. 

Here's another good example of the same 
sort of work. It is a copy line done hy Scho- 
field of Quincy. You all know his * work too 
well to need comment from me. Here, too, is 
another letter of faultless execution. It came 
up from the sunny South. One of her fore- 
most writers traced its graceful lines with his 
ready pen. M. J. Goldsmith of Atlanta, Ga., 
is his name. The writing is of the small, 
running hand type, rapidly and easily executed, 
yet systematic and regular. 

Next we see another handsome letter. This 
one is from Kibbe, the great pen artist. His 
writing here is large, yet strong and smooth, 
indicating a free, easy, executive power. Of 
the small letters which are nearly perfect in 
form, he has shaded only the loops and stems. 
Try it, boys, and see if it does not give your 
work a chaste and neat appearance. 

This time it is a flourish of uncommon artis 
tic merits, W. D. Showalter, teacher in the 
Bayless College at Dubuque, was its executor. 
He is one of the very youngest of professionals, 
yet his work entitles him to a high place 
among them. Once more it is plain writing 
of the standard, compact style. Bold and 
skillful shades run through the page; its exe- 
cution is wonderfully graceful. It is from the 
pen of Hoffman, secretary of the far famed 
Spencerian Business College of Cleveland. 

Bennett, who is so well known to the readers 
of the Gazette, wrote the letter which now 
comes to our view. Wc are at once struck by 
the beauty of his capitals. They are formed 
after the standard models, always with grace- 
ful effect. His small letters are very large. 
Still they are of good form and graceful com- 
bination. Here, also, is a smaller specimen ol 
his work, showing the same skill and charac- 

Do you like something bold and dashy? If 
so, you have it here in a piece of artistic writ- 
ing from the rapid pen of B. H.Spencer of 
Albany, In form it is true "Spencerian ;" 
but done with such grace as to make your 
every nerve thrill with chirographic en- 

That old veteran, B. M. Worthinglon, has 
subscribed his name to the next piece oi writ- 
ing. Almost perfect in form, delicate of line, 

small in size, and exceedingly handsome, may 
be truly said of it. 

Once again it is spring time, and the feath- 
ered songster warbles lo us its sweetest notes. 
Duryea, the youthful quill driver now of Des 
Moines, is the happy cause of the music. On 
the other side is his letter. Does it need ilie 
combined evidences of the two lo convince 
you that he will lake a place in the very front 

Rapidity of execution is the main point that 
distinguishes the next specimen. It come.s 
from McKee's Institute of Penmanship, and 
was done by his partner j.T. Henderson. But 
while writing rapidly he by no means des- 
troyed beauty. It is one of the prettiest pages 
in the book. 

A portion of two pages are taken to confine 
specimens of Palmer's work. One is a letter 
done in his small, corresponding style. Free 
and graceful, one can see muscular movement 
in every line. His compliments in a bold 
hand is the other. Here also can be seen the 
beautiful effect caused by a trained muscular 

Friends, are you growing tired? Why, I 
have hardly begun to tell you of the wonders 
of this book ! Do you think it strange that I 
prize it? Is it a wonder that amid its beau- 
ties I seek and find inspiration? I have 
another scrap book. It comes to me monthly, 
not alone with splendid specimens, but with 
choice reading and careful directions for pro- 
gress. It is the Gazette; aud it is yours as 
well as mine. All can here find much of 

A Strain Cannot Rise Above its Foun- 

As we drift along the stream of everyday 

which help to make life worth the living. 

In our field of usefulness there are earnest, 
painstaking, energetic and thoughtful workers 
who find pleasure ard profit in pursuing a 
legitimate business, content in letting the 
laurels rest where'er they fall. There are 
others who seem determined to reverse this 
order of things by straining at impossibilities, 
with a hope of creating an impression that the 
stream can rise above its fountain. That the 
Mississippi River flows up hill is an indisputa- 
ble fact. 

A modern Don Quixote is not to be won- 
dered at in an age so prolific as this! It would 
indeed be more noteworthy not to have some 
one lead the van, and be conspicuous for oddi- 
ties and eccentricities, 

We are content to let each play his part and 
willing (if the court so rules it) to await a 
proper decision, that conviction may not be 
premature. While we have a desire to deal 
ustly, we cannot shut our eyes to what ex- 
perience has proven beyond a peradventure. 

We are conscious of some things which we 
know are pugnacious to the best interests 
of the profession, and we are not one who can 
coldly permit gross errors to be paraded with- 
out an expression of sympathy or pity for the 
erring ones. We therefore wish to state can- 
didly, mildly, peaceably, yet unequivocably, 
i/iai the teacher does not live now, never //as, nor 
ever will, who can instruct a pupil lo write bet- 
ter than himself. 

We know of living examples who point with 
a feeling of pride and self satisfaction to those 
who have been under their tutorship and 
achieved creditable results. This is not only 
right and proper but justifidble in a strictly 
business sense. What we arc deriding is the 
standard set up by a few hopeless imbeciles 
which reverses the proper order of things, and 
places the stream above its fountain. 

While no student should be so ungrateful as 
to forget his alma mater, while he must ever 
remember that honor is lo him to whom honor 
is due; he must not be so blind to his own self- 
respect as to account in any but a plausible 
way for the skill and ability which were gained 
beyond the schoolroom, and be it truly said, 
beyond the ability of the teacher. 

The moment a pupil's writing becomes bet- 
ter than the teacher's that moment the stream 
rises above its fountain. 

While this cannot exist, we wish to be un- 
derstood as saying that instruction ceases 
when executive ability is wanting. Upon this 
hypothesis there can be no just claim from the 

teacher for increased ability beyond what is 
recognized as equal. 

The ambitious teacher will apply his avowed 
principles, and develop all possible results, 
thereby proving any rightful claims which 
otherwise he is not entitled to, and has no right 
to assume. Any progress then, beyond the 
teacher is due to thoughtful consideration upon 
the part of the student, and its practical work- 
ing is determined by such effort as will charac- 
terize its development. There may be un- 
developed principles of worth in the theory of 
any one, but claims of any moment will re- 
ceive no consideration from competent judges, 
where proof is wanting of their tangibility. 

There are penmen in the field today, who 
«ere once students of institutions which they 
care not now to acknowledge, because they 
have risen above and beyond them in every 
sense of the word, and the honor should be 
reversed. There surely is no criminal intent 
in such an act, but upon the other hand it is 
hollow presumption upon the part of any in- 
structor to lay claims for gain thai was purely 
the result of one's own thought and labor. I 
repeat it: It is indeed laughable to sec and 
note the supremje satisfaction and enjoyment 
that a few would-be teachers get out of this 
part of their high calling, viz : That such and 
such a one was a student of his, and he the (stu- 
dent that was) can write not only superbly but 
with a skill that few would attempt to assume. 

Now this same student (that was) is not only 
a superior penman as acknowledged, but is as 
far superior to the teacher now (that was) au 
was the teacher when instruction first began. 

Is it just, is it right is it proper to attempt lo 
establish such vacant claims? 

We hold our original proposition to be self- 
evident that no teacher can instruct beyond 
his ability to execute, and that all rightful 
claims end where equality of execution is 

An October Lily. 

s by it< rippled cdtre; 

.nil Clip by the sun-gold deftly made, 

nd the a 

nthcm sp;irroi 

lie abov 

e it darts the d 

ltd the ] 

rown moths n 

d swallo 

vs, seeking th 

The onk, and the 

oiindinK hill 
lofly pine, 

nd trailing penno 
And wilhearnel 
he yellow plumes 
And the purple g 

Where the gray 


y seems a mess 

age, bright 

oujrti the SD 

When Artemus Ward exhibited his pano- 
rama in Louisville once, he had been out with 
the boys a good deal, and was not in prime 
condition for his show in consequence, hence 
it went off badly. The next morning a friend, 
disposed to excuse the contretemps, said: 
"Artemus, the show was hardly a success last 
night; your lights were bad." "Yes," said 
Artemus, wi'h that sad, far away look he some- 
times assumed, "my liver was a little off too." 
— Texas Sif tings. 

A solemn, gray-haired old man came in 
town one day last week and said the fish in the 
Sioux River were out on the banks fanning 
themselves with their tails. Nobody seemed 
to doubt hXm.'^Estflline Bell. 


Hand and Arm Calisthe 

Flourishes the prevailing iVature, eh? Well, considered only as letters they do look a litlle 
felteied, but the idea is to bring the letters in the closest possible relation to their corresponding 
movement drills. By sucli practice we learn to associate every movement drill with the letter 
or part of letter it is intended to strengthen. Getting complete control of the movement is a 
hard task for many, and unless practice becomes interesting, discouragement follows, After you 
have reached the point when you come to make capital leiters with a fair degree of skill and 
ease, you find practice pleasant. You see clearer the advantage of exercise practi. 
vonr coiU and ovals transforming into graceful letters. You see ai 

Tiprehend i 

: fully i 

beautiful art growing out of the drudgery of repetition. Skill and grace in 
you once considered a gilt to a select few from a partial author of nature, you n 
tills wonderful accomplishment is the result of toil. 

Now I want every student reader of the Gazette to lose sight of genius, 
the penman is born with one of the nine muses grafted in his right arm. Ju 
trash ofall your old habits of finger movement, cramped fingers, whole arm mo 
gel down to solid ground. First get a a good position of the hand as shown in cut. Don't take 
hold of the pen as timidly as though you feared it would explode w ilh the slightest pressure, or 
grip it as though vou feared some one else wanted the same holder, but take hold and move in 
n firm, positive manner. 

r Ihe idea that 
rake away the 

Such an exercise as the above will give you a sweep of 
itrengthen the movement in long words. 

The lateral strokes tend 

e exercises call for t 

make tlieni well, you will find you havi 

actice you get training in both small and capital letters combined. 

By such 

'i'ry to make a row of C's across the page without stopping ( 
ihe loop and observe that the finishing strokes are full curves. Don't . 
weaken until you have made as many as five or six, the more the bettei 

Shading is a feature that needs special study and practice. You may be able to fori 

icr pi-rlcctly and fail lo get the shading just as you wish. Shading down strokes alternately 

..._, *--=s a splendid drill. The following C exercise should be pmcliced as often a 

Strike from the shoulder with a force and determination that will land you across the page 
with a string of healthy looking G's. The Gazette wants lo see sonic of the work of every 
subscriber, and especially those who are practicing from these lessons. We are going lo do all 
we can to make the lessons a success, but we can't know this until we see some of the results. 

We feel an interest in every one who is trying lo profit by the Ga 
e wc want to keep track of the flock. 

The above is a good drill for L, D, and all letters containing the cc 
Don't conclude it useless practice because It looks like a prize package 

In practicing the ihrce B's combined, the movenii.'iil becomes sti ong and 

, w. four sheets with such praclice. Don't become careless because you ha 

iting, but at the same time it realise^ Iba^ ' for some time. See that you improve on aji exercise before changing off to s 

lelhing else. 


Remember the Gazette "Fninilj- Circle" column is always open to its members 
you wish to know about any features in writing that are not explained, let us hoar fro 

By reference to Prof Wells' lesson to beginners in the December Gazette, you will find 
the following unsurjjassed directions for getting the muscular movement: With right arm 
resting lightly on the table. Open the hand, placing it perfectly flat upon the table, palm vouching 
and arm resting on the fleshy part below the elbow. Now you have the correct i>osition. Keep 
it so by frequently repeating the above. 

Of course if any are possessed of a galvanized 
cheek we can't expect them to fracture it by a 

Hoping, Mr. Editor, that these eye-moisten 
ing remarks may be viewed through the trans- 
parency of tears, I remain 

Smilingly yours, "Sally." ' 

The Itinerant Teacher. 

The i 


period in the life of i 
is one of amusing interest. It is 
considered necessary, before assuming the re- 
sponsibilities of a business college teacher, for 
the youthful ink-slinger to spend a season in 
organizing and conducting evening classes. 
Experience is demanded by college proprietors, 
and the hopeful young-ter accepts his fate, and 
embarks in the traveling field. He soon as- 
certains that the greater part of his net profits 
will be in the coin of experience. 'Tis true he 
finds this currency very valuable in his future 
career, but it is often very reluctantly accepted 
as a recompense for the unceasing loil incident 
to itinerant work ; toil that the college profes- 
sor never knows the meaning of, unless he, 
too, began his career in this way. 

The life of a traveling teacher of penmanship 
is one of continual hardships. He is received 
with coldness and suspicion by the majority of 
tho'e to whom he must look for patronage. 
He is the focus of all eyes, and the subject of 

Without changing position, close the right hand ftrmly, raise it just enough to clear the 
table, and balance on the muscles of the forearm, not allowing the wrist to touch; now, using 
the muscles of the shoulder in conjunction with the shoulder and elbow joints, work the fore_ 
1 direction, pushing out and drawing in, but without sliding the 
smain stationary as if glued to the table, while the wrist works out 
1 of the shoulder muscles. The simple motion thus produced on 
n is the key to all muscular movements, and should be practiced 
luscles brought into play becomes perfectly easy. The forearm in 
irect motion will carry the hand back and forth a distance of from one to one and a half 
i without sliding the sleeve. 

arm back and forth in its ow 
sleeve, The sleeve should r 
and in, impelled by the actio 
a direct line with the foreari 
daily until the action of the r 

Hnuior Among Pcnnicu. 

Mr. EDiroR: — In my migratory experience 
I have rubbed against almost every symptom 
of the profession, and have found but very few 
cases of that malady known as joke-blindness. 
I have noticed that the chronic placidity of the 
most stolid and reserved scribe may be wrought 
into mirthful confusion by the rejuvenating 
thrill of a newly burnished joke, I have even 
seen gravity shattered on the embalmed fea- 
tures of the most important by the languid 
thud of a time-hallowed "chestnut." No rea- 
son why the profession should be forever im- 
paled on the point of logical crape. Give them 
sOTue sauce with their feast. Distort their 
solemn faces with mirthful electricity. Rend 
the funeral service which covers the very 
human. Why should a penman incur a dis- 
ordered liver through an excess of chronic 
dignity.^ Why should he cultivate a longitu- 
dinal expression because he can construct a 
fair Bngli&h alphabet? Because of his hands' 
cunning, should he look upon life ns a vast 
mArch of obsequies.' I have met a few of the 
fraternity whose facial muscles were apparently 
paralyzed, and who would look upon humor as 
they would upon the marble brow of a deceased 
relative. B\i( the majority of them are as full 
of spice as a Ilostetter's Almanac. I have 
seen the reflective mirage jerked from Pack- 
ard's face by the introduction of an electrified 
jest. I have seen the time-traced lines merged 
into turves, as hib oral vacuum commenced 
to roam across his features. I have observed 

Harvey and Henry Spencer convulse like two 
gelatinous mountains while exchanging their 
infantile effusions of attenuated wit. I have 
seen Sadler's eye assume the luster of an 
Alaska diamond when anticipating a tidal wave 
of hilarity. I find the most stolid among the 
tribe occasionally give way to the distorting 
effect of instantaneous corruscations of seam- 
testers, and ruthlessly smash the obsolete can. 
ons and conventionalities of cast-iron antiquity- 
That's what we want. In oider to succeed, 
every penman needs a robust liver and a pair 
of lungs larger than a two cent sponge. Look 
at "Bob" Spencer! There's a living monument 
lo whole-souled laughter. Look at the halcyon 
expression of Burneltl "He smiles and smiles 
and is a penman still." Turn your gaze south- 
ward; there's R. S. Collins, who wields the 
pen with skill, and hasn't an atom of cynicism 
in his system. Let's exchange some of the 
side-whiskered pomp and captious austerity for 
wholesome humor. Not wit whose age would 
entitle it to a position in some dusty museum, 
nor puns which should have been sacked and 
rammed into oblivion before the mediaeval 
period, but unimpaired, soul-stirring produc- 
tions of the present age. B. F. Kelley don't 
like the idea o£ shearing the moss off an anti" 
quated joke before he can laugh at it. He can 
get back numbers at any time, by calling on 
Preston. There's Mai'arasz, he's pining for 
late editions, and Dennis is growing pale and 
thin over the moth-eaten jests of the <intr.beUum 
period. Palmer needs the same diet to change 
his facial perpeildifularity to a horii^ontsl ex- 

all gossip during his stay in a country village. 
Every act of his serves to feed the famishing 
scandal peddler, and all his movements are 
scrutinized with the most untiring watch- 

His personal appearance excites the com- 
ment of the fair sex, and the question of his 
powers of self-defense engages the attention of 
designing town loafers. The school directors 
are not sure that it would be exactly righ 
allow him the use of the school building for 
conducting a class, provided he secures one 
and the direst threats are indulged in and thi 
most awful penalties whispered of, should he 
attempt to flirt with a certain pretty girl, upon 
whom a burly young villager seems to have a 

His terms are declared unreasonably high, 
and he is constantly reminded of the scarcity 
of cash in that section. It is not long in reach- 
ing his ears that he looks awfully green for 
profetsor, and his ability to teach a class i 
penmanship is generally doubted. 

He at last secures a small class of pupil 
and finds that some of them belong to th 
rough class, and are bent upon creating a dii 
turbance. The entire village population insist 
upon showing their appreciation of his efforts 
by crowding in as visitors, and succeed !i 
making such confusion that he finds it difficult 
to secuie the attention of any one, and his in^ 
struction, as a result, is not nearly so brilliani 
as he intended it should be. If he excludes 
visitors he is voted "perfectly horrid," and the 
young ladles, or rather the young people, f 
at him in the street, the small boys snowball 
him and break panes of window glass it 
schoolroom windows, for which he is held 

While he is trying to collect and use 
teaching abilities, every trick known to school 
boys is tried on him, and although he is often 
slightly provoked at these proceedings, yet ir 
respect to the better portion of his class, he 
must repress any fitting expression of his feel 
ings and sentiments. Mo6t of the pupils join 

the class to have a good lime, and therefore of 
course make no improvement, a fact which he 
is frequently reminded of toward the close of 
the school. He succeeds in collecting about 
one.half of the small amount of tuition prom- 
ised him, and finds that it will little more 
than meet his board bill. 

He leaves the place to repeat the same pro- 
gramme in an adjoining town, with probably 
a little variation for the better or worse. As 
he has suffered a good deal of close confine- 
ment during his stay in the village, he feels 
that he is in need of some vigorous physical 
exercise, so for this and other sutficient reasons, 
he indicates his opposition to railroad monop- 
olies by proceeding to his next field of labor 
in the pomp and splendor ol pedestrlanism. 

Upon taking a retrospect of his labor, he 
finds that those rough places through which 
he has passed constitute ihe school of real ex- 
perience, and he concludes that he must have 
enough of it by this time to carry him safely 
through anything that might await him in his 
future career. Not having any offer of any- 
thing beUer just at present, and desiring to 
make just money enough, with his itinerant 
teaching to enable him to purchase a new suit 
of clothes, and pay his railroad fare, should he 
succeed in finding a position somewhere, he 
toils on, growing insensible to all gossip con- 
cerning him, learning how to gain the favor 
of those with whom he comes in contact, find- 
ing out the best methods of conducting his 
classes successfully, how to avoid being the 
dupe of ordinary tricks of school boys, and in 
short, how lo organize intelligently and care- 
fully, how to teach thoroughly and practically, 
and how to secure the favor of almost any 
community, be they ever so prejudiced against 
writing teachers. 

This frosty winter of bitter experience causes 
the death of many a fondly-cherished hope, 
the crumbling of many a dream-castle, Ihe 
abandoning of many impractical theories and 
the erection of reasonable hopes and possibility 
structures in their stead. 

The itinerant field is abandoned with a great 
sigh of relief; and yet in the after career of the 
itinerant, he often reverts with pleasure to some 
of the bright places in his wanderings. He for- 
gets, for a moment, the hardships endured 
and recalls some moonlight night when he 
walked home blushing with some maiden-pupil 
or expended a part of his scanty earnings for a 
livery rig with which he spent two hours in 
the company of a bright village damsel, de- 
spite the precautions of watchful mothers and 
jealous lovers. This part of his dearly-earned 
experience, he would gladly live over again. 

On the whole," the traveling teacher of writ- 
ing is not to be envied, and yet this severe 
school of discipline, this hard contact with 
humanity will never lose its goodcffectson his 
after life, and if he achieves fame or fortune in 
the chirographic world, he is likely to attribute 
his success, in a very large measure, to his 
early itinerant teaching, and the experience 
thus acquired. 

Diibitqite, la., Sept. i8, iSS6. 


Are you deficient in taste.*. Read the best 
English poets, such as Thomson, Gray, Gold- 
smith, Pope, Cowper, Coleridge, Scott and 

Are you deficient in imagination? Read 
Milton, Akenside, Burke and Shakspeare. 

Are you deficient in powers of reasoning? 
Read Chillingworth, Bacon and Locke, 

Are you deficient in judgment and good 
sense in the common affairs of life.' Read 

Are you deficient in sensibility? Read 
Goethe and Mackenzie. 

Are you deficient In political knowledge? 
Read Montesquieu, the Federalist, Webster 
and Calhoun, 

Are you deficient in patriotism? Read De- 
mosthenes and the Life of Washington. 

Are you deficient in conscience? Read 
some of President Edwards' works. 

Are you deficient in anything? Read the 
Bible.- -£,v. 

— In the page of card specimens for Septem- 
ber A. W, Dakin should have been credited 
with card No. 5. 

—Read this number of the Gazktte 
fully, and ask your frlendi to eubicribe. 


AM) lusiNKss i-:in:( ATOR. 


Thf, (;. A. (Jaskkll Co., Profrietors. 

JOHN FAIHBAMKS. General Kfanaoer. 

70 if. 81 Wnbnsh Ave.. GHIOAQO. 

Penm.xml,il> and Book-kufiHg, by Cmas. R. Whlls. 

Slu^l-h.i«.(. ..,-•• \Vm. D. Bridgk. 

DrawingnKd Dttigming. - " Frank Bbard. 

column). or'SELUcr Rbadincs. heavy paper cover, or 
How ToWsiTBFORTHH PkKM, cloth (no other style of 



For four subscriptions, each with prcniium, nnd $4 an 
'" " ^ " riplions. cich with premium, a copy of the 

emiiimGuiDH in boards or 

splendid 8s Hand Book 



Hereafter oi 
business mean 

r friend 
t for us 

will pie 
-both th 

ase send all 
e Order De- 


ent and 

the Gaz 


the address 




ges wil 
if books 

please see 
is corrected 

at on 

e. Such of then 

as have 

been send- 

ing (j 


and We 

lis, will 

ent editors, 
please con- 

79 & 81 Wabash Ave, CHICAGO, ILL. 

The Gazette*a Aims. 

The Gazette aims to be cliaritable to all, 
and malicious to none. To steer clear of all 
pelty jealousies and personal conllicts, To 
live and let live. To recognize wortli wher- 
ever found. To refrain from ail calf.worship. 
To reverence men for their good deeds, and not 
solely for their age. To manufacture mythical 
glory foi* no man. To deal with facts in an 
interesting manner. To be wide-awake at all 
times to the interests of its cause. To publish 
all articles which are naturally expressed and 
bulge with common-sense thoughl, even if 
truth be seasoned with humor. To recognize 
all as honorable until proven otherwise. To 
kick at no man simply because he is being 
kicked by others, To express its candid opin- 
ions regardless of the sepulchral snarls of cyn- 
ics. To listen to reason at all times. To sluft 
and embalm no theory simply for its antiquity. 
To allow no man to scream eureka through its 
horn because an idea as well known as pie-plant 
echoes across his cavernous dome. To be 
perfectly just and upright in all its dealings 

Life iu Writing. 

Sluggish motion produces stiff and liteless 
letters. Give us writing which shows the 
driving force. A free movement will arouse 
unsuspected resources of ability. If you love 
the beautiful in writing, shake up your slum- 
bering energies I Kindle yourself into burn- 
ing enthusiasm. Teach your arm that the 
will is master. Leave the doors to reason 
open and learn to discriminate between fos- 
silized platitudes and common sense. Get an 
idea and pr-actice it. You might ponder over 

hair-balancing theories and mental protoplasms 
until the crown of your intellect a-^surned the 
effulgence of an unclad onion, and without 
pulling forth some vigorous effort in practice, 
you will have accomplished little more than 
bieaihing your share of air during the time 
thus spent. Take on enthusiasm; it generates 
the invincible impulses that will give you suc- 
cess. Shake off that phlegmatic, frigid, slotli- 
ful movement. Let your work show that you 
are aglow with inspiration. Use discretion 
and fire away ! Take a good idea whenever 
joucanget it. Accept it because you think 
it good, and not simp'y because the giver has 
labeled it such. Take advice as you would 
guide-books, if it fits your roule; lake it, it not 
weigh it, in the scales of reason. Advice is ihe 
history of experience; all experiences are dif- 

Infuse a life current into your work by 
putting vi^or and speed into your movement. 

Simnltnneons Ideas. 


Progress demands ini 
are a necessity. They are like coins, just as 
good from one source as another. No more 
premium on those from the hairless dome and 
austere brow, than froin the cantelope pale of 
remoteness. Necessity gives birth to new ideas, 
Wide-awake men want revolution of methods; 
naturally then, hundreds are scenting on the 
same trail and will find similar results. Be- 
cause an idea 'dawns upon your mi"d, and 
seems as fresh and bright as a new-born lily, 
vou need not rend the firmament with your 
war-whoop, Erircla'. The idea may til other 
mental calibers. You may, if you look over 
the iield, find others who have discovered Ihe 
idea and are quietly wearing it without osten- 
tation. If you te.'ich muscular movement, do 
all in vour power to make it a success, but 
don't fatigue the fraternity by continually 
claiming that you have wrought out the whole 
grand plan. Where so much simplicity, com- 
mon sense and naturalness are found hi any 
method as in the muscular movement, there 
are a number of discoverers. Men don't shut 
their eyes to necessity that one individual 
may feast on the broth of invention. When 
you think a new thoughl, it is always best to 
carefully look over the field while your brain 
is cooling. If after a careful search you fail 
to find a match for it, then it may be well 
enough to feed it out by degrees to the famish- 
ing public. Had other men swungin the ham- 
mock under apple trees and thought at the 
same lime, Newton might have had rivals in 
the gravity business. But the falling apple 
which proved the key to Newton's discovery, 
might have suggested cider and dumplings to 
the minds of others less curious about the solar 

Pure originality in any art is a rare thing; of 
course, new ideas may be suggested to the 
mind of one individual for the first time by 
careful thought in a given line, but the same 
conceptions may have been formed and car- 
ried into practice through a similar cause and 
line of thought. Teachers often adopt similar 
inethods because the motives prompting them 
are caused bv similar necessities and reasons. 
Business demands an easy and rapid style of 
penmanship, muscular movement furnishes 
this. Wide-awake teachers are, as a necessity, 
trying to accommodate the growing demands of 
the practical world. No one takes a slow train 
when there is a fast one going in the same di- 
rection, unless he has not discovered the differ- 
ence oi speed. If he is asleep and behind 
time, he may take a gravel train, that he may 
nurse his feeble theories and prevent confusion 
among hisembalmed hobbies. Thousands are 
lifting their heads above the hanks of their old 
ruts and catching at new ideas. Then, do we 
wonder at so many grasping the same tow- 
line of thought.^ Astronomers scanning the 
starry vault through their poised telescopes 
from observalory heights, thotisands of miles 
separated, at the same instant may discover the 
same new asteroid, returning comet, or grand 
wonder in the revolving worlds, While the 
scientist in Florence pours over some new 
theory of the movement of atoms, the Amer- 
ican scholar may be discovering the same law. 
Hundreds of inventors and scientists have 
realized with sad awakening that tlie discover- 
ies with which they would dazzle the eyeof man 
are as old as the days of knickerbocker pants 
and sandal-wood shoes. 

Distorlcil Itlnls. 

Have vou observed how some of our flourish 
ing fraternity break away from the laws of na- 
ture in their construction of the fowl kingdom ; 
nature fails to furnish the freaks they wi»h to 
represent. She has not get-up-nnd-gct enough 
to allow their genius full swing. -They also 
cut loose from the tedious style and forms ol 
ornithology. It tollows nature too closely. 
Its birds look too meek and affect too nearly the 
plumage and proportions of those twittering 
creatures of the forest. No, what winged 
genius wants is more variety, more curvature 
of plumage, more pointed beaks, more fantas- 
tic sweep of wings, and longer toe-nails in the 
scope of fowldom. Nature has not given us 
the graceful droop of under lip; the wide 
waste of expression about the eye; the heaving 
protuberance of crop and the tragic position of 
foot for which the chirographic talent so much 
1 earns. We have seen that pen and ink sym- 
bolical creation, with a wealth of mouth, that 
were it endowed with a voice to match, its 
warblings would stop a Waterbury watch. We 
have watched, with misgivings, the grieved 
expression of the flourished what-is-it as he 
writhed u rider the weight of a two-hor.-e power 
goose-quill. We have almost given way to 
tears of sympathy upon seeing a fiail sparrow 
clutching and suspending a large oak in 
mid-air. Perhaps thi.>i was unintentional on 
the part of the penman. He doubtless ar- 
ranged the ponderous perch for the bird to rest 
on, but the way the situation fell upon our 
retina, was that the bird in a thoughtless mo- 
ment had wrenched the shrub from Its mother 
earth and was carrying it to its distant aerie for 
upholstering purposes When genius gets so 
restless for novelty that she produces web- 
footed canaries, feathered alligators, cat-faced 
hummingbirds, eagle-heads with swallow body 
attachment, woodpeckers with peacock conclu- 
sions and other feathered freaks, it is about time 
to shift the scenes. We admire art as much as 
any one, but when it soars to that pilch when 
its productions must be labeled and accompa- 
nied by a war map or explanatory key , the glam- 
our of appreciation becomes a fraction thread, 
bare. There must be a gnawing sense of re- 
morse in the penman's breast who, after produc- 
ing a mass of curves and shades, is necessarily 
compelled to designate such production by affix- 
ing in bold letters the word "Morse." There 
must be some touch left out,lack of proper shad- 
ing or some other deficiency in the flourished 
swan which is taken for a cow. Penmen 
should study the distinguishing features of 
fowl and quadruped. It would save much of 
the time spent in correcting mistaken identity. 
Time spent in labeling and explaining designs 
might be profitably spent in retouching and 
finishing. Nature may seem poky, compared 
with the creative powers of a seething intel- 
lect, but we have noticed that some of our best 
artists accede to her laws, and imitate her 

Correct SiicUlng. 


t the 


that can be looped together is beautiful writing 
and deformed spelling. Nothing will call forth 
the cold, steely finger of criticism quicker 
than an innocent primary word spelled in bad 
taste and occupying a prominent position in a 
beautifully wiitten letter. It looks about as 
incongruous as a pig in a parlor. We have seen 
boys who exhibited inoreoriginiilily in spelling 
than any other direction ; it seemed to spread in 
the field of orthography like a contagion. 
They would leave the venerable Webster and 
his ponderous tome far in the background. 
They would spell English words according to 
the Chippewa pronunciation. They would cut 
and revise Webster's methods until scarcely a 
feature of the old master'sstyle remained. They 
would hammer and baiter long words intt> 
deformity, until they looked about as foreign 
as kilt skirts. They would ram the conven- 
tionalities of Webster into the dusty recesses 
of forgetful ness and emulate the novel style of 
the late Billings. Business men lose sight of 
good writing when coupled with poor spelling. 
About the best way to learn it Is to have a 
dictionary at hand and always consult it when 
the least doubt arises. 

"Trust a man to be good, and true, and even 
if he is not, your trust will lend to make him 

Kgpirntlou anil Execatiuu. 

Should a penman breathe while executing 
the most delicate strokes in a design.' .This 
question was thrust at us not lo^ng since by a 
scribe who was apparently enjoying his lucid 
intervals. Well, now, we should say the ques- 
tion of time would be an important feature in 
this problem. Holding the breath for a few 
seconds might prevent tremor in the stroke?, 
but shutting off Ihe valves for an hour or so is 
very fatiguing, and is liable to derange the 
expiratory movements. We shouldn't like to 
see the face of a brother scribe looking as bil- 
ious and inflated as a newly-upholslercd sau 
sage, simply because he is filagreelng the pro- 
file of a wren's nest. 

Ask them to quit the use of tobacco and 
other injurious habits, but indulge them in the 
respiration habit. It has a hold on them 
which they cannot shake off. They find it 
very restoring after being half smothered by a 
shower of tintinnabulous verbiage from the 
leisurely bore. 

Deprive them if you will of all artificial 
stimulants, but give them their full quota of 
ether. Ask them to stop swearing, but don't 
ask them to hold their breath until they have 
the expression of a clothier's dummy. 


The otiginality demanded by some critics is 
simply an impossibility. To attain it a person 
must make a (tibula rosa of his mental facul- 
ties. He would have to place himself in the 
condition of the first man and ignore all ideas 
of previous generations. Like some ancient hero 
he would have to shut his eyes, close his nos- 
trils, and seal his ears with wax, to prevent 
other men's thoughts from falling on the mem- 
branes of his faculties. Then the only thing 
he could succeed in being original in would 
be his idiotic eccentricity. We live in a great 
ocean of thought, and inhale it just as naturally 
as air. Yet occasionally we may find one in- 
dividual who has managed to shut out all 
thought of others and has refrained from the 

ntal t 

lof c 

The most conscientious writer, however 
hard he may strive to avoid using the ideas of 
others, is compelled to be, to an extent, a lit- 
erary resurrectionist. His brain is full of as- 
similated thought that has lost its label. Dead 
men's wit echoes in his mind long after he has 
forgotten its source. Goldsmith once said: 
" It is a misfortune for fine writers to be born 
in a period so enlightened as ours. The har- 
vest of wit is gathered in and lit'le left to 
glean." Our precursors have besel nearly all 
the patent approaches to glory. They have 
trodden the field over and we must walk in 
their footprints or stand stock still. But if the 
ideas of others be assimilated and moulded into 
original style, is not that a new crealton. "Can 
the bee make honey without rifling the roses 
of their sweets.-*" " Is the rainbow less beau- 
tiful because it borrows its colors from the 
sun?" Originality has been defined as i-fcasl- 
ing. Old electro-plates are melted into a mass 
and poured into moulds and converted into new 
designs. Ideas of other men are thrown into 
the mind's mould and wrought into new pro- 
ductions. The mind is a mirror, forever re- 
ceiving new reflections, which are utilized in 
its workings. By observation and reading the 
mill is being constantly filled, and all that 
genius does is to turn the wheel, which mixes 
and combines the materials into originality. It 
Is not easy to define what is called genius; but 
one thing is certain, namely, that it does not 
feed on itself and spin cobwebs out of its own 
bowels, which would only keep it forever im- 
poverished and tliin, but Is essentially passive 
and receptive in its nature, and impregnates 
itself continually with the thoughts and feel- 
ings of others." We create beings In the mind 
which we clothe In the garments of dead men; 
ideas which if stripped of the thoughts of 
others would be only the shadow o( uncer- 
tainty. *• Who can say as he draws from his 
well stocked quiver a fine arrow, whether or 
not it has been shafted with the solid sense of 
Bacon, feathered with the fancy of Byron, or 
pointed with logic of Chillingworth!" The 
ideas have been so unconsciously admitted 
that it would be impossible 10 assort and rec- 
ognize them all. Derwcnt Coleridge says 
in defence of his father from the charge of 
plagiarism: "In an overwrought brain the 
door which separates the chamber of memory 


imnginatioii is ko H^htlv hiin^ that it will 
I- and Hi«n spring opt-n and allow the Irene- 
!v of one to roll inro (he other." 


Scarcely a finer blending of ridicule, irony, 
and exqviisitc imagery can be found in the 
pages of literature than J. Proctor Knott's 
speech on Dululh. Me happily merges 
grandeur, beauty, irony, ridicule and fantastic 
flights of the imagination into a grand mas- 
terpiece of brilliant and poignant wit. He 
waxes eloquent in expatiating upon the re- 
sources of the remote village of DiiUith, 
when he says:— " /)«/«//*/ Tlie word (ell 
upcn my ear with a peculiar and indescribable 
charm, like sweet accents of an angel's whis- 
per' in the bright, joyous dream of sleeping 
innocence. Diihith! 'Twas the name for 
which my soul bad panted for years, as the 
hart panteth for the water brooks! But where 
vias Diihif/i f Never in all my limited read- 
ing had my vision been gladdened by seeing 
the celestial word in print. I was convinced 
that the fabled Atlantis, never seen save by 
the hallowed vision of the inspired poesy, 
was, in fact, but another name for Dttluth. 
That the golden orchard of Hesperides was 
but a poetical synonym for the beer gardens in 
the vicinity of Duhith," 

He seems so enraptured over the gorgeous 
prospects of Diiluth that he is loth to cease 
dilating upon its beauties, and says: 

"Ah, sir, you can have no conception of 
he poignancy of my anguish that I am de- 
prived of the blessed privilege of voting for 
the grant of lands provided for in this bill." 

Where can be found a finer compound of 
downright irony and provoking ridicule than 
his praise of the agricultural advantages of 
the pine clad hills of the St Croix? He pro- 
ceeds: " Who will have the hardihood to 
rise in his seat on this floor and assert that ex- 
cepting the pine bushes the entire region 
would not pi'oduce vegetation enough in ten 
years to fatten a grasshopper.' Where is the 
patriot who is wilting that his country shall 
incur the peril of remaining another day with- 
out the amplest railroad connection with such 
an inexhaustible mine of agricultural wealth.* 
Who will answer for the consequences of aban- 
doning a great and warlike people in the pos- 
session of a country like that, to brood over 
the indift'erence and neglect of their govern- 
ment? How long would it be before they 
would take to studying the Declaration of In- 
dependence, and hatching out the damnable 
heresy of secession.'' How long before the 
grim demon of civil discord would rear again 
his horrid head in our midst, gnash loud his 
iron fangs, and shake his crest of bristling 
bayonets?" He seems to think Homer made 
a great mistake in not crystalizing Z>m/«/A in 
deathless song instead of pouring his gushing 
fountain of poesy upon the fall of Illion. 
Thinks the old genius would weej) tears of 
bitter anguish could he behold Duluth in all 
its glories. Everyone sliould read this speech; 
it shows what a powerful instrument is ridicule 
in the hands of a master, 


"Accept my warmest thanks for your honest 
and manly attitude toward our work. May 
the best success attend the Gazette. 

"S. S. Packard." 

■The September Ga/ette is the most read- 
able number you have published. Do so some 
more. CiiAs. R. Wells." 

Hon. A. J. Rider, of Trenton, says: "Friend 
Scarborough, I hasten to oft'er my congratula- 
tion, not only to you but to the readers of your 
valuable paper. I am sure the advantage to 
you will be small compared with the benefits 
that will accrue to them. I have always been 
an admirer of your writing. It has all the 
freedom and grace of Gaskell's without any 
objectionable features. 

"In editorial work I can see before you a 
promising future. With best wishes I am, 

"A.J. Rider." 

"The Gazette for September came to hand 

and I take pleasure in saying a word in its 

praise. It still holds its own and bears the 

interesting gems in the shape of pen 

work and reading matter. 

"Now Scarborough, I hope you will buckle 
right down to business and do your level best 
to make the Gazette the best living paper of 
its kind in the country. You are just the man 
to take the subject of penmanship in hand and 
show it up on all sides in the Gazette's col- 
umns, and at the same time to give variety by 
sprinkling in a little something on other sub- 
jects, thereby keeping the little paper chock 
full of life and good material. 

"1 shall be pleased at any time to give you 
anvthing I can to fill a blank space in the way 
of spiral wire swans and prosperous looking 
spread eagles which I constantly keep on hand 
in great abundance. I'll just.throw in one now 
that lit on the paper a few days ago, not for 
engraving purposes, but just to let you know 
that I'm round and still slinging 'em off. Suc- 
cess to the Gazette. Truly yours, 

"W. E. Dennis." 

"Was very much pleased to learn of your 
new duties, and am certain that you will keep 
the Gazette up in the ranks of literary and 
art publications. There is not enough atten- 
tion paid to the literary standing of most pen- 
men's papers. The Gazette has always led 
in this respect. There is no reason why the 
profession of penmanship cannot have a dis- 
tinct and 'unique' literature of its own, and I 
think that it will have, some day. 

"With my best wishes for your success and 
bright prosperity, I am very truly, 
"Your friend, 

"W. D, Suowaltf.r." 

Preparation Tor College. 

The list of requirements for admission to a 
New England college is something formid- 
able. It is a lion at the gate of the Castle 
Beautiful, not very terrible, perhaps, to the 
boy clinging close to the elbows of a peda- 
gogue, who leads liim safely past the very 
jaws of the monster, but to the poor fellow 
who has no leader, and tries to face the diffi- 
culty single-handed, discouragement is sure to 
come. Yet al'ter all, the lion is chained; is 
not h.Tl£ so dreadful as he appears. Let us 
take up for a moment the opportunities every 
boy possesses of securing a good preparation, 
and see how they can be taken advantage of 
by one who cannot go to school. 

In the first place, almost every boy can find 
some one to aid him. There are very few 
country villages which do not possess at least 
one mathematical genius, who could readily 
understand and explain geometry and the ele- 
ments of algebra. As a general thing the 
minister has studied Latin grammar, and oRen 
has made some progress in Greek, The 
schoolteacher, loo, is usually prepared to 
teach mathematics as far as required for ad- 
mission to college. Few and far between are 
the towns where a boy who is eager for an 
education cannot find from the teachers, doc- 
tors, or ministers within a few miles of his 
home, gratuitous assistance in his various 

In the next place, almost every boy has 
some time which he can give regularlv to 
study. Of course, if every moment is filled 
with work, it is impossible to attempt to go to 
college. But even one hour a day will fell on 
the work to be done after awhile, and it is 
probable that most bovs who really desire it 
could find at least two hours a day. It will 
take a long time at that rate to do all the 
necessary work, but what of that ? A young 
man who must make a late pieparalion need 
not enter college before the age of twenty-two 
or even Inter. The college studies can at that 
age be better appreciated, and the student will 
graddale in ample time to begin bis career toad 
vantage. Theaverageage for entrance into our 
colleges has been steadily rising for some 
years. In our grandfathers' lime it was six- 
teen ; at present it is nineteen, and you may 
be sure that the number of those much older 
than that is not small. 

It is customary to graduate in England 
much later than among us, and many advan- 
tages are on the side of the young man whose 
powers are fully developed before an advanced 
course of study. 

In the third place, educated young men can 
secure better pay than others; so, when you 
have advanced somewhat in your studies, you 
can perhaps find an oppcrtunity to teacli in a 
district school, or to do some work which will 
leave more lime for study. This is an impor- 
tant point for one who is conside-ing whether 

or not he can afford an education. It is one of 
the advantages of learning which shows itself 
almost from the outset. It does not require 
great advancement in the ordinary studies to 
obtain a small position tn some country school, 
where a-great deal of time can be secured for 
study, and where the pay is large enough to 
cover all necessary expenses of living. 

The fourth encouragement to one who is 
preparing for college under great ditficultles is 
this: The college authorities recognize the fact 
that if a young man is thoroughly in earnest, 
even though not well fitted, he can generally 
keep up with his class if once admitted and 
set to work, and they make it a point to favor 
those who can give good evidence of having 
labored hard. 

Having once entered, no bright boy ever 
need leave college because he cannot keep up 
with the class. He has certain definite work 
for each day, and his fellow-students will 
gladly aid him in mastering difficulties. Be- 
fore long new studies are taken up, in which 
he is on equal footing with the others, and he 
then has more time to give to perfecting him- 
self in those in which he is defective. — E\. 

A Gool War Slory, 

The last day of the fight I was badly 
wounded. A ball shattered my left leg I 
lay on the ground not far from Cemetery 
Ridge, and as Gen. Lee ordered his last re- 
treat he and his officers rode near me. As 
they came along I recognized him, and 
though faint from exposure and loss of blood, 
I rose upon my hands, looked Gen. Lee in 
the face, and shouted as loud as I could : 
' Hurrah for the Union ! " The General heard 
me, looked, stopped his horse, dismounted, 
and came toward me. I confess that I first 
thought that he meant to kill me. But as he 
came up he looked down at me with such a 
sad expression upon his face that all fear left me 
and I wondered what he was about. He ex- 
tended his hand to me, and grasping mine 
firmly, and looking right into my eyes, he 

" My son, I hope you will soon be well. 

If I live a thousand years I shall never 
forget the expression in Gen. L?e's face. 
There hfc was defeated, retiring from a field 
that had cost him and his cause almost their 
last hope, and yet he slopped to say words 
like those to a woundeJ soldier of the opposi- 
tion who had taunted him as lie passed by. 
As soon as the General had left me I cried 
myself to sleep on the bloody ground. 

— Chicago Ledger. 

Manners and Morals. 

Many an ardent and zealous young reformer, 
says Hurler's Baznr, offends the very world 
he is burning to reform when he refuses to 
meet it with some slight compliance; as Felix 
Holt, in George Eliot's story, was willing to 
die for the improvement of society, but could 

sake. Manners come next to morals, nol 
alone because they help us to make the world 
pleasanter, and thus render life easier to all 
around us, but also because they afford a key 
to those greater successes and usefulnesses for 
which all generous persons long. And their 
domain goes beyond this worid; for if the ut- 
most saint makes himself personally repulsive 
he so far diminishes our desire to meet him in 
any land of pure delights. Miss Edgeworth 
says ifi " Helen " that any one who makes 
goodness disagreeable commits high treason 
against virtue; and I remember how elevated 
a doctrine it seemed to me when I heard one 
of my ignorant black sergeants say in a prayer 
I accidentally overheard: "Let me so live 
dat when I die I may hab manners, dat I may 
know what to say when I see my heabenly 

Carefully esamine the Gazette, and if you 
find it palatable mention the fact to your 
friends. Allow them to look over your copy. 
By doing this you can help us wonderfully in 
swelling its already large and growing circu- 
lation. Put your shoulders to the wheel and 
help us push the faithful old missionary along. 

The Huppiemcot, formerly of Buffalo, now 
of Detroit, is about the neatest and most inter- 
esting educational journal in < 


iHgly bound in heavy paper, Ji. 


Chapter I.— PorUails and Sketches of American Pen- 

Chapter II.— Business Writing; Maieriats; Correct 
Posiuons; Movements, tj iUmlratiom.moilfy/tUl fag* 

Chapter III.— Off-Hand Floumhing ; Materials for 
Flourishing; Movements, Exercises ; German Tent and 
Old English. »g illHStratietts, mostly fttll page flattt. 

Letters; Rules for Business 

e plate 

:hupter V Hoi 

; Model Busin 

j for Phot 

fanpter VI.— Pen Lettering ; Paper for Engrossmg : 

1.- ,1 ii.„.M xf„w . iri v..*:.™ . Alphabets. 37 


'cncil Marks : Flourishing ; Alphat 
of them complete alp' 
to Make Inks of a 

:. No. 

Black Co 
•Idlnk: : 

>ymg Inl 
Ihver Inl 


I Fluid 



Red Ink : Green : 

Asiatic Black Ink*. . „ 

Writing Fluia ; Arnold'^ Writing Flui 

Carbon Ink: Drawing Ink ; Japan Ink ; Parchment InV 

Self-Copying Inlc. Black : French Copying Ink (very vat. 

able); fuk Powder; Havissm.Ws Intfetructible Ink 

Close's Indestructible Ink; Red Ink ; Brilliant Red Int. 

Blue Writing Fluid ; Grc^n Ink ; Finest Green 'l 
World ; Yellow Ink : YeUow Ink, No. a ; Ycllov . . 
3 : White Ink ; White Ink. No. a ; Gold Ink. No. a ; Finest 
Gold Ink ; Silver Ink, No. 3 : Pewter Ink ; Indelible Ink 
for Marking Linen ; Indelible Ink for Marking Linen, No. 

Packages : Ink for Marking Packages, No. a ; Purple Mark- 
ing Ink ; SympatRctic Ink , Sympathetic Ink. No. a ; Black 
Sympathetic fnks; BUie Sympathetic Inks; Sympathetic 
Inks Developed by Heat; Shoemakers' Ink; Colored 
Stencil Ink : Ink for Zinc LabeU ; Permanent Ink for Writ- 
lug in Relief on Zinc; Mucilage ; To Write on SUver with 
a Black that will never go off; To Prevent Ink from 
Souring ; Ink Eraser. « 

Chapter V XI I.— Selections Appropriate for Auto, 
graph Albums. 

River, Conn. 
" The Gmd. came to hand all right, a 

^9.m%,A\0f., Mass!"' 

'—J. C. Kanb, 94 North Fulton Street. Bal- 
>t be without the Guide for twice the amount 

Fkank Putnam. Point Chautauqua, N. V. 

■• Gitidf received. Splemdid expresses itl " — Ed. E. 

Either paper or premium Li well worth the amount you ask 
for both.'— F. P. Swhitzkr, Coleman's Business College. 


n Am much pleased with 


e-"— Mo 


/SIOKT. Wyon 

ion. Minn. 





ricon peDmeD 


K impiike upw 




V. Albany 


'iilj^'i i' 


"e"' an 




1 a.,'' '2^1,.. 

1 m 


dway. New Y 




all old 


doUur, »c will It 


of chafg 

e. and the 

and Gaib 
t o/ike book thai 



This dvparlmrnt is rtUti-d hv Pkuf. William 
D. Bridcjk.A. M , Principal of the School of 
I'honografhy in Chautauqua University. 

fAililrcss Lock Bon SSS. f'lntnficld. N. J.] 

—Curtis Haven of Philadelphia, hns bought 
out E. N. Miner of New York. 

—Do not be deceived by advertisements 
[uirportiiig to sell books so simplifying short- 
liand that you can master it in fix weeks. 
Polly ! 

—Any person liaving a copy of Marsh's 
System of Phonography for sale would confer 

favor on Prof. Bridge to write to him, stating 

— Some of our contemporaries nrc becoming 
"funny" vNith ludicrous wood-cuis. Better not 
attempt to rival Puck or The Jmige, good 

— Tsaac Pitman has for years sought to pre- 
vent correspondence teaching of shorthand for 
pav, but remunerated instruction grows rapid 
)y in England. 

— All readers of this department are cor. 
dially invited lo send us news items, questions, 
clippingh, reports of associalions and other in- 

— Be thorough. A principle mastered till 
all words naturally coming under it can readi- 
ly be written, is far more profitable to you 
than five principles understood but not uti- 

— Two hours' a day study and practice this 
fall and winter will make yon a good short- 
hander by spring, if the "root of the mattei-" is 
ill you. 

—Mrs. E. B. Burnz of New York has not a 
set of her own publications, and scarce- 
ly anv to sell. Persons having copies of her 
works to dispose of arc requested to communi- 
cate with Prof Bridge. 

— One valuable aid to personal enthusiasm 
in shorthand would be the securing as fast as 
possible of n library of shorthand works, papers, 
magazines and books in your system of short- 
hand — that one with which you are most 

— The recently elected officer^ of the New 
York State Phonographers' Association are: 
President, W. O. Wyckofl", New York City; 
Vice-President, George C. Ajipel, New York 
City; Secretary and Treasurer, Willian 
Kershncr, Elrriira, N. Y. 

— The process of photo-engraving employed 
in the reproduction of our shorthand "copy," 
as seen in the ilUislralions in these papers, is 
not always equally good, as see the shorthand 
in the September issue, which looked 
timugh a ten-ton weight had fallen on tin; 

— The Horton type writing machine is now 
on the market. It is the invention of a practi- 
cal shorthand and typewriting e\pert, and 
claims special excellences, some of them as 
great superiorities over other machines. Send 
to the Horton Typewriting Machine Company, 

promises to stay eight, ten, 
months, constantly, at "so much a month." 
Gigantic frauds were these professors. The 
true procedure is to pay a stipulated price for a 
course of lessons thoroughly taught. 

—Many have asked if the lessons in short- 
hand in the Penman's Gazette arc the same 
as Prof Bridge sends to pupils in his shorthand 
department of the Chautauqua University. We 
answer. No. The University course is very 
fully and carefully matured, every point being 
made clear tothepupil. The Gazette course 
is necessarily greatly condensed. 

-Our recent article on "DeepSea Dredg- 
ing" is going the rounds of the shorthand 
press. Good! It is inspiring to beginners in 
this art to think that if they master lOO words 
in the very best shorthand forms (word-signs 
and otherwise), they will have learned at least 
one-half of all the words they will ever have 
to write in shorthand. Our readers will do 
well to re-read that article. 

— Phonographers should welcome any valu- 
able shorthand periodicals which give them 
reading matter in their own chosen system. 
W* most heartily commend Prof. Morris' 
forthcoming Mcfi/or, the magazine to be pub- 

your "writer" in crder as far rs possible by 
cleaning it frequently— even regularly. Keep 
it out of dusty draughts; cover it on complet- 
ing your work; oil slightly working parts; do 
not allow children to "play" with it; tigliten 

for your machine as you would for a working 
hoise, and be sure thai neither will do good 
work without painstaking watchfulness. 

Stick to your system, if it is a good one. 
Don't mix it with untempered mortar from 
some other. We see at times young phonog- 
raphers dabbling with several systems, and 

— I''ollow these rules in your early study and 
practice of shorthand: i. Think out the best 
form for the word desired, 2. Write that form 
with painstaking accuracy, as if it were to be 
engraved from your own copy. 3. Then write 
that word, wiih increasing speed, five, ten, 
twenty or even fifty times, till great speed is 
secured. 4. Join the word in simple phrases, 
writing them with similar accuracy and repe- 
tition. Thus you will secure two essentials of 
shorthand writing— legibility and rapidity. 

— Quite a war ot words is waging between 
James Herbert Ford of England and Isaac Pit- 

, Ont. 

— A minister, a returned missionary, has 
just told uB that he took up Graham's phonog- 
raphy and studied it without a teacher, so tl at 
he might be aided in his work, and though he 
has never made a cent by it directly, it has 
been of inestimable help to him. Multitudes 
could do the same, to their great self-improve- 

— Since Chautauqua, several pupils have 
begun courses in the "Chautauqua University 
School of Shorthand," Prof. W. D. Bridge, 
Plainfield, N. J., Director,and many have sent 
tor the new circular of the Shorthand Deiari- 
ment. Send stamp and secure a circular which 
has information which all seeking to studv 
pliouograpliy should read. 

— Our observation shows us that the system 
of charging so much a Tnonth tuition in pho- 
nographic echools is a serious temptation to 
the conductors of said schools to keep the 
pupils as long a time as possible, that the lui 
lion fees may be ihegrealcr. We have knowi 
students to be enticed by various means am 

— JU^Luryi/f — 
. ■ . r2. <o,Vo,/f.'^,-^-',^,_p.-':5.-\),\),[-,.L, 2,'"^^, 

^, i:U,(.".(i,J'.*A,^,-^,^,^,."J,;\,V.J-,J ,»^, 

.. .. 5*^ r, •r'.. \K ^. ^, ^.^.'^. t,^-. -^^ 



J\l&a/cUnQ CbfLUL'CiA^l - 

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hooks at the end of the same. Am I correct? 
Yes. I am pleased to ■>ee that you see tlie 
element of "pi inciple" running through short- 
hand, as it surely should in a correct system. 
We iHerefore have a large hook at the end of 
all curves, to indicate the syllable "tion," and 
also on all straight strokes on the right hand 
^ide at the end, looking from the end to the 
beginning. Please notice that this "tion" hook 
at the end is not on the same side of the 
straight strokes that the "n" hook is, for the 
reason that >Ahen straight strokes having a 
"tion" hook are to be joined with other strokes, 
the junction can be made lYiuch better if that 
hook is on tlie right hand side than if it were 
on the left (see plate 1, section 3): Fashion, 
vision, lotion, mission, nation, unction, Goshen, 
erasion, option, Bashan, Titian, addition, ma- 
gician, auclion, Russian, Hessian. 

3. How do you make "plurals'" of such 
words as have a "tion" hook? To make 
"plurals" or add "s," follow the following 
rules: 1. On curves having either an "n" or 
"tion" hook write a small circle on the inside 
of these hooks. This rule applies lo curves. 
Note this. 2. The same rule applies to the 
"tion" hook on straight strokes, i.e., the added 
"s" is indicated by a small circle written inside 
the "tion" hook at the end; but on straight 
strokes having an "n" hook the hook is made 
into a circle (see plate i, section 3): Fashions 

passions, bashans, editions, magicians, auc- 
tions, Goshen's, rations, Hessians, fins, vines, 
thins, thence, assigns, shuns, lance, earns, 
manse, announce, swoons, pins, bounce, tunes, 
dance, chance, joins, coins, gains, runs, hones. 

4. Will you give me a miscellaneous mix- 
ture of words with these two hooks, and let 
me see if I can read them.^ Yes. (See plate 

5. Will you now give me a varied list of 
words using these two hooks, that I may see if 
I can rightly apply the rules given me to-day? 
Yes. Cushions, rhine, swine, warren, mourns, 

away, canopy, vocation, negations, bounce, 
drains, trains, trance, prunes, thrones, shrines, 


m, edit 


, Domitian, 

Hslied entirely in Graham's system of phonog- 
raphy. Its date of publication will be the 15th 
of each monlh; price, $2 a year. Address 
Prof. F.G. Morris, Easthamplon, Mass. 

—Dr. J. M. Buckley, editor of the Chrisfiint 
Advocate, New York City, is probably one of 
the most rapid speakers on the American 

Boston, Mr. James P. Bacon, one of our pupils, 
reported Mr. Bucklej- for seventy consecutive 
minutes, and on couniing the words found that 
they averaged one hundred and seventy-nine 
a minute. How is that (or speed? 

— The August number of the Shorthand 
Tinu's, in a brief nolice of Prof. Bridge's 
"New and Ralional System of Shorthand 
Numbers," says of it: "It could be easily 
mastered and put in practice." The editor 
then devotes one page of his magazine to a 
suggestive extract from the woik itself, and 
presents a specimen examp'e of its use as ap- 
plied to ordinary accounts. Thanks, brother! 

— Because your typewriting machine gets 
out of order, do not curse all machines, but re- 
member that not a machine now on the market 
but will show at times the "perverseness of 
machinery," and in most perplexing ways 
plague its operator. We do not know of an 
exception to this rule. They all "do get out 
of order at times." Every honest dealer in 
type-writers will acknowledge this. But keep 

man. by reason of liie criticisms of the founer 
upon the efficiency of the "certilied shorthand 
teachers" who are commended to public favor 
by the laller. Other persons are being ad- 
milted to tlie fray, and the capabilities of Eng- 
lish teachers of pupils in phonography are 
being very seriously criticised. There are few 
"certified" teachers of shorthand in these 
United States. 

I. You liave been giving me hooks at the 
beginning of strokes. Are there h"oks on the 
end of strokes ? Yes. I will call you now to 
study these. First, there is a small hook'on 
the end of every stroke in the system, written 
as follows, to indicate the «ound of "n" inside 
the curve on all curves, and on the left hand 
side of all straight strokes, looking from the 
end to the beginning of such sirokes (see plate 
I, section I): Fine, vine, thin, then, assign, 
zone, shun, line, moon, noon, longin', wine, 
yawn, pin, been, tunc, down, chain, John, 
keen, gain, rain, hone. 

2 That is indeed simple. And now, as you 
had a large hook at the beginning of strokes, 1 
may imagine that you will also have large 

Learning Shorthaud. 

Any teacher of experience has many times 
received such a question as this : Are there not 
special practical suggestions which will help 
me to learn shorthand? We have a letter 
lying betbre us, just received, making that 
inquiry. We will most briefly reply : (1) Not 
all persons can learn shorthand. As some 
people have no ear for discrimination of 
sounds, cannot tell one note from another, 
cannot sec any difl'erence between joou and 
yeniw, cannot except with utmost painstaking 
tell what are the sounds composing any given 
word — they therefore seem to be devoid of an 
ability which is absolutely essential to short- 
hand writing, according to phonographic prin- 

(2) Some people are deficient in "grit," 
"pluck," "stick-to.ativeness," which says: 
What ought to he dime if possible I will do. 
The principles of shorthand are simple. There 
is no bugbear to frighten modest souls. One 
step strongly taken, the next is simple if it 
be clearly, definitely explained, and the third, 
fourth, fifth, etc., are not to be feared. But lo 
be sure, determination to go through is an ab- 
solutely indispensable factor to secure success. 

(3) An especial need in the study of short- 
hand is "reviewing'' of principles, or in other 
words, a constant drilling. A mere seeing 
clearly the various individual principles of the 
art will not suffice. An iteration and reitera- 
tion is essential. Before studying the second 
lesson be sure to go over the first at least five 
times. Then before taking up any lesson, go 
most carefully and repeatedly over all the pre- 
ceding lessons, so that before you take up the 
twentieth lesson there should be a full and 
ready review of the nineteen which preceded. 
We cannot emphasise this too much. 

(4) The difficulties of individual pupils are 
by no means identical. What troubles one 
another sees intuitively. The latter fails 
where the first walks with courage. There- 
fore do not by any means assume similarity of 
teaching as ai)plicnble to all. Bring out points 
of instruction as the characteristic diiricultics 
present themselves. And here we should say 



Ihat every pupil should be free to express his 
difficulties, doubls, and his hopeful feelings 
when they come. 

(S) Put in immediate practice tlie knowledge 
acquired in each lesson. Begin to write as 
soon as possible. Early master the "word- 
signs." Begin to use these in every possible 
way. Copy time and time again the bkst 
phonography. Do not write mtich matter, but 





written and read with the utmost freedom 
And this "same matter ' to which we refer 
should be such as a qualified teacher has cor- 
rected after you have written it once, or which 
he has written for you as a "copy." 

Esprit lie Corps. 

We have sometimes thought that a fault 
among American shorthand writers is a lack 
of a lively esprit de corps. There has seem- 
ingly been a seeking after the "mighty dol- 
lar," rather than a glorious and he&rly further- 
ance of the "cause" itself "Will shorthand 
pay .'" seems to be the query ; not, "Is there not 
enough in these mystic strokes, loops and cir- 
cles to bring fralernity?" 

From our German exchanges we find that 
in the I'ntherland there is an immense social 
side to the phonographic brotherhood. The 
monthly, semi-monthly and often weekly 
meetings are full of good cheer. Clannishness 
is tabooed; no select coteries are formed. 


, the 

s the 


ambition to spread the art all over the land 
seems to rule the body of stenographers. 
Hence Gahelsberger, Slolze and Arends 
writers are full of csjirit de corps to carry the 
good news into the regions beyond. 

How is it with us.' The thought of many 
seems to be thuswise: If I increase the num. 
ber of students of shorthand, the marker will 
be overstocked, and prices will tumble, and I 
shall suffer in pocket. The great thought 
seems largely overlooked that the art should 
be cultivated for itself and not for monetary 
considerations. Shorthand should be esteemed 
for esthetic purposes more than for financial. 
It should, if properly, studied, create an enthus- 
iasm in the pupil when he sees or uses the art. 
We greatly regret tliat the good old system of 
"Ever circulators" went out of fashion. They 
were the best aids to development of social 
fellowshp and enthusiasm that we have seen. 
Of them we shall write more hereafter. 

Mark's Views. 

In a recent article "Mark Twain" thus aptly 
discourses ou the hardihood of infantile idea 

"Literature, like the ministry, medicine, 
the law, and other occupations, is cramped 
and. hindered for want of men to do the work, 
not want of work to do. When people tell 
you the reverse they speak that which is not 
true. I! you desire to test this you need only 
hunt up a first-class editor, reporter, business 
manager, foreman of a shop, mechanic, or 
artist in any branch of industry, and try to hire 
him. You will find that lie is already hired. 
He is sober, industrious, capable and reliable, 
and is always in demand. He cannot get a 
day's holiday except by courtesy of his em- 
ployer, or of his city, or of the great general 
public. But if you need idlers, shirkers, half- 
instrucled, unambitious and comfort seeking 
editors, reporters, lawyers, doctors and mechan- 
ics, apply anywhere. 

" The young literary aspirant is a very, very 
He knows that if he wished 

. beet 



require him to prove llie possession of a good 
character, and would require him to promise 
to stay in the shop three years — possibly four 
— and would make him sweep out and bring 
water and build fires nil the first year, and let 
htm learn to black stoves in the intervals. It 
. he wanted to become a mechanic of any 
other kind, he would have to undergo this 
same te<iious, ill-paid apprenticeship. If he 
wanted to become a lawyer or a doctor, he 
would have to do lifty times worse, tor he 
would get nothing at all during his long ap- 
prenticeship, and in addition, would have to 
pay a large sum for tuition and have the privi- 
lege of boarding and clothing himself. The 
literary aspirant knows all this, and vet he 
has tiie hardihood to present himself for re. 
ceplion into the literary guild and to ask to 
share its high honors and emoluments with- 

out a single twelve months' apprenticeship to 
show in excuse for his presumption. 

"He would smile pleasantly if he were asked 
even to make so simple a thing as a ten- 
cent dipper without previous instruction in the 
art; but, all green and ignorant, wordy, pom- 
pous! v assertive, ungrammalical, and with .i 
vague, distorted knowledge of men and the 
world, acquired in a back country village, he 
will serenely take up so dangerous a weapon 
as a pen and attack the most formidable sub- 
ject that finance, commerce, war or politics 
can furnish withal. It would be laugha. 
ble if it were not so sad and so pitiable. The 
poor fellow would not intrude upon the tin- 
shop without an apprenticeship, but is willing 
to seize and wield with unpracliced hand an 
instrument which is able to overthrow dynas- 
ties, change religions, and decree the weal or 
woe of nations. " 

PenslTC Kemtnlscences. 

"Look into thine own heart, and write," is 
the advice of some literary philanthropist to 
aspiring genius. That is precisely what I pro- 
pose to do. 

I am aware that the excellent programme 

following facts are presented for the first time 
to an expectant public: 

In speaking of great writers, it was not my 
intention to limit the meaning of the word to 
authors alone, but to include penmen — other 
great penmen — and some of them as modest 

My career as a penman covers a period of 
twelve years. During that time I have given 
as many as twelve lessons in penmanship to 
as many as fifteen pupils, nearly all of whom 
survived. Those pupils have passed out 
of my observation, and nearly all out of 
my recollection. But one of them I shall 
never forget. She was a tall, loosely-construct- 
ed young woman, in the semi-angular style, 
and her handwriting would make ati Egyptian 
mummy turn green with envy. She was my 
most faithful pupil. She had looked into her 
own heart. She ali^o extended to me the same 
privilege. But she could not be made to see 
clearly that there was any essential difference 
between a capital stem and an unmitigated 
pot-hook. It became necessary to hold her 
hand, and guide and restrain its erratic move- 
ments. Under these conditions she wrote 
fluently. But when her anxious instructor 
lingered more or less attentively over the des.k 

-MiAfTZM^^ . 

— 7 

-^ (,^.5/^ L.VC 5 A\- V^ 

stated above has often been taken quite liter- 
ally, and in the language of the vulgar, "worked 
for all there is in it." To the would-be 
writer, with pen poised irresolutely, and with 
eyes in a tine frenzy rolling, from heaven to 
earth and b.ick to heaven again in search of an 
idea, the counsel of the 1. p. comes like a price- 
less boon. He immediately turns his eyes in 
on his cardiac system, and then turns them 
loose upon the virgin page, until the first per- 
sonal pronouns are thick as autumn leaves in 
Valiambrosa, and all the I boxes, from the long 
pica Rom.^n to the nonpareil Chinese con- 
densed, are as empty as the vault of a widows' 
and orphans' savings bank. It is all very well 
to examine the heart from time to time, to be 
sure that the ventricles and auricles are all 
there, and to grind the valves down to a joint 
in case they get to leaking. No one objects 
to that. But how the compositor must suffer, 
who, in an unguarded moment, takes to his 
case an article by one of these heart-gazers, 
and finds himself obliged to make up for the 
lack of I's by a judicious use of figure I's and 
quods ! 

But this is all a part of my malicious design 
in writing these reminiscences. 

Like nearly all other great writers, modesty 
has for a long time kept me in the background. 
And it is with coy reluctance, and only under 
the pressure of a stern sense of duty, that ttie 

of the girl with brick-dust hair, shades of Spen- 
cer and Gaskell! how she blew the alphabet! 

About the same time, I finished my first 
Great Work of Art, and e.'thibile.i it at the 
County Fair. There were really two Great 
Works. One was the alphabet, in large and 
flowing capitals, and the other was a coTupos- 
ite piece in the Queen Anne style. The cen- 
ter of this latter was an elaborate effort in 
scroll-work, representing a mythological bird 
of paradise on the wing, hastening to its nest 
with a beakful of flourishes for its hungry 
offspring. Around the sides were cards bear- 
ing more or less poetic names on more or less 
fantastic scrolls, as the case may be, and 
probably is. One of these was the real name 
of a real lawyer. His writing would etop a 
street car, and his signature looked like the 
traces left by an able bodied fly in a life and 
death struggle with the ink bottle. I tried 
faithfully to forge that signature, that I might 
exhibit it as a horrible example, and flattered 
myself that I had succeeded. And a woman 
looked at that Woik of Art, saw the hypothet- 
ical bird, the problematic scrolls, the impossible 
foliage and the ideal names, and, though a 
total stranger to the man, admired nothing 
but the name of that lawyer. 

My Great Work encountered no competitor at 
the Fair, but the judges declined to awaid me 
a premium, all the same. The Chief-Justice 

explained quite cheerfully that there were a 
dozen men in tlie county who could write bet- 
ter than Ihat. I transfixed him with a piercing 
glance, and in du^ time held the Agricultural 
Society's check for $1,50. The frame cost 
$'■35. '*"*' ""^ stationery used and ruined, 40 
cents. When we moved the first time, my 
young wife felt constrained to ask if I were 
going to hang that thing up again! 

Since finishing my masterpiece, my chiro- 
graphic eftbrts have been more or less varied 
and interesting. My signature has been much 
admired, though a good many people who 
hold it express a willingness to exchange it for 
the cold and inartistic signature of Treasurer 
Jordan. My reputation as an accomplished 
filler out of diplomas for sweet girl graduates 
threatened at the time to make me quite 
wealthy, but the threat was not fulfilled. In 
former years when at the zenith of my fame, 
lovely ladies often sought my hand. They 
wanted it to inscribe their lovely names on 
decks of cards. Perhaps they are not usually 
called decks. When completed, the gentle 
creatures would almost always thank me, 
though sometimes they omitted even this. 
But they generally furnished the cards. After 
practising the muscular movement for two 
hours to get the divine sweep and roll, and 
destroying a quireof legal cap paper, and after 
having written a long name on fitly cards in 
eleven different styles, a polite "Thank you" 
beals nothing all to death, as Milton (or is it 
Wait Whitman.') so truthfully and feelingly 
remarks. I remember that in one case I was 
engaged to write the cards for the farewell 
calls of a young lady of whom I was quite 
fond, though I had allowed concealment like 
a worm, etc. My impression is thatshe thanked 
me for the work, though I am not certain 
of that. There were about five hundred invi- 
tations issued for her wedding. I did not go. 
I explained to my friends that I was not feel- 
ing well, but if I know my own heart, that 
was not the reason! I never felt better. There 
was another reason. 

It is nice to be a great writer, and have ad- 
mil ing multitudes lean over your shoulder 
and read all your secret thoughts. But there 
have been circumstances in which I could have 
wished to be able truthfully to echo the em- 
phatic lie of a voluble Englishman deploring 
the invention of the type-writer: "Thank 
God, I can't write!" 

Phil I. Stine. 

A Motlior'a Letter. 

Here amid a heap of business eoinmunica- 
lions is a feebly traced superscriplion which 
rivets our attention. We lose sight of the busv 
world around, and for the time become lost in 
those tremulously traced pictures of home and 
love. In those clearly delineated scenes, we 
stroll with her tluough wooded lane. We 
listen to those dear words of maternal aflection, 
which fall upon our ear like the gentle mur- 
mur of a low ibuntain stealing forth in the 
midst of roses. Like the soft, sweet accents 
of a guardian angel's whisper, which comes 
like soft sunshine stealing through the world's 
frowns and warming our souls into glowing 
love, those truthful portrayals of our rustic 
homes make us children again. We are led 
again by her feeble hand across meadow and 
over rustic roads. We sit again with brothers 
and sisters around the glowing log fires and 
listen to the quaint old fairy stories. We love 
these letters, why ? Because we know the 
heart that prompted them. They are pure 
gold. No alloy of false flattery or policy. No 
tinge of art, but the pure, spontaneous flow of 
a heart's deepest anxiety, an expression of love 
as natural as the embracing sunbeams chastely 
caressing the flowers of the field. Those lines 
are tremulous, but they are to us the crystal- 
ized vibrations of the soul's harp. The 
footsteps of aflection. The cable lines which 
carry memory across the oceans of experience 
back to the shores of infancy. The diary of 
boyish happiness. The wonderful agency 
which for the time at least cleanses our hearts 
of all skepticism and guile, and fills it with 
noblest impulses. Which makes us better 
men in the truest sense, by giving us higher 
aspirations, nobler resolutions, and a higher 
admiration for the grandeur of t.uith, 

Teachers should spendless time In cultivat- 
ing the memory, and more in developing the 
reasoning powers.— Ce«/rfl/ School Jourtmi. 



'Necessarj Iguorauco' 

\Vc need lo arrive at some conclusion on tlie 
subject ol ignorance — necessar_y ignoiance. 

I have never seen this subject brought ior- 
wiuil ; it may be my mi&forlune, but I have 
not. Yet a clear perception <5f necessary ig- 
norance is the very foundation stone of tnie 
education. Few would claim omniscience, but 
all assume it. Omniscience has to be given up. 

Asnn illuslration, let mediaw your atten- 
tion to the fact that there are about one tliou- 
eand definite languages in the world. A re- 
sonably good knowledge of five of these would 
be considered no mean allainnient. To be a 
good Greek and Latin scholar.and a thorough 
speaker of German and French, in addition to 
our own language, would be consi^Jered satis- 
factory. But, what becomes of the nine hun- 
dred and ninely-five which we know nutliing 
about.* Nine liundred and ninety-five un- 
known, lo five known. 

If this compulsory ignorance meets us in 
one subject only, what becomes of the knowl- 
edge hunt as the be-all and end all of educa- 

WIiv, not a letter is written to the papers, 
not a " Reformer" speaks, who does not toss 
into the school-caldron some half-dozen new 
indispensable subjects, every one of them with 
their thousand variations. They might just as 
well dcmonstiate that the fee-simple of six 
new planets was necessary to a schoolboy. 

The idolatry of knowledge must perish, or 
education cannot begin. 

A clear perception of necessary ignorance 
must become ordi.iary stock-in-trade, or mental 
bankruptcy wilt continue to b 

The Persian defined his view of education 
in three words — riding, shooting, truth. And 
no better definition will ever be given, if we 
lake it as a type, and interpret it. 

The interpretation is simple. Tlie Persian 
wanted practical skill, and perfect heart-po\\er. 
For what had a Persian to deal with? He had 
to deal willi waifare against wild beasts, war- 
fare against warlike men, and honor in his 
home. Their work was summed up in this; 

They trained for it. Activity, skill, hardi- 
hood, fearless contempt of dcatli, fearless up- 
holding of truth, summed up their idea of 
training. And it gave Iheni the empire of the 

And the Persian was right. Nature— the 
laws of the world, lay down the main track as 
long as the world lasts. 

Noble character comes first — truth. The 
training of skill and strength comes next. 

Noble character is trained by noble example 
of life, whether in word or deed, and by honest 
surroundings, whether in word or deed. 

As regards the actual work itself, a selec- 
tion should be made on natural principles of 
growih, and obedience to laws of nature- 

The main needs of life, and the main facts 
of life, are the same for high and low alike. 
All speak a language. Everything in the 
world passes through language. Not to clear 
the language pipe is simple insanity. Clear 
and widen the language-pipe first. 

I am inclined to go on by rescuing from a 
misuse, which has done much harm, an old 
proverb, and by changing one word in it, 
make it a working definition of perfect educa- 
tion on the knowledge side. 

The perfectly educated will be jack-of all- 
trades, and master of one. 

"Master of one" — because there is no train- 
ing in a smattering easily got by an active 
mind. "Jack-ofalLtrades"— because no man 
can work bard all day, and there is infinite 
pleasure and profit in picking up everything 
worth having. 

"Master of one." Because, in the Infinity of 
subjects, the wilderness, the jungle of rival ig- 
norances, no strong, calm, great character can 
gain its strength, excepting by being pressed 
to the utmost limit of its power by the fierce 
demand for perfection that every great subject 
makes on him who gels far enough to know 
what trying to be perfect means. Every good 
runner knows this fierce demand of the last 
ten or twenty yards of a race. 

"Jack-of all," Because the active brain can- 
not be on strain always, and yet, being active, 
will be occupied. And men can gather flow- 
crs, and know them, without being gardeners; 

men can buy in the market without being 
meichants; and thus, in a properly managed 
scheme, a thousand jack-of-all-trade pursuits 
come in naturally, to underpin the main work, 
supplement it, give it a finish and ornament, 
and find pleasure for unprofessional hours. 

Wanted, A Rending rnblic 

This is what the publishers say is needed — 
that is, serious readers, those who care enough 
about books to buy them, own them, and really 
possess themselves of their contents. That is 
what the writers say is needed— the writers 
who are becoming almost more numerous 
than the readers. Nearly everybody writes 
for publication; it is impossible to provide ve- 
hicles enough for their contributions, and the 
reading public to sustain periodicals does not 
increase in proportion. Everybody agrees 
that Ibis is the most intelligent, active-minded 
age that ever was, and in its way the m<ist pro- 
lific and productive age. Is there a glut and 
overproduction in the literary world as well as 
in other departments? Isn't it an odd out- 
come of diffused education and of cheap pub- 
lications, the decline in the habit of continuous 
serious reading? We have heard a great deal, 
since Lord Brougham's time and the societies 
for the diffusion of knowledge, of the desira- 
bility ot cheap literature for the masses. 
The Congressmen place cheapness above hon- 
esty in their sincere desire to raise the tone of 
the American people. There is no product 
that men use which is now so cheap as news- 
papers, periodicals and books. For the price 
of a box of strawberries or a banana you can 
buy the immortal work of the greate^it genius 
of all time in fiction, poetry, philosophy or 
science. But we doubt it the class that were 
to be specially benefited by this reduction in 
price of intellectual food are much profiled. 
Of course some avail themselves of things 
placed within their reach which they could not 
own formerly-, but it remains true that people 
value and profit only by that which it cost 
some effort to obtain. We very much doubt 
if the mass ol the people have as good habits 
of reading as they had when publications were 
dearer. Who is it who buy the five, ten 
and twenty cent editions? Generally those 
who could afford to buy, and did buy, books at 
a fair price, to the remuneration of author 
and publi-her. And their serious reading 
habit has gone down with the price. We iiave 



read? Not much in the winter, for the de- 
mands of society are too exigent then. For 
private reading there is no time, and a short-cut 
to information is sought by means of drawing- 
room lectures and clubs, which are supposed 
to give to social life, without interfering with 
it, a lacquer of culture. In summer it is im- 
possible to read much; what is called tlie mind 
needs rest by that time, and the distractions of 
outdoor l.fe in the mountains and by the sea 
forbid anything but the most desultory skim- 
ming of the very lightest products of the press 
To be sure.the angel of the Atlanticocean sees a 
row of pretty girls on the coast sealed on 
rocks or in the sand, all the way from Campo 
Bello to Cape May, with no\ieU in their hands 
—one of the most pleasing Jmilationsof intel- 
lectual life ever presented in the world. It is 
perfect when there is breeze enough to turn 
over the leaves. And the young men, those 
who are in business, or who are supposed to 
be getting a more or less "conditional" educa- 
tion — do they read as much as the young ladies? 
It is a curious comment on Ihe decay of the 
reading habit in households, the blank literary 
condition of the young men who come up to 
the high schools and colleges. 

Now we are not trying to defend the neces- 
sity of reading. They say that people got on 
in the Middle Ages very well without much 
of it, and that the women then were as agree- 
able, and the men as brave and forceful, as in 
this age. But it is certainly interesting to con. 
sfder whether by reason of cheap and chopped- 
up literary food, we are coming round prac- 
tically to the Middle Ages relative to reading; 
that is, the reading axything except what is 
called news, or ingenious sorts of inventions 
and puzzles which can be talked about as odd 
incidents in daily life are talked about. Read 
ing lo any intellectual purpose requires patience 
and abstraction, and continuity of thought 
This habit of real reading Is not acquired by the 
perusal of the newspapers, nor by the swift 
dash which most people give lo the cheap 

publications which are had for the picking up, 
and usually valued accordingly. It is an open 
question whether cheap literature is helping 
us any toward becoming a thoughtful 
reading people. — Cfiaries Dudley IViiriic 
Harper'' s A/m^aziiie for Oclober. 

■ Frngments. 

''As is Ihe teacher, so is the school," has well 
nigh become a truism. It is not the school's 
location, its rooms, apparatus and library, its 
advertising and patronage that determine its 
merits, but the quality of its tc'achers. This 
holds true of every gchool, regardless of the 
field it essays to occupy. Teachers no longer 
hope to discover a substilute for their own 
shortcomings. On the contrary, they find 
themselves carried along irresistibly by the de- 
sire to achieve the uttermost in man-develop- 
ment. This age is not satisfied with the 
teacher of one idea, but must and will have 
Ihe teacher of many ideas. To be more spe- 
cific, it is not sufficient for a teacher of the 
graphic arts to be skilled in his own Utile 
world. Me must know other worlds than his 
own. For example, the so-called pen artist, 
who perhaps wields the quill wiih such grace 
and precision as would astonish the gods, can 
no longer af!brd to murder the king's Eng- 
lish, and confess himself an ignoramus in all 
things save one. It is hoped that the fact may 
be generally recognized by Ihe thousands of 
young people who are daily devoting many 
precious hours to the mastering of an art they 
trust is lo be their means of gaining a liveli- 
hood. The coming professional penman must 
not be one-sided and narrow in his develop- 
ment, but he niufct be broad and deep in his 
culture. For such, the field is indeed rich 
and fruitful. 

sof r 

:al culti 


nowadays about the relative value of the 
languages and the sciences as a means of 
menial culture. The discussion indicates that 
mind-discipline is an important factor in mod- 
ern education. Utility does not furnish the 
sole means of delermining what studies shall 
have a place in our schools of this practical 
age. It is to be feared, however, that teachers 
of penmanship have loo frequently lost sight 
of the mental discipline which should be in- 
volved in successfully presenting so simple a 
subject as writing. It is not too much to say 
that the will and every power of the intellect, 
and even some of the emotions, can be trained 
by the thoughtful teacher of penmanship. In 
proportion as ihe pupil acquires the power of 
allentiun, he progresses, under judicious guid- 
ance, in making his hand the willing servant 
of his brain. Just so far as the learner fails In 
attention — that is, fails in having the mind di- 
rect the movement of fingers, hand and arm — 
just so far he scribbles and squanders his men- 
tal energy. This want of attention is the 
greatest obslacle in every department of physi- 
cal training. The learner who has Ihe capaci- 
ty to continuously command his hand will, if 
he desires, almost invariably make rapid prog- 
ress in any of the manual arts. The teacher 
can usually lead the pupil to recognize this 
fact, and having once done Ibis, the royal 
road — for there is one — presents itself. Under 
this mental rule, the mind commanding the 
hand, the servant comes to act automatically, 
the muscles seem to have memorized their in- 
structions and know only to describe lines of 
beauty. This training of the attention actually 
involves mind development, and will give 
new power for overcoming difficulties in other 
fields of labor. 

\TQbc Coiitiiii/ed.] 

Peuuiauahip on tlie Road— Will it Payt 

Willilpay, is the first question asked regard- 
ing any calling, and the answer as applied lo 
itinerant teaching could be given, ves or no, 
all in one breath, and both hit the mark. 

It would perhaps be better answered by say- 
ing, That depends on whether 

You can organize. 

You can teach. 

If you cannot write, pjcpare yourself in that 
by attending some good penmanship institute, 
and I might say here, go lo the best, and the 
best does not always mean the cheapest. Go 

where you will not only gain ability to write, 
but teaching power, love for llie woik, and an 
enthusiasm that will carry you through one 

When you have preparc'd yourself as a 
writer, then you are ready to try your ability 
as an organizer of classes. 

The ability to write is no assurance Ihal you 
can organize classes; it will help you, and see 
lo it that you make it help organize. 

How well it pays on the start depends on 
how well you can organize. We will say you 
wish to devote vour entire time to the work. 
Then organize three classes, each class to 
meet two nights per week. Tuition $i per 
scholar for a term of ten lessons. 

Say you organize one class of fifteen pupils, 
one of twenty, and another of twenty-five. 
This will give you $60 for a litile over five 
weeks' work, counting nights of organizing. 

You might at times not do more than half 
as well, and at times you might possibly 
double it. It has been done, but we will say 
this is near the average for classes in the 
country where you are to do your first work. 

Your expenses in the country need not ex- 
ceed $3 per week all told, and if you manage 
rightly they can be made much less — as low 
as $1 per week, and even less if you can find 
something to do during the day, or an oppor- 
tunity to give private lessons enough to pay 
your expenses. 

penses $io, $40 cleared in six weeks ought to 
satisfy you to start with, as I venture to say it 
will, and if your classes have been well taught 
you will have no trouble in getting a second 
term, and perhaps larger classes than before. 

How to organize, I will speak of that next 
lime. A. E. Parsons. 

IVt'UoH yiiHCiioH, /a.,Scpi. 16, /SS6, 

Letter from a Father to a Son. 

I see b^- your picture that you have got one 
of them pleated coats, with a belt around it, 
and short pants. They make you look as you 
did when I used to s ank you in years gone 
by, and t feel the same desire to do it now that 
I did then. Old and feeble as I am, it seems 
to me as though I could spank a boy that 
wears knickerbocker pants buttoned on a Gar- 
ibaldi waist, and a pleated jacket. 

If it wasn't for them cule little camel's hair 
whiskers of yours I would not believe that 
you had grown up to be a large, expensive 
boy, with grown-up thoughts. Some of the 
thoughts you express In your letters are far 
beyond your years. Do ;ou think them your- 
self, or is there some boy in the school that 
thinks all Ihe thoughts for the rest? 

Some of your letters are so deep that your 
mother and I can hardly grapple with them. 
One of them especially was so full of foreign 
words that you had got out of a bill of fare, 
that we will have to wait till you come home 
before we take it in. I can talk a little Chip- 
pewa, but that is all the foreign language that 
I am familiar with. When I was young we 
had to get our foreign languages the best we 
could, so I studied Chippewa with a master. 
A Chippewa chief took me into his camp and 
kept me there lor some time while I acquired 
his language. He became so much attached 
to me that I had great difiiculty in coming 

I wish you would write in United States 
dialect as much as possible, and not try to 
paralyze your parents with imported ex- 
pressions that come too high for poor people. 

Remember that you are Ihe only boy we've 
got, and we are only going through the mo- 
tions of living here for your 6ake. For us the 
day is wearing out, and it is now way along 
into the shank of the evening. All we ask of 
you is to improve upon the old people. You 
can see where I fooled myself, and you can do 
better. Read and write and sifer and polo, 
and gel nowledge, and try not to be ashamed 
of your uncullivated parents. 

When you get that checkered little sawcd- 
off coal on and a pair of knee panties, and 
that polka-dot neck-tie, and the sassy little 
boys holler " rats " when you pass by, and your 
heart is bowed down, remember that, no mat- 
ter how foolish you may look, your parents 
will never sour on you. — Exrliange. 

"Nothing worth calling good can, or ever 
will, be started full-grown." 




— We have a brief, l)iit finely wriltcn Iclter 
■n Prof. H. W. Flickinger this month. 

— ]. P. Regan favors us with some of his 
MuUful penmanship. His work is first-cLvs. 
—We had a letter from that wonderful little 
tis(, Jos. Foeller of Jersey Cilv, last month. 

-K. A. Paleniiis, Bismarck, D. T , ib a 
Knpi'ndiiim disciple, and a good, free writer. 
— C. Beck, Waukegan, 111., favors the Ga- 
1 1 V with a club and some of his bold style 

-E. L. Bui 

tof Pr 

, R. I., fav 

wo loi 

— II. W. Quaintance, Aledo, 111., occasion- 
ally sends the Gazette samples of his free 
muscular style. 

— Prof. Geo. E. Lillle, teacher of drawing at 
Washington. D. C, paid the Gazette a 
pk-.Tsantcall List month. 

— W. D. Showalter, penman in Bayless' 
Bii-iness College, Dubuque, Iowa, combines 
skill with good ideas. 

— We have just received a welUwritten let- 
ter from M, B. Moore, Morgan, Ky. Moore's 
flourishing skill is remarkable. 

— E L. Brown, Rockport, Me., is one of 
tlic Compendium boys, as the life and free- 
dom of Iiis writing will testify. 

— Did it ever occur to you that Madarasz 
comliines more accuracy, beauty an<I life in 
his woik than any penman living? 

— W- J. Kinsley of Shenandoah, Iowa, is 
one among the wide-awake penmen of that 
Slate. His wriiing is clear and full of life. 

— W. W. Bennett is attracting much allen- 
tion with his graceful pen at the Chicago Ex- 
povilion of evenings, where he is in charge of 
Bryant's department. 

— E. M. Barber, Chandler, Mich, one oi 
Bro. Isaacs' pupils, writes us a neat letter, and 
sends the Gazette a beautifully executed 
motlo, which will no doubt appear. 

— Prof. A. P. Root is doing some superior 
common sense teaching in Bryant's Chicago 
Business College. He is chuck full of the right 
kind of enthusiasm for good leaching. 

— Notwithstanding Spring's disappearance 
from Dallas, A. E. Peck still exists in that 
thriving city, and pushes his pen with more 
skill than ever. He is one of the C. G. cf H. 

— Jno. P. Byrne of Woonsocket,R. I, comes 
to the front in his wriiing. His letters are 
full, clear, iind tolerably accurate. He speaks 
words of highest praise for the Compendium. 

— H. P. Behrensmeycr of Quincy. 111., sends 
i!ic Gazette specimens of his skill in the 
'-liape of a letter and neatly flourished whip- 
l>oonviIl languidly lounging in her hair.lined 

— In order to fully appreciate a well trained 
niu-i:iilar movement, you should stand by the 
dL-^k of the clever-handed D. B. Williams, who 
witlds his graceful pen for Bryant's College, 

— We are glad to note the improvement in 
li P. Pickens' work. His birds seem to be 
.iMMising from their slumbering appearance. 
\\ '■ iiulice they strike a belter chirping atti- 
In,] They have quit carrying their under- 

— r. J. Miller, Shousetown, Pa., writes us 
.1 k-!itr in a splendid running hand He 
si;- lie's a well-driver. We should sav he 
diiw-, a double team since he di 


i pen 

-W". E. Dennis is showing the boys and 
-111 'if Pearce's Philadelphia College how to 
u-^ iiK- pen in a business-like way. The Ga- 
/■I II is keeping its off eye on Willie. His 
flourishing on exhibition at the convention was 
about the bcit we have ever witnessed. 

— We dropped in on Goodyear & Palmer 
of Cedar Rapids, la., a few days since, and 
found ihese two plucky gentlemen hard at 
work in their well-equipped business school. 
Prof Goodyear, in addition to his extensive 
fichotil duties, is constantly publishing new 
toxilMioks which are having a wide sale all 
over the West. Mis new .lystem of actual 

business is superior to anything of ihe kind 
in existence. Bro. Palmer is filling up aboul 
Ihe neatest hall for normal penmanship we 


Plmn T'llk, Brooklyn, shakes Ihe Gazette 
up a lillle each month with its jolly earth- 

Book- Chetl, New York, gives in brief about 
everything that is being done in Ihe field of 

The Ohio Business University favored us 
with a copy of the Ohio Business Review for 

D. L. Musselman sends us a bright and 
lively eight-page sheet, bearing the title of 
Gem City yournal. 

In anticipation of low mercury during the 
coming winter the Western Penman has 
donned a new overcoat. The September num- 
ber sparkles with bright thought. The Gaz- 
ette can see, through much of its finely 
woven rhetoric, S. H. Goodyear assisting at the 


Edition, is spetiallv pieptred f i the use of 
common schools and embrices the best meth- 
ods of compulation as taught m the business 
colleges and practiced In business houses. It 
teaches pupils Ihe style of arithmetic they will 
need— no more and no less— when they step 
from the schoolroom into the world. 

It is a "new" Arithmetic— not only wilh 
reference to the //w/c of its publicalion, but also 
as regards Ihe quality of its contents; and 
unlike many things that are simply "new," 
every departure from the older methods will 
be found a decided improvement, simplifying 
the subject, and bringing it more within the 
comprehension of Ihe pupil. 

The authors are connected wilh one of the 
most successful business schools in Ihe United 
States, and are specialists in arithmetic. They 
are therefore qualified to decide what is most 
practical and practicable in a woik of this 

The above cuts represent Ihe 
and facsimile autograph ol E. W. Richardson 
of Horse Cave, Ky. He wields his pen wilh 
as much grace and skill as any young writer 
in Kentucky. Not only does he write a free 
and forcible style, but possesses the rare facul- 
ty of imparting it to others. Like so many 
of our best business writers he acquired his 
style through the aid of Gaskell's Compen- 
dium. He says he owes all his success as a 
penman to the Compendium's teachings. 

New Paths- 

Every businessman, says a shrewd observer 
in a recent paper, should endeavor, in the 
form and method of his advertising, as well a^i 
in the transaction of his business, to impove 
upon what he sees around him, to originate 
ne^v ideas and neiu methods^ and not be content 
servilely to copy even the most intelligent and 
prosperous of his competitors. 

In this way only can he be a wiiole and 
complete merchant, whose business funda- 
mentally is to strike out nevj fatlis and new 
ventures. The well-trodden ways of business 
are always lull of a satisfied multitude, or if 
not a satisfied, an incompetent muUiiiide, 
plodding like those around them, with just 
enough profit to keep body and soul together, 
often slipping down in insolvency and run 
over, then reviving again, till death steps in, 
and with one blow ends boih the lite and busi 
ness together. 

The woi k is pub!i^hed complete in a single 
volume; and for the convenience of the lower 
classes of graded scliools, the first part of the 
complete edition, extending to percentage, is 
published separately. Both editions are pub- 
lished with and without answers. When not 
otherwise ordered, the edilion with answers 
is always forwarded. Retail prices: 

Complete edition - - - $i oo. 

Parti, so. 

"Barnes' National Systkm of Penman 
.sHii'." The publishers claim these books are 
the best ever made in this country, for the fol 
lowing reasons: They contain a practical sys- 
tern which, after being learned, will not prove 
too difficult lor business purposes. Pupils who 
use these books will write in a free, giaceful 
manner. The classification of capitals Is won- 
derfully simplilied. Eleven letters are formetl 
on one general plan; ten on another; and the 
rest on a third. The gradation is simply per 
feet. The business forms are elaborately en- 
graved on steel. The whole series for un 
graded schools is comprised in six books, but 
for the use of the large graded schools in both 
cit\ and counlry there aie six additional books 
of smaller size to meet the demands of a still 
closer gradation. 

Select several cards of different colors, and 
in the center of each fasten by a little mucilage 
a small round piece of black paper. Place 
over the card thus prepared a piece of thin 
while I issue paper. The variety of hues which 
the black assumes is very striking. 

— A. H. 5., lia.iold D..k. Youshade>our 
wriiing entirely too muoh. Practice the " m" 
exercise lightly until you can make down 
strokes as fine as up strokes. 

— D. T. G. H , Fairview, O. Put more de- 
cision in your movement; don't slant your 
loops quite so much. You can become a 
good writer by devoting more time to move- 
ment drills. 

— R. L. C, Plainfifeld, N. H. Prof, W. D. 
Bridge of Plainfield, N. J., is a superior in- 
structor in shorthand. The Gazette contains 
his lessons each Tuonlh- Hundreds are learn- 
ing from these lessons without a personal 

— B. K. Phila. Yes, we will criticise your 
work and do all we can to help you along in 
your practice. Go to work in dead earnest. 
Work on copy-slip No. i' until you can make 

—Joe M., Joliet, 111. We notice a te lious 
and-labored air about your writing, which was 
doubtless brought on by excess of the bracelet 
wearing habit. No doubt the light falling as 
it does in squares on your desk is very imper- 
fect. We prefer the soft light from ground 
glass to that strained through cumbersome 
iron grating. 

—A. N. P., Cedar Rapids, Iowa. No, we 
are not in favor of introducing the chin rest 
in wriling-ctasses. A small ottoman placed 
on the desk immediately under the pupil's 
voice will serve the purpose in cases wheie 
Ihe rest is unavoidable. You may still say 

"Give us a rest." Smoking Chinese Havan- 

as may strengthen your breath, but it will 

tend to weaken your nerves. We do not 

know whether Peirceis cross-eyed or not. 

— L. M,, New York. Your writing is fair for 
a boy of your age. Couldn't you use ink to 
as good advantage as glue in yovu- card work? 
We wish you success, but would say you will 
find it a little disagreeable to write cards on 
the street in December. 

— G. W. M., Delaware, O. The tingling sen- 
sation in your arm is brought on by writing 
three hundred words per minute. You should 
guard against sucli rashness; it is liable to 
bring on Saint Vitus' Dance. 

— J. L. D., Steilin?, 111. .Put more force in 
your movement. Practice the ovals until you 
can make them with a regular, easy motion. 

Are Yon Goln? to New Orleans or rior- 
Ida J 

If so, you can go via the Monon Route via 
Louisville or Cincinnati, and see the Mammoth 
Cave, Nashville, Blount Springs, Birming- 
ham, Montgomery, Mobile, and the GuK 
coast for the same money that will take you 
through the dreary, uninhabited Mississippi 
swamps; we are confident you cannot select a 
line to the South enjoying half the advantages 
that are possessed by the Monon Route and 
its Southern connections. 

No one should think of going South without 
visiting the Mammoth Cave, the great natural 
wonder of this continent. So much has been 
written of this world-famous wonder, that it is 
impossible to sav anything new in regard to it 
— it cannot be described; its caverns must be 
explored, its darkness felt, its beauties seen, to 
be appreciated or realized. It is the greatest 
natural curiosity — Niagara not excepted — and 
he whose expectations are not satisfied by its 
marvelous avenues, domes and starry grottoes 
must either be a fool or a demi-god, From 
Mobile to New Orleans (lji miles) theride 
along the Gulf coast is alone worth the entire 
cost of the whole trip. In full sight of the 
Gulfa;Itheway,past O-ean Springs, Missis- 
sippi City, Pass Christian, Bay St. Louis and 
Beauvoir, the homeof Jefl Davis. 

When you decide to go South make up your 
mind to travel overtheline that passes through 
the best country and gives you the best places 
to stop over. This isemphatic.illy the Monon 
Route in connection with the Louisville and 
Nashville, and the Cincinnati Southern Rail- 
ways, Pullman Palace Sleepers, Palace 
Coaches, double daily trains. The best to Cin- 
cinnati, Louisville, "New Orieans or Florida. 
For full information, descriptive books, pamph- 
lets, etc., address E. O. McCormick, Gcn'l 
Northern Passenger Agent, Monon Route, 
122 E. Randolph street, Chicago, or Wm. S. 
Baldwin, General Passenger Agent, 183 
Dearborn street, Chicago. 




FamilJ \lh^ of the Woifld 

The Latest, Largest, Best and Host Reliable. 

Astronomical, Geographical, Chronological. 
Historical, Political, Statistical, Financial, 
Commercial, Educational, Agricul- 
tural, and Descriptive. 

Over Two Hundred Inatruotive Maps, Charts 

nnd Diagrams, from the Lntest Official 

Sources, brought down to June, 1886. 

Every OfBce. Library, or Family should have 



Tofflces, carefully indexed 
complete Pamily Atlas pi 



opiouB Statistics have been prepared with u 
c and exactly adapted to the scope of th 

ivcd "Vom '^Ihc ve°y* latest 'itn.V nu^.r^utl 


vided into 
lions thi[n 


Expenditures, latest Public IJudget, "VaxVs!" I^ans. 

Diviiions.' 'Physi. :iTr,^"^7un^MU^"l'o ,y" 'I'on, 
Coni.rurcf, Indu.r- t , 

BTBphs, Money, w i 

Cities, with Piiiu. 

aoBneB in the several countries described. ^' ^^'' "^ 
Wchavc prepared an elaborate and carefully com- 
piled alphabetical index of cvcrvcountv. town villaxe 
and posloffice in the United Suu:.. witf. their locaufn 

and pl^ 

We take pleasure in ofTering to the publi 

our NE'W PENCIL. It is made with 

the utmost care, of the VERT 



These Pencils are especially adapted to 
Practice Writing, and made in such a man- 
ner that, although the line is clear black, yet 
the lead being firm and hard, they hold their 
point long. We confidently assert that Ihe 
Gaskell Lead Pencil is UMSURPASSED 
in the World. 

Price per Doz.. 50c. Per Gross, $4.50. 

AGENTS WANTED in every city and town, 
to whom we will give liberal terms. Liberal 
terms given to agents on all our goods. 


The 6. A. Gaskell Company, 

79 and 8i Wabash Ave., 



kieioicxtk:, ioaata. 

tirrfrioii .Si/steiti of Pev- 

i>lii/p, au<i Peirce's Philo. 

sophical Treatise of 

Icmbership in the Business Department is 

tolaUxpinse is about one-half that ofsitu' 
vacations. Applications for admission can 

Sth. My Philosophic 


Keokuk. Iowa. 

r$3 ELECTRIC BELT for Kidnevs, Pain, Ner- 

nd population of iSSs, Indicating county towns, ex 
valuable inifex^of tife 


'hetableoE contents and index of subjects hn; 

n readily lo any subject, and rendering every | 


oughly, will I 
plicaUon (ir , 


79 and 81 Waboah Ave., CHICAGO 

Parlors 21-Jl III.-VioKcr's llieuliT, liiiriinii. 




Copyright. '";.,rj::"'Z^ 

worthy ot the anlluir. miil wortliy of the finest 
library. Its nieclinnleai qualities ai'o fairly 
equal to those of my beat edition of "Ouizot's 

y of Fi-i 

essayist and 

interest of a 
niai:iuih.'i,t | n. Ii ,l,i,K «itl, ,i series of 

to huve invented woiil.l i)lace Lis creator by the 
side of Homer ; and which to realize and repre- 
sent in the mode TAv. Prescott has done, re- 
quired a rare degree of historical imagination." 

Whipple, 'H,"t! 


J'*»''^J^»"P §°1 Brawling fArrtW K 

lAssoctatkd pjKTEES.r 




LISHING CO., 180 Washington Street, Boston. 


II that is 
1 1 beyond 

iporlunity of doing 
■ior, Chicago, III. 
s too high a plac^ 
) need commeada- 


Mexican niattere Ch. 
doubtless combine t 
reception ■--/■/(( M'.' 

iilespread interest Ir 
:ists at present, wil 
'e it an appreciatlvt 



nm; imbued 
I love of the 

1 Hi LI 

r Cnli/iraMIVl^ Ferdinand and Uabellr., t 

Y of the JtEION ot 

r., the Calhollc, By Willusi H. Presccttt- 
volumes, small octavo, includiug portraits and other illua- 
ttops. Pi-ice,#3.a5, PopH^orJTrfHiort, from the same 
volumes in one. Price, $1.3lt. Now neatly. 

r the dry 

" It is one of the most pleasing 
valuable contributions that have 
modern history; it is the only or 

been made to 
? that gives us 
suffloient picture of a period so 

momentous OS the latter half of the fifteenth 
century."— London Atheitceum. 

" One of the finest histories of modem times, 
written by an author of rare felicity of diction, 
fervor of iuiagination. accuracy of statement, 
and e.xquisite beauty of style. Every one who 
reads at all should read Prescott."— Prcabjrfe- 
rian. Pliiludelphia, Pa. 

Books, 13S payea, 4 ccnta ; Condensed Cata 
it the lowest prices ever known. Address, 

JOHN It. A T,T>EX. Piibli.o/ier. :iH:i PiiirlSt., Neir York. 


J. S. OGILVIE .& CO., Pnblisliersj 



GENTS WANTED to sell the Gatkc 
piiljlicalioii!,, G. A. Gaskell Co., 

79 Wabash Ave , Chicago. 

V..1, uit loi.riu.-., i.uic Js descrihcd (by express o'r mail) 
iim).iiJ, AdJrBi. EoiTOK UOO^lllII SlATURAL. 
I "T, 39 C01-. AVH., Valparaiso. Ind. 

The Wise Broadbrims. 

A Great EkiI in llual(6riloffl. 

Bro. Jon. : (shaking Bro. Isaac warmly by 
the hand) Welt, I thank thee, Bro. Isaac. 
Hast thou heard the news? 

Bro. Isaac r Is it of late and dire import- 

Bro, Jon.: It is. Aunt Mary has decided 
to go forth among the people and do good to 
suffering humanity with her "Catarrh Cure" 
and "Blood Syrup," 

Bro. Isaac: Indeed? I pray for her suc- 
cess. I have used her "Catarrh Cure" myself, 
tify to its merit. Her "Blood 

The Blood is the Life! 


H;is been conferred on suffering humanity if a 
ri'nicdy has been procured which will quickly nnd 



Before tlie people, assuring them thnt it is cntlr«lf 

in operiUion. and will effectually 
Consumption (when not in its last st-iges), Telterl 

Aunt Mary's Blood Syrup 

"^'AdUres" '"""'""■' ■"■'-'-"■^'^'■'1>, 


161 LaSalle Street, CHICAGO, ILLINOIS. 




*^" Self-Teaching Penmanship, 


Not Hundreds, But Thousands 

THE G. A. GASKELL CO,, 79 Wabash Ave., CHICAGO, lU 

ever published in a bool 
nearly joo quarlo paRCS, eUgantly bound. In shon, it is ihe mm 
the world. The price Is 99.00, for which it wUl be maJleil pre 

X^ Special to every subscriber of the Gazette, 

For a cU\h of Ten Subscriptions to the "Gazette and Educator" antl $io, we givetliis ele 
gani book free. To cvcrv Suh.'^ciiiher to llie Gvzkti k, we will m.iil a copy postpaid, on re- 
ceipt o/ ^3 75. SPECIAL OFFEHl Addresa all Orders to 

THE G. A. GASKELL CO., 79 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 

Mailed postpaid on receipt of price. Address, 


79 "Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO. 



ATTaoErements have been made wilh B, M. Wobthington, Artist Penman, whereby he is to manufacture Ihis 
osi beauilfnl a-iJ br Hi .nt SLOSST BLACK INK enpresslv for the G. A. Gassiix to. This ink is indorsed 
jr the leadine experts m |H:nm;ms)iip ;., not milv the tnn^t he i..t,ral but positively the best inlt for all purposes in 

loiMhS'h'leS';'',' "" ' '" '" ' '■"•'i''^"'"' »"«'" "'1 I' ■-■■■■■-'" Ins^i^ts beatJliftti^Blossor 

ither by freight or 




79 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 




ll^ )ii- work is forcible, and aUhc"Lm"/tiincKratV'fiiL'^ wiiirwU?^.'!.". ■ '■ '■ -^"'I'ZT'aI^' .JT>.^^'i 

"i.-.ih stroke. His style is !i hiippy blending of the business with the ornim i ..u.l to 

1, smoothness of shade, nnd qusility <: 


r promptly executed, and sent prepaid upon receipt of price: 

79 Wabaah Ave.. CHICAGO, ILL. 

School of Business. 


ing ample facilities for obtaining a useful 
Business Edutalion at home. The plan has 
been fully tested in practice, and the school is 
now in very successful operation, registering 
sUidents from sixteen different States, giving a 
complete course of business training and obtain- 
ing the most satisfactory results. 

Pamphlet, circulars and lilanlts, giving detailed 
information, sent on applicalion. Address, in- 
closing stamp, 

PROF. R. S. HOLMES, Pjainfield, N. J. 


SCHOOL 01 l•ll()^(){,R vi'in 

WU. D. BRIDQE, Principal, Plainfield, N.J. 

Departtnent of PlionoKrapliy. 

SitSa K£7u'dT,L","s''lriL'mo"t'iTvan'T'^'' '"^ 
style! Cotirses of iitsirticlioli' "iro'roVhly^mS'e'l! 

Departmeut of tlie steuosrapli. 

Oy an ingenious system of instruction, indorsed l,y 
rof. M. M. U«rihoio,ne». Inventor of Ihe SienoEraph. the 
laiiery of this marvellously simple short hand writiii! ma- 
liine can be taught by correspondeuce. Graded lessons 

'S^Fordro'iu". or payment ol lee., address 

R S HOLMES, A M, Registrar, 

ir. Prof. W, D. ItKIDGls, PtAiNnitiD, N.J. 





7B Wabash Avenue) CHICAGO, ILL. 



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Number of Cards Id each package: 18 30 

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Business Wr 

L. MADARASZ, Box 2116, N. Y. City. 

THE G. A. Gaskell Co,, Publishers, 


VOL. VIII,-No, 10. 

SCHOOL OF Penmanship 

A flational (Soni'^e of Le^^on^ 


Mu senior^ Movement WinsU 

There are in this country a lar^t- number of 
young men struggling tor advancement in 
penmanship, whose circumstances will not 
permit personal instruction, neither can they 
afford to sacrifice their own interests by drifting 
wholly unaided in this matter; and for this 
class especially this course of lessons has 
been organized. 

It is the outgrowth of an overwhelming 
demand for instruction that will jiroduce a 
graceful style of writing, it being a fact that 
undue attention is being paid by nearly all 
teachers of penmanship lo that necessary 
element, MOVEMENT. 

The course embraces an exhaustive treat- 
underlying principle of aJI good writing. 

In arranging this series of lessons I- have 
exercised great care in adapting it especially 
lo the wants of amateur penmen and those 
starting out in penmanship, and to them will 
this course be of more than ordinary value, 

theories will be advanced, no whole arm work 
will be permitted; if you viU'h to use the 
whole arm do not ask me for help, but if you 

1 easy, graceful style of writing, I i 


Has it that stiff and unfinished appearam 

Can _ 
letter with the utmost 
ease, at the same time display your skill? 

These are imporlant questions; you had 
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TaE Full Course for $5,00. 

The course consists of 12 separate lessons, 
one lesson a week, requiring three Tnonths to 
complete it. Further particulars can be found 
If necessary in my new Circular which will be 
mailed free. 

what muscular movement has done lor me 
and what it can do for you, you had better send 
for a specimen of my work, which will be 
mailed for 36c. 

When ordering speciir 
following you desire: 

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which of the 


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4^000 Problems. 400 Pages. 

^^^^This Work was Published SEPTEMBER 1. 1886, 
and in less than THIRTY DAYS was adopted in Nearly 
FIFTY of the Leading Business Colleges and Schools. 
Principal Hibbard. of the Bryant & Stratton Commercial 
School, sent in an Introductory Order for 500 Copies.^^M 


ind N 

will be Delighted 
■What He Needs; 
> Less . 

Biief and cleai- in its definitions and explanations, simple .Trtd laboi--saving 
in its inetliods of solntion, and strictly utilitarian in its large collection of prob- 
lems, it will be found a reliable exponent of the best Business College methods 
of instruction. 

It is unusually complete in every essential of business arithmetic, containing 
an ainple supply of just the class of problems which commercial students will be 
required to solve, and of the simple business methods of solution which they 
will find it convenient to practice when they become business men or women. 

IJy its exclusion of impractical problems, its many simplifications of the 
older methods of solution, and its system of grouping many Specific rules under 
a few general principles — easily understood and retained — it is possible for an 
average student to acquiie a "thorough" knowledge of business arithmetic in 
the brief tuTle usually allotted to a commercial college course. 

A SPECIAL EDITION is published for Business Colleges, entitled THE 
COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC, the names of the authois being omitted 
from the title page. In binding, special Side Title Stamps are used in embos- 
sing, similar to Sadl«i's Counting-House Arithmetic. Schools ordering in lots 
of twenty-four or more at a time m.iy have their own titles embossed on the 
cover ■without extra charge. 

A Specimen Copy will be mailed, post-paid, to any teacher for examina- 
tion, on I'eceipt of 75 cents. 

The mechanical execution of this work is of the highest order; in fact, it is 
the best and cheapest Commercial Arithmetic now published. Retail, $1.50 
per copy. Special wholesale price to Business Colleges, $1.00 per copy. Cor- 
respondence and orders solicited. 


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Work.: Camdca, N. J. 25 ,,!,„ jt., New York. 


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BANKS & PaLMttit Publishiog Co.-, 133 and 135 Wabash 


The G. A- Gaskell Co., Publishers. 


VOL. VIII.-NO. 10. 

R. S. Collins. 

-ike the majorii^' of penmen, R. S. Collins 
- .ilso born. It seems to be a habil the pen. 
II have gotlcn into. Mr. Collins first kicked 

I ^ ill the air and a flannel ulster on the 3d 
<4 March, 1S60, in Mecklenburg county, 

II L harlolte. North Carolina, and in close 
i\imi()' lo a large persimmon grove. He 

.1 on a farm until he was 15 years old, but 
most of Ibis time being spent in school, 

1 duti 

isted : 

linly i 



.ilu.i\s very induslriou=. Sony 
I urn them loose in a cotton field, 
garner in over joo poundsofthe staple 
I n the spring of 1874 he look a course o 
under the then famous E. W. Sco' 
liMii-.!.- proved the very stroke which awak- 
I 111 ' Hie latent genius which was couched in 
Mr i.olhns' system, for under the enlhusiastic 
(>J1 'vliich Mr. Scott had woven about him, 
\vp iir]d him consuming his father's taper long 
alui liie gloaming had flickered. He made 
wiinilcrfiil improvement in this short course. 
P;i>f Scott enc;ouraged him greatly, and lold 
hi'ii that by constant effort he could move 
al'iea>t the plumed knights when he grew up 
a ilourishing man with American zeal and 
. liir, whiskers. In July, 1875, when only 15 
\ . n ^ of age, we find him teaching classes with 
•-l';i-iHlid success. So marked were his abilities 
as a teacher, he was soon employed as pro- 
fessor of penmanship in a large academy, 
where he taught for some tiine with good re- 
sults. He entered Davidson College in 1877 
for the literary course, but the constant strain 
on his eyes here was more than he could un- 
[ dcrgo, so he dropped his literary pursuits ere 
hi- course was finished. After two years of 
I in ;itid rest we find him again able to take 
4' 111- pen as instructor in his chosen art in 
Kiii-\ Mountain High School (N. C), where 
■ he remained as an ardent worker in the cause 
until June, 1883. He was much encouraged 
bv the inspiring strokes from such penmen as 
I Kibbe, Shaylor, Musselman, Worlhlngton and 
ft others, which gave him new zeal to practice; 
M but it was not until he saw the strong and 
I faultless letters from W. H. Patrick that he 
wn'. tiidueed, Jan. 10, iSSi, to enter Sadler's 
flii^iTie^s College, Baltimore, from which he 
gin>hKited Mayi7, iSSi. Brother Sadler found 
h^ writing so good that he could only think 
I of 100 as the proper number to designate his 
r grade at llie end of each month. Sadler also 
I gnve evidence of a magnanimous soul by con- 
liniiiilly encouraging him long after he had 
v.nii-hed from under his wing. He wrote 
these lines in Collins' album while at the 
I New >'ork convention : "As one of my boys, 
I am proud of your success." He at one lime 
took a course of penmanship imder ihe Spen- 
cer Brothers, and out of a club of 100 members 
he had the honor of being the '-champion 
penman of the club." In September, 1S81, he 
returned In King's Mountain to open a busi- 
ness college in connection with Ihe Military 
School. He held this position until July, 1SS3, 
when he was called to the penmanship depart- 
Tuent of the Business College at KnoxviHe, 
T' rui , which position had been made vacant 
l'^ iiii iiresent editor of the Penman's Ga- 
/i 111, A. J, Scarborough. After remaining 
ihere lor about one year, he removed to Nash. 
ville, where he was appointed principal of a 
writing institute for the summt-r months, with 
an attendance of about 135 students. 

Last year, during the month of March, we 
were strolling througli the aisles of the 
World's Exposition Building at New Orleans, 

listening to Ihe whirring sound of a world of 
machinery mingling with the melody of a thou- 
sand pianos, when who should we find curved 
over a desk under the balustrade of a great 
stairway, but that plucky little R. S. Collins, 
turning out cards at the rate of 35,000 per 
month. The soul-stirring music from a hun- 
dred glitlering horns at his left seemed I0 
have lost its eflfect upon his finely.wrought 
nerves, (or every stroke from his pen was as 
smooth pnd graceful as the Spencerian ripples 
obsei'ved on Lake Erie. 

Mr. Collins is doing a good work as penman 
in the Knoxville Business College. He is a 
warmhearted gentleman, believes the teacher 
must be enlhusiastic in order to awaken that 
element in the pupil. The proprietor of Ihe 
college, Prof. J. T. Johnson, with Mr. Collins' 
aid, is making it one of the leading training 
schools in the country. 

rhetorician will compensate fjr a barren im- 
agination. Meretricious clap-trap is of no 
avail here. Hackneyed phrases, simulated 
passion and incoherent rhapsodies geneially 
fail lo impress the soul that is alive to the ten- 
der pathos and glovving imagery of "Enoch 
Arden;" the soul that loses itself in "the pow- 
erful rhyme " of Avon's bard, or the heavenly 
melodies of " Comur." I do not wish to dis- 
parage the work of " minor poets." But true 
poetry, let it be said, is a rare ingredient in the 
majority of lliese ephemeral effusions. The dj. 
vine afflatus enters into their work about as 
largely as mathematics enters into the con. 
struction of a crazy quilt. If the embryonic 
bard possesses the true voice, he shall be 
heard. Forceythe Willson and Richard Realf 
" brought fresh fire from the empyrean," and 
the wcrld was not slow to crown their youth- 
ful brows with unfading laureU. The asser. 
tion that poetic diction has deteriorated 

[For the Penman's Gazette.] 

VelnsiODs of Aspiring Rards. 

When the Parnassus-yearning youth of tins 
driving era fails to make a strong impression 
upon the public, he usually attributes his fail- 
ure to the pratical, materialistic spirit of the 
age — an age that is given over to Bessemer 
steel, rapid transit, electricity and other unro- 
manlic hobbies. Or he may affirm that his 
thoughts were sown in an exhausted soil; that 
the language of emotion has been worn nearly 
threadbare, and has well nigh lost its pristine 
beauty and vigor, 

I shall endeavor lo show that these sup- 
positions are wrong. In the first place, the 
busy world of to-day has not utterly lost its 
appreciation or relish for the intangible prod- 
ucts of the dreamers of fancy. The Golden 
Age of poetry is gone, but the world is ever 
willini^ to listen to a true singer. A true 
singer! Ah, there's the rub! We are "o'er- 
surfeiled" with floods of indifferent verse, 
borne down under an incubus of mere words. 
In this dead level of mediocrity we search in 
vain for the prtgnant thought of a Gray, the 
lender touch of a Burns, the exquisite music 
of a Tennyson, or the almost Grecian purity 
and perfection of a Keats, There is often 
grace or rhythm, but rarely a 

nof P 

No : 

unt of ingenuity in the 


in value is surely fallacious;. Many ad- 
jectives, il must be admitted, have been 
overworked; symbols of sublimity have been 
made to represent the commonplace; but 




trodden field in the flowery vale of poesy. 
The painter uses fewer tones than the poet, 
but the pigmies on his palette are as potent to- 
day as they were when Raphael blazoned his 
sublime conceptions upon canvas, or Michael 
Angelo glorified the vast walls of the Sistlna 
with his inspired brush. 

Emerson tells us that some of Tennyson's 
works are poems. We can appreciate the full 
force of this high tribute when we recollect 
that the Victorian laureate was preceded by 
Wordsworth and Byron and Shelley and 
Keats. Yes, the wild-eyed rhyme builder is 
wrong when he declares that he was horn 

serts tlial the effete phraseology of his prede- 
cessors is not a fit vehicle for his soaring 
thoughl. If his metal has the true ring, it 
will pass at once into circulation; if found to 
be spurious, it will be confined to the limbo of 
forgotten myths. 

Give a block oi marble to one sculptor, and 
he will carve from it a tolerably good statue; 
give it to another, and he will release an i.ti- 
prisoned angel. The trouble with these disap 
pointed Byrons is usually this: They rush 
into print before their thoughts have suf- 

ficiently matured. Result: " Linked " twaddle 
"long drawn out." Half-baked thoughts are 
as indigestible as half baked bread. Prince 
Bismarck says it is not poss.ible to hasten the 
lipening of a peach by holding a lighted candle 
beneath it. Nor Is it possible to hasten the or- 
derly growth of the mind by the sharp prick- 
ing of the will. Pegasus readily responds to 
the silken reins of inspiration, but resents the 
coarse spurs of necessity and ambition. 

Much of the so-called word painting of the 
day is simply word juggling. There is a con ■ 
stant straining after effect; truth is often of less 
importance than a smoothly-flowing phrase. 
In the work-i of some writers "subtlety "often 
passes for inspiration, and ambiguity for origi- 
nality. Ambiguity is the crutch upon which 
many a decrep t thought has hobbled into 
fame. Why should any one imitate the faults 
of Browning.* His occasional obscurity is not 
intentional ; he doesn't wish to mystify us. 
Let us enjoy what is iulelligible, and leave the 
rest to " those that like Ihat sort of thing." 
Some readers lavish their honeyed encomiums 
upon the very passages which mortals of 
only average caliber find as unintelligible as 
the average political platform or the stump- 
speech of an Ojibbeway alderman. They 
think their professed enjoyment of these enig- 
mas will be taken as a mark of rare acumen 
and delicate insight. Writers who do not pos- 
sess a tithe of Browning's mental power or 
power of expression occasionally surpass the 
author of the "Ring and the Book" in tur- 
pidity of thought and metaphysical ballooning. 
They delight in weaving thoughts which are 
" as far from sounding and discovery " as the 
■' Keeley motor," Just .tI present Mr. Swin- 
burne has a host of feeble imitators. His un- 
rivaled mastery over rythmic, alliterative 
language; his cloying, sensuous music; his 
rich fancy, gorgeous imagery and inexhaust- 
ible wealth of classical allusions— these brill- 
iant qualities exert a s'rong fascination over 
the mind of the budding warbler. The 
youthful imitator of the seductive Algernon 
begins to stiften his gelatinous lines with such 
fine phrases as these: " Fire and hail," "curses 
and kisses," " scorching sighs," " branding 
tears," and "clinging and hissing tresses of 
flame." He makes abrupt transitions from 
velvety rylhm to "barbarous dissonance.'' 
and aftVigiits us with the lurid phantasmagoria 
of an over baked brain. If he wishes us clear- 
ly to grasp the idea oi separation, he will pack 



: like 

•.under as the lurid lips of 
hell " Before the literary aspirant swallows 
Dr. Johnson's dictum, and gives his days and 
nights to the study of Addison; before he sets 
out to model his style upon that of any 
writer, lining or dead, let him inoculate Mti 
" thinking pulp" with Ihe late J. G. Holland'n 
expressive aphorism: "Fish is good, but fishy 
is always bad," It doesn't require an eighty- 
ton gun to propel a charge of bird-shot. Bet- 
ter adapt the bore of the weapon to tiie size of 
the mi'slle, and enlarge the caliber for heavier 
thunder-bolts of thought. Men of exceptional 
endowments, like Browning or Carlyle, will 
always rise above the multitude, as the big 
trees of California tower above the general 
summit of the neighboring forest. But it is 
just as foolish for an unimaginative man lo 
affect Ihe Browning or Carlyle manner, as it 
would b-' for a callow school-boy to affect the 
stride and voice of a Salvini, or for a tenor of 
the falsetto variety to essay the role of n 
Scaria or a Whitney. Eccentricity is not 
genius. The physical contortionist may for 
the moment excite the wonder of the audi- 
ence, but the unafl'ected grace and easy 


strength o£ the full-limbed athlete will afford 
abiding pleasure and saiislaction. The can- 
ons of poetry are wondcrlully elastic, but it is 
not likely that Longfellow's simple songs will 
ever be supplanted in popular fivor by Walt. 
Whitman's scrambled metaphors. It is prob- 
ably true that some of our living painters 
have Improved upon the mttiiods of the old 
masters, yet it is certainly true that Raphael's 
"Madonna" and Correggio's "Adoration" have 
not utterly paled before Whistler's sensuous 
symphonies in lampblack and mustard. In 
the world's anthology of oratory few pieces 
outshine Abraham Lincoln's simple address at 
Gettysburg. Another fault: Lack of keen 
observation. The superficial observation shown 
by some writers puts us in mind of the aver- 
age tourist at Niagara. The impatient touris', 
upon alighting at the station, rushes over to 
Prospect Point, dives into the Cave of the 
Winds, stalks along Table Rock, hurriedly 
siu-veys the green Horseshoe through a spray- 
dimmed eye-glass, and hurriedly catches the 
afternoon train for New York, " don'cher 
know." Now, what did he see? Simply this: 
An irresistible tide of foam-flecked, molten 
emerald rushing over a mile of precipices at 
the rate of one hundred million tons an hour. 
But the spirit of the stupendous spectacle; the 
infinite variety and enchanting loveliness of 
its changing moods; the "skyey influences" 
which are ever transforming the scene into 
finer lines of beauty; the play of sunlight 
on the ascending spray, now dull as drifting 
cumuli, now instantly transmuted into dia- 
mond dust and tremulous rainbows - these 
delicate accessories of the matchless- picture 
either elude his stolid gaze or fail uUerly to 
impress him with a true sense of Niagara's 
crowning glory. C. W. Anderson. 

Ve Olden Time. 

[The editor of the Penman's Gazette asks 
me to "hurl off something for November — 
something savoring highly of your (my) native 
spice." The editor is sarcastic, to say nothing 
of his being a little cruel. If he wasn't a per- 
sonal friend, and hadn't pledged himself "to 
be perfectly just and upright in all his deal- 
ings," I might think h's purpose was to get me 
in a hole so he could cover me up. And really, 
I shouldn't blame him much, for I have often 
thought that these young bright fellows who 
are just coming upon the stage and getting 
such a firm hold of affairs in their own way, 
must feel no end of annoyance at the persist- 
ence with which such fossils as Bartlett and 
Packard, and " Bob" Spencer and "Father 
Nelson" and "Father Mayhew," to say nothing 
of Hiuman, and Ames, and Brown and Rath- 
bun hang on and try to run things. Why, 
not more than a week ago I received a pa- 
thetic letter from Robert — I couldn't say Bob, 
for I respect my fellow patriarch too highly — 
asking me in downright earnest if I did not 
think we were getting too much in the way of 
the boys, and if it would not be a proper con- 
cession to "young blood" to keep more in the 
background, and let it assert itself, 

I have noticed a tinge of melancholy on my 
friend's face — between his stentorious guffaws 
—during the last two conventions, and none of 
us who were present at the "closing exercises" 
of the recent New York affair will ever forget 
the lender tremulousness with which he alluded 
to the possibility of his not being able to attend 
the future conventions as regularly as had 
been his wont during the past twenty years. 

It is astonishing ho.v insidiously the sense 
of growing old steals upon the busy man who 
h:is never had time to seriously reflect upon it, 
but has kept on doing and planning as Ihou^h 
he was the only man living, and there was no 
end to the world. He overhears the younger 
"trash" venting their crude notions and allud- 
ing to him familiarly as "the old man," and 
he is startled. He looks in the mirror and 

sees the ghost of his father staring at him 

the white hair, the wrinkled face, the deep set, 
far away eyes, that lie used to gaze at while he 
pitied the owner because he was so oU. Now 
it has come his own turn, and be is not at all 
ready for it. He has just begun his work, and 
there is so madi to do. He is only getting his 
hand in and thinks it the supremest folly to 
give it up to the boys. 

I was thinking these thoughts something in 

the order in which they are here given, when 
the editor's request came to hand, and I turned 
to my drawer and took therefrom a few sheets 
of manuscript which I chanced to come across 
a few days since, and which I read twice over 
—not for any merit there is in the story, but 
for the flood of memories it poursover me,and 
the assurance it gives me that I am really 
growing old. I need these reminders, for 
there is not in my current thoughts, in my 
tastes, in my hopes, in my choice of companion- 
sh p, in my zest for all good things above 
ground, anything that separates me by an inch 
from the happy days of forty years ago when 
the events I have here recorded actually 
occurred. I have no thought that the editor 
will publish this scrap or any portion of 
it. 1 simply send it to him in desperation. 
But if he should disappoint me by crowding it 
into his columns, leaving out half sentences 
and twisting whole ones as is his wont, it will 
necessilate my wriling another chapter, not 
merely to correct the printer's blunders, but to 
make the reader understand if possible, why I 
wrote what I have written. This announce- 
ment will, I know, dispose of the whole mat- 
ter, and leave the reader and the editor to their 
unmolested ways.) 

I do'n't remember a time in my life when I 
did not want to see more of the world than 
came within the limits of home and neighbor- 
hood. I was not a venturesome youth a 
that term would be understood now — had n' 
desire to cope with the wild Indian of th 
plains, to seek the lair of the grizzly, or eve: 
to become a road agent. My childhood day 
were notched on the calendar before the 
advent of the dime novel, Boys and Girls' 
JFeeiij; or even the mild flavored Toiitli's 

The most exciting juvenile literature which 
came to my hand was the Arabian Nights 
entertainment, Robinson Crusoe, and those 
discouragingly pious Sunday-school stories 
wherein the bad boys had all the fun, and the 
good boys went to heaven early. After read- 
ing one of these books, I always had a strong 
inclination to be a bad boy, if I only dared; 
iirst, because I wanted to live longer than 
good boys did, and next, I was not fond enough 
of music to want to sit on a damp cloud day 
after day and play on a guitar. But after all I 
had a wholesome fear of hell as it was pic- 
tured by those who seemed to know all about 
it, and concluded that the safer course would 
be to keep within the limits of the divine law, 
and accept only such pleasure as did not seri- 
ously jeopardize my chances of heaven — 
something in the spirit of the little girl who 
prayed to be made good. "Not too good, O 
Lord, but just good enough so mamma won't 

At the age of sixteen, I asked my falher to 
give me his blessing and let me go forth into 
the world and seek my fortune. He did so 
and I went. There were no railroads then, 
and even had there been, I had no money to 
pay fare; for up to that time I had not, e.\cept 
upon one occasion, ever owned so much as a 
dollar. That exceptional dollar I had faith- 
fully striven for during the whole of my last 
school term, and as it was the promised re- 
ward of excellence in my class, I esteemed it 
highly. It was literally a "dollar of the dad- 
dies," being of solid silver, and very heavy. 
,n my life felt so rich as I did 

I hav. 

when this round sum was placed in my hand 
by my beloved teacher who, putting his other 
hand paternally upon my head, made a pleas- 
ant little speech, cautioning me against false 
pride on account of this sudden wealth, and 
bespeaking a kindly feeling on my part for 
those of my fellows who had not shared my 
good fortune. This apt and wise speech made 
a great impression upon my mind and has had 
more to do with my after life than it would be 
proper to state here. That dollar was the be- 
ginning of whatever fortune has been mine. 
It gave me the comfortable feeling of a capi- 
talist, and enabled me to enter upon life wilh 
a consciousness of solid worth that no man 
with empty pockets can feel. 

I seem to have been cut out for a school- 
master, for 1 drifted into the business as natur- 
ally as water runs down hill. After a two 
yeais' experience in my adopted Slate, Ohio, 
I gathered together my savings and crossed 
the river into Kentucky. Here a new order 
of life dawned upon me, for it was in the 
palmy days of slavery, when the patriarchal 
institution was exulting in its new lease oi 

power through the forced annexation of Texas, 
and the encioachmcnts of Northern abolition- 
ists and free-soilers were temporarily held in 

I well remember the first shock to my sensi- 
tive soul of the degradation of slavery. It was 
during my first journey on slave soil — a sixty 
mile stage ride from Maysvilleto Mount Ster- 
ling. At early dusk we encountered on the 
highway a colored man walking alone. He 
was somewhat gaily, though grotesquely at- 
tired in a mismatched suit consisting of a very 
breezy pair of trousers that were much too 
short, leaving a four inch gap 
native, undraped hide betweer 
the legs and the top of the 
brogans which were tied with a low 
coat that had evidently been well w 
much larger person ; a gay striped ve 
flaming red necktie, and a steeple-cro 
that iiad seen much service, but was re-invig- 
orated with a wide red ribbon tied in a bow be- 
hind, the ends hanging down his back. He was 
an unadulterated darkey, wilh a face as black 
as the ace of spades. 

As we approached this unique being, he 
deferentially stepped aside, and with hat in 
hand and bowed head, watted for us to pass. 
The driver checked his horses, and yelled out 

filled in with 
the bottom of 

by a 

wned hat 

sof ( 

"Come here, yoi 
m doing here this 


black rascal ! What are 
:ime of day? Whose boy 

"I'm Massa John Isaac 
gwine to m' wife's house." 

"You are a d d liar, and you know it. 

Take Ihist" and he laid the long whiplash 
somewhat more gently than his tone would 
warrant, about Ihe poor fellow's legs, 

" 'Fore God, massa," cried the chattel, with 
the faintest accent of alarm , "I'm gwine to m' 
wife's house. I am, indeed." 

"Who owns your wife, and where does she 
"She 'longs to Massa Stevens, thar away." 
"Whar away?" 

"Jist ayont the clearin' thar, down by 
Skank's mill." 
"That's another lie, and youknow it. You're 

running away, d you, and I'm going to 

kill you on the spot. Where's your pass?" 

The poor fellow fumbled with great trepida- 
tion along the lining of his Sunday hat, 
and after almost giving up in despair, he finally 
clulched a small piece of brown paper and 
handed it up to the driver. This superior 
being look the paper, turned it about, scanned 
it sharply, swearing the while, and finally 
handed it back with an oath. Then he gave 
the fellow a cut with his long lash, told him 
to get out of the way or he would run over 
him, and drove on, 

I thought at the time that this was an arbi- 
trary assumption of privileges and power on 
the part of the driver indulged in by way of 
divertisment and to relieve the monotony of 
the journey ; but I afterward learned that it 
was a privilege which the laws of the State 
and Ihe well-established customs of society 
gave to the meanest white man over any 
colored bondman whatever. 

I remained two years In Kentucky, and at 
the end of that time was astonished to find 
myself so fully accepting the social condition. 
I lived mostly in the "blue giass region," 
where resided the most humane masters, and 
the most contented slaves. The nearest ap- 
proach to an anli-slavery sentiment was a sort 
of tacit acquiescence in Henry Clay's coloniza- 
tion scheme — the real purport of which was 
lo induce the free blacks to migrale to Liberia 
in order to rid the Slate of dangerous proximi- 
ties. The colonisation doctrine, however, was 
very impopular with the slaves who greally 
preferred the chances of perpetual servihide lo 
the terrors of expatriation. I remember an 
istance of a manumitted sla-ve, made free 
1 condition of his going to Liberia. He was 
got on board ihe vessel against his most earnest 
protests, and on its return voyage was found 
ugly stowed away in the hold. He was, of 
urse, brought back, and on his arrival sur- 
rendered himself to the executors of his mas- 
estate, begging to be put again into 

The colonization scheme, though humane in 
,ts intent, was but a poor substitute for emanci- 
pation, and was in fact but little removed from 
the penal system of Great Britain in its effect 
lie emancipated. The freed slave felt 
himself as much cotidcmiieil to perpetual ban- 

i though he were under o 

.J Ken- 
,■ Clay at his 


One of the pleasanf 
tucky sojourn was a v 
Ashland home. The 
then seventy years old, a man of fine pres- 
ence, of courtly suavity and genial hospitality. 
He was the first-great man that I had ever 
(net at such short range, and I shall never for- 
get the feeling of relief and gratitude I exper- 
ienced from his great kindness in putting me 
at my ease. He was sitting for a portrait to a 
native artist, who despite this great chance (or 
fame has never been heard of outside of his 
Stale, and I was honestly asked for my criti- 
cism, which I as honestly gave for what it was 

Henry Clay was worshiped by Ken- 
tuckians and loved by his immediate neigh- 
bors, among whom he moved with that easy 
familiarity and modest bearing which marks 
the true man. 

Another illustrious Keniuckian whose home 
I visited was the great emancipator, Cassius 
M. Clay, who with his twin brother, Brutus, 
owned the finest stock farm in Kentucky, if 
not in the world. It was situated in Bourbon 
county, near the county seat, Paris, in the very 
heart of Ihe blue grass country, and was 
remarkable not only for its natural beauty 
broad expanse and great fertility, but for the 
Yankee-like order and snugness there was 
about it. These two Clays— cousins of Henry 
— did more to encourage and promote the im- 
porlalion and cultivation of blooded stock than 
all other men in the State, and to them is 
largely due the present pre-eminence of Ken- 
tucky as a fine stock-raising Slate. The horse 
fairs held in Paris, even in those early days, 
were of national importance, one grand feature 
of which being the almost uniform presence 
of Henry Clay on the judge's stand. 

Thirty-eight years have elapsed since my 
two years' sojc^urn in Kentucky, and I doubt it 
a week has ever passed that my mind has not 
reverted to some phase of that, to me strange 
experience. It has enabled me better to under- 
stand the spirit of what is known as "The 
Slaveholders' Rebellion," and itgavememuch 
sympathy with Elihu Burritt's impracticable 
scheme of " Compensated Emancipation." 
The teaching I did In that Slate was done Jn a 
log schoolhouse built in the woods, the only 
road in its vicinity being a private road through 
farms, closed up every few rods wilh gateways 
The traveling, as is probably the case to-day. 
was mainly on horseback, very few carriage 
roads existing outside of the cilies and large 
towns. Il used to seem to me thai Kentucky 
children must be born on horseback, so com- 
mon was this mode of locomotion, and so easy 
was it for persons of all ages to adapt them- 
selves to it. The daring of the young ladies 
in this respect used lo fill me with terror and 
admiration, and my own awkwardness only 
added to this mingled sensation. It was evi- 
dent to all who saw me ride that I was not 
"born on horseback." 

I shall never forget my first unfortunate 
experience in helping a young lady to her sad- 
die. I led the horse up on the wrong side o 
the mounting block expecting her in somel 
way to climb over the horns of the saddle. 
As she confessed herself "no climber," I had 
to reverse the animal and endure the smoth- 
ered jibes of the young gallants, who under 
favorable circumstances were not in- 
clined to take much stock in the "Yankee 
schoolmaster." I had the good fortune, bow- 
er, to live down local prejudices, and to lake 
modest part in training one or two youths 
who on account of that training, or through 
eir own merits, have risen to some distlnc- 
)n in public atVairs, 

The most daring enterprise in which I was 
gaged was a peculiarly Kentucky enterprise, 
that of assisting in a runaway match. This 
of thing was much In vogue in those 
days, and was usually in its outcome, a harm- 
less and satisfactory proceeding. The prelim- 
■y skirmishing, and the military tactics that 
e called into plav, were worthy of any 
se, and tlie final result on whichever side 
it might fall was usually acquiesced in. Some- 
more or less bad 
blood In the case, and the scars did not easily 
heal. Especially was this so when family 
feuds were sought to be bridged by the union 
of a Montague witli a Capulet. In the case 
stion there was some difliculty of this 
d the young man who was an intimate 


' -nine, had been contemptuously, and 
' ' xinreasonably rebuffed by 
i ^ .,, . -^oiily thing he could 

do lo°^alve Hlv. 'frfdignity was to marry 

tlie girl, and this hotiponce decided to do, and 
as promptly announced Iiis decision to the 
father. The usual Uctics followed. The girl 
was kept at home and chisely watched. All 
avenues leading to the outer world were cut 
off; the caelle bridge raised, the portcullis 
shut down, and the castle declared to be in a 
state of siege. It is truthfully said thai "love 
laughs at locksmiths;" and never since the 
days of Romeo— never since Adam, in fact- 
has there been a gate strong enough, or wall 
thick or high enough, or a baulked father 
shrewd enough to cool the ardor or thwart the 
, purposes of two young hearts that love. This 
; sentiment is thrown in for what it is worth. I 
felt it strongly forty years ago, and I have had 

I made the young man's cause my own ; 
used the privileges that were accorded to me 
I as a friend of the family to see that there was 
: no serious break in the correspondence, 
arranged for the escapade, and saw the happy 
' couple on their way to Aberdeen, Ohio, a little 
' village opposite Maysville— the Gretna Green 
of Kentucky— where lived the man of law, 
who made a nice business ol joining in the 
"holy bonds." fugitives from across the river. 
The stern "parient" was never reconciled to 
his defeat, although by it he acquired an excel- 
lent son-in-law, and although he had in his 
own younger days set the example which his 
f daughter followed. 

k The happy couple migrated to Indiana, and 
have now about them a merry brood of grand- 
chiMrm w'no would be surprised to read ih' 
, nut of the goings on ol the old folks. 

rn successor mounU the throne, 
lere lenity had held the swiiy; 
si^h for pleasures pissed away, 

lad, and kaiUed b 

whispering biecze ihni 
many tedious monllis l< 

Goes, of a milder 

High overhead, by Oay and niElU, 

B of wealth a dearth. 

I the golden e 

e bayonets protcc 

nid the cmckle 

Whiit memories shall o'er tht 
Of olden days in childhood's 
As they shill sit with folded h 

01 Indian Summer, season rare, 
With mimic fires, the world to sear 
As it earth's Judgment Day were her 

Oh, how I miss the pheasant's drum, 
And turtle dove's pathetic plea! 

Throughout the night, so loud and shrill! 

apparently intended, viz,: "I am a nice per- 

' How can one be "nicely!" How can a 

horse be "nicely?" A person or a horse may 

nicely, but a "nicely appearance," " nicely 

health," is too absurd. Skip the nicely; say 

im well," or "very well," or something 

for one who has not 
had special training to pass a satisfactory ex- 
amination to entitle t/ian to teach." From a 
school report. How many "thems" can there 
be in "one?" If the word i/iem is required, 
better say, "for those who have not had special 
training;" or, if one is retained, use /n'm in 
place of t//em. Better still, "It is a rare oc- 
currence for those who have not had special 
training to pass an examination entitling them 
to teach." In the original sentence one means 
one person, but //lem means more than one 
and cannot refer to it. Exception need not be 
taken to tlie use of /lim in the corrected sen- 
tence as excluding the feminine, it being com 
monly so taken in a generic sense to include 
both sexes.— Pz-rtfT/icfl/ Educator. 

Itatlier IJuod. 

I once heard a very good story told about 
Edward Everett. 

He and Judge Story were at a public dii 
After ordinary toasts had been given, Ji 
Story arose and said: 

"Fame follows fortune wherever it (Eve 

Everett arose and replied: 

"Here's to the legal profession. It has n 
got above the first story." — Ex. 

:cuse this atrociously-penned epistle. Un- 
der favorable conditions my handwriting be- 
comes as graceful as the floating drapery of a 
Grecian goddess, or the sea-blown tresses of a 
water nymph, or perhaps more properly, as 
willowy as the heaven directed mane of a 
Mexican mule; but said conditions are rare — 
as rare as clams In clam chowder, or plug hats 
in Deadwood. 

Frantically yours, 

Chas. \V. Anderson. 


The question may arise In the reader's mind 
as to what elicited such torrents of fanciful 
adulation. Go square his board bills as we 
have squared them, and the question will 
vamose from your mind like a cadaverous 
hound from an animated bo t. 

Thomas Allen Reed, one of the oldest and 
most expert of England's shorthand writers, 
though actively engaged in the daily practice 
of his art in the courts and otherwise of Lon- 
don, finds time and desire to aid his brother 
stenographers, and constantly is in preparation 
for something new for their benefit. The 
latest proof of his interest is thp compiling and 
pulication of a work bearing the title: Tech- 
nical reporting, comprising phonographic ab- 
breviations for words and phrases commonly 
met with in reporting legal, scientific and other 
technical subjects. Price, in cloth, 2 shillings; 

^£^^-'l^t^^^ C 

Some Errors of Speech. 

Opinion varies regarding the use of these 
words, so that no one can set up a standard 
founded on usage. "Bad" is the word used 
to express a condition or state, as "The old 
horse looks bad." He does not look "badly' 
any more than he looks "welly," for he is blind 
and cannot look. The horse is old, poor and 
nearly worn out, and the thought intended to 
be conveyed is that he is in a bad condition — 
that is, his appearance is bad. 

A correct use of the adverb " badly" is found 
in the following sentence: The boy was away 
from home and fared badly. That is, he 
treated badly. Here "fared" and "was treated', 
are in the active form, while " looks" is neut 

How do you do? as a salutation, mea 
What is the condition of your health r " 
nicely!" Nonsense. A person or any obj' 
cannot be " nicely," though he, she or it may 
be nice. A person giving this reply should 
remove all modesty and say in words what is 

Oiir Victim Writhes. 

Dear Eqitor :— Before I begin to slay Ihe 
permanent tenants of my creaky couch, I'll 
fling back the groaning flood-gates of my 
efl'ervescing fancy and sufter its seething con- 
tents to shimmer along these lines. The 
October Gazette has just yielded up its 
cloying sweets to my insatiate appetite. 
Where in the deuce did you gel such ideas? 
Such fecundity of thought dazzles one of my 
slender resources. You don't hammer a 
thought into an almost impalpable nolhing- 
as the gold-beater does with his pellet of 
gold. You dissolve a happy idea in a point- 
less procession of words. Thought jostles 
thought; they march in close ranks; there 
are no gaps from exordium to peroration. I 
could not say which pleased me most. It is 
difhcult to particularize where everything is of 
uniform excellence. " Simultaneous Ideas " 
was capita], but the article on " Distorted 
Birds" relieved me of several precious buttons 
and effectually exorcised the hollow-eyed 
demon of despondency. When my quivering 
optic nerve sucked up the words " wrenched 
the shrub from its mother earth and was car- 
rying it to its distant a;rie for upholstering 
purposes" — when these words dashed against 
my risible arouser, I was compelled to step out 
into the murky bosom of the night, and give 
vent to my stentorian hilarity. " Originality" 
exhibited your serious style to splendid ad- 
vantage. The Gazette is crisp, meaty, and 
suffused with a continued play of light banter 
and unctuous wit. Your subscribers have no 
suspicion that a horrible late is impending 
over them, and winter coming, too. Now, 
please don't laugh, if you can't do it without a 
labored effort. No perfunctory guSaw will be 
tolerated. They make a heavy thtid when 
you leav£ out the volatile element — a large, 
metallic thud. 



Pitman A: Sons, Bath, Eng. The work 
is neatly printed on sixty pages, and presents 
the subject under six divisions: i, Phono- 
graphic abbreviations for mechanical words 
and phrases; 2, Abbrevialions for medical, and 
3, Legal words and phrases; 4, Abbreviations 
for figures, etc.; 5, For Latin quotations, and 
6, French words and phrases. An English 
equivalent is given for the Latin quotations 
and French words and phrases. For writers 
of Isaac Pitman phonography, this work must 
be a valuable vade mecum. 

We have received from Isaac Pitman & 
Sons, Bath, England, the new and beautiful 
edition of the New Testament just issued from 
their teeming press. It is bound in neat cloth 
trom engraved plates, and has 368 pages of text, 
besides two colored maps, one of the Holy 
Lund at the time of the Lord's advent, and the 
other of St. Paul's journeys. The typic por- 
tion is neat and attractive. The volume 
measures 6^ inches by 4 inches, and is about 
-t^ inch thick ; is an ornament to our tableland 
we prize it, although it bears not our beloved 
"Graham"' phonographic physiognomy. 

The sight of this edition of the New Testa- 
ment recalls the many hours we spent in our 
early days as a phonosjrapher In reading Mr. 
Pitman's edition of 1849, and the still later 
ones. When the civil war broke out we gave 
our copv to one who was enlisting for the war, 
and it was some months later found in his hand, 
as he lay dead on the field of battle, opened as 
he had scanned its well-worn pages for Ihe last 
time. No money could induce his wife to part 
with it that we might resume its ownership, 


an easy rcporlmg 

The present edition : 
style, and is a model of shorlhand 1 
The price in morocco is five shillings, and in 
Roan four shillings. (Twenty-five cents to 
the shilling.) W. D. Bridge. 


Movement Excreise. 

Ill Ihis lesson you wil 
nouncc the porlrail of a i 
look caretiill^, it's a hand 
and neglect of correct pos 
jiarentl^ dragging it heav 

nail cut which without close scrutiny you would pro 
aw-fish making his escape from a Jersey sleeve. Biil 
to tills painful and unnatural shape by finger 
will notice, insteiid of pusliing the pen, the hand 
iving ruugli, h.Trsli -liukes in ils wake like the zig-zag 

Irail of a stub pen in the 1 
ing to outstrip the pen i 

d of a firth rate lawye 
s the page has fallen 

own progress. You had about as well attempt to fly t 
hand in this sickly position. Free movement comes ti 
form until you have learned movement, nor can y 
some kind of form, either the letters or their cor 
is Ihe cause, form is the effect. Be sure that you b 
tion and movement simply, because you are set in you 
little tedious at first to start on the right track. See that y 
cles just below the elbow. Keep the heel of the hand jusi 
fingers rest on the desk in the large cut. 

that the hand in try 
lo the right, and is an obstacle to it 
lo write a free, graceful style with thi 
m correct position. You cannot learn 
u learn movement without follow 
jsponding exercise drills, Moven 
jin right. Don't evade correct p 
habits ofpenholding, etc., and find 
n rests lightly on the n 
the desk. Notice how the 

You can siudy and cultivate movement to good advantage without 
hand Irom right to left to ind fro without usmg the hngers or litlmg the a 
■ith light strokes will help you in preventing the hands turning c 

pen by sliding the 
m The following 
r'er in lateral move. 

Sweeps long enough to produce the arc of a circle from right to lefr, sliding on the nails 
of third and fourth fingers, are a splendid practice. In exercises of this nature the arm is 
balanced on the muscle of the forearm, which acts as a pivot. Observe that the position of the 
hand does not change in moving from right to left. Concentrate your energies on a single 
purpose. First, be sure that you have the correct position and movement. Educate the fore- 
arm, musclei and hand. Remember that " practice makes perfect" only when properly di- 



regulating your mil 

practiced with a regular and free muscul 
limum letters than almost anything else. 
lout letting your hand become cramped ( 

Try to go half across the pagt 
- turned over to the right : 

Such exercises help you in making clear distinction between m's 
I get this second exercise sharp at the lop, beginning with right c 

Whatever we discard in per 
much dependent on the oval 
ises of the oval churacter. ■" 
erse oval practice to good ad 

ship, we can't get along wiihout oval practice. There is 
that it becomes necessary to devote much practice to ex. 
nay fill three or four pages each day with the direct and 
Remember that when you practice the oval care. 

In learning the above, you 
Q. X, Y,and Z: 

W. M,N, U, V, 

force and freedoi 


Write words in which m, n, u and i a-e combined. More 
making these letters all sharp at the top than any other cause, 
hundreds of letters received at ihe Gazette office" every day 
clerk to scratch his head and ponder over Uncle Sam's di\ 

illegible writing comes from 

This error is common in the 

It is this, which causes our 

ersified story entitled "Postaj 

stopjand^form the capital stem, and thus you form the complete G : 


rncmbtr, IhCBtf le&soni; are intended for a nionll 
1 hour'K practice. Learn one thing well before \ 

n ihc D as yon would the capital 
.■ top of beginning stroke : 

ent of your 
t of W, though the top" is not quite so 

than all the rest. Begin as in 
Shade heaviest after crossing the ruled 

r from all wlio are following these lessons. We 
nt to know what the Gazette's family ts doing. 

Writing for the Press. 

The penmanship periodicals of the present 
day are universally acknowledged to be model 
class journals in every respect. They would 
be vigorous advocates, and creditable repre- 
sentatives of any calling or profession. Being 
liberal in their views, dignified in their moral 
tone, handsomely illustrated, finely printed, 
full of healthful instruction, and combining 
with the more substantial reading matter, a 
generous supply of bright, sparkling wit, it is 
but natural that they should exert a wide influ- 
ence, not only in the creation and diffusion of 
interest in good writing, but in showing to the 
outside world that the teaching of penmanship 
has risen to the dignity of a profession, having 
its thousands of workers, its millions of pupils 
and its educational journals to advance its in- 
terests to encourage and help those who wor- 
ship at the shrine of chirographic beauty. 

We, who are actively engaged in the work 
of reforming the scribbler, readily realize the 
fact that cur most valuable co-worker and most 
helpful source of aid and strength, is the pen- 
m.ui^iiip press. Not only does it come to us 
\v iili ilie choicest intellectual fruits that can be 
U-iHiiitd from the gardens of chirographic in- 
ii.-lliL;i-nce, but it invites each of us to assist in 
garnering for its storehouses the golden 
sheaves of ripening ideas and advanced 
tlicmL;lit. It is a beautiful medium through 
"lii. 1 1 writing knights may help each other by 
till iNtliange of opinions and the discussion of 
jnuLirL'ssive methods. The voice of the earnest 
teacher, speaking from the platform of the 
penman's press is heard by every live worker 
in the ranks of pen art. 

It behooves the true, ambitious teacher to 
see to it that he contributes his share to the 
monthly feasts of mental sustenance that is 
regularly spread before the readers of our best 
perodicals. Although our contributions may 
be insignificant, compared with those of our 
honored literary lights, it does not follow that 
we are compelled to stand in the background, 
feasting from the tables prepared by others, 
and selfishly guarding any valuable theory that 
we may be cultivating in our own private' 
yard of school work. 

It seems to me, when looking over the bill 
of fare in our periodical mind feasU that the 
veterans in our ranks are scarcely contribut- 
ing as much as would be expected of them. 
In the extended experience of old workersi 
there i* certainly much that would prove bene, 
ficial if dispensed in the form of literary con- 
tributions through the columns of our journ. 
alfi. The veteran who desires to see his 
chosen profession keep pace with the lightning 
pri)L;r(.'ss of Other arts and sciences, and who is 
ic.illv interested and concerned in regard to 
III. lultire weal of his lifework, will naturally 
i.ikc pleasure in pointing out to the younger 
toilers the breakeis he has safely passed, and 
the obstacles he has overcome. Tlie pn 
generation of writing teachers will mak« 

lishing progress in the art of imparting skill 
others during the next decade, and tlie old 
rkers can lend a helping hand in this de- 
mined crusade by acting as dictators and as 
partial guides. While the ambitious youlhlul 
nstruclor has definite ideas of his own, yet he 
f he is reasonable, is ever willing and anxious 
;o profit by the more mature counsel ot experi- 
enced educators. It is of great importance 
that the press be well filled with sound reason- 
in the subject of teaching, for through its 
columns the young workers receive their most 
lasting ideas of how the work of reform should 

1 think that I echo the wishes of all earnest 

young penmen when I urge all old teachers 

ho may honor me by reading this article, to 

take a more active part in the literary work of 

calling. Life is of brief duration, and at 

close we will not regret having done all in 

power for the good of the cause in which 

spend the greater part of our lives upon 

Chicago. Oct. 26, 'S6. 
Prof. A.J. Scarboroi (,h, 

Afy Deay Sir: — \\\ reply to your request' 
sking me to write a lew words for publication' 
I hardly know what to say that would be of 
material interest to your readers; but if the ex- 
pression of a few thoughts which have arisen 
from personal experience and observation will 
be the means of arousing even one poor mor- 
tal, and kindling within a spirit of enthusiasm 
and a desire to further action, I shall feel fully 
repaid for the trouble taken to arrange these 
few haphazard thoughts. 

In the first place the great question before 
the penmanship public to-day, and one that is 
being agitated to a great 

shall \ 

greatest range of usefulness. Without doubt 
no one particular movement has sulTiclent 
strength and force in itself to justify its adop- 
tion and discarding all others. Noted business 
writers, as well as professional penmen, tell us 
that in order to bring forth the best results a 
combination of finger, hand, wrist and forearm 
movement should be used, with the forearm 
ment predominating. The 


iched I 

ethod of writing from 
e fact that it is the chief movement in the 

I have framed a definition of my own of 
uscular movement, hoping it may remove 
3m the minds of beginners some of the erro- 




a free and natural ac- 
tion of all the muscles and joints of the arm 
from shoulder to finger nails, with a stationary 
rest of the arm upon the desk just forward of 
the elbow, and the hand resting lightly upon 
the laht two fingers. The hand should rest 
lightly, however, upon the lust two fingers in 
order that ihe hand may slide over the paper 
with perfect e J se while the pen is in molion ; 
Ihfi same movement being used on capitals as 

small writing, only that capitals require more 
force and display of molion. 

This movement, when rightly used, cannot 
fail to bring forth pleasing results, and in my 
own personal experience I cannot speak too 
strongly in its favor; and it is painful indeed to 
hear some one of the old school deiiding this* 
method, and trying to keep alive old theories 
not suited to the present ppirit of the times, 

It is gratifying, however, to know the rapid 
ptojress the school of muscular movement is 
making; we are also glad the Gazutte has 
brought to its head one who has courage 
enough to shout reform whenever occasion de- 
mands, and brave enough to rise above [tie in- 
fluence of cliquism and speak the truth. 
Palmer, through Ihe Wtstern Prnman^ is deal- 
ing death blows to old theories with wonderful 

As a co-worker in this cause I extend to you 
a friendly hand, and unite with you in wishing 
a hurried approach of the time when we all 
will tear away from the environments of old 
and useless theories formed by the hand of 
time, and rise with the tide of progress to a 
higher plane of thought and vision, and there 
unite in one common brotherhood in recog- 
nizing reform as reform, truth as truth. 
Writingly yours, 

D. B. Williams. 

[For the Penman's Gazette.J 
Admonition to an Inflated Rooster. 

Young man, your vernal knowledge of life 
may at limes lead you to advise older heads in 
the performance of their, lo your eyes, ill-de- 
fined duties, but at t^uch limes you should stay 
the tongue, that if wagged would no doubt 
cause the age to wallow in wealth. The pa- 
ternal range of ci clopedia may seem lean for 
your lickerish tooth, but remember they doubt- 
less have huddled a few meager ideas together 
from experience and your fetching-up which 
you could doubtless wedge into your supernal 
career. Your pa may be approaching the shank 
of his earthly slay, and his memory may be a 
trifle transmogrified, in consequence of which 
he may slightly revise certain history which 
has fallen under your period, but even ttien 
you should not accuse his adultness of being 
romantic, or given to fabrication. This is very 
irreverent on your part, and besides your fee. 
ble patriarch may have an obscure bed-slat in 
his vicinity, with which to cultivate your ema- 
ciated knoll of reverence. 

You may think your pa and ma gathered 
their knowledge loo far back in the murky 
ages to be of any service to you, and that it 
won't pan out like the early variety of lore 
which you are using, but remember they are a 
trifle older than you. and have tasted the gall 
and wormwood of experience in larger doses 
than you have. You maybe ableto teach them 
to square a circle or diagram a sentence, but 
they will rather outwind you in manipulating a 
lamenting child or quelling an irascible hen. 
Their objection to your fluent swearing may 
be evidence to you that they are uncultured 
and incapable of appreciating your atheistic ac- 
complishment, but remember they weredoubt- 

■eared in the i 

had the opportunity of acqu 
your smoking vernacular. 

Your pa may bore you by holding lo an old 
form of costume, by latching his shirt in tronl, 
by adhering to the liberally constructed bifur- 
cated garment, and harnes-.i"g himself in 
an over-conscrvative manner generally, but 
pause, verdant and blooming mortal, you mav 
yet discover that a well-laundried collar can 
never fill the office of a stiff upper lip, nor will 
a spotless shirt-front supply the place of a clear 
conscience. Your close-jointed cutaway may 
cover up a multitude of sins and an unlanned 
hide, but it won't shroud a mean little worm 
eaten soul. You may part your hair centi-aily 
across the equator of your pale and still have 
an unbalanced mind. You may cause your 
cranium lo shine like a contribution plate by 
applying fragrant lubrication, but it will not 
prove a substitute for tliinking-pulp. You 
may be able to draw more attention than your 
proprietor, or to draw more smoke than salary, 
but you will observe that your bank account 
is insignificant compared with your culture 
and clothee. You may have ample gall and 
goatee to run a business concern, and still be 
the owner of a vulnerable credit. You may 

be further advanced in algebra and alcohol 
than jou are in business and bustle. 

In short, young man, before you go anv fur. 
ther in the world go and secrete yourself in 
some sequestered gulch and try t 
which one of the boys you are. 

" Sall 

Tlie ''Unknown Quantity." 

"Everything that is, is equal to its contents," 
says an eminent mathematician, which no one 
doubts, if we restrict the axiom and its accom- 
panying conclusions, viz.: That all things are 
mensurable to the field of matter tangible to 
the physical senses. 

But if that proposition be applied, as, indted, 
too many do apply it to things which are, al- 
though conceivable, yet not apparent at the 
present time, great mistakes, irreparable injury 
must be the result; that is when applied lo the 
capacity of the intellects and powers of thou- 
sands whom we daily meet. 

For where is the-mathematician, who can 
formulaic any set of rules by which correct 
conclusions may be reached of the exact con- 
tents of human character? 

We see, here and there, the budding of lor 
aught we know a future of a mind, rich in its 
powers, and commanding in its force, but if 
there is the least atom of that not In accor- 
dance with our own conceptions and ideas, we 
are too prone to reject wholly and without re- 

For r 


in general so selfish, and yet so 
unreflecting of their ^Pfl/ interests that what- 
ever fails to meet their approbation is lo them 
quite undesirable. 

The reason is that for the real and existent, 
though undiscovered, they take the apparent, 
and conclude that as such appears to be the 
whole it therefore must be equal to what it ap- 
pears without considering the unknown quan- 
tity which lies behind, for aught they know or 
can tell. 

The minister's wife sat on the front porch 
mending the clothes of one of her numerous 
progeny. A neighbor passing that way stop- 
ped in for a friendly chat. A large work-basket 
half full of buttons sat on thefloor of the porch. 
After various remarks of a gossipy nature, the 

"You seem to be well supplied with buttons 
Mrs. Goodman." 

"Yes, very well indeed." 

"My gracious! if there ain't two of the same 
buttons that my husband had on his last winter 
suit! I'd know 'em anywhere. 

"Indeed!" said the minister's wife calmly, 
"I'll! surprised to hear it, as all of these but- 
tons were found in the contribution box. I 
thought I might as well put them to some use, 
sol — what, must you go.-* Well, be sure and 
call again soon."—Aferc/mtU Traveler, 

Tlie Loom of Life. 

nO all nieht I can hear Ihe jiu 

p nod inufncd soand 

niisily, ceaselessly, ^oes the loom, 
In the light of Jay and the midnj|rht's glooii 
The wheels nre turninfr enrly and laic. 
And the wool is wound in the wntp of fate. 

wheels lurn 


me toy Hie la 


of wool 

l.nUT lller,, 


—The current of Mr. Pierce's thought in 
October Gazette was hindered by the omis- 
sion of an "e" in the word "stream." 


AM) in sim: 


Sh<n',e. - - - - " Wm. D. Br 
Under ihe journalistic care of A. J. Scabooroitc 

To every n 

<r ilie Cai 

e h« subicr 

column), or'SBLBCT Kbadin 
How iV «'-— —■■ — n- 

cover [for 
or tiBLBCT Keh "... 

■Mfy-Zivf ccnis ^xtn wc will send ihe LtriDB 


splendid $5 Hano Book f, 


bindinE, ft 

Herealter our friends will please send all 
business meant for us-both the Order De- 
partment and the Gazette— to the address 
given below. Exchanges will please see 
that our address on their books is corrected 
at once. Such of them as have been send- 
ing duplicates to our department editors, 
Profs. Bridge and Wells, will please con- 
tinue to do so. 

79 & 8i Wabash Ave., CHICAGO, ILL. 

Gniskcll's Hagnzine. 

Beginning with New Year's issue the Ga- 
zette will be published in magazine form, 
bearing Ihe title of GasM/'s Magazine. The 
title page will be handsomely' gotten up hy the 
timous Frank Beard. All its present features 
will be retained, and new matter of a pure and 
wholesome character added for the home and 
fireside. The publishers have the facilities for 
making ihls departure abreast with the times, 
and no pains or expense will be spared in plac- 
ing it along with other literary magazines. 
Among the additional features prospective will 
be biography, travels, entertainments for the 
home, short stories, humor and poetry. Those 
wishing to subscribe should do so now, as the 
premium list will be changed willi Ihe New 
Year's number. 

We hope to give our readers a rare treat In 
the New Year's number. 

Tho Gnzctt«'s Boom- 
Subscriptions are coming in at the rate of 
two hundred a week. The Gazette appre- 
ciates this financial form of encouragement. 
It puts vigor In the ediloiial quill. Ii makes 
our stub pen frantic with enthusiasm, and sets 
the editorial shears yawning for fresh ex- 
changes to chew. The October number has 
brought forth a host of penmen who sing its 
praises in tenor strains. The Gazette is 
destined to march unflinchingly and grandly 
to the front, 

-Penmen will remember Henry Hart can 
gel up .1 badge or scarf pin in the neatest de 
sign. Wrie him, P. O. Box 6, Atlanla, Ga. 

The Necessity of Eulogy. 

It is about as important that we should praise 
what is worthy as that we should mercilessly 
criticise what is worthless. There are scores 
of genuine artists in the penmanship profes- 
sion whose natures arc so shy and sensitive 
that- judicious praise is a vital necessity. They 
need to be encouraged and caressed as others 
need to be toasted over the coals of ridicule or 
withered under the icy linger of criticism; 
and sincere eulogy is to them at once a tonic 
and a cordial, infusing into their retiring na- 
tures the flush of pleasant feelings, and slimu- 
laiing them for further good work. We be- 
lieve there are hundreds of young aspirants 
to the quill who are worthy and are doing but 
a lithe of the good they might do for want of 
a few bracing words of commendation. Why 
should we linger on the shores of jealousy 
until our fellow workers sleep beneath their 
marble slab before bestowing upon them the 
eulogy they deserve.' There is scarcely aman 
living who is not keenly susceptible to appro- 
bation in some form; and yet there is no in- 
strument of power over the aflections of our 
co-workers which we employ so niggardly as 
that which is the most pleasing and efficient of 

Some may say, is not praise dangerous 
when misdirected. Surely, and so is blame. 
So are guns and pistols; so are steam engines, 
and so are all implements; but would you 
banish the sunshine because its concentrated 
rays through a lens will produce conflagration,-' 
Perhaps it is venom to a human mind to con- 
tinually breathe the incense of applause; for 
no man ever gains complete self-knowledge 
until he has had an enemy to instruct him. 
Doubtless every man needs his rival to con 
stantly prune and hammer down his bump of 
self-esleem. We have seen men who weighed 
their praise in the scales ot others' opinions 
before bestowing it upon the object. There 
are and always will be cynics and growlers 
who sit in sequestered places to freeze enthu- 
siasm, to smash all the bubbles of ideality 
with their scornful darts; to inform eloquence 
that it Is bombast, love that it is cultured bosh, 
and true reverence that it is hypocrisy. But 
afier all there are scores of magnanimous 
souls in our pn fession who are quick to rec- 
ognize merit, even where least expected, and 
to commend it in generous terms. Often the 
vanity we see in others is no more than the 
selfishness of our own hearts. A certain 
amount of self esteem seems necessary to 
prevent our hearts from sinking into our boots. 
Oftentimes the very spark of hope which 
leads a boy to success is kindled by the simplest 
word of encouragement. Of course some 
boys' natures are as impenetrable as the hide 
of a rhinoceros, but the class that cannot be 
reached by kindness in some form is compara- 
tively small. We were once lucky enough to 
have one of those fault-deteclives for an in- 
struclor, whose very presence we could feel 
irritating our epidermis like bull-nettle. He 
always had a word for us, but it was more 
like the snarl of a vicious cur than the sooth- 
ing effect of a kindly voice. When in some 
stale of absent mindedness he bestowed a feeble 
eulogy upon our work we fell like inquiring 
after his health, believing that he must be off 
his feed or something unutual. 

We do not believe in the method of inflat- 
ing men with praise at so much per inflate 
nor do we believe in bartering encomium for 
glory, but rather bestowing honesl praise on 
whom it is due. Belter not mention a man if 
you are only angling for compliments, and 
expect them at compound interest. Often the 
praise of signal merit in penmanship is the 
very stroke to scl the ambition going, the key 
to the door of possibilities, the hand that 
sweeps the soul's harp-strings and sets the 
heart to music. Brother penmen, awake to 
this fact; remember the amateurs you may 
cause to blossom into knighthood by the touch 
of your quill if charged with eulogium. Let 
ssuage the sting of criticism with the 
balm of just praise. Let us remove the blinds 
of jealousy and take Ihe lamps of liberality in 
h of merit. Let's yank the mocking 
goblin that sits at our table into the regretted 
pastand cultivate an appreciative spirit. Where 
praise is due let's not roll it grudgingly under 
our tnngues as we would a Ihree-cent cough 
drop, or dish it out rtlurtantly ^uth a tani- 

our willowy ladles until the object of merit 
turns down his cap of modesty to prevent 
being blinded by our eulogistic whirlwind. 

We are all human and can't help feeling the 
glorious sensation produced by the titillating 
feather of praise, though we have seen a 
few who could mask this inward glory with 
outward expressions of disgust or disapproval. 
They would choke back a swelling pride until 
it revealed itself through their artificial gloom. 
They would walk on air in spite of their 
weighty expressions. We have been wooed 
and intoxicated bj the siren strains of eulogy 
ourselves until we fancied we looked from our 
dizzy heights down upon dignitaries and 
crowned heads as the surging rabble. But in 
such stales we would always find a friend who 
would inlorin us gently but firmly that there 
were more " worlds to conquer.'' A friend 
who would kindly prick our inflated pride and 
allow the gas of egotism to vanish into very 
thin air. There are those on every hand who 
feel it their bounden duty to inform the enthu- 
siastic that they are a trifle "fresh." That 
they have loo exalted an epinion of the ego. 

Well, this is all right if they are equally 
searching for merit. Let us rather make it 
our object to first look for merit and then sug- 
gest remedies for flaws. If we see merit in a 
young penman's work let us encourage him, 
not by \vaiting to see how loud some one else 
will sing his praises and then by joining in 
the chorus, but in our own conscientious solos 
let us awake the dormant chords of genius 
which are sleeping in his bosom. 


brie needle, but 

If ever a word in our mother tongue was 
constantly misapplied, it's the word "crank." 
If a man has a specially or is enthusiastic on 
any one subject, he only has to keep his tym- 
panum clear in order to catch the pleasing 
epithet from every hand. He only has to 
work assiduously in the pursuit of a single ob- 
ject, or to think something new, when he will 
have the little word ihrust into his auditory 
funnels in all keys and tones, from the half 
suppressed labio-palato-nasal utterance to the 
rasping, freezing, blood-curdling yells of the 
hoarse news vender, and the street Arab who 
has cultivated his voice to a state of harsh- 
ness, amply trenchant to saw a hole in a w 

Of course if a man in any calling is so eager 
and gluttonous as to bite off more than he can 
conveniently chew, then and not until then 
should we hurl the word, in all its voluminous 
asperity and continuity, into his transported 
intellect. But why dilate upon the misuse of 
the word; it has fallen into the sparsely settled 
vocabulary of the cauterized mob and will be 
thrust indiscriminately at everything, save 
wax figures, mummies and dudes. 

We have arrived at that state of fixedness of 
purpose where if our enthusiasm means fa- 
naticism to the scrutinizing reformer, we are 
willing if need be, to have our frame or out- 
ward cuticle as the case may be, clad in labels 
bearing the celestial word "crank" in all Its rav- 
ish ing prominence. Yea more, if it will give 
such humane denoter of talents the slightest 
boon of solace, we are willing that he should 
chant the dulcet monosyllable in one ceaseless 
roll until his tracheal air-tubes become as dry 
as unsoaked macaroni. Even now as we sit 
in the Gazette's compounding room en- 
veloped in reflection and a cold sweat, we may 
be concocting the very dose which will wrench 
forth a peifect chorus of soliloquies in the ut- 
terance of the aforesaid monosyllable. We will 
endeavor at all times to keep our ballast and 
not careen too much to hobbies ""d if we are a 
crank it will only be to such a degree as will 
keep the mill grinding. Now, mild-eyed in- 
dicators of menlnl bent, do not brand us with 
this epithet, simply because we wax rash on 
our themes; it has a tendency to lower our 
plumage, it makes our flesh crawl with hor- 
rible forebodings, it lakes the cheerful music 
out of our lives and fits our minds only for 
Chinese dirges and Mormon wails. Don't call 
us a crank, because we are opposed to excavat- 
ing Nero's opinions or emulating Calo's theo- 
ries. Do not spat us with the stifling term 
because we find the yoke of metrical rectitude 
a trifle galling at times. Do not at a rash mo- 
ment blast our hopes or chill the current of 
our nature, because we do not at all times wear 
the mask of a Hindoo god, or the demure ex- 

pression of a Japanese helmet. If you could 
realize just how much we suffer, ^nd the pain- 
ful ordeal of working where thirteen ofiice boys 
are continually whistling and filling the room 
with their jumbled and sulphurous vernacular, 
your whole nature and a portion of your salary 
would go out in sympathy for us, instead ol 
calling us cranky, because we weep through 
our colunms, tears which are dried under the 
printers blast. Call us a crank when our work 
gives evidence of a torpid liver or our whims 
suggest indigestion, but for the sake of all that 
is "muscular'' don't use the term because we 
in some glorious period stalk through our sub- 
ject with boots on. Don't rasp our recoiling 
nature because we sometimes breathe forlh 
editorials which savor of Peruvian bark. Don't 
scorch our feeble pinions with the seething ap. 
pellation, "crank" because we sometimes at- 
tempt to scramble to a higher perch. Don't 
scourge us with the "crank" because we rotate 
on our own axis. Be lenient with us if our 
lucid intervals come few and seldom; we will 
fast for Ihem if they are tardy. Be mild with 
us when we seem bowed down with menta 
affliction and asore throat. Rather encourage 
us by sending in your condolements and a con- 
gealed tear on a postal card. Remember how 
much good your sympathy and any e\tra un- 
derclothing you may have can do us when we 
are cold and sad. Calling us a crank may cool 
our ambition, but it hasn't the healing effect 
nor is it the twelve-carat boon of the aqueous 
flow from Ihe lachrymal gland. Kind reader, 
do you clutch the situation? Have you no 
tears to barier.^ Can you see from these tear- 
moistened remarks that calling a man a crank 
before he has ripened into that enviable being, 
is very, very, wicked. You can fill early 
graves and padded cells by this process, but 
you can't infuse unadulterated balm and high- 
heeled joy into the human heart by calling 
them cranks. When you see a man loaded 
loo high for full sail and toppling off his keel, 
then you may apply the appellation, and if he 
was not so cranky he would see that his axis 
was fearfully bent, but even then calling him 
a crank would only cause him to "whoop 'em 
up" the harder. We heave an exhausted sigh 
for the reader, and subside into quiet and a plug 


The Gazette's Writing Lessons. 

We are pleased to note the number who are 
practicing our lessons, and taking on the vigor 
and enthusiasm which they are intended to 
convey. EaCh mail brings a number of sheets 
filled with the muscular drill exercises given 
in September and October issues. 

We are glad to receive these evidences of 
the work we are doing. They stimulate us to 
continued eftbrt to please. We want to hear 
from every Gazette pupil. Write us a line 
or fire in some of your old practice paper, that 
we may know you are on the right track. 

Paiufnl Prudery. 

Titer once said, upon being 
cautioned concerning the heat of his style : "It 
is impossible to have my style without having 
my defects," Every excellence has its counter 
drawback — that even the greatest are not free 

As a rule the greater the master the greater 
are his faults in details. The painfully exact 
seldom get beyond mediocrity. They aspire 
to nothing bui precise imilation. The small 
artist guards every detail, and his highest aim 
is to follow detail and pick flaws in great pro- 
ductions. The great artist has the courage to 
violate precision of detail. He follows thecre- 
ation of his mind, while the small artist follows 
the real or created. There are some persons 
so painfully prudent that they are blind to the 
merit of a work if the smallest minor defect is 
discovered. They want to scrape through a 
fine painting to see if the canvas is all cotton. 
They criticise the smallest twig in Ihe fore- 
ground, and never look any furlher. They 
have a way of measuring a gnat until it is as 
big as an elephant. They never see the ele- 
phant; he is too large for their focus. They 
take everything by measurement- Their 
words are all cut and dried. They analyze 
/ery word, and measure every sentence with 
foot rule that comes under their observaiion. 
hey seem to lose sight of the general Idea in 
their mechanical scruples of detail. 




Afler all the verbosity which has been spilled 
on this subject, and the weasands which have 
waxed husky iind callous in its cause, ihere 
still exists a class of young people, and some 
not so lender, wlio btill bolster the idea ttiat so 
long as there is enough hand projecting from 
its fetters of plated bracelets, ric-rac harness, 
burlap sleeves, and chinchilla swathing to 
clutch the pen in a death grip, they can learn 
to wiite. And if with all this artificial uphol- 
stering thay fail to cause their pen to saunter 
across the page in a leisurely manner, they 
marvel much at its hampered gait. They see 
theii teacher write with freedom and ease, and 
at the same lime keep his features on the front 
side of his head, but they fail to notice the ab 
sence of shackles about his arm. They do not 
observe that his arm rests on muscle instead of 
jewelry and padding. They fail to see that in- 

i stead of lugging personal chattels across the 

^ page his arm is free and unfettered. We have 
seen the gentler sex striving to use free mus- 
culiir movement with skin-tight sleeves and 
bracelets which were only tUstinguished from 
hundcufCs by lh« absence of connecting links. 
We have seen their little hand tugging out of 
these banglcd bands like a dwarfed dog from a 
brass collar. We have heard them saw ihe 

I desk with their jingling shackles, as they tried 
to jerk a capital stem into shape. We have 
listened to the grinding melody o£ twenty or 
thirty of these comfortable garments rising 

> above the smiles and sighs, while they were 
whirling into shape the oval exercise. Of 
course it is not our mission to disparage the 
use of the ornament, but it may be carried to 
excess, and is in some towns. It's a perfect 
craze in Sing Sing, Joliet and Waupun, and 
about one town in every Slate. It may never 
grow on a people, but will in time become in 

We once tried to guide the hand ofa young 
man who held to the pulse w?rmer as sirictly 
as he did to his creed. We could have over- 
come an ordinary covering of leather, but he 
persisted in wearing a wrist garment which 
looked like a Turkish rug, and which was so 
thick that while his arm rested on the desk he 
had to struggle in order to get lus third and 
fourth fingers on the paper. This was a lusci- 
ous boon in our experience. Afler seeing 
how much he was attached to them, and how 
much was attached to him, we could not have 
the hearl, nor muscle we might say, to tear 
them from his grasp. We could have asked 
him for an eye, tooth, or some other trifle, but 

\ we could not ask him to rend the carmine 
horse blanket which was furled about his wrist. 
IK' i^ awiiy out in Texas now practicing the 
VN In !i aim movement by hurling his lithesome 
111 v^ ~<r over the horns of the receding song 
vt.( ..f the plains. The whole-arm movement 

^ works well in that line of execution. 

i Of course the above statements may seem 

r giant-like in their proportions, but'there is a 

I burging current of gravity which prompts this 
distention of cold facts, 

Teachers ol'ten ask their pupils to discard all 
bad habits of cramped fingers, whole-aim 
movement with tongue accompaniments, etc,' 
but they neglect wholly the request for unfet 
tered arms. Before you can come to ground 
principles you must come down to solid mus- 
cle, instead of smothering the pupil with your 
loquacious lecttire on anatomy, by giving him 
the Latin name of every tiber from shoulder to 
thumb nail ; by explaining the contraction and 
relaxation of the internal cutaneous nerve in 
pursuit ofa right curve, and how the ladial 
and muscular cutaneous nerve obeys the 
punctilious command of the brain in erecting 
capital stems, request them in their mother 
tongue to set their arm free by removing the 
bracelets, relaxing the adhesive sleeves, and 
unblanketing the sultry wrist. Asking them 
to remove their coats rehearses too vividly in 
our minds the days of harness-tug bastinados 
and InuW-whip solos. 

To fite a pupil trying to write with a thick 
overcoat about his form always gives us an 
uneasy sensation about the right arm, and a 
mental distress. We have seen the ambitious 
schoolgirl rasping the desk with her metallic 
ligament in attempting to secure the graceful 
roll of arm; we have seen her arm writhing in 

^ its crochet harness, while her little mouth 
traversed her features from car lo ear. This 
lu U-. was very touching, but we wept later on. 

It would have looked unmanly to have mois- 
tened the schoolroom furniture with our tears. 
We sometimes feel, with a flavor ol melan- 
choly in the thought, that the very secret ofa 
graceful and free movement often lies in the 
deplorable fact that a lean exchequer neces- 
sitates the adoption ofa scanty costume. 

MDScle Calturo. 

If much of the membranous cuticle devoted 
to shades and curves was wrought into muscle 
by urging buck-saws across the grain of lig- 
neous growth, we would notice a more buxom 
air about so much of the feeble, exhausted 
penmanship of the day. Penmen who are 
compelled to substitute the rubber doll for 
fore-arm muscle are to be pitied as much as 
the victims of the whole arm movement. 
Those who use castors or swings in lieu of 
voluntary sinew should emulate the bulging 
fiber of a pugilistic artist by attaching them- 
selves to copiously filled coal scuttles and per- 
ambulating three or four flights of stairs. 
Those who are victims of hypochondria, or 
are lugging a narrow, cavernous chest, should 
take brisk walks up cragged steeps, swing an 
ax over a pile of hickory or rock-maple, prac- 
tice lofty tumbling, and strengthen their mus- 
cles in various ways by daily friction. A daily 
routine of moderate exercise in which ihe 
arms are called into play, as in rowing, swing- 
ing dumb-bells and vaulting will tend to give 
a weak muscular movement strength and de- 
cision. But an exercise like base-ball gener- 
ally does more harm than good to writing. 
We have seen the youthful athlete with a 
wealth of thumb from its eflTect which was 
painful to behold. We have seen him tenderly 
nurse such pet from the diamond as he dic- 
tated parental epistles to his fellow student. 
We have seen him go one eye on the page 
while the other lurked, feverish and swollen, 
under a small green blind. This kind of ex 
ercise waxes rather too exhaustive for the wel- 
fare of the oft-mentioned hair-line ar.d grace- 
ful form. A slight callous in the palm from 
moderate exeriion may not regard the pen's 
progress, but when the index finger is knocked 
silly by a ball which is upholstered with iron 
slugs and buckshot, or when the right-hand 
thumb is smashed into fish bait by a blow from 
a ten pound bat, we have noticed that the pen 
fails to traverse the page with iis wonted grace 
and agility. We were once employed in a 
school where tie base-ball craze broke out in 
its worst phase. The first vielim was a fretful 
fellow with a large autumnal nose and a red 
head. He met the ball on the home stretch 
and also just over his left eye. The eye was 
necessarily kept behind mush and linen, and 
was not able to be out for weeks. He always 
complained in the writing class about his focus, 
said it threw his slant off, and sometimes he 
could see two letters where there was only 
one. The next unfortunate was a boy who 
came in with a long face and the middle finger 
of his right hand fenced in with pieces of 
shingles and court plaster. He took his seat 
and tried to steer his invalid finger across the 
page as usual, but his movement was gro- 
tesque in the extreme. His abnormally swad- 
dled finger bobbed over the page in an aimless 
manner like a lame toad. His letters were 
equally clumsy. His capital O's were changed 
into triangles. His capital stems resembled 
ox-bows, and his J's looked like bioken fishing 

The next subject from the field was an ex- 
tensive youlh with an Irish brogue and a 
straggling gait. The face-guard had been 
struck and jammed into his face until his 
featuies resembled a checker board. His face 
was bound up in cross-strips of court-plaster 
until it looked like a suspender exhibit. This 
of course discommoded his movement, as his 
features were unable to accompany the motion 
of his hand. And so on, one by one they 
dropped into the disabled list until the pen- 
manship room had the air of linimeni and a 
surgeon'h apartments. We had to take oncxlra 
courage in order to look these brave heroes 
in the face and guide their mangled hands 
acroES the page. 

If instead of lying on sofas and courting 
painful ideas until the whole nature finds sym- 
pathy in nothing save minor keys and wailing 

3 the 1 

of cannibals and hairless monks, the penman 
would throw down his pen tor an hour each 
day and uncup his hollow chest, throw back 

; shoulders, walk briskly through the open 
, bend his cramped form to the splashing 
-, or move around vigorously in any other 
.y save the base ball grounds, we would soon 
ve a more robust craft. 

Tlic Uccoy Scooped. 

Every card-writer who has rolled the stmcc 
piqunute of experience under his tongue in 
large and frequent lumps has filled his museum 
of thought with divers schemes and novel 
decoys for the untutored. He can cover his 
face with an air of more business pressure to 
the square inch than almost any other mortal 
living when there is a prospective customer in 
luring range. He is always busy, often writ- 
ing cards by the hundred for such celebrities 
as G. Washington, Mrs. Langtry, H. Greeley, 
Ben. Butler and Lydia E. Pinkham (as samples), 
lie can get his features in haggard and care- 
worn condition almost instantly. He can 
throw a weird expression about his eyes and 
cause them to roll languidly in their sockets 
as though he were contemplating the erection 
of a new planet. There is a superhuman im- 
port in his demeanor, which indicates that he 
has purchased the earth and is considering the 
style of battlement he will hedge it in" 

The most expensive and risky form of decoy 
is that of placing his week's earnings in an 
enticing group on his desk, that the leisurely 
passers may be impressed by the enormity of 
his business. A scribe, whose m 

, flits 

■ memory, 

but who charms the public eye with his plastic 
quill in the village of Chicago, tried this latter 
lure to his sore discomfiture. He arranged 
his entire possession of sheckels in bright ar- 
ray on his desk and commenced congratulat- 
ing his genius for suggesting so novel a device. 
He walked into a store to summon other ad- 
mirers, but while away a sneak took in the 
situation and fourteen dollars in small change. 
When the scribe returned only to behold the 
vacancy of his bewitching exchequer and an up- 
turned inkstand, a cold, slimy feeling hovered 
over his frame like a jar of milk drenching 
down his back. The party who appropriated 
the lucre did not leave his card nor thank the 
quill-driver in any form, but seemed to be in 
pursuit of a dog with tin can attachment. 
That penman is dining out this month and 
slumbering under the twinkling stars at night. 
Under such circumstances he is always a great 
lover of nature and astronomy, we think. 

Crumbs of Comfort. 

The October Gazette is a charmer. 

C/ias. R. Wells. 

Gazette for October is a splendid number. 
W. N. Ffrris. 

I am very much pleased with the Gazette, 
and wish you much success. 

J. A. Wcsco. 

I know of no publication in the way of pen- 
manship that surpasses the Gazette. 

y. M. Harkhis. 

I like your style of saying things. You are 
just the man the Gazette wanted. 

VV. IV, Bentiett. 

In my estimation the Gazette is one of the 
finest papers on penmanship I have examined. 
B. W. Cyaiidall. 

Afler comparing the Gazette with other 
journals of its nature, I find it the best on 
lecord. G W. Milhimn. 

As a lover of literary beauty, I can but 
wonder at, and admire the genius displayed in 
the Gazeite. ]V. D, Shoiwlter. 

I can candidly say that you are making the 
Gazette much better. You are the right 
man in the right place. 

It. S. Collins. 

Comi>arativcly every numl)er of the Ga- 
ZETTE seems more beautiful in thought and 
execution. I predict for you and the Gazette 
a bright luture. % IV. Shott. 

Judging from the appearance of the last 
Gazette, you are going to have one of Ihe 
best class journals in the country, and the 
management is fortunate in having you at the 
helm. You arc good authority, ami can back 

u\> your opini 

ns by exec, 

•ng a 

model busi- 

11CE8 hand, on 

having tlie t 



leglWlilj and 




The Gazette to hand. Each number 
pleases me more than the preceding one. It 
is chock full of the best of plain and ornate in 
penmanship. Geo. If. ^clinllz. 

I notice a marked improvement in the dif- 
ferent educational departments of the Gaze i te, 
besides a good sprinkling of mirth to take the 
chill out, which I relish very much. 

Jos. Fodler, Jr. 

The Penman's Gazette gives evidence 
on every page of its change of editor. Prof. 
Scarborough's vivacity, flights of figure, keen 
wit and brigiil, sparkling descri|)tion, give 
earnest of what we may continue to expect 
from his ardent skillful "muscular movement." 
— The Biisiiuss St'uieut. 

"The Ideal Magazine" 

for young people is what the papers call Si. 
iVic/ioltix. Do you know about It— how good 
it is, how clean and pure and helpful.^ If 
there are any boys or girls in your house will 
you not try a number, or try it for a year, and 
see if it isn't just the element you need in the 
household ? The Lomloti Times has said, 
"We have nothing like it on this side." Here 

For 1886-87. 

stories by Louisa M. Aloott and Prank R. 
Stockton — several by each author. 

A Short Serial Story by Mrs. Burnett, 
whose charming "Little Lord Faunllcroy" has 
been a great leatuie in the past ^ear of Sf. 

War Stories for Boys and Oirls. Gen. 
Badeau, chief -of- staff, bio^ajiher and confi. 
dential friend of Gen. Grant, and one of the 
ablest and most popular of living military 
writers, will contribute a number of papers de- 
scribing in clear and vivid style some of the 
leading battles of the civil war. They will be 
panoramic descriptions of single contests or 
short campaigns, pesenling a sort of literary 
picture gallery of the grand and heroic con- 
tests in which the parents of many a boy and 
girl of to-day took part. 

The Serial Stories include "Juan and Juan- 
ita," an admirably written story of Mexican 
life, by Frances Courtenay Baylor, author of 
"On Both Sides"; also "Jenny's Boarding- 
llouse," by James Otis, a story of life in a 
great city.' 

Short Artiolea, instructive and entertaining, 
will abound. Among these are: "How a 
Great Panorama is Made," by Theodore R. 
Davie, with profuse illustrations; "Winning a 
Commission" (Naval Academy), and "Recol- 
lections of the Naval Academy"; "Boring for 
Oil," and "Among the Gas Wells," with a 
number of striking pictures; "Child-Sketches 
from George Eliot," by Julia Magruder; "Vic- 
tor Hugo's Tales to his Grandchildren," re- 
counted by Brander Matthews; '-Historic 
Giris," by E. S. Brooks. Also interesting 
contributions from Nora Perry, Harriet Pres- 
cott Spofford, Joaquin Miller, H. II. Boyesen, 
Washington Gladden, Alice Wellington Rol- 
lins.J. T. Trowbridge, Lieutenant Frederick 
Schwatka, Noah Brooks, Grace Dcnio Litch- 
field, Rose Hawthorne Lathrop, Mrs. S. M. B. 
Piatt, Mary Mapes Dodge, and many others, 

77ic siibscn'ptioH fricc oj St. Nicholas is 
Sj.oQ ti year; a$ cents a number. Suhsaipiions 
are received by booksellers and newsdealers every' 
where, or 6y the publishers. Nezo volume begins 
tt/ilh the November number. Send Jor our 
braulifully illuslnitcd catiUoi,' iiv {/rf) eontnin- 
itiir /nil prospectus, etc., etc. THE CENTU- 
RY CO., New York. 


ibrary, 50 cts. 



Tliis dcfttrluieni is edilcd by Prof. William 
D. Bridge, A. M , Principal of the School of 
Phonography in Chautauqua University. 



kI Daislies. 

Specimen pages 
: published in the 
; wonderful deft- 
i of judg- 

— There's a boom all around. Even the 
cumbrous and effete systems gel boosted into 
prominence by scheming publishers, and both 
books and buyers are " sold." 

—Mrs. L. A. Calder, of Evanston, III., was 
one of Ihe most enthusiastic, best informed 
and progressive phonograpbers at the Chau- 
tauqua Shorthand union meetings this sum- 

—We are delighted lo see the steady pro- 
gress made byftlr. Graham in engraving his 
reporting contractions, elc, in the Slmhnts' 
journal. Scores and hundreds are awaiting 
their publication in book form. 

—We have no doubt that TV/e Mtntor \\\\\ 
give greater space hereafter lo the reporting 
style. Nine lines, Bro. Morris, is good; but 
our voracious appetite for your briefest style 
will hunger iot more such bread. 

— We shall welcome the new edition of Mr. 
Graham's Second Readki 
from his own engraving a 
Journal. Our friend ^ho' 
ness of finger, as well as 
ment in this work. 

— W. D. Miller, Esq., S25 Broad street, New- 
ark, N.J,, is the regularly appointed successor 
of thelale Mr. Walbridge, New Jersey agent 
for the Reminglon Type Writer. The justly 
celebrated Walbridge pure linen typewriter 
paper can be obtained of him. 

— In our early practice of shorthand, we 
were greatly aided in acquiring a good size of 
strokes by using triple-line paper. We highly 
commend such a habit lo beginners. Send 
thiriy-five cents lo Prof, F. G. Morris, Easl- 
hamplon, Mass., and get one pad of good qual- 

—Brown & Holland and S. S. Packard were 
very enthusiastic over their shorthand mag- 
azines, but they "gave up the ghost and died." 
But Prof. Morris, acting on the principle 
" Nothing venture, nothing have," determined 
to be phonographic or nothing — and with him 
it will be "phonographic." 

— Elias Longley was one of our corres- 
pondenls away back in the fifties. We always 
honored him for his work's sake. A veteran 
in years, he is one of our lyosl honored vet- 
eran phonograpbers. Los Angeles, California, 
is his present home, where he seeks a more 
healthful climale than smoky Cincinnati. May 
he live many years, full of all good to him. 

— Many of our correspondents have had 
special reason to surmise our departure for 
Europe with Dr. Vincent of Chautauqua fame, 
our correspondence having been almost en- 
tirely neglected in September and part of 
October. We beg pardon, but a vacationless 
year of severe toil almost stranded us in Sep- 
tember, and we are only now beginning "to 
pick up the loose threads" of our work. 

—Doctors disagree, and the patient gets 
well. A recent author of a shorthand "sys- 
tem" comes out squarely against pen-written 
phonography and in favor of all-pencil writ- 
ing. Now, brother, draw it mild. Don't be 
hard on us who never use a pencil if 
possibly help it. We believe increase of speed 
comes to him who doe! 
to a pencil to get a mark. The pen (Wirt 
pen) seeuts almost to write without any appre- 
ciable pressure. 

—Aaron Greenwood, Esq., of South Gard- 
ner, Mass., is very near ihe threescore and 
ten of life, but from 1S44 he has been up with 
the times in all interests, phonelic and steno- 
graphic. He has been from the first a diligent 
collector of papers, pamphlets, periodicals and 
books relating to chorthnnd, and desiring that 
his collection should not be broken up he has 
sold the entire libraiy (with thiee or four vol- 
ume* personally desired excepted) to Prof. 
Bridge, the Editor of this department. 

1. Glad to meet you, professor. How the 
lesions do come around. I suppose you have 
someliiing new and interesting for me. Yes. 
But .before I give you new material, suppose 
you tell me what are the subjects of the lessons 
for the past few months. Very good. In 
yuly you taught me general rules for choosing 
different directions of the strokes "1" and 

h," and how lo write " 1 " and " r " by hooks 
straight strokes, \-n August the principle 
of "I" and" r*' hooks on curves was given. 
In September the " ler '' and " rel " hooks and 
"special vocalization " were shown me. In 
October, my last lesson, I was taught that an 
"n" hook and a "tion" hook can be written on 
all letters at Ihe end. 

;. Have you not about used up the prin- 
ciple of "hooking'' letters.* Nearly, hut not 
quite. Now for advanced instruction. On all 
straight strokes at the end and on the left 
hand side, looking from the end of the stroke 

tion, collective; corruption, corruptive; execu- 
tion, executive; veneration, venerative; dis- 
tribution, distributive; speculalion, speculative; 
stupefaction, stupefactive; recitation, recitative; 
obstruction, obstructive; destruction, destruct- 
ive. There are many more. 

5. There is, it seems to me, a charming 
beauty about this "correlation of forces." The 
principle is very easily remembered, I should 
think. True, and Mr. Graham has sought lo 
make the system thus most harmonious with 
itself And now let me say that the "plurals," 
or the "s" which often makes the plural 
number, is added to the "tive" hook as it was 
to the "lion" hook, by making a small circle 
clear and inside the hook. (See plate i, section 
3): Actives, optatives, negatives, adjectives, 
connectives, ablatives, eleclives, fugitives, com- 
paratives, prerogatives, restoratives, refract- 
ives, deceptives, executives. 

6. Will you do me the favor to give me a 
reading exercise which may tax my under- 
standing of the previous lessons.> Yes. (Read 
plate II, section i.) Here you will find the 
following principles: Consonants, vowels, diph- 
thongs, circles, loops, simple word signs, the 
"I," "sh," ' w,""v," "r," "h," "f,' and "v," and 


McduIL. j i. 

oifjo/ditij (rmiyiAiijiii - 

to the beginning, there is a large hook lo repre- 
sent the syllable "tive." This hook is never 
useil oil curved strokes. Read (Plate 1, section 
i): Active, dative, putative, optlve, connective 
conceptive, attractive, efiective, furtive, com- 
parative, inceptive, sportive, operative, abla- 
tive, sedative, fugitive, vocative. 

3. This hook Is exactly the opposite to the 
"tion" hook, is it not? Yes. The "tion" hook 
on straight strokes is always on the right hand 
side, looking from the end to the beginning, 
but the "tive" hook is on the left hand side, at 
the end. "Graham" phonography makes a 
great gain in the use of this hook for "live" 
over other systems which use both the hook 
on the right and that on the lelt for the same 
syllable, "tion," and over those systems which 
fail to make what is best, "corresponding'' 
hooks on opposite sides. See the beautiful 
symmetry of these hooks as shown (Plale i, 
section 2}: Option, optive; caption, captive; 
deception, deceptive; reception, receptive; in- 
ception, inceptive; perception, perceptive; 
action, active; negation, negative; aftectlon, 
affective; vocation, vocative; election, elective; 
inaction, inactive; illustration, illustrative; 
communication, communicative; imitation, 
imitative; application, applicative; suffocation, 

4. Are these all tlie words in which these 
hooks are "complements?" No. Write yourself 
he following: Correction, corrective; collec- 

"n," sounds by different modes of w riling 
(sometimes by stroke and sometimes bv hook), 
prefixes for 'com," "con," and "accom," affixes 
for "ing," "ings," etc., elc. Do your best and 
you will do well, I doubt not. We have other 
very beautiful and valuable principles lo be un- 
folded in the remaining lessons of this course. 
Get ready for them, and lake this advice: Go 
back to lesson one in the February number, 
read and study it, doing the same with each 
following lesson, and you will have laid grand 
Any desiring to write out this reading exer- 



Prof. Bridge and receive the corrected sheet. 

— The Photieiic Journal has been publishr 
ing as a serial a very well written series of Ar- 
ticles entitled "Phonography in the Office.'' 
The suggestions are more especially suitable 
for English business establishments, but many 
would be applicable to our own land. 

— Among the propositions made in England 
for the recognition of Isaac Pitman's services 
as inventor and pub isher of phonography are 
these: The erection of a statue; the presenta- 
tion to him of a large sum of money to be used 
by him in advancing the cause; a memorial to 
her majesty, Ihe queen, asking her lo give him 
the honor of kniglithood. Other suggestions 
are in order, and contributions are solicited 
from both sides the ocean. 

Ihomas Tuwiidrow. 

Away back in the fifties, when the editor ot 
this department was an enthusiastic student of 
shorthand and shorthand history, the name of 
Thomas Towndrow was often seen in the 
papers, and known to him by more ways tiian 
one. But as the years passed his thought had 
been that this enthusiastic teacher of stenogra- 
phy had "gone the way of all the earth." 

Knowing from PockweWs Circular oj Jnjor- 
ination ConeerningShorlhani/, puhli&hed by the 
Bureau of Education at Washington, that 
JVioiiMs To-zuitdroTi- had been a phonographic 
author as long ago as 1831 (six years before 
Isaac Pitman brought out his first brochure 
"Stenographic Soundhand,") our fear that he 
had dejiarted from this world was_most natural. 
But a chance correspondence revealed the fact 
most cheering that Ihe veteran still lived not far 
from our own liome, and is vigorous, pursuing 
daily his regular avocation as shorthand 
writer, and after the lapse of many years was 
about to bring out a new edition of his Sten- 
ography. At once we entered into a most 
pleasing correspondence with this Nestor 
among shorthanders, and received letters 
which show that his hand has lost none of its 
cunning, whether as a longhand or shorthand 

We will allow Mr. Towndrow lo become his 
own biographer. He writes us as follows: 

My Dear Sir: — In accordance with your 
request I furnish you with a few facts with re- 
gard to the orI»in of my '.vstem of shorthand 

^ \v 


I was born at Crich, Derbyshire, England, 
on the seventh day of May, iS.o, and therefore 
was seventy-six years old on the seventh of 
May last (1SS6). I received my education 
principally at the academy conducted by the 
Rev. Joshua Shaw, at Ilkestone, near Notting- 
ham. At the age of about sixteen I went lo 
reside at Preslon, Lancashire. While there 
my attention was called to Harding's, then 
newly published, system of shorthand, a modi- 
fication of Taylor's treatise, which I studied 
and rftastered, but was subsequently persuaded 
by friends to join them in learning the system 
of Mr. James Henry Lewis, a popular one at 
that time, asasubstitule for Harding's. The 
change, however, proved a great mistake; for, 
although the system of Mr. Lewis possessed 
some excellent features, the manuscript was 
far more dillicull lo decipher, as well as more 
liable to errors; in other words, I had sacrificed 
comparative legibility for apparent brevity. 

In the summer of 18303 married sister of 
mine and her husband received intelligence 
from Boston, Mass., ihat they were to be 
greatly benefited by the death of a relative; 
but neither of them were willing lo cross the 
ocean for the advantages they might derive 
from that source. Being then fond of advent- 
ure, I volunteered to visit this country and 
look after the interests of the family. I 
reached Bosti>n, September 10, one week prior 
to the two hundredth anniveri^ary ot the set- 
tlement of that city. At that time shorthand 
writing was something of a mislery, an art 
which very few persons seemed lo comi)re- 
hend, and my habit of occasionally taking 
down the sermons of Ihe Rev. Daniel Shnrpe, 
D. D., the pastor of the Charles street Baptist 
church and other distinguished clergymen in 




icted < 

nsjderabic : 


In accordance with the sugge 
vice ot some friends, I resolved to give a 
course of lessons in shorthand, wliich proved 
so satisfactory to myself and my pupils that I 
decided to devote my attention tliereafler to 
Ihe profession of teaching the art, and I 
opened rooms for tliat purpose in the Tfldor 
building, No. 20 Court street. One day, while 
slanding at the entrance of the building, I was 
greatiy amused by a couple of counlrymen 
. who were trying to hiterpret my profes&ional 
sign card, which represented an express mes- 
senger on horseback carrying in one hand a 
scroll of paper containing Webster's reply to 
Calhoun in the United States Senate, upon a 
subject which then agitated the country. One 
of the counlrymen remarked to the oilier, 
"What does it mean, Jim.'" The other re- 
plied, •' I sui'pose it means that he can write as 













( - 

































































fast as a horse can gallop." I let them go 
home with ihelr own ideas on that point. 

In order to reduce my labor of imparting in- 
struction I had a supply of copy books printed 
containing the rudimentary lessons in short- 
hand according to llie Lewisian system, with 
modifications of my own. In the spring of 
1831 I published a small treatise on shorthand 
as an aid to the study of it, and then gave in- 
struction in Harvard University, also in Salem 
and New Bedford, Mass., Providence and New- 
pori, R. I,, Portland and Bowdoin College, 
Me. Amongst my pupils in Salem, was 
George Peabody, the distinguished millionaire 
banker and philanthropist. Before the close of 
the year another edition of my textbook on 
shorthand was printed, but was destroyed by 
fire in the bindery of Marsh, Capen & Lyon, 
Washington street, Boston, Mass., leaving me, 
after paying all expenses incurred for engrav- 
ing, printing, etc., with only three dollars cash 

In the spring of 1S32 another edition of the 
"Guide to Shorthand" was issued from the 
press of Hezekiah Howe & Co., of New Haven, 
Conn., and JoBselyn, Darling Sa Co., of New 

York. In the spring of 1833 my '-Steno- 
graphic Copy Book," " Stenographic Olio " 
and "Stenographic Convertatlon Cards," were 
published by Lilly, Wait, Colman & Holden, 
of Boston. In these, characters were intro- 
duced to represent the vowels that could be 
joined to the consonant characters, but I was 
not fully satisfied 'wiih the forms or signs 
selected for that purpose, although they were 
the only ones available under the old arrange- 
ment for representing the consonants, and I 
became thoroughly convinced that a still 
greater reform in expressing the vowel and 

part, I abandoned my profession as a teacher, 
and thus allowed the detnand for m^' textbook 
to run out, being unwilling to labor almost en- 
tirely for the benefit of my publishers, I then 
turned my attention to general reporting in 
New York, which I continued almost unin- 
terruptedly until 1865, since which time I haVe 
been actively engaged in looking after the say- 
ings and doings of our neighbors in West- 
Chester county, for New York journals. I 
have kept on and up to the present time, em- 
bracing a period of forty-five years, most of 
which I have been employed on the New York 



- %' 


Dunds could and sTiould be carried 
ut, and it may be mentioned that this was 
ver four years before Isaac Pitman brought 
ut the first publication under the title of 
Stenographic Soundhand." 


With these views I commenced my new de- 
parture, the task of founding a new system of 
shorthand writing which would enable me to 
express vowel and diphthongal sounds in any 
order which they may occur in a word by dis- 
tinct characttrs, easily made and joined to the 
convonants without raising the pen, instead of 
using dots, commas, and other detached marks 
placed in different positions tiear the consonant 
characters. My labors upon my new book 
were greatly retarded, however, by an acci- 
dental injury to my shoulder which compelled 
me to seek medical advice and treatment, and 
I (bund myself compelled to seek a milder cli- 
mate for the winter, and I proceeded at once 
to Charleston, S. C, Savannah and Augubta, 
Ga. While in Charleston I gave lessons in 
my new system of stenography to the Rev. 
Dr. Manly, the pastor of the Baptist church in 
that city. This circumstance is mentioned 
only to fix the time when I commenced teach- 
ing my present system. It may be here ap- 
propriately remarked that I did not aim to 
adopt a strictly phonetic system ; not deeming 
it essential for bhorthand purposes to note the 
difference ot the sound of o in nor and o in 
not, or u in cup and u in bull, etc. And I 
think that it would be an extremely difficult 
task to find one of the so-called phonographers 
of the present day that makes such a distinc- 
tion, or even introducing a vowel in writing 
either of the words referred to. 

On visiting England in the summer of 1S34, 
and alter undergoing a painful surgical opera, 
lion al Preston, I, with the assistance of a 
brother, prepared for publication my ''Complete 
Guide to the Art of Writing Shorthand: being 
a New and Comprehensive System of Repre- 
senting the Elementary Sounds of the English 
Language in Stenographic Characters." This 
in the strictest sense of the word was a system 
of phonography, or writing in accordance with 
sounds. It was issued from the press of P. & 
H. Whittle, at Preston. Shortly afterward my 
health failed, and by the advice of my physi- 
cian I went to Italy and remained there until 
nearly the close ot 1S36, when I returned to 
England with health restored, and after having 
a font of shorthand characters cast for me at 
Sheffield, a revised edition of my Textbook of 
Stenography was issued from the press of 
Henry Mozley & Sons, at Derby, and G. 
Cowie & Co., 31 Poultry, London. I then re- 
turned to Boston !n the summer of 1^37, with 
a thousand copies of my English edition which 
were put forth wiih a new introduction. In 

1U39 a revised edition 
lished, and another 
interval I taught in ^ 
Baltimoie, and other c 

my system was pub 
1841. During the 
York, Philadelphia, 

^. >. 

c 3 O — r\^^ 

Tribinie. Meanwhile I have never lost my 
interest in the study and improvement of 
shorthand, and with the results in that direc- 
tion I feel well satisfied. 

Oiir good friend, Mr. Towndrow, has fur- 
nished us with ample material to present a 
full analysis of his system as he is about to 
publish it in a new edition; but our limited 
space forbids more than a presentation of the 
alphabet as he gives it to-day, and also a finely 
written specimen. Fioni his own hand we 
subjoin a translation of the latter. 

Mr. Towndrow having passed his seven- 
tieth, yes, his seventy-sixth year, is still young 

pily spent in the bosom of his family and 
friends. May his days be many, and be full oi 
all good. 

Tho Mentor. 

Something t 

lassie must s 

urelybe the title 

Prof. Morris' 1 

cw magazine 

and not the e 


day expression 

s in which ' 

shorthand," " 


nographic," " 

reporters" w 

ould be promi 


The Profess 

or is unique- 

-his thoughts 


his thought-enshrinement alike 

jVtfM « quo, sed qiioinodo is 
motto — good indeed. 

The table of contents shows his purpose to 
give readable selections, choice editorials, sug- 
gestive comments, newsy tidings, incisive 
criticisms, wise interpretations of advanced re- 
portorial principles, cullings from correspon- 
dence, and facetiie to season the whole. 

The first (October) number comes in season- 
able attire, attractive, well printed, excellently 
written, carefully edited — a gem worthy of en- 
riching the home of every would-be well-read 
phonographer in the land. 

We shall gladly aid in circulating this young- 
est magazine, and any one sending us two 
dollars, the regular price of the magazine, shall 
receive from us as our voluntary premium the 
Mentor for one year and also either one of our 

HAND Numbers, or the photo-engraved re- 
f)roduction of the FiRsr Edition of I.saac 

Pen Points, 

The tyro should think out the best lorms, 
them slowly, and then write and 
re-write till speed is acquired. 

— Prof. Cross is happy in the publication of 
at least ten editions of his " Eclectic Short- 
hand." Will he favor us with a sight of his 
most recent edition.' 

— Mr. G. W. Royer, the efficient assistant 
in the Central College of Eclectic Shorthand, 




■t ■ 

I: ^iVl/ '/^.S 

and hearty, doing daily work, utilizing his 
shorthand, and like Isaac Pitman, bears the 
weight of years with great goodnature. We 
should greatly enjoy seeing him at the forth- 
coming tercentary of stenography with the 
veteran Mr. Pitman himself, as they would 
look back over the lapse of almost sixtv years 
spent in advancing the cause of swift writing. 

The picture of Mr. Towndrow is a pholo- 
engraved and most accurate presentation of 
his present appearance, t.iken from a photo- 
graph furnished by himself. 

Mr. Towndrow's home is at Mount Vernon, 
New York, where his ripening years are hap- 

Chicago, III, has received a call to a more re 
muneralive position, and Prof. Cross parts 
with him with regret. 

— The Anarchists caused the stenographers 
of Chicago to win a "goodly number of shek- 
els" by reporting the famous trial, $1,200 
was paid by the defense for shorthand work, 
and the [irosecution paid about $3,000. not 
including the regular salary of the official 
stenographer, Mr. Purcell, thus making prob- 
ably nearly $5,000 for fifty days. Com- 
fortabU- pickings! 


Prof. F. G. Morris is 
thouglit and said tliis for 
years-in fad, ever since lie graduated at 
academv witli ourself nearly thirty y 
ogo, wilii high honors. He was in the active 
ministry of tlie Methodist Episcopal church 
B, and frequently our own library 
jnded to his aphoristic theological ut- 
His churches were several of the 
largest and most important in Boston, Lynn 
and elsewhere in Massachusetts. As a preacher 
he was probably unexcelled— a certain 

ntious, logical and captivating expression 
always characterizing his discourse. Though 
' istry to-day, he is almost 
engaged in pulpit supply in his own 
town and vicinity, being extremely popular 
outside as well as inside his own ecclesiastical 
walls. He is a citizen of credit in his own 
School Comi 
■ judgment manifests it- 

Mr. Morris has had considerable experience 
as a member of the State Legislature of Mass- 
achusetts, and no member of that body during 
his connection with it surpassed him in perfect 
knowledge of all pailiamentary practice, and 
this was freely spoken of as unexpected in a 

Mr. Morris is a constant student, an acute 
thinker, an accurate judge of literary and 
linguistic matters, and well read in several 
literatures. If we remember rightly he wrote 
in sliorthand every word of the British Es- | 
saviSts that he might cultivate the graces of 
language and language expression in beautiful 
phonographic forms. 

Mr. Morris is well married, and has a home 
where manv earnest shorthand students have 
found motherly care and fatherly instiiiction 
as they have been fitted for their work. Mrs. 
Morris was a member of our own parish in 
Eastern Massachusetts, when Mr. Morris won 
her as his bride. His children are in their early 
manhood and womanhood, and a great com. 
fort to our old.time friend. 

Mr. Morris has been an associate with us 
until recently as an active professor in the 
phonographic department of Chautauqua Uni- 
versity, but increasing educational work at 
home, and the new (and we trust successful) 
venture in the editing and publishing of his 
entirely shorthand magazine, the Mrii/i 
mand the time that we would gladly hav 
give to our assistance. 

For phonograghic insight, perspicuity of ex- 
pression and devotedness to his beloved art of 
standard phonography, few of our acquain- 
tances compare with our old-time friend, 
Morris. JI^D. Bridge. 

■ ^^.i-^-t-t-t^ ^''^^i.t^^i 

' / / // // 



gone to. I« 

X.& of no 1 


s man Hint i 

lade mirth 

for us ftll? 

cs (luath but 

& sileace h 


0[i) the sount 

s that delight or appa 

closed, hav 

the lips n 

more duty 

more plcusi 

re the exq 

isitc ears? 

the heart do 

ne o'erflow 

Dg With be 


the eyes ba 



, if aught ca 

n be sure, V 

.hat can be 






An Old Offer Renewed. 

All who send a club of six subscribers at $i 
each for Gazette and "Guide,'" or Gazettk 
and "How to Write for the Press," or Gazette 
and "Select Readings," during the months of 
July and August, will receive free a copy of 
f5 "Peninan's Hand Book," advertised on 
page 7. How many clubs of six shall we have 
betore Jan, 1 ? 

Spnke and joked with us, not in mere jest; 
For the man in our heart lingered afUr, 

Sui'iiRioR Pens.— (7cw>rf^««*.- We take 
pleasure in staling that for business cc 
pondence and general office work, yoiu" 
"Gaskell Compendium No, 1," is preferred 
above all others by those engaged in these 
departments of our establishment. 

It gives us great satisfaction always to testify 
to the merits of a really good article which 
have thoroughly tested. 

Yours very truly, 

BaTcey, Banks & Bikdle. 

Jewelers, l*hitadei|»hia 

The Yellow Year. 

atieot beauty of the sccnUoss rose, 

illk the morn's hoar crystal quaintly glas 

s n pale mournor for the summer past, 


Peirce's Tracing Exercises, for establishing 
freedom of movement, comprises ten cards, 
each containing a letter or exercise to be traced 
with end of holder at first, then in proper time 
to be followed with dry pen. 

Cant Be Heard. 

Are those 

nost ne.irTkLToT 





1 whispers tippling 

at [he 



n the 

loud engine ceises; 




minsreVs"; andThe 





far whispers of liu 




and death, which no 

ne can c 

ver hear 



mighty voices 01 ih 




— Th 

e M 

'estein Penman 

for October i 

good ntimber, 

—The Business Student, Galveston, Tex., is 
a bright little sheet. 

—The Literary Lije for October is a gem of 
pure and noble thought. 

— Tne Pctimaii's Art Jonrnnl for October is 
full of bright thought. 

—The School Supplement continues to take 
the lead among educational periodicals. 

— Tiie Pennsylvania Teacher, Pittsburg, for 
October, is one of our intelligent exchanges, 

—The Business Educator, Owen Sound, 
Ont., is a strong advocate of the practical in 

—The ShorthitnJ Writer, Chicago, is a neat 
journal published in the interests of takigrafy 

—The Pen and Ink Journal, Chicago, under 
the artistic touch of B. M. Worlhington, is 
growing into a beautiful organ. 

—The Practical Educator, Trenton, N. J., is 
one of our most valuable exchanges. Brother 
Rider displays fine taste and judgment in its 

— The American Bookkeeper and Salesman, 
published in Milwaukee and Chicago, is a well- 
edited journal in the interest of accountants 

Memories of May* 

0, Goddess of Beauty! Still hovi 




—We have a brief lelter from II. W. Shay- 
lor this month. 

—J. G. Harmison, Lexinglon, K_v., does 
some very nice engrossing. 

— We have a well-written letter from O. A. 
Hoffman, Milwaukee, Wis. 

—J. M. Harkins of Callioiin, Ga , writes as 
neat a business hand as the best. 

P/ahi Tali, Brooklyn, N. Y., gives us some- 
thing to smile over each month. 

— A. W. Dakin still holds his position in 
the front ranks of the C.G, of H. 

—A. E. Porsonsof Wilton Junction, Iowa, 
still infuses life and vigor in his work. 

—Frank McFarland of Athens, La., sends 
the Gazette some wclK written letters. 

Brother Isaacs favors the Gazette's scrap- 
book with a beauttiul swan this month. 

R. S. Collins writes the Gazette a letter 
this month which is full of -life and grace. 

— G. Bixler of Wooster, O., is meeting with 
encouragement in his physical training meth- 

— T. M. Davis, of Alfred University, N. Y.. 
is doing a grand work in the field of business 

— Crandle & Webb are furnishing some 
valuable hints in the way of pen drawing to 
the profession. 

— W. N. Ferris of Big Rapids, Mich., is 
doing a grand work as a popular business 
educator of Big Rapids. 

—George H. Schuelz is throwing his ink 
gracefully under the guidance of McKee and 
Henderson at Oberlin, Ohio. 

— G. W. Milkman of Pottstown, Pa., has 
charge of the College of Penmanship in the 
Y. M. C. A. building of that city. 

J. A. Wesco favors us with some beautiful 
specimens of his work. Wesco's work always 
falls on our retina with a graceful swoop. 

— C. A. Faust of Chicago writes the most 
beautiful back hand we have seen. He is also 
a superior workman in other branches of the 

—J. A. Slroburg, teacher of penmanship 
and bookkeeping in Augustana College, Rock 
Island, 111., cuts about as artistic nourishes as 
the best. 

J. W. Shott of Logansport, Ind., strides 
valiantly to the front of the Gazette's ranks 
this month. May your shadow never contract, 
Brotbei Shott. 

B. F. Veal of Michigan City, Ind., notwith- 
standing his n une, writes us a very neat letter, 
wherein he speaks words of highest praise for 
the Compendium. 

—Wood & Van Patten impress the Ga- 
zette as being two wide-awake college men. 
Their Commercial College in Davenport is a 
thriving institution. 

—H.J.Williamson, Richmond, Va., has a 
flourishing school. Every stroke of his pen 
gives evidence of pu(.h. His writing shows 
clearly the bufiiic^:? driving force. 

J. P. Wil-on, who writes cards at the Palmer 
House, Ciiicago, lia*- opened several evening 
writing in;,titutts in ditlerent parts of the city, 
and is meeting with good success. 

— B. P. Pickens is still advancing in the art 
of taxidermy. His birds are so life-like thev 
sometimes perch on the rim of our editorial 
wicker ware and twitter iheir jf«rt/c. 

— We have received photos of some of 
James Foellcr's masterpieces in the way of 
resolutions. He is a wonderful artist in that 
line and a thorough gentleman besides. 

— D. B. Williams, the wide-awake muscular 
, is doing a good mail 
ng and ideas are up \\i<h 




— A young man in Salcm, Mass,, -wilh lo 
become a phonographer. Hecuts out the short- 
hand lessons in the Gazette and pastes them 
ill a book which he carries in his pocket, 
studying them eRtncstly. Pluck wine. 

Notice the remarkable bargains oflered on 
page is; Self-Htlp Series, (our volumes for 
$6.00, complete set of Charles Dickens* works 
fur $18.75; '^ volumes Scott's Novels for 
$iSoo. See the remarkable 50 cent list. 

— We have just received a letter from our 
valued friend, B. F. Kelley of New York, in 
which is exhibited a comingling of skill and 
a noble spirit. We earnestly wish there were 
more just such men as Kelley in this world. 

—Mrs. Bovee, Richland Centre, Wis., is 
demonsh-aling to the people of that section 
that penmanship is not an art in which the 
lords of creation may dabble and preclude the 
gentler sex. Her work deserves a liberal 

— A young man existing at Blue Gulch, 
Mont, has recently shipped us a flourished 
owl, which we are training lo hoot. Penmen 
wishing thtir rivals' work hooted at may have 

nplished in good shape at 3,; c 


— W. D. Showaller, who has been for some 
time connected with the Bayless Business 
College, Dubuque, Iowa, has made arrange- 
ments to teach in Pearce's College of Busi- 
ness, Philadelphia. We predict for Showalter 
a brill ant career in the field of penmanship. 

—J. W. Coflield is driving the quill with 
muscular force at Kohl Si Middleton's museum, 
Chicago. He is stationed in line with nature's 
most surprising freaks. Visitors look him 
over, and seem disappointed when they find 
him constructed on the plan of the ordinary 
//0//10, with no stray features. 

— In this issue we give gome exquisite 
thoughts in verse from the pen of E. R. Lalta. 
Mr. Latta sings in a sweet and simple strain. 
He seems content with nature as it is. He 
does not threaten to pluck any of ihe unripe 
planets, nor does he become frantic In his 
verse over some yellow-haired maiden, as is 
often the case with new bards. This thing of 
poets getting beyant themselves because some 
young woman, sixteen hands high, has crossed 
their path, waxes a trifle irksome at times. 

—J. D. M .Eureka Springs, Ark. Williams 
i: Rogers, Rochester, N. Y., can furnish yon 
the work on bookkeeping you wish. 

— E. P. G , Yarmouth, Me. Dwell more on 
the oval and m exercise for tlie first month or 
so. Do not allow the wrist to touch the desk. 

-A. K. B., Chenoa, 111. You are using the 
right movement. Go ahead; you will finally 
make your exit from the proper end of the 

— W. E. R., Truro, la. You should bridle 
your capitals; ihey are wild. You show evi- 
dence of the right kind of materia! in your 
system to succeed. 

—J. T. H., Salem, O. Your writing is very 
beautilul without reform. The only sugges- 
tion we would make would be to secure more 
freedom of movement. 

— C. C. B., Western, O. 
your work. Practice the 

Put I 


1 become a good 

Ihe Gazette more. You 
writer by careful practice. 

— G. H. L., Exeter, Neb. Yes, your writ- 
ing is fair. Practice the Gazette's lessons 
more and you will gain more freedom and 
regularity in your movement. 

— C. A. E., Madison, Ind. Your wriling 
looks a little ragged, although the letters are 
foimed fairly well. I-eave off the extra finish- 
ing strokes. Strive to get a free and regular 

— B. R., Philadelphia, Pa. When you have 
practiced a few months from the Compendium, 
send in specimens of your work. Just now 
you should dwell on copy slip No. i,more than 
anything else. 

—J. M. L., Emmetshurg, New York. Your 
writing is very neat, but hasn't quite force 
enough about it. Don't slant your letters 
q\iite so much. Round your m's and n's a 
little more at the top. 

— A. H. S., Harrold, Dak. Don't shade your 
down strokes so much. Practice the m exer- 
cise until you can make down strokes as light 
as up strokes. Yes, when you are 21 years 

old, we don't doubt but that your writing will 
tqual that of the large guns. Wlien Madarasz 
was your age, it is said that his writing looked 
as inky as though he had traced it with a 
pointed shingle. 

— L. W., Ashland, Va. Try lo make your 
small letters more uniform in height. Your 
spaiing between words is very irregular. Cor- 
rect these two prominent errors, and your work 
will look much better. 

— W. T. C, El Dara, III. The Gajiette's 
lessons are doing you good. We notice a 
grace and strength about your work which is 
pleasing. You are on the right track to be- 
come a good penman. Keep it up. 

— F. Mc. F., Athens, La. We should say 
you write with a fair muscular movement, but 
haven't regulated it lully, by practicing exer- 
cises of a simple nature. Your work shows 
evidence of determination to succeed. 

— F. L. D., Kansas City, Mo. You are on 
the right track. Glad to see the Gazette's 
lessons are doing so much for you. Your 
writing while very neat, shows a lack of free 
Drill on the exercise copies 

—J. G. R., Bright, Ont. The lessons in 
penmansh'p will be continued in the Gazbtte. 
We can furnish back numbers of the Ga- 
zette to December, 18S5. You can have 
your subscription date back to December, and. 
thereby get the full course of lessons. 

— C. W. A., Buffalo, N. Y. Your bump of 
veneration may be made more tuberous by 
a few cudgels from a congealed brick. 
Apply on the crown of your intellect three 
or four times a day until your brain begins 
to jostle against your dome, and things ter- 
restrial assume a dizzy hue, 

— R. S. C, Knoxville, Tenn. In writing to 
your lady friend you should never address her 
as "Dear Birdie," or "Tocksy Wopsy." There 
is a ring about such epithets that will give the 
girl a desire to drop herself with a gurgling 
splash into some large wet body of water. It 
also has a tendency to set the paternal hoof in 
a state of violent vibration wi.en you call. 
No, the seal of tar is not an emblem of con- 

— E. L. B,, Providence. Your document 
bearing a baboon's footprint as signature, and 
a fragment from your nether drapery as seal, 
was brought over from the P. O. in a sealed 
pouch. After administering chloroform and 
carbolic acid we have it under fair control 
The office boys are convalescing slowly. Do 
you not in your numerous correspondence, 
find it tedious to be compelled to remove ^our 
shoe in order to sign a document? 

—J. J. D., Scranton, Pa. Your letters are 
not positive. You do not use a free movement. 
Put more force in your work. You can be- 
come a good penman by careful practice. 
Your bird's head has wandered quite a dis- 
tance from its body, and you know that nat- 
urally necessitates an ungainly waste of 
neck. There isn't sufliclent swoop about the 
bird's make up to ever overtake the winged 
alligator which is fleeing from a gaping fate. 

— B. P. P., Mooresville, Tenn. Your bird 
looks very well, but is it a door mat or a sheep 
skin he is clenching wilh his hind foot.^i^You 
have inserted his eye too far down his neck. 
Why didn't you place it under his wing since 
he can't afford an eye-lash on his slender neck.' 
The bug you have built in the front ranks cer- 
tainly places little value on his life, as he 
seems cool and collected right under the 
shadow of a yawning William, or bill as you 
choose to call it. 

W. W. B., Pekin, China. Your suspenders 
are loo short. The curve may be taken out 
of your vertebrae by applying a rectangular 
crow-bar under your vest. The constant 
straining of simoons through your whiskers 
no doubt has given them that deceased and 
faded appearance. Glad to know that Ihe 
citizens of Pekin appreciate your skill enough 
to pay you 1 1 cents per day. You have cer- 
tainty made wonderful progress In shirt mark- 
ing. With the method you have adopted, you 
will no doubt accumulate a vast wai-drobe and 
dishabille the Mongolian race. 

The October Gazette pleases me 
"muchly." The fact begins to dawn upon my 
obtuse intellect that you are "the right man in 
the right place." Find inclosed $1, for which 

please place me "on the list," Any one who 
has "tasted the spice of your jovij] nature,'* 
and is not willing lo go$i on it. Is a fit subject 
for the embalmer. Accept my warmest con- 
gratulations, and best wishes for your future 

Fielding Schofielu. 


For 1SS6-S7. 

The Century is an illustrated monthly 
magazine, having a regular circulation of about 
two hundred thousand copies, often rcadiing 
and sometimes exceeding two hundred and 
twenty-five thousand. Chief among its many 
attractions for the coming year is a serial 
which has been in active preparation for six- 
teen years. It is a history of our own country 
in its most critical time, as set forth in 


This great work, begun 
with the sanction of Pres- 
ident Lincoln, and con- 
tinued under the authority 
of his son, the Hon. Rob- 
ert T. Lincoln, is the only 
full and authoritative re- 
cord of the lite of Abra- 
ham Lincoln. Itsauthors 
were friends of Lincoln 
before his presidency ; 
lately associated with him 
, throughout his term of 
oflice, and to them were transferred upon Lin- 
coln's death all his private papers. Here will 
be told the inside history of the civil war and 
of President Lincoln's administration, — im- 
portant details of which have hitherto re- 
mained unrevealed, that they might first ap. 
pear in this authentic history. "Readers will 
be astonished by the wealth of interest, the 
thoroughness of the text, and completeness of 
pictorial illustration which characterize the 
first instalment."— A'^. 3". Slur. By reason of 
the publication of this work 

which lias been followed with unflagging in- 
terest by a great audience, will occupy less 
space duiing the coming year. Gettysburg 
will be described by Gen. Hunt (Chief of the 
Union Artillery), Gen. Longstreet, Gen, E. 
M. Law, and others; Chickamauga, by Gen. 
D. H. Hill; Sherman's March to the Sea, by 
Generals Howard and Slocum, Generals Q. 
A. Gillmore, Wm. F. Smith, John Gibbon, 
Horace Porter, and John S. Mosby will de- 
scribe special battles and incidents. Stories of 
naval engagements, prison lile, etc., etc., will 

"The Hundredth Man," a novel by Frank 
R. Stockton, author of "The Lady, or the 
Tiger ?" etc., begins in November. Two 
novelettes by George W. Cable, stories by 
Mary Hallock Foote, "Uncle Remus," Julian 
Hawthorne, Edward Eggleston, and other 
prominent Ametican authors, will be printed 
during the year. 

(with illustrations) include a series of articles 
on affairs in Russia and Siberia, by George 
Kennan, author of "Tent Life in Siberia," 
who has just returned from a most eventful 
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Reign, by Mrs. Oliphant; Clairvoyance, Spir- 
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10 for «I.OO. Send P. O- Nnto or Ueslsleretl 1 


Self-Teaching Penmanship, 


Not Hundreds, But Thousands 

If so, you can go via the MoNox Route via 
Louisville or Cincinnati, and see the Mammoth 
Cave, Nashville, Blount Springs, Birming' 
ham, Montgomery, Mobile, and the Gulf 
coast for the same money that -will take you 
through the dreary, uninhabited Mississippi 
swamps ; we are confident you cannot select a 
line to the South enjoying halfthe advantages 
that are possessed by the MoNON Route and 
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No one should think of going South without 
visiting the Mammoth Cave, the great natural 
wonder of this continent. So much has been 
written of this world-famous wonder, that it is 
impossible to say anvthing new in regard to it 
—it cannot be described; its caverns must be 
explored, its darkness felt, its beauties see 
be appreciated or realized. It is the gre 
natural curiosity — Niagara not excepted — and 
he whose expectations are not satisfied by its 
marvelous avenues, domes and starry grottoes 
must either be a fool or a demi-god. From 
Mobile to New Orleans (141 miles) the ride 
along the Gulf coast is alone worth the entire 
cost of the whole trip. In full sight of the 
Gulf a;l the way, past O.ean Springs, Missis- 
Kippi City, Pass Christian, Bay St. Louis and 
" ' , the home of Jeff Davis. 

you decide to go South make up your 
;ravel over the line that passes through 
:ountry and gives you the best places 
^■er. This isemphatically the Monon 
n connection with the Louisville and 
Nashville, and the Cincinnati Southern Rail- 
ways, Pullman Palace Sleepers, Palace 
Coaches, double daily trains. The best to Cin- 
cinnati, Louisville, New Orleans or Florida. 
For full information, descriptive btwks, pamph- 
iels, etc., address E. O. McCormick, Gen'l 
Northern Passenger Agent, Monon Route, 
122 E. Randolph street, Chicago, or Wm. S. 
Baldwin, General Passenger Agent, 183 
Dearix)rn street, Chicago. 





Devoted to Popular Educatioii. 

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79 Wabash Avenuej CHICAGO, ILL. 







You can learn al home bookkeeping, pen- i 

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KTT. Springfi(;l<t,»Vt. 



Read this page through carefully. 


atcs, In lurt^. clear type, t 


IX. Liouel Lincoln nnd The 

Wept (it WIsh-tou-WlBli. 

X. The Bravo and Mercedeo of 

XI. Oak Openings and Satnastne. 
XII. The cSiain-Oi-arer and The 

XIII. Homeward Ooundn 

XIV. Heidenmauer an 

XV. Wyandotte anil Tl 

XVI, Precaution and Wa 

AlBo, published separately, 
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11. The Pathfinder. IV. 

volumes', 13mo, hair t:mt oi 

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calf, for 99.0 

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set .It m volumes, half morocco.. . 4«.00 
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Printed from large, clear type, i 
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ignettts, head 

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ised Edinburgh edition 
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by the author not foun.1 in any 

Theset of 12 volumes, half ulllgatoi 

WiU send these sets in either style of binding c 
half of this price. 



II APvLES DI( ' IvENS' "3^^-: 

j Peter the Whaler. 

COMPLETE WORKS. I Phantom Fortune, 

Phyllis. "TIh- liiichess." 

A POPULAR ILLUSTRATED EDITION. ' ^i^;?';^^:^ ^Xmv,,o '*'''*" ' 




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A Manual of Book-Making. 

1 printed from new plates. In large, clear type, 
[ooil pai>er, very handsomely bound in cloth, 

AdamBede. Eliot. 
3S Among 

.bles. (iM-r luO illustrations, 
s Fairy Tales. Andei-sen. 
Nights' Entertainment. 
- - " ^ . _ - y. Uj.hnson. 
Assignation, The, ana Other Tales. 
Belinda, lli-.u^htou. 
Bits of Blarney. 

Adventures Among the Indians. 

JBsop's Fables. ii\t-r luOi" ''- 

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Arabian Nights' Enterta 
Arne and A Happy Boy. 
Assignation. The. b 

Bitsof L 

Book of Snobs, and Yellowplush Papers. 

Called Bacii and Dark Days. Conwuy 
Cast up by the Sea. linkci'. 
Children of the Abbey. Itocho. 

•' ' -.ter Writer. Haudfoni. 
Heth, A. Black. 

Dickens' Child's History of England. 
Dickens' Shorter Stories " 
Dickens' Story Teller. 
Don Qv ' ■ 

Yeai-s' Wanderings in Ceylon. 

J' the Bolt 

Ethan Brand. 


Cast up by the Sea. 
Children of theAbV 
Complete Letter Wr 
Daughter o"— ■ 
Deep Down 
Dickens' Ch 

Dickens' Shorten Stories^^ 
Dickens' Stori 
Don Quixote. 

East LvD 

the Bold. 

Felix Holt^ 

File Brigade'. Bnliaiityne. 
Frankenstein and Dennis Duval. 

Franklin's Autobiography. Fninh 

Oems of Oratory. 

Popular Tales. 

Bed I 


Rifle and Hound i ^. 

Robinson Crusoe. De Fo 
Romola, Kluu, 
Round the World. Iviiigi 
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Sartor Reaartus. Cnrlvlo 

ondSu __._ 

Bells. lllaLl 

Spanish Nun and The Black Dwarf. 

Stoddaid's Readings and Recitations. S 

Strange Adventures of a Phaeton. Itlacli 

Swiss Family Robinson. Wyss iiml Mi 

Thaddeus of Warsaw. Pmtpr. 
That Beautiful Wretch lllack. 
Thicker than Water. I'ayn. 
Three Feathers ItUick. 
Three Spaniards "nlkc-r. 
Tom Brown's School Days a 
Tom Cringle's Lob. ticntr. 
Tour of tho W^orld in 80 Da' 
20,000 Leairues Under the S 
Two on ft Tower. Hardy. 
Viinity Fair Thac-keruy. 
Willy Reillv larleton. 
Young Foresters, The Kin 

Sliadows and Sunbeams. 
Shandon Belli 
Sketch Book 

Green Pastures and Piccadilly. Black, 
"'opular Tales. < i nmm. 
Travels and Baron Munchausen. 

Half-Hours with Great Authors. 
Half-Hours with Great Humorists, 
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Half-Hours with Great Story-Teller s. 
Haunted House and Tlie Coming Race. Ilul- 

lone Stewart._ Linton. 

Jane Ej 

John Ha 

Ladies' a . 

Ladies Lindores. 

Lady of Lyons at 

Last Days of Pompeii. 

Last of the Mohica ~ " 

MacLeod of Dare. 

Maid of Athens. M<iuiruiy- 

Margaret and Her Bridesmaids. .Inlia Strot- 

Mark Seaworth, ICIiigtituii. 
Midshipman- Kiiigsti.n. 

Mill on the Floss. Elint. _ 

Miss Tommy, Story of Ida and Crayon Pa- 
Mrs. Geoffrey. :'"riR> Ducli 
Murders of th_ 
Mysterious Island 
Noted French "--- 
Oliver Twist. 
Our MutuG ' ' 
Outre Mer. 

1 of Christ, il I' 

Jane Ey: 

Ladies'and Gentlemen's Etiquette, 

Lady of Lyons and A Happy Man. 

- ■ - ofF. 

? Mohicans. 

Maid of Athens. 

Murders of the Rue Morgue, 
Mysterious Island N'eriie. 
Noted French Orators. De Coi 
Oliver Twist. IiiiUliis. 
Our Mutual Friend, Dickens. 

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(1 ) A Course of 50 Lessons in W iting 

(2) A Course of 50 Lessons In Flourish 

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FRANK G. DU BOIS. 616 W 30th St, M K City. 




y. BAUER it CO.. Ciirarro. III. Olivet, Dakota, Dec. 2^, 1SS5. 

Gentlemen— The No. E i-i " Square Grand " Piano »hich I icceived fiom ;ou aboiil 
the 1st of September, proves to be one of the finest toned instruments I ever heard. 

Every one who has heard it, speaks with unstinted praises of its quality of tone and beauty 
of finish. I am truly thankful that I decided to purchase a Bauer. Very respectfully vours, 

A. Sheridan Jones, Supt. of Puljllc Inst. 


JULIUS BAUER k CO., 186-158 Wabash Ave, CMcago. 


The Cross Fountain and Gold Pens. 

We dcsiio lo call atlention to the following facts and features of the A. T. Cross Stjlographic Pens, that have placed them at the head ot 
all Sljlograpliic Pens, and given them their success: 

1st. They are the only really two-part pen. 2d. They are made exclusively of gold, rubber, and platinum,— substance 
lecled by Uie action of acid inks. " 3d. The use of the oscillating needle enables the writer to hold the pen at any natural ar 
pens. as. is well known, require to be held nearly or quite perpendicularly, to facilitate the flow of ink, 4th. The pen can be 
y7 —■■^i only, and tliere is no liability of soiling the fingers in removing springs and needles from the section 

i patents the extension air tube spring and needle are connected, and preclude the possibility of losing v 
ame out of the section. 5th. These pens are fully guaranteed, and the indorsement by the entire trad 

men of his age in the world. His nvnmiinihti) is arlis- 
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Sample Copies, 7c. Send for ( 

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" IJ.— Wedding BriHt^l, very best, - 

'■ C -Gilt Edge, assorted, - - - 

" D.—BeTel Gilt Edge, the finest, - , 

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^» nm.,r/,a.„„t .p,clm,„ nf bM b,i,i„.,. 
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birds, eagles, swans, ete., on unrulej paper, which ar« 
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a experience dimcaliy in leearins , pen, 


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jle, while other 
lied or cleaned 

Stales and Cana. 


e featu 

:ull of several years' e, 
inest style ever made, and has the very desir.-i 
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THE G. A. GASKELL CO., 79 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, 

Tho crimping of tho flngoro t? conlmuouii writing, ind wMcli 13 

Wo, 2, Long, 7 Inchoa, 35 t/oM,, 

Ko. i, Short, 5'," 15 " 

Ho. E. " 6',' GO '■ 

K09, 2 and 3, Uodliun; 1 and 6, oztn vlda. 

Business Writers I 

L, MADARASZ, Box 2116, N. Y. City. 


The G. a. Gaskell Co., Publishers, 


VOL. VIII.-NO. 12. 


VNTIli J AS. 1 

School of piMANseiP 

A plational doufge of Leggong 


Muscular Movement Win s!! 

Tiiere are in this country a large nuinber of 
voung men struggling lor advancement in 
penmanship, whose circumstances will not 
permit personal in&tri 
afford to sacrifice their 
wholl)- unaided in th 
class especially this course of lessons has 
been organized. 

It is ihe outgrowth of an overwhelming 
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undue attention is being paid by nearly all 
teachers of penmanship to that necessary 
element, MOVEMENT. 

The course embraces an e?ihau8tive treat- 
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In arranging this series of lessons I have 
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starting out in penmanship, and to them will 
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theories will be advanced, no whole arm work 
will be permitted; if you wi-h to use the 
whole arm do not ask me for help, but if vou 
want an easy, graceful style ol writing, I "can 
assist you in its acquirement. 


Has it that stiff and unfinished appearance.' 
Does it show an easy movement.* Can vou 
sit down and write a letter with the utmost 
ea*p, at the same time display your skill? 

These are imporlant questions; you had 
better look into this matter without delay. 

% Tbe Full Course for $S,00. 

The course consists ol iz separate lessons. 




Arrangemenls have been miidc wilh B. M. Worthington, Artist Penman, whereby he is to manufacture thi; 
ost bea..tiful a^a br 111 .nt QLOSaT BLACK INK csprcssly for the G. A. Gaskkli. Co. This ink is, indorsed 
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dozen botilc.s'seciVel^!rpackcdrb7"l>A^sV'l^ 


79 Wabash Avenue. CHICAGO, ILL. 


nths 1 


what (Muscular movemenl has done for me 
and what it can do for jou.jou had belter send 
specimen of my work, whicli will be 


.' -A.P.lloo'T,Ch?a 
u . 'da'kin, Tully, N. ■ 

0. B. WILLIAMS, Penman, 

Box 003 .... CHICAGO. 


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Thirteen Thousand Dozen Sold in First Twelve Weeks. 

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2d. They have been prepared in the most careful manner, without regard 
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"""""'" " in ft free, graceful, rapid manner, if they use these books as 

ny school: 

InsIrnctioQ Girei \\ FlaiD FBoniansliis 






reeled, and not in the slow, cramped and 

The olaaaiaofttioD of capitals la wonderfully aimplified. Eleven letters are formed 
, and the rest on a third. The number of elements Is re- 

on one general plan 

duced to five. Other systems have from 

Slh. The gradation is simply perfect. Only familiar 
tion are used, and not such unu-ual, enigmatical words as "z 

I has been lost by placing before the pupil 
'" " "fnce has been used early i 

elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted papei 


ing phr 

7th. The business forms a 
They are t-xattiy like the checks, no 

d those easy of forma- 
rquesne, xylus, tenafly, 

ted words, and unmean- 

is, and the lei 

how toiill them" out wilt serve as an admirable introduction 

Each book contains four pages of practice paper, in addition to**ihe''usual quantity 

uled exactly like the pages of the book and perforated so that portions may be read. 

he book, and are always ready when 

ily detached. These pages are securely bound i 
wanted. Unruled practice paper is of little value, as every leachei 
9th. The whole series for ungraded sohools is comprised ic 
efit of the large graded schools in both city and country, there 
—nailer size, to meet the demands of a still closer gradation. 


loth. The quality of the paper in all books of the 

itself to all. Beautiful in finj 

nth. An elegant Hand-chart, showing the 
small letters, has been prepared to accompany the 
will be furnished on application. 


m leaves nothing to be desired, 
s and classification of all the large and 
: Practice paper, ruled like the books, 

"Barnes' Jet Black National Ink," and "Barnes' National Pens,' 

Mos. 1, 3.i.!, and 144, thcj. will not fail lo secure good results in teaching this branch. 

. An elegant "Specimen Bool<," superbly printed on beautiful paper, conlainins all the 
copies of .he enhre series bound in the same manner as the books, and a sample of the "Prac 
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If u_ny teacher is using an unsatisfactory series, let him introduce "Barnes' National Sys- 

1 of Penmanship" at 

l^-Price for the -Standard Series," $1.20 per dozen ; for the "Brief Series " 80 ( 
ten. Special discount for first introduction. ' 

A. S BARNES & CO., Publishers, 


"6. A. Gaskbli." 
Afin= p,,ckof ^":H*'''(u„"?S;, 


Thrte »cl,. all diHcrcnt, 50 cents. A flourished set, 
cents. 1 lamer style, same price; busines* style, ao 
ols; set lor card writers, 30 cents. Ttiey are elegant. 



$°Srp'er';ekn."' M'rLm.'jr^f X^ ™£r»'°as.' Twii' 
please yon. 
I >yill send circular and aspecimen of myhand»rilioE 


i.r... .jg ^^ address plainly, and address 




Bryant & Stratton Buffalo Business College 

/'^ IVES a Ihoroutfh .ind ptiiL-licil coursi- of IIOSl- 

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The Weatem Penman ttius far has been built upon 
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TheCedarRapidsBuslness College 

.. ui.oi,«ppllo! 

'or simple copy of Wentem P.nmim, or f 
p,co( Business Colleee. aUdr.s. 


Cai>An Rapids, Iowa. 


How to Become Expert at Figures 

LANG & CO., Publishers and Bool<seller«. 




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Vol. VIII.-No. 12. 

1>. B. nilliniiiK. 

By a slight ocular dcmonstralion Ihe reader 
of this page may catch upon Ills or her ret- 
inal tissues, the graphic outlines of one of the 
most vivacious little beings the world of coils 
and curves is capable of bringing to the fra- 
ternal footlights. To omit the fact that he 
was born v^ould be lo depart from the regular 
custom of biographers. It is generally un- 
derstood that birth is the exonlium of every 
man's career, the «////«, we might remark, of 
every sojourner on this terrestrial ball. Mr. 
Williams was born in Ottawa, Waukesha 
county, Wis,, about four- and -twenty years ago. 
His early years were not blett with beds of 
roses, therefore he knows the tlavor of the gall 
And wormwood of experience. Being the pos- 
Bessor of an invincible spirit and an adhesive- 
ness to purpose he has climbed and carved Ids 
way up the i//Vfl/ stairway to enviable success. 
He made his first marks by holding a metallic 
utensil to Irrra finna and coaxing a steed to 
draw the same, but he is now bitterly opposed 
to the rfraitf/w^ process. He tilled his father's 
soil until eighteen, when the possibilities of 
life began to spread out before him on a larger 
scale; and he bid farewell to rural life and 
sought the busy whirl of commerce in crowd- 
ed cities. He came to Chicago and found em- 
ployment in a mercantile house, where he 
remained for some time, then he went to Mil- 
waukee and entered the very excellent busi- 
ness college of Prof. Robert Spencer. He 
found this course of great value, for no sooner 
than he had completed that we find him in 
the counting room of a large Milwaukee firm 
successfully managing their 
1SS3 he resigned this position, which he had 
so competently filled, to enter the field of pen- 
Within three years Mr. Williams has pushed 
himself fairly and grandly to the front of his 
calling. He is now teaching in Bryant's Busi- 
ness; College, Chicago, at a liberal salary. He 
i- .T very successful instructor of not only pen- 
manship but of accounts and business arith- 
metic as well. He has the happy faculty of 
inspiring his pupils to their utmost effort b^ 
permeating the schoolroom with a cheerfu 
and enthusiastic atmosphere. In addition ti 
his school duties he is building up 

\\\ bus 

; all I 

the c 


national course of lessons by mail are proving 
a grand success, as every mail brings testi- 
mony to the fact from those who are practic- 
ing them. His writing is done with a gracefi;! 
muscular movement, and therefore is strik 
ingly fresh and beautiful. Few penmen pos. 
sesfi so much scope of movement, and at the 
same lime such perfect control as he. 

We know Mr. Williams to be a young man 
of superior character; a man of his word; a 
gentleman Irom princi])le and not from policy. 
He is not warped by praise or blinded by ego- 
tism, but seems to have acourse in life marked 
out, which he is following to the letter. 

Itpcollections of a Penholder. 

It has been wisely observed by Mr. Cheops, 
or some other paleozoic philosopher, that the 
child is father to the man. We are not, how- 
ever always in the condition of mind and heart 
to fully appreciate the fact, nor do the circum- 
stances seem always to harmonize with the 
theory. For example, a small but very «icked 
boy may pin to the rear elevation of our 
eacred person some such play-blU legend as 
"Nobody's Child." As we reach impulsively 
into space with our left hand to grasp the 

situation and the boy, we may strive in vain to 
reconcile all the apparent inconsistencies of the 
case, though in our strong right hand we hold 
a vivid imagination and a piece of siding. The 
placard may be true in its main features, and 
yet we know, when we grow calm, that we are 
the immediate offspring of just such a piece of 
noise and infiamination as we aiouse with a 
convenient barrel-stave. On the other hand, as 
we gaze into a cradle and perceive a mouth, 
with other human members distributed feebly 
about it, there is some difllicully in believing 
that this infant is the father of some grown 
person — especially if it is a girl. And yet we 
know on the authority of an adage as old as 
the newest minstrel "gag," that it must be so 

page. In one of them I had occasion to use 
the word expect. I wrote it "eckspect," rather 
than compromise my reputation by making a 
stagger at a letter X. It was the same un- 
known quantity of the deepest dye that it is 
in Robinson's Algebra. 

Later in life, other influences got in their 
work. One of Ihe most conspicuous of these 
came with my fiist and only love. We were 
very tond, but the course of true love, elc. In 
the same class was a large, corn-fed. platter- 
faced girl, named Jennie, who organized and 
maintained a desperate flirtation, to the great 
grief of my gentle Lucy. So one day I re- 
ceived, via the red-haired, intellectual girl, 
and the bullet-headed boy, a slate bearing this 

In the case of nearly all great men their 
particular genius has been foreshadowed in 
youth. (I borrow this fine, thoroughbred 
word, "foreshadowed," from a reporter for the 
daily press, with the understanding that it is 
to be returned in good order, reasonable wear 
and tear excepted.) How strikingly is the 
general truth illustrated in the life of Melch- 
isedek and the present writer. It Is true, I 
was not in childhood the accomplished pen- 
man I have since become. But the germs of 
the Spencerian system were early implanted 
in my own, and only awaited the arrival of the 
mousiache period of life, to burst into full 
bloom, as it were. Even during that epoch 
typified by tamarack gum and stone-bruises, I 
toyed wiih the weapon which is mightier than 
the Springfield musket. While an elder 
broiber was building bridges across wide 
chasms of Southern malaria, I was taking mv 
first lessons in penmanship and literature. 
How well do I recall those letters etched into 
the unoffending paper with the point of a Gil- 
lot's school pen, while my breath came hard 
and my tongue wandered out into the room 
and kept the pen company ndown the virgin 

peculiar legend: ' Do you like I eny?" There 
was something gjotesque and archaic in the 
form of the interrogatory, but I was not dis- 
posed to be critical, and I thought if I knew 
my own heart, that I could answer that in the 
alfirmative. I did so, unanimously. I saw 
Lucy read it and grow pensive. Then she 
wrote only the heart-breaking words, "Good- 
bye," and passed the slate as before, bottom 
side up. It was quite clear then that eiliier 
she or I had made the mistake of our respec- 
tive lives. The next day I solved the mystery, 
and in that hour I gained a new and profound 
regard for penmanship. Properly translated, 
the question of the constant but anxious Lucy 
was, ' Do you like J eny? " Bitterly did I re- 
pent my error, but it was then loo late. In 
the terse and expressive vernacular, she had 
made another mash, and had no further use 
for me. 

But what really hurled me upon my bril- 
liant career as a writer was an episode in 
schoQl during the hair-oil period of life. For 
a bad break I had been hauled before the judge 
and given this sentence— to write five hundred 
s: "Great results often follow froin what I 




to be convicted, but it was still more harrow- 
ing to be required to write iny own sentence. 
But I did it, and as a part of the original pen- 
alty I did It before I had any recess. While 
the other boys and girls were out playing 
"gool" — that's ihe way it was pronounced — 
and "shinny," and in the exuberance of de- 
ligiit socking snow down the backs of their 
necks, I was .congregated behind my desk 
writing that beastly platitude all over quires 
and quires of legal cap. For a while I wrote 
the whole sentence, running along one line, 
.Great results otten folllw from what seem 

Then I would write in the vertical order, 

n the colurr 
t the top: 

full, I 

often follow 

often follow 

often follow 
I'ying the order in this and other 
;ed to outlive the sentence, but 



attribute \\ 
other caus. 

no affliction for the present seemed joyous, 
but grievous, etc., so this agony was fruitful 
in the most far-reaching consequences. When 
I rose from that supreme effort my fystem 
was naturally more or less callous, but I could 
swing a pen with awful and destructive power. 
For months afterward, I could have written 
' Great results," etc., all over the tissue paper 
of my thoughts, with my left hand tied behind 
me, Marquis of Salisbury rules. 

PiiiL I. Stine. 

The Eve of Winter. 

Are silently studding' the heaven wilh ligh 
'he f^low of her pnrUntf kiss blusbingly lingi 
Upon Ihe diirk cheek of the hovenne night. 



The fur milky-way rolls ils nebulous ulream. 
rhe terrible Dragon is dimly revealing 

Mil mighly dimensions, and far in the east, 
rhe glittering Huntsman is silentlv stealing 

Along in pursuit ol the shndowy Bensl. 

and 1 

Like Vi^ vapor ruddy light glimmers 
Concenls Ihe bright embers, the flame and the glare 

Thy footprinU hnve faded from niounlnin nnd 
And gone Is each songster, and honey gorgeil h 

'ITie imirmuf ol meudow, the ripple ot rain. 
The borean voices roll haishcr and stronger 

Through desolate "temples"— a dolorous psit 
The glory has fiided and flown, and no longer 

ii of the woodland c 

"Certain thoughts arc prayers. There i 
noments when the soul U kneeling, no mat 
tvhat the attitude of the body may be." 


In a preceding paper we have endeavored to 
show that Ihepenmanshipstiidentfehould havct 
a praclical knowledge of othtr ihings than his 
«rl. The days are past, if they ever existed, 
when a three months' course in a business 
college will equip a young man lor command- 
ing a large *a'ary in the counting room or 
"pen art hail." We also attempted in speak- 
ing of penmanship, to show that the art offers 
admirable means for real mind training, an ob- 
ject seldom regarded by either teacher or pu- 

It will be impossible for the author of ' Frag- 
mcnts" lo ofttr much that is new or valuable 
to the readers of the Gazette, because Prof. 
Wells and many others have gone over the 
ground in such a thorough and extensive 
manner. Young teachers, especially those in 
the public schools, may be benefited by hav- 
ing ihtrir attention brought to bear upon little 
Ihings which are frequently neglected in try- 
ing to train children in ibis useful and beauti- 
ful art. 

First, position. The young teccher, alter the 
first two or three days' drill at the beginning 
of the term, heilates to repeatedly call atten- 
tion to how the pupil should sit at the desk or 
table. But when we reflect that the majority 
of mankind warp and deform the skeleton in 
a thousand and one ways; when we recognize 
the fact that very few people ever know how 
to stand, sit or walk, we should not hesi- 
tate to drill pupils in the malter of correct po. 
silion until they are able to sit with grace and 
ease. In fact, the teacher must keep this in 
mind from first to last, remembering that a 
correct position of the body, as a whole, and 
of its parts, is always of very great value. 

Anotherpoinl too frequently ignored is the 
mental condition or mental attitude of the 
learner. The entire class should be induced, 
as far ps possible, to assume a happy and cheer- 
ful mental stale. Smites, not frowns, ought 
to be upon every If school is delightful 
— if it is a place where children come, not 
only for mental power and knowledge, but for 
hearty enjoyment, ^this cheerful attitude will 
be easily secured. Irritable, fretful, discour- 
aged, tired students accomplish very liltle in 
any line. This is especially true in learning 
any of the arts. 

Another point akin to the one just men- 
tioned, and quite as important, is that the pu 
pils really love to write. If they enjoy the 
exercise — if they lake pleasure in anticipating 
that by and by the hand will become deft, and 
portray the beautiful outlines existing in the 
mind— if there is pleasure in the act itself, 
there can be no doubt concerning the result. 
In short, lead pupils to come to penmanship- 
drill as they would come to a rich repast. 

Young teachers, and quite often those of 
much experience, in begiiming a course of 
penmanship-training, fail lo give the gymnas- 
tics of the art sufficient time and attention. 
Movement exercises are presented during the 
first week, and then from day lo day regular 
work in writing letters, words and sentences. 
The truth of the malter is thai movement is 
of primary importance. Movement exercises 
should constitute the chief work of the learner 
long enough to enable him lo get control of the 
muscles employed in doing rapid writing. 
Nothing is gained by hastening to letter- 
practice; on the contrary, the tendency is to 
encourage the pupil to perpetuate his bad 
habits. Having given the class a thorough 
appreciation of movement, introduce practice 
upon letters, still einploj ing daily the regular 
movement drills. Many of our expert penmen 
attribute a large part of their success in learn- 
ing the art, to habitual practice upon a few 
important Tnovement exercises, such as are 
given in GaskcU's Compendium. 

Another means, seldom employed by teach- 
ers, is lo have pupils file daily a slip of their 
class practice for the instructor's criticism- 
This criticism should be made In red ink 
touching, perhaps, only a single fault. Occa- 
sionally write ft word of hearty commenda- 
tion upon the slip. This will cost the teacher 
but little work, even with a class of forty or 
fifty, and will place him in a position to better 
suit his instructions to the actual need oJ his 
cluss. If the pupil dates and preserve; 

slip he will, in hours of discouragement, havt 
an opportunity to see just what he has accom 
plished. In almost every instance the learnei 
will be pleasantly surprised to find that he hai 
made great progress, — discouragement wil 
give way to new hope and confidence. 

All around us, spread in beauteous profusion, 
are the creations of mind. In the workshop 
and factory, as well as in the public libraries, 
we see the effects of thought. In the onward 
rushof thai locomotive across the river yonder, 
as well as in the temple of art in far-ofi" sunny 
Florence, is exhibited the labors of human 
genius and the fruits of mental research. The 
mechanic and the author are co workers in the 
field of intellectual investigation. 

When we stop lo reflect on the wonderful 
strides we are, as a people, making in the 
grand triumphal march of Christian civiliza- 
lion: when we consider our vast and varied 

we cannot repress a feeling of reveiencefor 
the diviie force that has brought about the 
improvements and inventions of our present 

that progress has reached its limit, and that 
improvement upon our present seemingly 
perfect civilized inventions or theories is im- 
possible, will at least discover his mistake ere 
lime hurries him to the silent tomb. 

To insure a harmonious march on the 
highway of progress, it is necessary that 
earnest thinkers have charge of every depart- 
ment of human industry. The division of 
civilization's army which falls behind will 
soon be covered with the dust of oblivion. 

In all branches of educational effort, con- 
stant advancement Is necessary. The world 
is moving; we must fall in line and keep 
step to the music of the orchestra of thought. 

PM'atlrlfhm, Nov. 79, 1SS6. 

Success and Fnilnre 

There is perhaps not a person living who is 
not actuated to a greater or less extent in 
whatever he does by selfish motives. But the 
word "selfishness" has a displeasing sound. 
In its common acceptation, the word repre- 
sents an odious quality in man. We all hate 
a selfish person. Yet this consideration of self 
is a powerful motor in the wonderful ma- 
chinery of civilization. It is a very difficult 
matter for an ordinal y mortal \o i\o iiiiyt/iiii<,^ 

wealth, look afler his own interests. Thisj in 
fact, is the duly of every one: A man must 
be " selfish" enough to think well of himself, 
lo have confidence in his own ability, a^d to 
put that confidence into pracHce by being 
vigilant in the pursuit of his occupation. But 
all of this should be done with a view lo help- 
ing others as well as self. Our own success 
certainly is fraught with greater happiness ii 
it is not built on others' ruin and unhapplnees. 
If we feel that in our own struggle for success 
we are also causing a betterment of the condi- 
tion of others, our success will certainly bring 
us more enjoyment and satisfaction than it 
would should it have the opposite effect, or no 
effect whatever, on our fellow beings. Viewed 
in this light, there is, perhaps, no business or 
profession whose successful prosecution is 
productive of as much satisfaction as success- 
ful teaching. And under this head might be 
included preaching, for what is true preaching 
but teaching? A teacher's success is measured 
by the improvement of those under his charge. 
Compare the life of a successful teacher with 
the life of a " successful " saloon keeper. The 
teacher may look back fifteen or twenty years 
with calm satisfaction as he remembers the 
army of bright and promising youths whom 
he has led onward and upward to a higher and 
nobler life. It may be that some have gone 
astray, but the teacher has the satisfaction of 
knowing that he has at least ttied to elevate 
his fellow men. The saloon keeper! Let 

tains; it has chained the lightnings of heaven 
and made them subservient to human con- 
venience; it has discovered new worlds, and 
decked the brow of the sea with floating 
palaces; it has toared to distant planets, scal- 
ing the very walls of heaven in its unlimited 
wanderings, and in its mystic flights has gone 
beyond Ihe gates of death and revealed lo us 
the glories of unknown states of existence; it 
has solved the mysteries of philosophy and 
delved with untiring vigor into mathematical 
reasoning; it has developed and promulgated 
the teachings of science, advanced theological 
dogmas and guided the hand of the inspired 
artist and sculptor; it has doited our country 
with cities, and girded hill and plain alike 
with bands of steel; it has created the en 
chanted world uf literature and clothed the 
earth with newspapers; it has established 
benevolent institutions, founded 
and spread the waves of comn 
erected temples and reared mom 
pierce the very clouds; it has eve 
the force that has raised 
to Christianity and refiu' 

; It has 

[s that 


from barbarity 

The mansions of awe-inspiring splendor 
that beautify our cities are simply thought 
turned lo stone, or embodied in glittering 
colonnades of marble. Our magnificent pub- 
lic buildings are all the children of the brain 
clothed In granite. 

Thonght is not limited in its scope, nor are 
its possibilities measured. He who believes 

without being stimulated lo action by selfish- 
ness. "Will it paywj^^" "What good re- 
sults will accrue to me from doing this.' " 
" Why should / do anything, unless / am 
benefited, directly or indirectly?" These are 
questions or thoughts that naturally arise 
whenever any line of action is contemplated, 
But It does not require any giant intellect or 
any exiraordinary moral capacity to under, 
stand that consideration of self atone, without 
any regard or feeling for the consequences or 
effects of our actions on our fellow men, is a 
very mean thing indeed. It is this that at- 
taches such odium lo the word " selfishness" 
and to a selfish person. A liquor dealer sells 
liquor to a man. The man drinks it to excess, 
gets drunk, goes home and abuses his wife 
and children, and causes sorrow and desola- 
tion in his household. The liquor dealer per- 
haps knew that Ihe man would get drunk and 
abuse his family, but selfishness predominates, 
and he continues to pour his damnable stuff 
into the throats of his miserable customers. 
And so, Ihe man who gels drunk, what is it 
but selfishness that cau<^es him lo gulp down 
the vile poison? He does it to satisfy his own 
appetite, and without any regard for the effect 
of his act on his family or other fel'ow beings 
But there is a certain kind of selfishness 
that is proper, and thai is necessary to the 
highest success. It is that kind of selfishness 
which does not allow a person to elevate self 
by degiading or injuring others. A man has 
a perfect right lo build himself np, accumulate 

him look back twenty years over his "success- 
ful " life. What has he done over which he 
may experience a single spark of genuine hap- 
piness? Instead of building his success on the 
betterment of humanity, he builds it on its 
degradation. Instead of looking back into the 
past and seeing a multitude of bright and am- 
bitious faces looking up lo him for guidance 
and advice, he sees a multitude of miserable 
human beings whose condition he has made 
worse by his " successful " business. His 
"success" consists simply in making money, 
and in this he is prompted wholly by selfish- 
net-s; hence selfishness, in its most odious 
form, is the successful element in a saloon 

But a teacher's success cannot possibly be 
measured from a money standpoint only, but 
by ihe inlelleclual and moral improvement 01 
those under his charge as well. It is impos- 
sible for a truly successful teacher to be self- 
ish, unless the desire to enjoy the satis- 
faction of knowing that he has done his duty 
to the very best of his ability, may be termed 
selfishness. This, however, is not saying that 
a teacher has not plenty of temptations to be 
selfish. What teacher when before a class of 
pupils, perhaps many of them careless about 
receiving and appioprialing to theinselves 
the truths expounded, does not often feel: 
Oh, well, what do I care whether these dull 
pupils get what 1 am trying to explain, or not? 
Why should I work and worry myself to death 
trying to make others better, as long as they do 


teacher is not often tempted in this way? Bui 
'hia i» nothing but selfishness asserting itself 
and iinlens it is quenched, the result of our 
teaching is not Kaiisfactory. 

But while successful leaching is fraught 
wifh perhaps more genuine salisfaclion Ihah 
success in any other calling, bo unsuccessful 
teaching is perhaps fraught with more unhap- 
piness than is failure in anv other calling. 
What teacher, though ever so i^uccessful in 
the main, does not occasionally feel, at the 
close of a recitation, that his efforts during 
the hour have been almost a lotal failure.* 
And who can imagine a more distressingly 
mortifying feeling than that which the teacher 
experiences after such (to him) seemingly un- 
successful attempt.' 

It might be remarked here that the path of 
a writing teacher is not always strewn with 
roses. He has perhaps more temptations to 
elfish (which includes vanity) than atiy 

Mnnnscript Literature of £^)|>t. 

n a former article 1 slated that I'.ie Egypt- 
p.Tpyri are the oldest manuscripts in the 

later blue and rose colored parchments were 
covered with characters of gold and silver. 
The hieroglypliicB were enlarged to vignettes. 
The papyri was usually ten inches wide, and of 
different lengths, some being 150 feet long 
without any separation into paragraphs. 

Many of the manuscripts which are pre- 
served fn the museums are in the hieratic 
characters, and were found in the tombs; 
these are the so-called "Books of the Dead." 
The oldest copy of this ritual was found in the 
tomb of a queen of the eleventh dynasty 
some three thousand years before the Chris- 
tian era. The latest is of the second century 
since Christ. This is the most complete of 
any yet discovered, being in the demotic or 
common language and containing 16G chap- 
ters. It gives a mystical account of the soul 
after death, and tells how, by repeating the 
names and attributes of the many gods, it 
could reach the hall of Osiris, the ruler of 
eternity. Here they were to be judged by 
Osiris and forty-two assessors, typical of the 
forty-two mortal sins. 


ith more or less magnitici 
:ss in proportion to the ra 
the price his friends v 
,d were placed in the coffin with the dead. 
Another class of religious books are those 
scribing the transformalion of the gods; or 

ten and illustrated 
rnce and complete- 
nk of the deceased 
'ere willing to pay. 


himself with 

lid frorr 

deity who 

Even Pharaoh himself was not above it when 
Moses presented himself before the king with 
his miraculous rod. Little rolls of papyrus 
are often found which bear magical inscrip- 
tions and seem to have been worn as amulets. 
Yet in the many medical works there is no 
reference made to charms or superstitions. 
The most remarkable medical papyri is that of 
Berlin, which states that it was found at the 
feet of a statue of Annhis in the town of 
Sekhem in the days of Thoth. After hh 
death King Set had it restored to its place by 
the statue. King Set belonged to the second 
dynasty, and if the manuscript was old in his 
time, it must have been the workol the second 
king of Egypt. Think of a work on anatomy 
as old as that. What an encouragement it 
should be to physicians of the present day! 
This gives an Incomplete account of the 
human body, and carefully proportioned pre- 
scriptions for various ailments, in which milk, 
honey, salt and vinegar have a prominent 
place. Also applications of raw flesh, lard 

Scientific work* show that the Egyptians were 
acquainted with the true motion of the earth 
and the planets. An ancient papyri is entitled 
"Principle of arriving at the knowledge of 

of letter paper or llatcap, and fill the book with 
the following specimen*, varied of course as 
your judgment and ability may direct. 

1. For the first page prepare whatever speci- 
men of writing you will expect your pupils to 
copy to be used as a basis to reckon Improve- 

2. A page of the figures and short tetters in 
the order you teach them. 

3. A page composed of words and sentences 
made up in the main from short letters. 

4. Extended letters and words made up prin- 
cipally of extended letters. 

5. Sentences graded from easy to difficult. 

6. The capitals in the order you teach them 

7. 8, 9, 10. Pages of movements, exercises 
arranged in the order you use them. 

11, A nicely writ'en letter. 

12, A page of proper names. 

13, Notes, receipts, recipes, etc., written in 
your best business style. 

14, A page representing superscriptions for 

15, i6. Samples of written cards. 

17, 18, 19, A variety of capitals, business 
and ornamental. 

You now have twenty pages of matter to 
which may be added whatever you wish, and 
can be executed in the line of ornamental 
writing, flourishing and drawing, closing with 

fj^ 'f r^ 


, , L ^ '.> 

Therefore this 

t literature has a 

At the time of Abraham the Egyptians had 
aiiaiiud a degree of civilization since equated 
liv lew nations. Four of its great pyramids 
had been built. The Sphinx testified to the 
power of the king's temples and other public 
: buildings, obelisks and columns showed the 
wealth of the nation and the degree of archi- 
tectural skill they had acquired. 

The earliest records are in the hieroglyphics 
or picture writing which they were the first 
to use. Later a more simple form was 
adopted for the papyri, yet the hieroglyphics 
were retained to illustrate or enforce some 
ideas, and for State documents and inscrip- 
tions. This hieratic writing was made from 
hieroglyphics, and was used for religious 
books. A still simpler form, the demotic, had 
been devised for the common people as the 
hieroglyphic was lor kings and priests. 

The Egyptian wrote with a reed, holding at 
the same time a pallette in which were two 
wells— one of black ink, the other of red, The 
liiLioLMvphics were outlined with black, the 
t. ■! ilcnoling paragraphs, directions and repeti- 


rolors, each one o( which had some 
ifnificance. Thus, blue was for celes- 
:is, water and certain metals. Green, 
various productions of the vegetable 
nd also (or bronze. Red represented 
an being, in distinction from animals, 
ere black. The hair aho was black, 
)ttery and the sun were red. Light 
re represented by yellow. Other 
afterward introduced; and still 

the la I 

of Isi 

fe of Osiris, 
when he was conquered by Set (Evil), and 
carried to the lower world. These are to be 
found in the tombs of the priests. 

The devotional books are nearly all collec- 
tions of hymns addressed to the sun, or to 
some god having certain attributes of the sun. 
These are pure and'lofty in sentiment; novels 
predominated under the Rameses (the 
Pharaohs of the Bible). Only two of these 
have yet been discovered. "The Tale of Two 
Brothers" was writteii by Enna, an author of 
the time of Moses, and was intended for the 
amusement of the royal princes. The other, 
"The Romance of Setna," was a much later 
production, and shows the danger of carelessly 
handling the sacred books. 

Some of the ethical treatises are moral 
essays, proverbs, dialogue and letters from a 
teacher to a pupil. One manuscript of moral 
philosophy speaks in parables, and explains its 
truth by means of metaphors 

Epistolary correspondence 




collection of fifty-eight in the British 
are by the scribes Pentaur, Pinesba and Enna, 
the author of "Two Brothers," about the time 
of the Exodus. 

History flourished under the Ptolemies, al- 
though the remains of such literature are 
hagmenlai-y, and many periods are complete 

There are numerous manuscripts illustrat- 
ing magical beliefs. The ceremonies seem to 
have been imiform. First, a mythological 
"event" between Osiris and Set, or the good 
and evil powers of nature is described. Then 

quantities, and of solving ot secrets which are 
in the nature of things." This is a treatise on 
geometry, giving regular proportions and 
their demonstration concerning measurements 
of surface and solid bodies, especially the 

The greatest epic is that of Pentant which is 
sometimes called the Egyptian Iliad, and is 
several centuries older than the Greek Iliad. 
It deserves great admiration for the rapid 
narration of events, keeping the exploits of 
Rameses II. in his war with the Kheta as the 
central thought. 

The biographical nianusoipts consist of 
sketches of personal adventure in war and 
travel. That ot Mahor is often called the 
Oydssey by way of distinction. It gives an 
account of his journey through Syria and 

The satirical writings and beast fables, cari- 
cature the foibles ofall classes, not even sparing 
the king himself. They are often illustrated 
with comical pictures, mimicking the court of 
the Pharoahs. 

PenmanHhlp od the Roail. 

The method oflered in this article is what is 
known in politics as a still hunt. 

Silect your territory, pick out your school- 
house as near as may be at a central point in 
some well settled neighborhood and go to 

Procure a scrap book with pages somewhat 
larger than a letter sheet. Use n good quality 

Duple of pages containing the terms of the 
irse of lessons you purpose giving and a 
nk space for names; in short a subscription 

Ifyou have taught you should have another 
scrapbook containing specimens, ihowing im- 
provement made by your former students or 
a part of them. 

Armed with these two books and whatevei 
specimens you design to distribute gratui- 
tously, you are ready to go gunning for schol- 
lars, and go, let no guilty scribbler escape. 
Give every one within a reasonable distance 
of your school u courteous invitation to become 
a member. 

Personally show them the specimens of your 
work and the work done by your former pupils, 
explain to them your method of teaching, in 
fact, make as thorough a canvass as you would 
to sell a book or run for Congress. 

Proceed in this manner and you will have 
the satisfaction of knowing that those who did 
not become members of your class had a good 
and sufficient e.\cuse. 

Parents can be solicited for the attendance 
ot their children too young to have a voice in 
the matter. 

You say you do not take the idea. All 
jht; if the Gazktte has the patience to hear 
out, look for an entire change of program 
xt month. A. E. Parsons. 

Wilton yunction, /«,, Oct. 79, 1886. 

— We have requests for names of person 
who wish to correspond for mutual benefit ii 
Graham phonography. Send your name 
address to the editor of this department, PI 
field, N.J. 



Have you survived the Inst lesson? Do you notice a threadbare look about the under pro- 
tion of your right sleeves from excessive grinding? Have your forearm muscles congealed 
or relaxed' if vou find that your nerves are all in their normal «late, we are ready to make 

the December charge. However, before beginning, allow me lo reopen the question box. How 
is your position at Ihe desk ? Do you lean forward on the desk until your chin takes the place 
of a blotter? Do you sit with vour feet resting squarely on the Hoor, or do you twine them 


about the chair rounds or thrust them far back in the rear until your position is that of the 
contortionist doing the bacliward summersault? Docs the weight of your arm rest on the 
forearm muscle, and does jciir hand slide on the tips of the third and fourth fingers? Does 

your hand Iceel over to riglit 
ovals with a regular motion: 
in shaded strokes? Can vi 

smooUi, or are they wobbly under stow motion? Perhaps you grip the pen too much, 
over the back number lessons carefully. Commence with ground principles and master them. 
Don't skim over a month's work in an hour's practice. Suppose an exercise does become a 
"chestnut," you can't gain anything by skipping unpleasant duties. There are no patent 

r lefl in writing long words or lateral exercises? Can you make 
Can you shade oval exercise alternately without changing speed 
move off slowly with muscular exercises and make strokes 

of walking may be drawn out into a volume or [told in a sentence. One teacher may tell the 
Lipil to use a regular movement in practicing the oval, and explain the shade and finish, 
hile another unclasps his loquacious organ and allows a roll of verbosity to escape, something 

after the following plan: "Allow the brawny growth of the forearm to come in juxtaposition 

with the desk. Now contract the fibers of the arm sufficiently to bring the (iftgers against the 
holder with equal pressure on all sides, which you see Is pen-holding. Now cause your pen 
to circumnavigate an imaginary ovoidal body. Fancy, I might say, an invisible hawser at- 
tached to your pen, and also to a mythical stake. Now, dear pupils, you will observe that your 

pen -cawnt' travel otherwise than in a circuit without breaking this illusive cord, which \ 
have so finely spun with Ihe wonderful machinery of the brain." Such explanations a 
about as intangible as moonshine on a dark night, or marriage insurance corporations - *- 
their liabilities are due. Such freaks of the language are so thin 

and weak that they r 

processes by which a good handwriting can be mastered before breakfast. This thing of mas- 
tering a science or art as an appetizer (or breakfast has been plunged far into the rusty past. 
Before you can succeed at writing you must first analyze your desire for the art; is it a huge 
muscular desire that leads you to your desk every spare moment, and forces you 

I the c 

ntil the hour 

nail that no sound can be heard, save your 
fathci^s snoring and your own surging thoughts? Or is it a desire that can be erased from 
your mind by the dizzy fabrics of lite? Will the intoxication of the fantastic waltz wrench 
this shallow-set art-yearning from your mind? Is it such that you can cast it aside as a 

disabled mitten, and chase the cloying sweets of the hour, or is it a love that stands fixed 
in your mind like a deep-set gate-post? How many times your length would you go to wield 
the pen like the far-famed pen-wiper, L. Madarasz? When you enter a speculation or bargain 
of any kind, you first consider the cost and deal accordingly. In this ba^-gain your labor is 

il to find echo in the mind but echo herself, the mythical nymph of the woods, can't rev- 
berate the weak volume of exhausted sound. It even represents less thanthree ciphers 
after the characters have been removed. Simply a blast of nothing, which makes an infinite- 
I vacuum in the air When you have once learned tlie few principles you should glue 

them to your mind and use them. Thousands of poor writers thoroughly comprehend the 
theory of writing, but don't practice that which they know to be correct. Why? some may 
ask. Simply because they have a set style, which must be reformed before any success can 
follow. In the last part of this lesson you will notice two signatures. The first is an etching. 

which is intended t 
his whereabouts are 
familiar to all dirge 
yet some people an 

) represent the signature of a Canadian tourist. It i.s equally as vague as 
;o the U. S. detectives. The second is also a signature. The name is 
:omposers and epitaph poets. Everything Mr. Nye says is very sad, and 
so thoughtless as to laugh at the freaks of his pen. He is simply an 

the cost, and the accomplishment the gain i 
accomplishment, but have you not been e 
question, are you willing to begin right, wli 

You have learned the value of the 
i to the cost? The most important 
las, by the aid of other helps, pointed 


out the right path? When we are willing to pull ofl" the mask of side-whiskered bosh, w. 
must admit that there are very few things to remember in order to learn to write. Ot cours 
these ground principles may be diluted by watery and attenuated theories. The principle 

animated rectangular shroud, which stalks around at large to "harrow up men's souls and 
freeze their blood." A frame surmounted by an emblazoned pate. A being with a frank and 
truthful heart, but possessed of a fertile brain, which causes his pen to diverge from the path 
of G. W. rectitude. 

: will hear what Bill has to say about penmanship and 


, Washin(:toii*8 Temper. 

L Washington wae human, though history 
has 60 idealized him that he seems hut "liltle 

l_ lower than the angels." He had a qufck 

' temper, which he generally controlled; but 
occasionally it broke loose, and then there was 
a collision. 

I One of these collisions was witnessed by 

I Gilbert Stuart, while he was painting Wash- 
ington's portrait. One morning, as the artist 
was ascending the steps of the President's 
house, he looked through the open street door 
and the inner door into the parlor. 

Washington had a man by the collar, and 
was thrusting him violently across the room. 
Mr. Stuarl not wishing to enter the house 
then, passed on. After going a short distance, 
he returned, and found Washington silting in 

' a chair, quietly awaiting him. 

r- "Mr, Stuart," said the President, after the 

> morning salutation, "when you went away 
yesterday you turned the face of the pic- 
ture to the wall, andl gave directions that i* 
should remain in that position, to prevent it 

' receiving any injury. When I came into the 
room this morning, the picture's face was 
turned outward, as you now see it; the doors 

I were open, and here was a fellow raising a 
dust with a broom, and I know not but the 
picture is ruined." 

Little harm was done to the picture, but the 
incident gave a happy thought to the artist. 
He had tried in vain by his wonderful powers 
3 excite the'self-controlled 

tional visual power can see twelve stars. A 
large telescope will reveal at least two hundred 

The Messrs. Henry are hard working as- 
tronomers. The effective apparatus for pholo- 
graphing the heavens now in successful work- 
ing order in the Paris Observatory is largely 
the result of the united exertions oi the two 
brothers. The honor of discovering the new 
nebula in the Pleiades therefore belongs wholly 

Among the visible stars that make up the 
cluster, there is one of the fifth magnitude 
known as Maia. The new nebula seems to 
escape from this star, first directing its course 
toward the west, then turning suddenly to the 
north, and gradually fading into invisibility. 
The nebula is very intense, is of a plainly 
marked spiral form, and its extent is about 
three minutes of space. 

The value ot photographs of celestial phe- 
nomena has long been fully recognized. But 
if this art succeeds in supplementing human 
vision, and enables objects to be detected that 
are far beyond the power of the sense of sight 
then may its use in thisdirection be considered 
as one of the greatest discoveries of the present 

The possibilities of this new science can 
hardly be imagined. While they suggest what 
is practical, they also turn the mind to what is 
sublime and poetic, and promise remarkable 
material, both for pictoral and literary art. — 
TouOi's Companion. 

friends, must show himself friendly." 

"The world," says another great Ge 
"comes to serve the. true tongue and I 
heart ." — Exc/mii^e. 

The Evil Eye. 

An English writer, Mr. Hodden Westropp, 
recently traced the singular superstition of the 
Evil Eye back to the Aryan race. This will 
account for the almost universal belief in it 
in the poorer classes, even of nations now 
widely separated. The ignorant not onlyin all 
European countries, but the Arabs, the Hin- 
doos, the Maoris in Australia, the Romany, 
all African tribes, and our own Indians hold 
this absurd superstition. 

In many cases, too, the belief that the 
eye has power to cast a malignant spell is 
supplemented by faith in some unpleasant 
object to ward it off. Usually this is 
the sign of a bloody hand. In Turkey, 
Arabia, Hindostan and Malabar, children are 
decorated with some brilliant- jewel to attract 
the eye of the spectator, and so to divert its 
possible evil influence. In Egypt, even when 
they belong to wealthy people, they are sent 
upon the street in ragged and filthy garments 
for the same purpose. Lord Lytton says: 

"At Naples the superstition works well for 
the jewelers, so many costly charms do they 
sell to ward off the ominous power of the 
ma! occhio. A coral ornament among the 
ancient Greeks, as now in modern Italy, was a 
favorite averter of the evil influence." 

President that his eye would flash and his 
composed features be lighted up. 

Knowing that Washington became irritable 
when kept waiting five minutes beyond the 
appointed hour, he got everything ready for a 
sitting, and then left the room, just before the 
designated time for the President's entrance. 

Going into the adjoining room, he waited 
until he heard a loud exclamation of impa- 
tience, and llie quick steps that told of an 
angry mood, Then entering, he saluted 
Washington, and seized his pallette. The salu- 
tation was coldly returned; the President 
seated himself in the chair, his face flushed 
with indignation. The painter hastened to 
catch the expression. 

After a few touches he ceased painting, and, 
with a smile of satisfaction, apologized for his 
want of puniiluality by frankly confessing the 
ruse he had practiced. — Toulh's Coinpatn'on. 

Celestial Pliotograitliy, 

Photography has been the means of making 
a great discovery. By its aid a new nebula 
was found in the Pleiades, on the i6lh of last 
November, by the Messrs. Henry, of the ParU 
Observatory. The wonderful thing in the case 
is, that though the nebula is plainly impressed 
on the photographic picture of the constellation 
it has been, thus far, too faint to be visible to 
the human eye in powerful telescopes. 

The Pleiades form one of the most interest- 
ing clusters of stars that spangle the firmament, 
The casual observer easily detect* six stars be- 
longing to the group. Observers with excep- 

Wliy Tliey Loved H: 

One ot the most notable English ofticers 
who fell in Egypt was a young Lieutenant de 
Lisle, for whom the whole navy mourned, 
although he was not a man of great individual 
power, influence or wealth. The secret of this 
remarkable popularity has a special significance 
for boys. 

"He was the most truthful and the most 
friendly man in the service,'' says another 
officer . 

"He was so direct and downright that his 
word had the force of an oath," said another. 

When he was a midshipman of sixteen, a 
storm occurred during his watch, in which a 
mast was swept away. The captain came on 
board in a fury. 

"Why did you not send up a man to reef 
the sail y" he demanded of the boy. 

"I should have lost my own life if I had 
gone to reef it," was the reply, "and I will not 
send one of the crew where I dare not go 
myself. A mast is not worth so much as a 
man's life." 

The captain replied by a vuUey of oaths. 
The next day, however, he came to the little 
midshipman in the presence of the crew and 
taid, "You were right, and I was wrong. A 
man's life is worth more than a mast." 

Throughout his life he had as tender care 
for the meanest of his men, as though lie had 
been his brother. 

He had indomitable courage in risking his 
own life, but he was a coward for others. 

"The man," says Goethe, "who would have 

This malignant power, according to the 
Italians, may belong to a person of good, even 
holy character. Pope Pius IX.. although 
revered by his people, was popularly believed 
to have the mat occhio ^ and it is stated that the 
more ignorant of the Romans, while receiving 
his benediction for their souls' health, would 
hold up a cross, lest his glance might acci- 
dentally fall upon them and witlier their 


There ts a basis of truth in the most _ 
ing superstition, and the germ of this one was 
probably the perception among the earliest 
dwellers on the globe of the strong personal 

attribute this 


al power of the 


While no educated American believes in 
the power of any man to shrivel his limbs, or 
infuse a deadly poison into his blood by the 
mere glance of his eye, it is nevertheless true 
that a man of strong will and magnetic man- 
ner can and does exercise a strong influence 
over every person who comes near him. In 
every community, church, or school this 
power is possessed by one or more persons. 
They are the leaders; the others follow. Some- 
times their influence is as malign to the soul 
as the vial occhio was believed to be lo ihe body. 
— Toiith's Companion. 

If a man would register all his opinions upon 
love, politics, religion, learning, etc.. begin- 
ning at his youth and so go on to old age. 

Drawing Lessons. 

In the January magazine Frank Beard wil 
step to the footlights again with something in 
tensely interesting to the wielders of crayoi 
and charcoal. The drawing lessons will be . 
prominent feature of the Gaskell Magazine 
during the coming year. 


aiy, N. J. 

The above shadow was cast by that skillful 
little pen artist so well known in New York 
and adjoining cities. 

Movement Exercises. 

In learning to write with ease and rapidity, 
the studentcannot devote too much time to the 
practice of carefully-arranged movement ex- 
ercises. While practicing movement, the 
pupil should be taught the importance of care- 
ful observation, aiming to place each line of 
the exercise in its proper position to produce 
harmony. Exercises should be designed with 
a view to leading the pupil to the correct form 
of some capital or small letter, and by this 
means he will be led gradually and almost un- 
consciously into an easy and fluent style of 

It is true that the plain letters are the most 
difficult to form, and the pupil becomes dis- 
couraged sooner, when given a word lo be 
written plainly, than in any other branch of 
the art. The teacher should exercise great 
care in giving copies that will stimulate the 
pupils to work for higher results. This can be 
done by taking the letter you desire the pupil 
to practice, and adding a simple curve or 
flourish, so that the eftect will be pleasing, 
and al the same time, call especial attention to 
the formation of the letter used, and you will 
see the pupil put forth extra efforts. 

We submit to the readers of the Gazette a 
few exercises lor muscular movement practice, 
which may be used to advantage by the boys 
who are practicing at home, and using the 
Gazette as their guide. Each exercise 
should be practiced with the object of making 
the work like the copy. Study the position of 
each stroke; see where the lines cross each 
other, forming right angles, thus leaving each 
line clear and distinct. Use a quick movement, 
and the lines will present a life-life appear- 
ance. The pupil should be impressed with the 
importance of careful practice — never make 
an exercise carelessly, though It may seem 
easier to make it without an object in view. 

Every lesson in penmanship should be com- 
menced by giving an exercise to produce free, 
dom of movement. Make the exercise of such 
letters as may be used in the following work ot 
words or sentences, and you will have an in- 
terest in the work that cannot be obtained 
otherwise. Any letter may be used in design- 
ing exercises that will be interesting, beautiful 
and practical in producing the best results. 

The teacher of penmanship who is liberal 
with his movement exercises, careful how his 
pupils practice them, and keeps repeating 
them with renewed energy, is the one who is 
justly pronounced succrss/til. So much good 
advice regarding position and materials has 
been given through the columns of the Ga- 
zette that we do not deem it necessary to 
offer any suggestions in that direction, but 
submit these remarks on movement exercises 
with the hope that many will practice the 
copies In thia issue, and we are sure much 
good will be accomplished. 

Yours truly, 

C. N. Crandle. 

Nashvillf, Tcnn., Oct. 5, jSS6. 



^mwm ^MTf El 



The G. a. Gaskell Co., PRorRiETORS. 

JOHN FAIRBANKS, General Manager. 
79 & 81 Wflbaah Ave., CHICAGO. 

Under the journalisdc c^re of A. J. Scabboh 


To every new subscriber tor the Gaibttb. an 


one renewing hU subscription, we make the Col 

>« <«M ^alinr we will give you as/r« premi 
of the C.viDE, heavy paper cover (for descriplio 

How To Write for the PRBssi cloih (no olh 

r"iyi; of 

B-, f„„ 



For four subscriptions, each with 

nU $, .n 

splendid $s Hand Book free. 

Select Ksadings in cloth is wanted, »5 cents 


""AgcntT^may inMead of other extra premiuii 
cents commission on each subscription, whe» sen 

theji.oo or the S'-^S subscription and premium 



: that 

It would be about as biilliant 
some of his poems were written while he was 
awake, as to slate that some of his works were 
poems, since most sane persons have had the 
fact soaked into their intellect that Tennyson 
was considerably given to smiting the lyre. 

Gems for Jannnry. 

The Gazette has just received a fresh in- 
stallment of solemn reflection from the famous 
humorist Bill Nye, in the form of an illus- 
trated letter to the editor. 

Bill {we call him Bill because we have com- 
pensated him for that privilege) tells in his 
own peciiliar, sad vein how the Gazette has 
come to his bosom like a priceless boon, when 
he most needed the companionship of a boon, 
how our system of penmanship has built up 
his nervous system, and other things qualified 
to augment the oral vacuum and tone up the 
penman's liver. This will be a rare treat. 

We also have promised for the January 
magazine a choice article from the pen of E. 
R. Lalta, entitled " College Adventures." Mr. 
I.,atla has been a regular contributor to liter- 
ary magazines for thirty years. He will fur- 
nish an article each month for our magazine 
during the coming year. 

Another bright writer, C. W. Anderson, 
promises some of his 36 caliber unused thoughts 
for January- He informs us Ihat he is feeding 
on fish and rice, and hopes to have his Ihinki 
toned up to a key bordering on the divir 
afflatus. He says he can feel his brain cells 
already expanding under the flood of thought 
like dried apples in a rain barrel. The explo- 
sion will lake place soon. We are havi. g a 
MS. Iile bound in iron hoops to hold them. 

The new magazine will contain other bright 
contributions aside from the regular quota of 
lanship, shorthand and drawing 
Now is a good time to subscribe. Begin 
and _\uu will have something very hand- 
; to bind at the end ot the year 1SS7. 

Hereafter our friends will please send all 
business meant for us-both the Order De- 
partment and the Gazette — to the address 
given below. Exchanges will please see 
that our address on their books is corrected 
at once. Such of them as have been send- 
ing duplicates to our department editors. 
Profs. Bridge and Wells, will please con- 

79 & 81 Wabash Ave., CHICAGO, ILL. 

And Still They Come, 

The mails for the past month have brought 
scores of letters and exercises showing what a 
grand work the Gai^ette is doing as a 
teacher. The girls and boys of our large cir- 
cle are evidently catching the gleam of en. 
thusiasm which is constantly glowing on the 
Gazette's altar, as their work shows steps 
forward and the vigorous spirit of progress. 
These evidences are necessary to keep the 
ball rolling and continually spur our pen to 
earnest action. Let us hear from every dis- 
ciple of the Gazette's lessons. Our files are 
large. Don't hesitate to drop us a line. We 
are in dead earnest, and want to know just 
how much good we are doing. 

Words, Not Works. 

" Works," we will admit, are often construct- 
ed of "words," but in some instances such 
••works" are rendered worthless from the fact 
that they should remain " words." In the 
November Gazette, the printer who trans- 
posed " Delusions of Aspiring Bards," intc 
cold type had evidently used all of his "d's' 
in reporting the speech of tome hard citizen 
At any rate, where the author speaks thus 
" Emerson tells us that some of Tennyson'i 
words are poems," the printer mixes hii 
lead thus: "Emerson tells us that some of 
Tennyson's 'works' are poems." To an Es- 
quimaux, this latter statement might be news, 
but to an American who can wrestle fairly well 
with the mother tongue, the printer's con- 
«truclion would be a thoroughly decayed 
"chestnut," if we may be allowed so lo speak. 

Character in Laughter. 

i. man may train his voice to ripple along 
;oftest cadences, or wreathe his face in 
al smiles, which are fine likenesses cf the 
real, but when he attempts to imitate a nati 
hole-souled outburst with his sardonic gu 
the deception is shattered into as small pi 
as the listener's confidence. There is a 
meditated, metallic ring about a forced laugh 
which always beh-ays the mockery, and fill 
our minds with impressions equally as ghastly 
and cold. A natural laugh is a spontanec 
combustion of the sou!, and as incapable of I 
ing shaped and refined as the bliist from 
cannon. Of course we may bridle our spas- 
modic outbursts, and force them into measured 
tones and keys, but then they are only abor- 
tions with a ring as dry and lifeless as the wail 
of an automatic cuckoo. The volatile element 
is left out, and they tall upon the ear as heavy 
as the flabby sounds from a butcher's ax. If a 
man is endowed with much of the animal no 
silken interweavings can change his brays and 
chuckles into perfect imitations of the soul's 
spontaneous outbursts, which carry a subtle 
oil through all the complicated machinery of 
our natures. Policy ofien prompts a smile 
more cadaverous than the lines of misery, a 
harrowing up of the features more ghastly 
than the grin of death. A perfunctory whinny 
which is forced for gold, pierces the ear like 
the measured squawk of an empty automaton 
and sticks in the mind like the languid bleat 
of an expiring veal. Who has not started wilh 
chilly forebodings upon hearing the cavernous 
"he.he-he !" of some velvet-voiced fraud, whose 
sinuous incantations, without this neigh of 
warning, might have bound their souls with a 
jpell.-' Who has not penetrated the labored 
guflfaw of Ihe oily tongued cheat and discovered 
a background of political plots and motive 
machinery.' A real gushing outflow tolerates 
no disguise; a clear ringing mellow note of the 
ioul has no counterpart in deception ; it as 
truly speaks a soui's presence as the sparkle in 
the dewdrop suggests higher light. Of course 
a man iTiay be able lo snort with joy until his 
-nouth cracks at the sides, and his jugular 
^eins stand out like frozen clothes-lines, and 
Btil! have a soul sufficiently dwarfed to abide 
in the cavity of a camel's hair. But such 
doggerel whoops are generally prompted by 
the same instinct that causes the Biblical 

•juadruped to chuckle upon receiving Ms usual 
visp of hay. A good man's soul is generally 
ichoed in his laugh. His smiles are as holy 
is his tears. When a wave of pleasantry 
sweeps over his mind he gives vent to real 
laughter which opens all the delicate celts of 
his nature and adds stimulus to his vital 
forces. He does not strain and gasp until his 
eyes give forth lachrymal iniindations,and his 
neck expands to the size of a corpulent Berk- 
shire's, but he stops in lime to save his blood 
vessels and neckwear. A man who wilfully 
drops the lower part of his face ajar, and tries 
to show the whole of his larynx and the upper 
portions of his late repast, simply because he 
feels it his duty to herald his joy to the neigh- 
boring States, not only becomes a bore to his 
associates, but an imposition on the public. 
Such volcanic outbursis of salival spray and 
g.istriloquial upheavals will generally leave a 
man "solitary and alone." The music of such 
peals is generally lost in the deluge. The 
murmur of the chuckle, as it were, is more 
than counterbalanced by the accompanying 
cut-feed. We once knew a man who laughed 
in sections; the first symptom would beaslight 
convexity of cuticle on his left cheek, which 
was followed by a very slight shifiing of his 
verbal slit to left, and then another upheaval 
on left cheek followed by a slight horizontal 
expansion of verbal vacuum; then he would 
form his mouth into a triangle and give way 
to a "te-he-te-he!" which had a suppressed 
sound, but indicated greater power behind. At 
this period we would generally step ovX of 
range of the expected volley. The next symp- 
to,n would be the rolling back of his eyes 
until a very little spark of the pupil was visi- 
ble, and then he would relax his puckered 
chin and spread his mouth so wide that his 
nose would crawl up between his eyes, and all 
other features retire from the front of his face, 
leaving nothing in front but a denial orifice 
and a prolruding epiglottis. No sound could 
be heard but a tremulous wheezing for severa] 
seconds, and then he would give five or six 
sonorous yelps, and look as serene as though he 
had never laughed. Wilh his laughing tears 
still on his face the sudden change was cer. 
tainly very eflective. He made his own sun- 
shine in this way, but his flashes were too 
sudden and too intense; when a man laughs 
until all the tracheal air 1 ubes become irritated, 
and his whoops subside into wheezy gurglings 
it's about time to shut oft" his valves and put 
him under proper treatment. 

Some eminent writer has expressed the fol- 
lowing beautiful sentiment concerning the 
music of child-laughter: "The laugh of a 
child will make the holiest day more sacred 
still. Strike, with hand of fiie, O weird 
musician, thy harp strung with Apollo's 
golden hair! Fill the vast cathedral aisles 
with symphonies sweet and diin, deft toucher 
of the organ keys! Blow bugle, blow until 
thy silver notes do touch and kiss the moonlit 
waves charming the wandering lovers on the 
vine-clad hills ; but know your sweetest strains 
are discord all compared with childhood's 
happy laugh— the laugh that fills the eyes 
with light, and ditnples every cheek with joy. 
Oh, rippling river of laughter, thou art the 
blessed boundary line between the beast and 
man, and every wayward wave of thine doth 
drown some fretful fiend of care." 

•Lend Me Thine Ears." 

, did i 


:en Chri 


■ to you 

nth the 

nas and N 

The fact has been growing lo the Gazette's 
mind, like a barnacle to the bottom of a barge, 
for some time. The Iowa penmen have ex- 
tended an invitation to the brotherhood at 
large, which is slill smoking with the fervent 
flush of good fellowship, to meet them at tire 
well equipped halls of Jennings & Chapman's 
Business College, in Des Moines, between 
Christmas and New Year's. Now, boys, 
here's a chance for us to spend a profitable 
season in convention, and fondle one another's 
whiskers. What we wanl is lo get better ac- 
quainted. We can never pull evenly together, 
or borrow money of each other, until we do. 
There will be ample elbow room and a good 
time for all who will go. Don't hang back 
because the weather is cold; we will make 
things moderately warm when you arrive. 

He Thirsts for Lore. 

Mr. Editor;— Will you kindly an-wer the 
following questions in your cute little sheet? 

1. Which is the better movement, "muscu- 
lar" or "whole-arm"? ' 

2. Is there a finger movement advocate liv- 
ing in this country, and if so, how is his 
health ? 

3. In writing a person's biography, what 
data do you require.' 

4. Who is the finest penman in the Union? 

5. Could you use a small spring poem in 
your January magazine? 

6. What are the first symptoms of genius? 
Trusting these knotty points may be fully 
elucidated in your editorial ventilations, 

I remain Your Catechiser, 

"Sample Copy." 

Couldn't you think of something else lo ask 
us! Won't your Socratic method lead you 
beyond the threshold of intricacy? It's those 
' Gordian knots" in which we find the empy- 
rean of delight. It's those profound logical 
quagmires into which our intellect is most 
tickled in sinking. We always find it more 
refreshing to fondle "the horns of a dilemma" 
than to clutch the tail of simplicity, if "Sam- 
ple Copy," will allow this aimless expression. 
True, your letter, bristling as it does with 
interrogation points, causes our warped pen to 
totter in the meshes, but why didn't you give 
us a poser while you had your hand in? 

Couldn't you have inserted a spoke in the 
editorial wheel while you were dissecting our 
encyclopedia? In other words, why didn't 
you give us something hard? We like to buf- 
fet the waves and fish in troubled waters. 

Your first question is pretty good evidence 
to sustain the painful fact that you haven't 
seriously impaired your eyesight in gulping 
up the contents of recent issues of the Ga- 
zette. You surely have not consumed much 
taper in absorbing the exhalations from our 
frantic goose quilt. You have certainly 
turned a deaf ear and a cold shoulder lo our 
wild shrieks for "muscular movement.'' You 
have undoubtedly trampled our "tracts of re- 
form" beneath a scornful heel. We advocate 
whole-arm movement only under the "Marquis 
of Queensbury Rules." 

1. The muscular movement is best adapted 

2. Yes, there are a few advocates of finger 
movement left over from the medi:eval ages. 
The present age is preserving them as fossil- 
ized relics of obsolete methods. They are 
gradually wearing away by the friction of 

3. About the only dala we require in Ihe 
construction of a biography on the pyramid 
plan, is a lock of ihe victim's hair, a front 
tooth, a birthmark, and the name of the planet 
under whch he was .born. With these refer- 
ences we can weigh him in the cerebral scales 
and hew out any sized destiny he may require, 
Wilh this clue to his personalities, we can lift 
him, as it seems, to the dizzy realms of re 
nown.and place him astride the top rail of 
fame. (Pass ihe water, please). 

4. And you would like to know who em- 
blazons the zenith of chirographic skill, eh? 
What an opportunity for speculation! 

What a glorious moment to allow judgment 
to careen to an idol! What a pivot on which 
justice may be teetered under the weight of 
favoritism! What a fulcrum on which we 
might place our lever and lift F. M. W. D. B. 
or P. to a seat in the grand stand, but ah — eh 
— hem — we desist. 

5thly, but not lastly. Now, dear "S. P."' noth- 
ing would please us more than to dazzle the 
public eye with your vernal rhyme, but do 
you not think the frosts of January would 
freeze its rythmic flo« ? No doubt the heavy 
manlle of adjectives and superlative overalls 
in which you have so complete ly swaddled it, 
would not only ward off the icy breath of cruel 
old Boreas, but would withstand the probes of 
mortal understanding as well. If you feel, as 
the birds begin to swell their necks with over- 
tures, and the festive tramp spreads himself on 
the green, that you must unburden your soul 
of its florid epics, just measure off a few laps 
for out enigma column. 

6. R un your hand over your phrenological 
surface and explore the mountainous portions 
thusly ; see if "concentraliveness" hangs out 
like a wen in bold relief; if so, do not seek 
further development through the aid of bed- 


for J 

iUt8. If "setf-CBteem' 
denture in >our hat, go out and let the cold 
world shiivel it down to its proper size. Now 
paB«>our index finger over your mental globe 
until you come to "individuality." How Ib it, 
convexity or concavity? If concavity, you 

uffer the t 

s of the n 

1 fopu- 

laris. (See Webster's large size page 1848). 
Allow your hand to wander over the crest of 
"ideality." How do you find it.' All there.' 
If nol, the symptoms are rather vague; you 
may yet be happy and escape the cold gaze of 
the gushing public. 

Trusting we may hear from you agam in a 
few years, we check the mad quill and cease 

Aiiother Traosformatic 

The typographer who in the November Ga- 
zette, so arlfiilly smashed one of Mr. Ander- 
son's poetical allusions by making "works" of 
"words" has in the same article (Delusions of 
Aspiring Bards) transformed "pigments" into 
"pigmies." Fancy a team of skinny elves 
playing a game of base ball ordoing an Irish 
reel over the greasy surface of a painter's 
pallelte- Mr. Anderson tells us that these glar- 
ing blunders have "planted a dagger in his 
heart." The pill has been a bitter one to him. 
but he is trying to swallow it like a little man. 


The Gazette may. at limes through its 
tjiddy flux dc bouclie, cause its more devout co- 
temporaries to "shake their gory locks" at its 
frail bubbles, but under such circumstances it 
has made up its mind, if it be Ihe possessor of 
such rational faculty, to allow no corrosions of 
hatred to stain its pages; lo devote no time to 
the weaving of stratagems or pickling rods of 
vengeance. Right under the frown of "brist- 
ling bayonets" it proposes to breathe forth its 
peaceful opinions. When the revengeful 
worm doeb writhe in its breast it will emblazon 
a page with its gory thoughts, and place it on 
ice and allow it to remain over night, and if 
on the morrow the ice is unmelted the rude 
words will be consigned to the flames. All 
rankling reptiles of revenge will be committed 
to the editorial wicker cage, and allowed to 
*i|iiirin out their days in oblivion, and all vials 
oi ii.-iiom will be wreaked upon the editorial 
tai, Oi curdled by the printer's breath. 

The Gazettf, under the glorious heat of 
inspiration, may at times, undertake to smile 
the lyre, but that is no more than any liar de- 
serves. It may, under airy conditions, send up 
its pilot balloons into doubtful realms of gauzy 
nothingness, but It will even then descend on 
its own (o)pinions. In no instance will it be 
led tn say rash things through the taunts of 
ri,\ crv^c Its course is based upon reason, and 
an\ tiling nol reasonable is not in keeping with 
its ;nm. It realizes that to be driven by ex- 
ternal motives irom Ihe path which its better 
nature approves, lo give way lo anything but 
honest convictions, to sufter the opinions of 
others to lead it, as with a ring in the nose, 
from its resolves, is to submit tamely to the 
lowest and most contemptible slavery, and to 
forfeit the right lo pull the reins of ils own 
course. It may, at limes, serve up dsserta- 
tions, whose savor is nauseating to the oft- 
soothed palate of the scrupulous epicuiean, 
but in such cases Ihe dish will be mixed with 
the motto : "The greatest good to the greatest 
number." The constant aim will be to hold 
the scales even.-- If the wrong horse is saddled 
the Gazette is ever willing to correct the 

Congtant Gm]>loymeiit. 

An unemployed roan is constantly hounded 
by doubt, desire, sorrow, remorse, and some- 
times despair itself, but when he bends himsalf 
with courage to his task, no matter how com- 
mon-place that task may be, these. all like hell- 
hounds, are quieted and sent growling to their 
dibUnt caves. A man unemployed is not a 
man, in ihe highest sense ; he has not the glow 
of labor in him which burns up all poisonous 
thoughts and purifies his soul. He is not 
being rounded by the revolutions of labor 
while he remains idle. An idle man's mind 
sours and festers, and the current of his 
thoughts takes a down-grade course, and his 
whole nature becomes as a pestilential swamp. 

An idle life is a doubt which has never been 
ended by action, an hypothesis unproven, a 
substance not moulded by the hand of destiny, 
a wart, we might say, blurring the face of 
creation. Labor lights up a man's whole na- 
ture, and sets the nobler impulses on top. It 
pulls back the somber drapery of vice, and 
allows Ihe "blessed flame" to light up the 
heart. Work ever carries to the heart a pe- 
rennial nobleness, and in many cases sacred- 
ness. There is always hope in a man who 
works; if he never rises high, he is kept above 
the waves so long as he struggles, but the 
idle man sinks as naturally into perpetual 
despair as the stone dropped in the stream 
seeks the bottom. 

The Power of Style. 

Facts may vanish from the mind ; the heights 
of knowledge may be methodically scaled by 
all possessed of ordinary mental digestion; 
startling truths may shrink into mere truisms; 
but a natural, clear-cut style can never lose its 
freshness nor its prestige. It is the felicity and 
idiomatic characteristics which preserve the 
writings of Addison as fresh as in the days 
which prompted Ihem. The style of some 
writers even palliates the absurdity of their 
opinions by ils fascinating powers. For the 
pomp and splendor of his- style, "glowing with 
oriental color and rapid as the charge of an 
Arab horse," even more than for his colossal 
learning, is Gibbon admired. 

Style we might say, is the very essence 
which preserves thought through the ages; the 
art of embalming the ghosts of the mind. 

The manner in which a subject is treated is 
often of more importance than the substance. 
Originality in composition does nol consist so 
much in creating its substance as in collect- 
ing and fanning the created into flame. A 
subject, however ephemeral or commonplace, 
may be made striking by being told In a grand 
and beautiful style. All the thought, the stuff 
or substance of a beautiful poem or essay, is 
necessarily commonplace. The poet walks 
along the green carpeted banks of a sparkling 
siream and listens to the mingling sounds 
about him; he goes to his study and moulds 
the thoughts which nature suggested into a 
description as natural and beautiful as the 
scene itself; a word picture in whose rythmic 
language and haunting music the bird songs 
and purling music of the siream vibrate, and 
in whose fitting metaphors and comparisons 
nature is mirrored in her truest splendor. A 
hod-carrier crushes the juice out of the same 
green carpel; looks upon the same moi*l 
bosom of the "crake;" hears the same monot- 
onous babble as its waters gush over the rocks 
and pebbles; listens lo the same medleys over- 
head; goes home and remarks to "Kathy": 
"Be me soul the crake looked purty this av- 
enin !" and perhaps further reference in a 
similar style lo the surroundings. Style of 
expression makes the former's Impressions 
beautiful ; he does not difter so much from the 
latter in the possession of different tiiought as 
in silting, classifying and focalizing the same 
thoughts, and above all in giving them in the 
pearl of exquisite and adequate expression. 
Give two artists the same pigments, and one 
of them will produce a "transfiguration," 
while the other will exhaust his genius and 
paint upon a circus chromo, A matter-of-fact 
philosopher couldn't make a stanza out of a 
carload of thought; his meters would trans- 
form themselves into hypotheses, and his fig. 
ures would become philosophical conjectures. 
Take from a famous writer his style; tear 
away his fence of dazzling rhetoric, his pe- 
culiar style of word painting and poetical 
touches, and leave to him only the truths in 
their nudity, and he will be famous no longer. 
It would be like robbing the rose of its hues 
and fragrance, or stripping a landscape of its 
dreamy, hazy atmosphere, and Its gorgeous 

Some one speaking of Carlyle's style in de- 
picting stormy scenes, says: "At limes strange, 
wild, piercing notes of the pathetic are heard 
through his fierce bursts of eloquence like the 
wail of a clarion thrilling beneath the blasts of 
a slorm." His writings depicted no other 
facts Ihan the gospels of manhood which are 
as old as Solomon, substance, we may say, 
which if modeled by a crude or commonplace 
writer would bring on a sleepiness which no 
narcotic could rival in producing. He pictures 

littleness in language that haunts the 
instead of reposing us by 
quiem of unvarnished facts, he startles us with 
his novel and powerful expression. 

Every man has a style peculiar to himself, 
and he can no more imitate the style of an- 
other man than he can successfully counterfeit 
his voice. So many writers spoil the effect of 
their ideas by throwing the gaudy cloak of 
some one else over their personalities. But 
this is no disguise, their toes stick out through 
some idiom, or their hands are revealed 
through some pet apothegm. Composition is 
nothing more than pressing the cofitenls of 
the mind into palpable shape; a moulding of 
ideas which are already in substance possessed. 
Then necessarily a man's peculiarities will 
crop out in some of his expressions in writing 
as naturally as in conversation. He may ape 
for awhile, but his ears will unfold finally and 
reveal his true species. If a man is egotistical 
it will glare through his perforated humility, 
even if he does "lick the dust" in his style; he 
may at times seem to be chewing humble pie 
but careful watching will reveal the fact that 
he is rolling his own name under his tongue 
as a sweet morsel. Style is a mirror in which 
Ihe wiiter's nature— either better or worse— is 
reflected. If he is mean his little corroded 
soul will stick out in his diction as a sneak- 
ing little reptile pokes his head up from the 
water, half concealed by the overhanging 
growth. If he is unstable he will as truly 
slide from one platform to another, shirk his 
own opinion and adopt that of another, as a 
weather-cock will shifl: with the winds. 


The Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloom 
ington, Illinois, has had before the public foP 
nearly fifteen years, a Department of Non- 
Residents, matriculants in which follow pre- 
scribed courses of study, upon which examina- 
tions are set, and receive proper degrees on 
completion of their work. The Department is 
modeled after the operations of the London 
University, and like it oflfers opportunity for 
doing systematic study to professional and 
other people who are debarred from residence 
at the seat of a University. Particulars rega'd- 
ing matriculation may be obtained by address- 
ing Prof. Charles M. Moss, inclosing 

The Sfusitiveness of Penmen. 

A correspondent asks: Are penmen as a 
class sensitive.' Well, yes, as a rule, they are 
a trifle thin-skinned, but occasionally we find a 
migratory scribe with an epidermis, especially 
in the regions of his cheek, which is as im- 
penetrable as a coat of mail. All artists 
naturally develop their ssthetic natures by 
continually associating with harmony and 
beauty. Few penmen can smile with indif- 
ference, while the chords of their sensitive 
natures are being rasped by satirical sand- 
paper and gouged by the rusty daggers of 
envy. As a rule, they have a memory so te- 
nacious that every line ot censure is kept seeth- 
ing in their bosom, and were it not for the fact 
that "the pen is mightier than the sword," 
they would carve their adversary into very 


But penmen above all others should not be 
over-sensitive, for at times they need a hide 
tough enough to flatten rifle-balls. We who 
seem to escape the taunts and jeers of unjust 
and malicious critics, may credit the fact not 
to the thickness of our skin but of our skulls. 
The better way to ward off the inevitable lam- 
pooners is to let them alone, arm yourself with 
sheet-iron IndiftVrence against their poisoned 
satire and rasping sarcasm, and let them buzz 
until their resources are exhausted. When 
you get down in the gutter to throw mud at a 
man you will generally find that he can outdo 
you from the fact that he is more accustomed 
to dirt; he has nothing to soil, while you try 
to screen your character, and at the same lime 
bring yourself to his level. 

If properly taken every criticism, just or un- 
just, has power to strengthen us. If unjust, and 
we ignore it from that fact, we are made 
stronger to withstand the next. If just, and 
we are willing to admit the fact, we look out 
In the future for thai stumbling place which 
called it forth. Macaulay says: "I have never 
been able lo discover that a man is at all the 

worse for being attacked. One foolish line of 
his own does him more harm than the ablest 
pamphlets wrllten against him by other peo- 
ple." It is said that Tannahill once heard 
some blackguard ridiculing his writings, and 
he never afterward held up his head or smiled 

Editorial Balm. 

You are making a grand success of the 
Gazette. M. B. Moore. 

Morgan, Ky. 

Send the Gazette for another year. 1 like 
it better than ever. H. D. Groff. 

Pvrkasee, Pa. 

The November Gazette is super-excel- 
lent. E. R. Latta. 

Guttenburg, la. 

Your lessons are the most practical, and 
your copies the most graceful I have ever seen 
in print. W. D, Showalter, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

I never read a paper that contained so much 
pvire and spicy reading matter as the Ga- 
zette. Miss Mary G. Greene. 

Farmington, Minn. 

Guide and Gazette to hand; could not be 
better pleased. The paper alone is worth 
double the money. A. K. Bush. 

Chtiioa, 111. 

The lessons in the Gazette are a grand 
help to me, and I am very willing you should 
see how one of the "flock" is progressing. 

Pinckney, Mich. Miss Gelett Salmon. 

Was highly pleased with the November 
number of the Gazktte. I enjoyed glancing 
over itb spicy columns with a relish that 
would be hard to express. 

San Francisco, Cal. W. N. Pullman. 

The Gaz 


tinned improve- 

ment under Ihe inspiration of your scinlillating 
genius. The pace is good; keep it up. 

rHAs R_ WfTiis 

Syracuse, N. r. 

Your most excellent Gazette comes to 
hand every month loaded with new and very 
interesting matter. I read it with great plea- 
sure. W. P. Cooper. 

Kiugsz'ille, O. 

I am taking solid comfort in practicing the 
lessons given in the Gazette, and perusing 
its contents. The lessons are given in such a 
fascinating manner that when once begun, one 
is loath to leave them. W. DeF. Brown. 

Auburn, R. I. 

Allow me to say a few words in behalf 01 
your excellent paper. I consider it the most 
useful and beneficial journal in the U. S. for 
young men. and I think it can be justly styled 
the young man's companion. 

St, Louts, Mo. Arthur L. Reed. 

It is pleasing to note the rapid strides the 
Gazette is making as an educational journal ; 
its influence among the young people mugt be 
keenly felt. Among other things it not only 
teaches them to write, but how to write. 

Chicago, III. D. B. Williams. 

I think you are the only man who can run 
Gaskell's paper equal to Gaskell himself. I 
am highly pleased with the Gazette, for it is 
better than ever before, and I am sure you 
are the right man in the right place. I am 
willing to do anything I can to help you 
make the Gazette interesting. 

Syracuse, N. T. A. W. Dakin. 

I have been practicing from Ihe lessons in 
the Gazette less than a year, hut do not 
hesitate to say that they have been of more 
practical value to me than all the school train- 
ing I have ever received. I would not be with- 
out it for three limes its cost. 

Cone, Tex. L. Wilson. 

The Gazette is one of the most wide-awake 
and instructive periodicals of its kind In the 
world. I Ihink if all the young people who 
are thoroughly in earnest to improve them- 
selves in practical education would subscribe 
lor the Gazette they would never regret it. 
The talent of the new editor sparkles through 
its pages just as the leaven ofbread causes the 
sponge to seem a living thing. 

Day(o»,i, Fin. Miss Clara Slouoii. 



T/iis ,Uparl>»r„t ts fMtnl by pROF. Wll.LlAM 

I>. Bkidge, a. M , Principal of the School of 

Plwnografhy in Chautauqua University. 

[Address Lock Box SSS. Pluinfield, N.JO 

paper cliinnngs^n^M 

Dots nnd Dashes. 

—Two thousand type-writer operators in 

—"Grit," "gumption" and "go "will give 
you a place as a shorthand writer. 

—A writer in the Exponent for October I 
claims 10,000 writers using that system. 

—Read through our last number, November 
and tell us if it was not as the ladies say, " per- 
fectly splendid." 

—New York City lias now in use over 7,coo 
type-writer machines; 1,000 of these are in 
Wall street, and south ot it. 

—The Chicago Tribune says that the salaries 
of women type writers in that city range from 
$25 to $75 a month, averaging about $45. 

— The Pliondic Journal for Saturday, Nov. 
6, 1886, is marked " No. 45, Vol. 45." Forty- 
five years ot a shorliiand magazine! Good. 

— We are thankful to oui- many correspond- 
ents who during the past year have given us 
many items for our columns. We shall be 
glad to have an increase of the number for the 
future numbers. 

— One of our pupils, a lady, has just secured 
a very pleasant position at fifteen dollars per 
week, working for two parties, for one at eight 
dollars for the six forenoons, and for the other 
at seven dollars for the six afternoons. 

— Repetition is mastery of shorthand in large 
measure. One word or one sentence written a 
hundred times is far better than ten sentences 
written each ten times. Frequent copying a 
specimen of perfectly written shorthand is of 
the utmost value in fixing principles and forms, 

— " Meanness itself" is the feeblest term we 
can mention for the act of a man in New York 
who "turned off" his amanuensis, one of our 
former pupils, who was called home to her sick 
mother, and found her dead, and was therefore 
compelled to be absent from the office a week. 
— Beginning with the October number, the 
American Shorthand Writtr, Boslon, Mass., 
ceases to publish shorthand illustrations, fac- 
simile notes, preferring to be a distinctively 
shorthand news journal. It aims to be newsy, 
and succeeds. 

—In our morning's mail for Christmas and 
lor New Year's days, we would be glad to re- 
ceive five hundred letters from phonographers 
all over the world, of all systems, ancient and 
modern, from experts and amateurs, old and 
young, male and female. Remember this, 

— The Chautauqua School of Shorthand was 
never more prosperous than now. We have 
more pupils in the advanced course than ever 
before. Still, there's room for a few faithful 
students. Send for terms and our beautifully 
illustrated circular lo the editor of this depart- 

—The American Shorlhnml Writer, Messrs. 
Rowcll & Hickcok publishers, kindly says: 
"The shorthand department of the Penman's 
Gazette, under the able supervision of Prof. 
William D. Bridge, one of the ablest writers 
and teachers of the Graham system, is proving 
a most interesting feature of that popular 
monthly." Thanks, brothers. 

— One of our pupils, wishing to gain speed 
and to familiarize the word-signs on the re- 
porting style, has written out the article in 
Graham's Second Reader, "The American 
Bible Society," forty-one times, and will write 
it at least nine limes more. She will then 
take up something else in the same way. Her 
employer and herself see great gain in speed bv 
her increased lamiliarily with forms and word- 

—The Phonographic IVarltl of New York 
makes it a point never to mention even by 
name, if possible to avoid it, any other short- 

hand paper or magazine. The editor says that 
if people wish to find out that there is any other 
paper devoted to the craft, he is not the one to 
aid them. Nevertheless, we will boost the 
World hy saying that it is doing a good thing in 
raising a subscription among phonographers of 
the United States towaid the Isaac Pitman 
Testimonial, in honor of his fifty years' de, 
votion to the art. We have added our $5 to 
this subscription, and trust it may reach many 
thousands of dollars. 


CONDENSED instruction 

1. Weil, Professor, still they come— the un- 
numbered principles of shorthand! Yes, my 
pupil, you say "unnumbered," but you could 
not say "numberless," for though yon have 
not numbered them, they can readily be num- 
bered, and they are not numerous. 

Last month I had the Tion and Tive 
hooks on straight strokes, and I saw their 

Diffusion, Profession, Aggravation, Deriva- 
tion. This use of the Eshon hook Is optional, 
and many phonographers prefer to write the 
forms for these words as seen in Plate I, §5. 
Personally, we use the Eshon hook in prefer- 
ence. Of course, the Eshon book may have a 
final s-circle written within it (see Plate I, 
g6): Positions, Possessions. Decisions, Phy- 
sicians, Musicians, Processions, Incisions, Ac- 

3. I think. Professor, this Eshon hook is a 
"beauty" — as the young ladies say, "perfectly 
gplendid.'" Yes. It is very simple, and adds 
much to the brevity of the system. 

4. You spoke of two principles in this les- 
son. Yes, I will give the other. Make the m 
stroke heavy instead of light, and you add 
either the sound of p or b, as you choose. 
Vocalization of the stroke is exactly the same 
when thickened as before (see Plate I, §7): 
Imp, Bump, Damp, Lamp, Pomp, Jump, 
Sambo, Tramp, Cramp, Vamp, Slump, Hemp, 
etc. You may read the second line of section 
7 yourself. For the thickened m to add b (see 
Plate I. §8): Imbue, Embarrass. Embellish^ 
Ambush, Imbibe, Embassador, Jumbo, Em- 
bark, Ambergris, Somebody. 

s¥^ L , u/i , u/* , -Nil • ) ' — ^ J "If. i 


■ ^J\f&a/d^na Qy-ttALLV 

beautiful co-relation, or correlation according 
to sound principles. What advanced instruc- 
tion do you give me now.' Two beautiful 
principles: First, a final hook which we will 
call the "Eshon" hook. Study it. It is a 
small hook, and is used either (1) after an 
s-circle, or (j) after an for v-hook. Look at 
the two words. Potion and Position. Potion 
can be written by a Pee stioke. a large termi- 
nal right-hand hook, and an o vowel. But 
in the word Position there comes in an s 
sound between the Pee stroke and the syllable 
lion. We write the stroke for Pee, make the 
s circle, and then make a small final hook on 
the opposite side of the stroke. Read the 
words (see Plate I, §1) Position, Possession, 
Decision, Accession, Acquisition, Physician, 
Cessation, Incision, Recession, Association, 
Causation. Note also that this final hook may 
be written after the s-circle which follows an 
n-hook (see Plate I, ^2): Compensation, Con- 
densation, Transition, Transitional. 

You will understand, of course, that the 
strokes on which this small final hook is 
written may have any initial circles or hooks 
(see Plate I, §3): Supposition, Succession, 
Precision, Procession, Persuasion, Aulhriza- 

Note also that the Eshon hook may be 
written as a small final hook after the f or v 
hook (see Plate I, §4): Division, Devotion, 

With the January issue of this department 

In the magazine form, we shall give "brevi- 

:s," the cream of the cream, and we invite 

ery reader to aid us in culling choiccsj news 
and other items for our department. 

—Fifty names and addresses received at our 
Gee lo be divided into ten "ever-circulators," 

begin January 1, 1887, will be a grand start- 
ing of the "Gaskell Ever-circulator Associa- 
tion." Who will send at once? Ask to be 
enrolled on the list. 

—Thanks to Prof. Dr. J. W. Zelbug, of the 
Royal Sten. Institution, Dresden, Germany, 
for his photograph and budget of acceptable 
publications. We shall refer to these soon. 
We hope to let our readers soon see the face 
of our friend. 

-Our friend, Alfred Day, Esq., of the 
Spencerian Business College, Cleveland, Ohio, 
thinks Phonography cannot be taught by mail 
giving a fair return for the money paid. We 
know he is sadly mistaken. Scores of our 
pupils say to the contrary. 

— Measure the space we give to one of our 
shorthand illustrations, then write with black- 
est ink in your best style the first part of the 
last chapter of the book of "Revelations," and 
we promise to publish in an early number of 
our paper the best specimen sent to the editor 
of this department. 

— We will give one year's subscription to 
the Gazette and also to the Sindcnt\i 
Jonrnal to the person sending to us in the 
month of December the best specimen of Gra- 
ham's Phonography giving shorthand news — 
the space written to be not over fifteen lines 
of ordinary note paper. Use black ink, and write 
in briefest reporting style. 

5. Will you give me words on which to Ir 
rqy hand.' Yes: Opposition, Apposition, 
Abscision, Causation, Cassation; Profession, 
Abbreviation, Professional, Hump, Pompey, 
Pump, Romp, Swamp, Amply, Impostor, Im- 
pale. Impel, Imposed, Impost, Crimp, Simple, 
Imperative, Impervious, Shampoo, Impeach, 
Impiety, Mumps; Humbug, Embargo, Am- 
bitious, Ambiguous, Embalm, Embank, Em- 
bossed, Ambition, Steamboat, 

Any desiring to wriie out this exercise can 
receive corrections by sending Prof. Bridge 
twenty cents with the same. 

Only Bites. 

— One thing at a time, and that done well, 
gives reward. 
—What shorthand rarities have you lo sell.' 

— We desire letters ftom Phonographers of 
forty years' standing. 

—Ask us for "clubbing" rales with other 
shorlhand magazines. 

— We would like a well written specimen of 
every system of shorthand used In this country. 
Send us your best work. 

— "Ever-circulators" twenty-five years ago 
were the best means of forming shorthand ac- 
quaintances, and practicing in the beloved art. 

The Shorthand Society, London, Eng^laud. 

The Shorthand Society, London, Eng., 
under whose auspices the proposed Ter-Cen- 
tenary and Jubilee Meetings will be held in 
London next fall, held its regular meeting 
November 3, at 55 Chancery Lane, London 
the President, Dr. Westby Gibson, in the 
chair. The following new members were elec- 
ted : Fellows, J. A. SulclifTe, S. F. Gedge, and E. 
Guest; Associates, M. J. Katz (New York), 
J. Delahunty, Mrs. Westby Gibson, and Mrs. 
Pocknell. Several donations to the library 
were announced. The President delivered 
his inaugural address, entitled ''Education by 
means of Shorthand in the old Non-Conformist 
Academies," The academy chielly described 
was that set up by the celebrated Dr. Philip 
Doddridge, wherein all the students were com- 
pelled to acquire a modification of Cartwrighl's 
system (commonly known as Rich) for the 
purpose of taking notes of lectures delivered 
by Dr. Doddridge on various subjects. At 
the close a cordial vote of thanks was given to 
the president for his paper, proposed by Mr. T. 
A, Reed and seconded by Mr, Pocknell. A 
hope was expressed by Mr. A, J. Cook that 
information might be obtained as to whether 
shorthand is anywhere used in colleges at the 
present time in a like manner to that adopted 
in Doddridge's Academy. 

German Stcuograpliy, AtrnEu. 

In the August number of our department 
we gave an editorial on German Stenography, 
making three points. Tliis has called out a 
column and a half of comment in the Phono- 
graphic World hy Adolph Frank, Prest,, and 
Dr. Rudolph Tombo, Secy., of the German- 
American Stenographic Society "Gabels- 

The first point we made (of the compara- 
tively slow utterance of German speakers) Is 
denied by these authorities. We founded our 
statement on the observations of many visitors 
to the Reichralh in Germany, and elsewhere, 
and on our own personal acquaintance with 
educated Germans. 

Our second point, study of stenography for 
educational and e^thetic purposes, is gracefully 
acknowledged to be well taken. 

third paragraph, so our critics say, Is 

stenographers in the fatherland lake l 
interest In their beloved art. We do not have 
any spirit of ridicule for the enthusiniin which 
our German confreres put Into their work. 
Not at all. Will our critics please reread this 
paragraph in the original article and tell us 
wherein "ridicule" is seen through their spec- 



Oar Kecaiitatlon. 

When we've been fibbing, we do sometimes 
'• take it all back." Bro. Packard (S. S.), who 
gave lis one of the best phonographic maga- 
zines {PacJtard's Reporter) we ever saw, says 
wc didn't tell the exact truth in our Novem- 
ber number when we said it " gave up tlie 
ghost and died.'' He says il didn't; it simply 
stopped, as it was intended to stop, when it 
came to its predestined end. He says it was 
distinctly stated in every number that it " was 
started to run twelve months," and he says; 
It did not "give up the ghost and die," any 
more than a book of 40S pages gives up tlie 
ghost when the last type is set, and it appears 
between covers. 

We take it all back. It didn't tUr, because 
it didn't live. It now exists as a book — a most 
readable melange of matter script and letter 
press "wise and otherwise." 

W. D. Bridgk. 

This Month's Illnstratlou. 

Our shortliand students will be happy to see 
in juxtaposition the three-column engraving 
of the first ten verses of the second chapter of 
the Acts of the Apostles. The first column is 
an exact copy of Isaac Pitman's latest edition 
of the New Testament, just from the press; 
the second is a common version in A. J. Gra- 
ham's Standard Phonography; the third is the 
"revised" version in Graham's Phonography, 
The utmost pains were taken to make the 
characters of the same general size, and equally 
spaced, and the result shows the Graham 
Phonography in this specimen to be about 
one-seventh more brief than the Isaac Pitman 
shorthand. , 

A Happy Interview. 


"better half," 
-rviewing the 

spent an hour 

author of "Standard Phonography," Andrew 
J. Graham, Esq., of Orange, N. J. We found 
him enjoying greatly improved health ; steadily 
Bt work on the engraving of a new edition of 
his Second Photiogntf hie Reader; specially sat- 
isfied at the consUnt increase of the demand 
for his instruction books; welcoming with joy 
the advent of Prof F. G. Morris' new "Gra- 
ham" magazine The Mentor, and equally 
pleased with the work which we are doing for 
pure shorthand in the columns of the Pen- 
man's Gazette. Long may he live to enjov 
the congratulations of his thousands of friend's 
and fellow-standard phonographers. 

I'he Gazette's Shorthand Lessons. 


; many scores, if not hundreds 
o( persons in our country studying shorthand 
carefully from the shorthand lessons given 
monthly In the Gazette, if the number of 
letters received from correspondents is an in- 
dication. The editor has had nearly a dozen 
letters within a week, and all speak in highest 
terms of their simplicity and helpfulness. 
Back numbers can be had of the publishers. 

Uricf Index or Shorthand Department. 

A. I.Graham June. 

Isaac Pitman January. 

Thomas Towndrow. November. 

Elias Longley January. 

JEMunson January. 

M. M, Bartholomew January. 

Dennis Murphy January. 

Prof, J. Geo. Cross January. 

Prof. J. N. Kimball January. 

ll.»n. Chas. A. Sumner... Apnl. 

I'roi. S. S. Packard July. 

First Edition of Phonography.. .Dec, 1S85. 

Lindsley's Takigraphy February. 

Eamcs' Light-line Phonography . May. 

Prof, T. J. Ellinwood May. 

A.J. Graham (two) June. 

1. Pitman Phonography J"'y- 

Thos. Towndrow Stenography, .November, 

Fcl)., March, April, May, June, Julv, Aug. 
Sl-].!,. Oct., Nov., Dec. 

Shorthand Phrasing (Illustrated)— 

Jan., Feb, March, April, May. 
Shorthand Numhers (Prof. Pridge's)— 

Pp- 1 1 2, 3, Jan, ; p. 4, Feb. ; pp. S, 6, March. 
Shorthand Machines— 

The Anderson February. 

New English One May. 

Type Writini; Machines— 

W. H. Slocum's March. 

The Hammond May. 

The Editor's Own Shorthand 

Phonography in England January. 

Sound Advice April. 

Not Worth Eating June. 

Chautauqua June. 

Characteristics of the Age July. 

Fees of Great Surgeons J^'y- 

Psalms Land II July. 

You May Read August. 

Pf,alin III August. 

Some Small Things September. 

Heb. XL, Parallel Versions October. 

Central Park November. 

ActsIL, L, X.. Triplet Cols December. 

The Birth of Phonography Dec, iSSj. 

Noted Shorthand Writers January, 

Shorthand Magazines in the U. S., 

Past and Present January. 

Our Shorthand Lessons February. 

Rev. E. E. Hale as a Stenographer. March. 

Hon. Chas. A. Sumner of Cali- 
fornia April. 

Song Books for Phonographers' 
Meetings May. 

Thomas Towndrow May&Nov. 

Andrew J. Graham, the Author of 
the New System June. 

Stephen Pearl Andrews July. 

Deep-Sea Dredging July. 

The Hammond Type Writer May. 

Legible Shorthand, E. Pocknell. . . August. 

Phonographic Nomenclature September. 

The Amanuensis September. 

Phonographic Union September. 

Learning Shorthand October. 

Esprit Du Corps October. 

Prof. F. G. Morris, Editor of the 

Mentor November 


The Phrase, by Prof F.G. Morris.. Dec, 1885. 

Shorthand Lessons, A.J. Barnes. .February. 

Textbook of Light-line Shorthand, 

R. L, Eames February. 

Isaac Pitman's Instruction Books. . April. 

Leaves from the Note Books of T. 

A Reed April. 

A New System of Phonography, 
Verity April. 

Stenotyping May. 

Packard's Shorthand Reporter May. 

Stenographic Almanac and Note 
Book May. 

History of the Literature of Short- 
hand, Rockwell May. 

A.J.Graham's Complete Works. .June. 

Shorthand Numbers,W.D. Bridge. July. 

The Shorthand Bible, J. Herbert 

Ford August. 

I. Pitman's Recent Publications, . . August. 

One Hundred Valuable Sugges- 
tions, Moran August- 
Shorthand History, J. Westby- 

Gibson August. 

Shorthand History, A.J.Graham. .August, 

Technical Reporting, Thos. Allen 

Reed November. 

(liabelsberger's CentODary. 

Franz Xavier Gabelsberger, the originator 
of the leading German shorthand, was born in 
Munich, Feb. 9, 17S9. He was the Isaac Pit- 
man of the Germans, whom they all delight to 

Centennials of shorthand are now to be com 
mon, and one of the first will be that of thi^ 
esteemed and worthily honored pioneer of 
stenography. In 1S84 the project was started 
to erect to his memory a statue of brass, and 
under the leadership ol royal and other patrons 
ol the an a popular subscription was begun, 
which has already secured nearly $7,000 for 
the purpose. All artists were invited to com- 
pete for the design of the statue, and out of 
seventeen designs profiered that given by Herr 
Syrius Eberle was awarded the palm by the 
Royal Academy of Arts at Munich. Worthy 
honors to a worthy founder in Germany of a 
worthy art. 

—Very often we find evidence that " God 
helps them who help themselves." The first 
person who joined Ihe Chautauqua University 
School of Phonography (conducted by cor- 
respondence) was a lady who had an invalid 
husband and a young son dependent on her. 
Going at Ihe study of shorthand, can amore, 
she also//(Vei/a typewrlterand began diligently 

aster both. Her church friends, seeing 
her purpose, her diligence and her faithfulness 
bought and presented her a type.wrttcr — and 
she is happy. 

— Beginners, or those who have taken one 
course in shorthand would do well to select 
some standard work of say three hundred 
pages. Then secure some congenial friend to 
spend the long evenings, one or more hours, in 
reading this book through, beginning at such 
a slow pace that the phonographer may write 
In a specially selected note-book, with first rate 
pen and ink, every word uttered in a neat and 
conect shorlhaud. The speed will naturally 
Increase. Rests or pauses may be utilized in 
discussing the most salient items read. Accu- 
racy of form and facile movement should be 
industriously cultivated. These results will 
follow: I. Two friends helpfully associated. 

2. A valuable volume read and discussed. 

3. The reader's elocutionary capabilities cul- 
tivated. 4. The writer's knowledge, taste, 
skill and speed all developed. 5. A volume 
of beautiful shorthand in neat binding, filling 
its place in the phonographic alcove — the pro- 
duct of one's own toil. These are certainly 
five worthy fruitages of a winter's evening. 

; — At least a dozen editions of Ihe New Tes- 
tament have been published in shorthand in 
England in Isaac Pitman and other phonog- 
raphies, but to our knowledge no one has 
ventured the work in the United States. The 
humorist would say, " Whence this whyness.'" 

— Mr. Isaac Pitman is not at all ashamed to 
do " missionary" work for his beloved art, and 
whilst visiting Scotland on a recent tour, had 
an informal meeting with a number of the 
shorthand writers in Inverness, and suggested 
the formation of a local society for advancing 
the cause phonographic, leaving with the com- 
pany a bundle of his instruction boc^cs to be 
presented to lads ilesiring to learn the system 
but too poor to purchase them. About ten 
days after his visit fifty young men met in the 
court house and organized the " Inverness 
Phonographic Society," to meet weekly and 
to further the interests of the art. Good work 
appropriately done, 

— ^John Westby Gibson, LL. D., president of 
the short hand society of London, England, 
has been preparing with true archaeological 
instincts a valuable series of papers on "Dr. 
Doddridge's Nonconformist Academy and Ed- 
ucation by Shorthand," in which he brings 
out many most interesting facts concerning 
the celebrated Dr. Doddridge and his adapta- 
tion of Rich's Stenography, as employed by 
him in his academy, where out of just two 
hundred pupils there were one hundred and 
twenty ministers, many of whom became very 
celebrated in their time. Dr. Gibson will 
make a large " exhibit" of this divine's short- 
hand library at the ter-centenary celebration 
in London next fall. 


There is something im sickness 
down the pride oj manhood. It softens the 
heart and brings it back to the fceh'ii^s 0/ in- 
fancy. iVho that has X&ngmshcd even in ad- 
vanced life in sickwe^sn/ii/desponrfcwrj'^ Who 
that has pined on a weary bed in the neglect and 
loneliness oj a foreign land, but has thought on 
the mother that looked on his chiWiood, that 
smoothed his pillow and administered* to his 
help/ftssMew? Oh! there is an enduriw^ tender- 
uess in the love of a motlier to a son that trans. 
ccnds all other affections of the heart. // m 
neither to be chilled by selfishn^j.v nor daunted 
bj' danger, nor weakened by worth/«5«c«\ nor 
stifled by ingratitude. She will sacrifice every 
comfort to his cottvenietice/ she surrenders 
every pleasure to his enjoyment/ she will 
glory in his fame and exult in his prosperity^ 
and should adversity overtake him, ho will he 
dearer to her from ynistortutie; and ij disgrace 
steals upon his name, she will still love and 
cherish him ; and if all the world beside cast 
him off, she xvill be all the world to him. 
•The IcJidin^ sounds of titc word »dmiiiUlct<:'\ uiily 

— We do not very often finti the Exponent 
napping, but it is a little odd that an editorial 
written for this paper by our editor should be 
credited to the Phonographic World, which 
appeared in the September number of the 
Penman's Gazette for the first time. 




am a penman. I am 
also a bachelor. I am, furthermore, a cynic, 
and am very prone to be skeptical in regard to 
matters connubial. But it is not a snd recital 
of the frailties of animated female nature that 

3 give JO 

dream that recently disturbed the settled 
melancholy, and broke for a spell the painful, 
cold monotony of my bachelor life. 

The day's toil was ended. I had survived 
being called professor for another weary period 
of duration, and had done havoc to the board- 
ing house supper. I was seated in my private 
apartments, feeling about as sour and disagree- 
able as any penman in the profession— as my 
furrowed brow reflected back to me in the 
mirror, would seem to indicate. Upon the 
table before me lay a heap of unanswered let- 
ters, some from home, some from scattered 
friends, some from brother penmen, and some 
from rustic amateurs in rural districts, who 
had become deluded with the impression that 
I was a good writer, and who made very mod- 
est requests for specimens of my handiwork for 
their scrap-books, and, in the hurry of their 
business engagements omitted inclosing even 
a stamp for reply. Ah! what terrific volleys 
of unexpressed oral expression shook my deli- 
cate frame as I rested my weary eyes on those 
requests for specimens! 

"Please send me samples of your plain and or 
namental writing, card- woik and flourishing," 
I read the words over tenderly, pathetically, and 
found it difficult to restrain the briny tears! 
Oh, what a spell is woven around that young 
countryman! He thinks that I have nought 
to do but send free samples of my work to all 
country boys who may possess the deadly 
scrap-book, I feel sarcastic! Shall I write 
him a bitterly ironical epistle, inquiring why I 
should consume midnight oil, stationery that 
was purchased by me for a specified sum of 
'■filthy lucre," skill which cost me years of 
toil, and time that should be given to sleep or 
recreation, in ministering to his diseased crav- 
ing for free specimens? 

No, that will not do. I would be thought a 
slingy, selfish, cranky individual if I should 
write thus. So, calling to my aid ail of the 
good nature I still retain, I write him a letter, 
assuring him of the unalloyed happiness it 
affords me to comply with his request, and 
with a resigned air, mail him the coveted 
specimens. As the letter is stamped, I nolice 
that my stock of two centers is running short 
and when I come to realize that this free 
specimen business is the cause of the shortage, 
a sort of chirographic dynamite glitter may 
be seen in my orbs of perception! My usually 
placid mind meditates upon sundry unpleasant 
things, but memory informs me that I was 
once a "barefoot boy," with cheek of petri- 
fied gall, so I endui-e the tortures of retributive 

For a change I pick up my old photograph 
album — looking like one in a dream, through 
the familiar art gallery — dwelling amid the 
pictured shadows of long ago. Such reflec- 
tions have a tendency to sadden, and a feeling 
of indefinable longing came over me, which 
I would fain have banished— but I could not. 
A small portrait had revived recollections 
which I had long tried to bury. 

But at length, wearied beyond endurance, I 
sank into troubled slumber. The wand of the 
dream goddess touched me, and I followed 
her in her flight lo the land of whispering 
shadows, of past and future revelations. I 
was at home again. The bitter draught oi 
life, the tonic of experience, was as yet un- 
tasted. I was gradually drifting into the cur- 
rent of ambitious longings, but I did not 
know that the rapids were below me, and that 
when tossed by their raging fury, I would lose 
many of the sweet, delusive hopes of budding 
manhood, and be tossed — yea, almost wrecked 
— on the frowning rocks of reality! 

Yes, in my dreams I threaded the old fa- 
miliar forests again in search of the bounding 
squirrel, or made the woods resound with the 
echoes of my well-plied axe. The sun poured 
througli the thick clusters of trees in streams 
of liquid gold. The air was fragrant with the 
Balutations of myriads of wild flowers, and the 
sweet-voiced vocalists in the great orchestra 
of nature, the flitting birds, were overflowing 
with twittering melody. Stooping, as of old 
had been my wont, to cool my lips at a dash- 

ing cascade, I again heard the sweet music of 
the babbling brook, dancing in sparkling mer- 
riment through the shaded fore^it, luughing at 
the sunbeams and splashing in playful mood 
over great projecting rocks. How I envied 
that brook! How earnestly I longed for the 
time to come when I could glide away from 
the quiet seclusion of my mountain home, 
and mingle with the great outside world! 
Ah! I little thought that as the crystalline 
beauty and transparent purity of the brooklet 
was no longer perceptible when it had reached 
the great surging sea, so the earlier aspira- 
tions, plans and hopes of my life would vanish 
when I had been thrown in the dark whirlpool 
of active life in the circles of competition. 

I planned, longed for a chance to show my 
abilities to the world, and built air castles as I 
had done in the years long past. With eager 

As usual, the Western Penman for Novem- 
ber is sparkling with life. 

The Penmmi'!: Art Journal for November is 
fraught with delicacies for the mind as well as 
the hand and eye. 

The School Suppiemeni, Detroit, still main- 
tains its enviable reputation as a superior 
school and literary magazine. 

Liternry Lije for November eclipses all 
former numbers in point of mechanical beauty 
and rich and noble thought. 

The Rochester Commercial Review is one of 
the neatest college journals published. It al- 
ways finds a welcome corner in our files. 

Mr. Ynn^han SpeakH. 

You have made an "entire success of the 
Gazette, and no one takes greater pleasure 
in that fact than myself. I shall never cease 
to be attached to the Gazbtte, and wish It 
well. I look forward to the change in the 
form of your paper with great interest. There 
is no reason why it shouldn't be a big success, 
and I believe it will. 

Frank E. Vaughan. 
Former BdHor of the Gazette. 

Silent Forces. 

I have seen the wild stone avalanches of the 
Alps, which smoke and thunder down the de- 
clivities with a vehemence almost sufficient to 
stun the observer. I have i 

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' y'tTM^^^ 

"^U^^i^^M^i^^ .-■'t^i-'Pt^^Z^ ^-^^^4^^^^ 

/ 02.Crandle.^c 


eyes I was endeavoring to scan the distant 
possibilities of my future life. I looked be- 
yond the curtain that veils the future, and 
saw myself in life's full vigor, honored, es 
teemed by all, wealthy, famous and happy. I 
had conquered life; its diflicullies I had safely 
contended with, and was past all danger of 

I was passing up a stately avenue in a great 
city, — the profusion of lavish magnificence 
scarcely attracting a single glance. No, — the 
brilliant beauty of art and nature combined 
could not, at this moment, detain my hurrying 
feet. It was an eve in September, My day of 
labor was finished, and that handsome cottage 
yonder was my home. I stopped a moment 
in front of the beautiful structure to gaze at 
the homelike beauty of the place. How lov- 
ingly the tight shone through those fleecy 

Hearth and Hall is a well printed journal ot 
choice literature and information, published 
in Grand Rapids, Mich, 

"Proceedings 01 the Eighth Annual Con- 
vention of the Business Educators' Associ- 
ation for i8S6,'' is on our desk, through the 
kindness of Prof. S. S. Packard. 

Thd Critic, New York, keeps its readers 
thoroughly informed on literary matters. It 
gives independent and impartial reviews of all 
important books published in America; occa- 
sional comments on matters relating to the 
fine arts, music and the drama; literary news 
and notes; original poetry, etc. 

flakes descending so softly as not to hurt the 
fragile spangles of which they were composed ; 
yet to produce from aqueous vapor a quantity 
of that tender material which a child could 
carry, demands an exertion of energy com- 
petent 10 gather up the shattered blocks of the 
largest stone avalanche I have ever seen, and 
pitch them lo twice the height from which 
they ieW.—TyndaU. 

—Brother Cross starts the ball a rolling 
with " Lessons in Eclectic Shorthand"' in the 
September 15th issue of his magazine. May 
A. Rosenberger show what "stuff" eclec- 
ticism is made of. 

— Eclectic Shorthand is a progressive short- 
hand, so its author claims, and in his magazine 
he exhorts his followers to teach only the 


clouds of lace curtains! And at the window, 
— look! some one — yes, more than one, are 
watching for me to come! A child's loving 
caress, and a wife's looks and words of love 

With a start I awoke! The bright vision 
was only the reproduction of a dream of my 
youth. And, with a pang ot remorse, I re- 
membered that the face I had seen at the 
window in my dream, was no other than the 
one I had before me in the old album — the 
small portrait. 

Ah ! " it might have been I" But I lake up 
the thread of my life again, leaving behind 
me the plans and expectations of bygone years, 
only hoping that somehow, In the great future, 
the broken chain of earthly happiness will be 
linked again by the Author of love and the 
Designer of life. * 

The International Exponent of the Chiro- 
graphic Art is a neat journal in the interest of 
the pen art, published at Altoona, Pa. 

louug Man's Best Compamou^ Des Moines, 
is a well-edited journal in the interest of prac- 
tical education. 

The Cornelliau, published by the literary so- 
cieties of Cornell College, Iowa, is one of the 
most intelligent college journals to be found 
on our files. 

Education, edited by Wm. A. Mowry, Bos- 
ton, is decidedly the finest and most extensive 
educational magazine we have on our ex- 
change table. 

— Mr. F. Dehaan, Amsterdam, Holland, has 
recently adapted phonography to the Dutch 

system as he teaches it, i. e., the alphal 
which he now gives in his most recent wo 
That is right, but some of us found fault w 
Isaac Pitman for urging his followers to 
the same, and would nut sell a book with I 
old alphabets. Prof. Cross says: " It is vt: 
desirable that there should be harmony amo 
all teachers of the art, and that any sliglit p 
sonal preferences should give way betorf t 
harmony and perpetuity of a uniform -- 
tern." W. D. Bridui 

I glad 

: the i 

Gazette since you have put your 
the helm, and don't doubt but there a 
good things coming from you in lli< 
You have my be$t wishes lor success si 
happiness. W. H. Sadlhr. 

Baltimore, A/V/. 

r lutui 




C. A. FatiBt, nccording to hearsay, was born 
near Meadville, Pa., Oct. S, i860, about the 
period in whicli slralagems were being in- 
ctibalcd and bullets were being mouldtd for 
HiL' latf little overture of bombs and bayonets, 
Aiiiiough born at an epoch of bristling arms, 
li'- li.ig wisely chosen the pen as the mightier 
instrument in the ''battle for bread." He says 
that Gaskell's Corqpendiuin is to be credited 
for his present po&ition as a penman. He not 

only writes a beautiful script hand, but is an 
expert with the automatic shading pen, and as 
for a shaded back-hand we have never seen 
anything to equal his work. He has made 
considerable money by card writing, etc. The 
name of Charley Faust is hd new sound to the 
ears of Chicago penmen. He has held several 
responsible positions here, and is now filling a 
■ lucrative position as head assistant bookkeeper 
in tlie lieasurer's office ot the C, R. I & P. 
Railway. Chicago. His advertisement appears 
in Ihis paper and we cheerfully commend him 
to the readers of the GAzarrE as a prompt 
and perfectly honest workman. 

S. S. Packard has been spending a 
ehort season in Boston. 

—Edgar J. Henry, Sombra, Out., is coming 
to the front in his writing. 

— W. W. Bennett is doing some very pretty 
engrossing for Boston firms. 

— Arthur L. Reed, St. Louis, Mo., writes 
ilic (Jazette a letter in a very neat business 

— C. E. Beck, Waukegan, III., still main- 
tains his reputation as a good business 

—We arc indebted to Prof. Rider for a very 
handsome invitation to the 2i8t anniversary 
of the Trenton Business College. 

— W. H. Palmer, either through practice or 
his name, has brought his pen under fair con- 
trol. His address is Davenport, la. 

— L. W. Hammond, one of G. B. Jones* 
pupils of Balavia, N. Y , is one of the rising 
knights. His strokes are very graceful. 

— E. L. Glick, Saranac. Mich., in one of the 
Gazette dibciples, and the freshness and 
grace of his work attests the fact. Age 16, 

—Miss Mary G. Greene of Farmington, 
Minn., writes the Gazette a letter in a style 
which is very good for a girl of sixteen. 

— W. DeF. Brown, Auburn, R. I., israpijly 
teaching his pen that he is master, and is 
training it to move in very graceful ways, 

— R. S. Collins, Knoxville, Tenn., sen 
the Gazette a letter written in his superi 
style, along with a club which no one should 
be ashamed of 

The Gazette has just received some 
handsome strokes from the far-famed pen of 
A W, Dakin. Every stroke from his plastic 
quill attests the artist. 

•ecently shipped us a 
■ans. For downright 
i'snalches the laurel 

well pleased with the 
trust Dennis will not 
ind by leading him into 
!ral water habits. 


— W. E. Dennis hai 
covey of ornamental 
'picturs," Bill Denn 
from its parent stem." 
— W. D. Showalter 
Quaker Cily. We 
poison his young 
the cigarette and n: 

—A. N. Palmer tips the scales at 
under 300, and still there are beans i 
kets at Cedar Rapids. Perhaps the next card 
will announce him posing as a fat man or an 

-J. W. Harkins of Curtis Business College, 
Minneapolis, paid the Gazette a pleasant 
cail a few days since. Mr. Harkins does some 
very tasty work in the way of lettering and 

— That remarkable little quill-driver, A. D 
Taylor, lit up the Gazette office with hi: 
genial presence a few days since. He ha! 
gone to New York City, and will doubllesi 
pitch his tent there. We trust that Madaras; 
and Kelly will use him well. 


trial «eoerai)hy; 
pheres. The race 

aphy surpasB anyLhine 



»vUt. f('ha: 

The November Gazette Is a very pretty 
number. The Gazette and Compendium 
have been a most excellent investment for 
me, to which I owe my present writing. 

Sombra, Out. Edgar J. Henry. 

C, B. R., Denver, Col.— We can furnish all 
back numbers of the Gazette from Decem- 
ber. 1SS5, to present time. 

W. H. p.. Davenport, Iowa.— Your writing 
shows a good, free movement, but you slant 
your letters a trifie more than is necessary, 

L. W.. Cone, Tex.— Your wriling tells us 
that you are on the right track. Use more 
freedom of motion. The Gazette is proud 
of you as one of its followers. 

H. D, G., Perkasee, Pa. — Y«s, you are on 
the right track ; don't switch off; keep your eye 
ahead; look oui for false signals, and you will 
arrive there on the proper schedule. 

H. T. B, Wallkill, N. Y.-Try to regulate 
your spacing. Don't slant your writing quite 
so much. You can become a good business 
penman by diligent practice. 

Miss G. S., Pinckney, Mich.— If your town 
is large enough to justify an evening writing 
class you might teach awhile to aid your 
mother. You are right in wishing to remain 
at home with her. 

W. N. P., San Francisco, Cal.-You should 
remember that the whole arm movement is 
only practical under the Maiquis of Queens- 
bury rules. The fingers are brought into ac- 
tion a trifle in the formation of loop letters. 

A. N. W., Orleans, Ind.— Your work is a 
little irregular yet, and your movement is like 
that of a child learning to walk. You don't 
make your hand go just as you wish, but you 
show pluck— an ingredient which surpasses 
all dreams of genius, 

Lee R., Sallis, Miss.— Your wriling shows a 
good movement, but you hide its real beauty 

on you. Just go ahead, shake off those extra 
strokes; maintain a rigid upper lip, and you 
will reach a high perch in the queen art vet. 

W. W. B., Pekin. China— And you object 
to the Mongolian trousseau, do you.' No 
doubt you look very spectral stalking around 
the alleys of Pekin clad in & celestial bib, but 
if you wish to assinmlate their customs and 
habits you must not continue to nurse the 
American finchunt for four button cutawayi 
and upright collars. 

G. E, C. Cambridgeport, Mass. — Your writ 
ing shows muscular movement, but you writi 
too fast for one just mastering the motion, w« 
fear. Use a little more care in the formatior 
of your letters. Go through a regular system 
of movement drills as given in Gazette. 
Learn to move slowly and regularly; then as 
you improve, increase your speed. 

A. N. P., Cedar Creek, Cal.— Your corpu- 
lence may be reduced in many ways. Fasting 
for a few months would work wonders in the 
way of physical reduction. Walking twenty 
or thirty miles before breaklast would 'Shrivel 
thy massive form" no doubt. You might also 
Iry to advantage the swinging of dumb-bells 
or saw-horses at the gymnasium. 

B, O. R, E., Free Show, Neb.— And you 
would like to know who ''Sally" is eh? "Ask 
of the ivyuds," and if no reply in ten days, 
drop a line to the P. O. Department. 'Sally" 
is the girl who licks a acent stamp before ad- 
justing it on her letter. There now, we have 
told you who "Sally" is.— And you think a 
person's fortune or personalities may be read 
in their initials, do you.' How about yours? 

W. E. D.— No, we cannot give definite in- 
formation regarding a genuine beard elixir 
You might try a solution of sawdust and brick- 
bat tea ; sleep on the sawdust and drink the tea. 
If you really crave the luxuriant hirsute of the 
stage villain you would find a thin veneering of 
shellac varnish and bay rum a good prom, !er. 
Apply on chin for beard and on upper lip for 
moustache. If nei.her of these processes bring 
them out, try pincers. 

B, L. P., Owensdale, Pa.— Your drawings, 
while not very life-like, are splendid problems 
for lovers of the rebus to speculate upon. 
However you have very happily labeled the 
dragons and centaurs. If you could manage 

arrange the human features in their natural 
orderyour etchings would take much belter. 
kVe are under the impression that you were 
lightly mixed in arranging the labels, for I 

under a large symbolical squash you have 
written "human," and under the map o» Flori- 
da you have inscribed "horse." If you would 
conslruct a key for each group the public at 
large could grapple with the artist's intent 
more readily. 

Miss C. R., Milwaukee, Wis,— Your choice 
is happy in selecting the cabbage as a new 
subject for the display of art. No poet has 
yet dared to cryslalize this fragrant blossom !n 
immortal song, nor has the painter's canvas 
ever been embellished by the delicate petals ot 
this Hebrew shrub. We can almost detect the 
native fragrance in the nosegay you have so 
graphically depicted in your specimen draw- 
ing! No doubt scores of artists will eagerly 
smear their canvas with this odorous vegetable 
when your productions have dazzled their 
a:slhetic vision. 

Miss Mary I. G., Farmington, Minn.— You 
write a very nice hand for a young lady of 
your age. We are really glad you find com- 
fort in the Gazette's tear-moistened whoops. 

. trifle 

eked j 

n our editorial sobs.' Certainly 
/rite us a letter each month we 
its detects, but you might find, as 
we-gel better acquainted that the keen edge of 
our criiicism would become slightly blunted. 
You can keep the ink off your fingers by using 
a shallow vessel for a stand, like a saucer, pot- 
liJ or a napkin ring. Take up our lessons in 
October Gazette and begin in earnest; we 
will assist you all we can. 


ONLY ^ ^-V CTS. 




the Home, Housekeeping, 

=..^6. Artistic NeedU-work. Keci- 

a. Art, Brick-a-Brac. Window Gar- 
lenine. Flowers, Mothers' Comtr. . 

ChUdrens' Nook, Household Peta. 

Our Mammoth Stamping Outfit Free. 
135 Stamp- ^^*^Sj[ iiig Patterns 

NottheGreitest in the World. 

Nor the Hors« ^'Chestnut" of the Season, 

But ^ou will never regret sending for a 
s.Tinple copy of 



PubliHhed by FORBK8 A BOWIUAN, 




Specimen-, of Flourishing, iSxzo, 16 Cents. 
Display Specimens, suci> as Lion, Deer, 
liagle, etc., $2.00, Compendium, fri-sh pen 
work and elegiint design, in Cts. Oarda, 
fine combinations, 14 Cts. 10 Deaigna Flour- 
iahing, 75 Ota. 
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Cards and Capitals, 2S Cts 

Work of all description done to order. Cor- 
respondence Solicited. Inclose stamp for 
reply. Address planlv, 

D. E. BLAKE, Galesih;rg, III., 

Pen Art Institute. 

" His tlourishing is very beautiful, and his 
cards are sc-ldom excelled."— A. W. Dakin. 


touts uiiiileil fr*>o Arcade Publishing Co., Chicago. 





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'W Self-Teaching Penmanship, 


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The Famous Albert Lea Re uto 




Devoted to Popular Education, 

It gives information concerning the whole 
assembly movement, containing v.-iluable and 
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Each number contains the biography 
and picture of some prom- 
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Subscription Price, 50 Cents Per Year. 


fore the readcTsoUheGAZErrE iviU finTIt Ui theiH^ 
tcrest (o note the following - Each uriicic sent post ftee 

mel'ls a ViihJbirbook 0^50 pj^nta^l? prim^and be^^uTi" 
fally bound^in clolh and Koilir It is -'A System of Brief 

d^red^o^rd^c^n "'^^^'"^^^''' ''^^^M^l^' "^A one hun^ 


SEND ME YOUR NAMK. written in full and 2B 
and I wQl send you one dozen ways of wmini 

During the past ten ye.ira over two hundred thoiiiand of Gaskkll's C'lMii'Ni.HM 1 u-- l'fi■:■.l.^•.^FlIl■ Il.ic Keen sold. 

country. A good many have secured pcnitions in large stores, manufactoriec; and raib»ad offices, where they arc earning 
good salaries. An army of good writers has thus sprung up, and for this class, as well as for all others who wtbt) to 

Flonrlahlnic nnd Pen Wnrh for Phnta>EiiirruvlnB, How to IVrlto Boalnea* £.ettera. How to 
W^rlte TlBltlns Curd* iind InTltatlon*, by wliieh thousands of dollars arc made every year by young penmen 

These plates have cost a large sum. It contains nearly 300 ro^al quarto pages. tUednity bmtnd. In short, it is the most 

1^" Special to every subscriber of the Gazette. 

For a club of Ten Subscriptions to the "Gazette and Educator" and $ lo. we give this ele 
ganl book free. To every Suhscriher to tl^c G.\zfti k. we ^\ ill mail a copy poslpaid, on re- 
ceipt of $3 75. SPECIAI. OFFER! Address all Orders to 

THE G. A. GASKELL CO., 79 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 





79 Wabash Avenuei CHICAGO, ILL. 

$« Library , 5 Cents 
^^^ u month iastallments. TJtf. Liternry Jtcvohiflon makes a l>olil forward 
iiioveoient. ImnienRO list to choose J rom- near Ir 2000 AUTHORS. 

JOHN Ji.ALDEX, Ptthfishrr, :if>:i Pearl St , J^ew York, 

Prof, 6. S. Rice's Self-Teaching Music System 

N. E. CARD CO., New York. 

you the fourteen urtic'es described (by express or mail- 
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1 1ST 39C0J.. Ave. Valparaiso, Ikd. 

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can learn music by this method at your own home. It will teach accompaniments in a few 
liours. Music, Harmony, Thorough-bass nnd Nole reading within the reacii of all. Sent lo 
all parts of the United States upon receipt of price. Ten Lessons sent for lo cents. 


i ! I ii !i I. - Lir |Hisiiii,i,tt-r\ LLTtificate that they have deposited the regular pri< 

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it iMii :is I. pri .. iiuil. 'IVstors will pluasesend 25 cents with order for First Grade, or 50 cents 
lor llie Entire System (to cover postage) as a guarantee of good failh— same to be dedu-ted 
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O. S. RICE MUSIC CO., »"•*■•" '"Th^caoo ill. 




Readjhis^page throug h care fully. 







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JULIUS BAUER & CO., 156-188 Wabasli Ave, Chicago, 


The Cross Fountain and Gold Pens. 

■ 11 S^I'lo^r'l'hJV,"" »"<^'"''?" '°,""' 'ollo^ving facl> and fealures of the A. T. Cross Stylographic Pens, .hal have placed then 
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theTen L"'h?.Si;r-'°'" °"}'\^lt " ","° "■"''"i.'^ of soiling the fingers in removing springs and needles Iroin the section i, 
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THE G. A. 6ASKELL CO., 79 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 

iBt. ItisiOKUuBtedtbatthopointo 
a lino witU tho dpnir* or aiia of the bold 

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coutaot wltb 

d^'-,, '^'".' '''"*'■ '*'^'"* a'ljiiatablo. can 
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Ttoaimplnj oltho Sngors ty wntlnomo writing, indwMshlS 
PEIT TO BEmO IT EOWlt TO TEE PAPE2, Is wholl? oTflttoao. 

). 1. 31iort.5'," 
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L, MAOARA$Z,'Box 2116, N. Y. City.